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Paediatrica Indonesiana
ISSN : 00309311     EISSN : 2338476X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Paediatrica Indonesiana is a medical journal devoted to the health, in a broad sense, affecting fetuses, infants, children, and adolescents, belonged to the Indonesian Pediatric Society. Its publications are directed to pediatricians and other medical practitioners or researchers at all levels of health practice throughout the world.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 4 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 38 No 1-2 (1998): January 1998" : 4 Documents clear
Histopathological Features of Primary Nephrotic Syndrome in Children Damanik, M P; Yoshikawa, N
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 38 No 1-2 (1998): January 1998
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (668.661 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi38.1-2.1998.20-8

Abstract

 Renal biopsy was performed on 28 out of 50 children with primary nephrotic syndrome encountered during the period January 1994 - December 1995. Light microscope (LM) and immunofluorescence microscope QM) examinations were performed on all biopsy specimens. LM examination indicated minimal changes (MC) in 13 cases (46.4%), focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) in 10 (35.7%), membranous glomerulonephritis (MG) in 2 (7.1%), mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis (MPG) in 7 (7.1 %), and membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) in 1 (3.6%). On IM examination, immunoglobulin deposit was not detected in any MC patients, whereas in FSGS, lgG, lgM, C3 and fibrinogen deposits were found. In the MG group, IgG deposition was detected in one case. In the MPG cases, depositions of lgA, IgG, lgM, C3 and fibrinogen were detected and in the case of MPGN, deposits of lgM and C3 were found. Regarding to response to steroid treatment in the MC group, there was a significant difference between the steroid sensitive and steroid insensitive (p<0.05). For the FSGS abnormality in the steroid treatment of U1e insensitive patients, there was found significant difference with the steroid sensitive abnormality (p<0.05). In conclusion, nephritic symptoms (hematuria, proteinuria, azothemia) are possibly the non minimal group and hence, it would be necessary to carry out renal biopsy to prove this.
Motor Development in Malnourished Children in Indonesia Nakamura, Yasuhide; Siregar, Masroel
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 38 No 1-2 (1998): January 1998
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (596.474 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi38.1-2.1998.29-37

Abstract

Severe protein-energy malnutrition during infancy is closely related to physical growth and mental development. Very few reports mention the effects on motor development of mildly to moderately malnourished infants. Our study was conducted to clarify the relationship between malnutrition and motor development during infancy. We examined 1,065 children at Posyandu (Integrated Service Posts) in North Sumatera, Indonesia. Motor development, such as sitting and walking, was significantly more delayed in malnourished children than in well-nourished children. Parachute reaction showed no significant differences between well-nourished and malnourished children. Parachute reaction is a very simple technique and can differentiate between children with cerebral-palsy and malnourished children unable to walk. It might be one of the most appropriate technologies for use at the primary care level.
Pediatric Cardiology in The Past, Present, and Future: Its Role in The Prevention and Management of Cardiovascular Disease Madiyono, Bambang
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 38 No 1-2 (1998): January 1998
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1790.591 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi38.1-2.1998.1-19

Abstract

 The title mentioned above is chosen in a consideration that we are now entering the Second Stage Long-Term Development Plan (or PJP-II), even the Sixth Five-Year Development Plan is being passed in part. This is a stage of quality and productivity improvement of our human resources for the sake of developmental success to achieve a fair and wealthy society based on the Pancasila and the Constitution of 1945. In his presidential speech before the General Meeting of People's Advisory Assembly or MPR on Friday, Aug. 16, 1996, President Soeharto declared that: "The service of public health has been continuously improving. Various efforts in the medical sector has already reduced the infant mortality, increased the life expectancy, reduced the population growth, and improved the quality of other physical and spiritual life."On the other side, cardiovascular disease, according to the Indonesian Household Health Survey of 1996, has become a major problem, with high morbidity and mortality. It is this critical condition that made a starting point to this discussion. I hope that this following discussion can be seen as a contribution in the development of pediatrics, especially in pediatric cardiology, for the benefit of our nation progress in raising the quality of our human resources in order to face the era of globalization.
Nutritional Status in Children with Congenital Heart Disease: Prevalence and Its Associated Factors lndra, Rafner; Tobing, Tina Christina L; Siregar, Ahmad Dian; Siregar, Abdullah Afif; Hamid, Endang D; Lubis, Iskandar Z
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 38 No 1-2 (1998): January 1998
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (655.535 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi38.1-2.1998.38-46

Abstract

A cross sectional study was undertaken on 58 children (age range 4 months-15 years) With congenital heart disease (CHD) and in controls of 58 subjects without CHD. The study was performed by anthropometric examination, history of acute respiratory tract infection, dietary intake, simple laboratory examination and type and severity of CHD were recorded. There were significant differences in: 1. Nutritional status between patients With CHD and without CHD (p<0.001). 2. Frequency of acute respiratory tract infection between patients with CHD and without CHD (p<0.001). 3. Duration of each episode of acute respiratory tract infection between patients with CHD and without CHD (p<0.05). 4. Calorie and protein intakes between patients with CHD and without CHD (p<0.005). Type of CHD (cyanotic and non-cyanotic) was significantly associated with nutritional status based on height for age among patients with CHD (p<0.01). However, there was no siignificant association between the presence or absence of heart failure with nutritional status among patients with CHD. In conclusion, there were Significantly differences of nutritional status, frequency/duration of acute respiratory tract infection, calories and protein intake between patients with CHD and without CHD. Type of CHD (cyanotic and non-cyanotic) was significantly associated with nutritional status based on height for age.

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