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Paediatrica Indonesiana
ISSN : 00309311     EISSN : 2338476X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Paediatrica Indonesiana is a medical journal devoted to the health, in a broad sense, affecting fetuses, infants, children, and adolescents, belonged to the Indonesian Pediatric Society. Its publications are directed to pediatricians and other medical practitioners or researchers at all levels of health practice throughout the world.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 5 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 38 No 9-10 (1998): September 1998" : 5 Documents clear
Electrogastrography in Delayed Gastric Emptying Hegar, Badriul; Vandenplas, Yvan
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 38 No 9-10 (1998): September 1998
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (5599.596 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi38.9-10.1998.181-92

Abstract

Disorders of gastric motility are generally manifested by an abnormal rate of gastric emptying. The emptying process of the stomach is very complex, and knowledge is limited to the observation that gastric emptying rate is a highly variable phenomenon, and that delayed gastric emptying is frequently the case. The advances in the knowledge of the physiology of gastric muscle and enteric nerves, and the recognition of the patterns of organization of smooth muscle contractions gave a new input to the study of gastric motility. The gastric emptying can be monitored in various ways, such as manometry, scintigraphy, or electrogastrography (EGG). Recently, EGG has received more attention. There is correlation between the EGG signal obtained from body surface electrodes and signals obtained directly from electrodes locates in the gastric muscle (serosal records). Some studies showed an association between EGG-findings and gastric motility disorders, and indicate that EGG is a reliable, non-invasive, useful method to detect gastric myoelectric activity.
Prevalence and Influencing Factors of Obesity in Elementary School Children Soedibjo, Soepardi; Djer, Mulyadi M; Firmansyah, Agus
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 38 No 9-10 (1998): September 1998
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4054.113 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi38.9-10.1998.193-204

Abstract

An observational, cross sectional study was conducted on elementary school students in Central Jakarta between May and October 1997. This preliminary study aimed to determine the prevalence and influencing factors of obesity in elementary school students. From 488 students studied, 47 were obese. The prevalence rate in this study was 9.6%, with boys twice as much as girls. Factors that influenced the incidence of obesity were: (1) age, (2) time of introduction of solid food during infancy, (3) eating habit, (4) calorie intake, and (5) physical activities. There were two factors that increased the incidence of obesity namely: (1) obesity of parents, and (2) birth weight. Environmental factors that increased the incidence of obesity were: (1) parent's occupation and (2) family income. Laboratory findings associated with obesity were: (1) increase blood cholesterol concentration, (2) increase blood triglyceride concentration, (3) decreased HDL cholesterol concentration, and (4) increased LDL cholesterol concentration. We conclude that the prevalence rate of obesity obtained in this study was higher compared with the previous studies, and that obesity in school children is influenced by many factors.
Prevention of Hypothermia of Low Birth Infants Using The Kangaroo Method Alisjahbana, Anna; Usman, Ali; lrawaty, Suzi; Triyati, Atte
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 38 No 9-10 (1998): September 1998
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3098.855 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi38.9-10.1998.205-14

Abstract

Hypothermia is a common problem in neonates and an important contributory factor to neonatal mortality and morbidity. The results of an evaluation involving several health facilities and health personnel showed that thermal control practices were frequently inadequate in the following areas: ensuring a warm environment at the time of delivery, initiation of breastfeeding and contact with mother, bathing, checking the baby's temperature, thermal protection of low birth weight babies, and care during transportation. During kangaroo method (K-M) the infant is in skin to skin contact with the mother. A pilot study conducted on LBW infants discharged from the General Hospital in Bandung, and follow-up for 4 consecutive weeks showed the skin temperature to be well maintained. Weight increase was more stable compared to the control group and there were no re-hospitalization within the observation period. K-M has a simple and natural appeal, cold stress can be avoided; perhaps the most important benefit of K-M is improvement of lactation. In developing countries especially rural areas, temperature regulation and maintenance of lactation using K-M may be lifesaving for very low birth infants.
Acceptance of The Kangaroo Care Method by Mothers in Rural Area Suradi, Rulina; Chair, lmral; Thaha, Ridwan M.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 38 No 9-10 (1998): September 1998
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2905.935 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi38.9-10.1998.215-23

Abstract

We evaluate the acceptance of Kangaroo Care Method (KCM) among ruralmother giving birth to LBW infants in the rural health centers of 3 provinces in Indonesia, from June 1 through November 30, 1997. All mothers giving birth to LBW infants (birth weight 1500-2500 grams) seen by the rural team on the first day with no morbidity requiring hospitalisation were included in this study. One hundred and sixteen mothers fulfilled the criteria, most of them (62.1%) were between 20-29 years of age. Birthweight between 2000-2500 grams was found in 86.2%, of infants, and 67.3% are fullterm small for date babies. Most respondents accepted the KCM because they were interested in a new and practical method showed by the midwife; 11.8% accepted it because it resembled the local habit. All the mothers in the three locations had a positive perception on the benefit of KCM; 90% found that their babies were more calm, 92.7%, said that their babies slept more and 85.4% said that their babies breastfed more often. As for their feelings, everyone said that they felt happy. As many as 86.4% of mothers practiced the use of KCM during the 28 days, but only 40% of them used them for a total of more than 5 hours a day. More than 80% of the mothers had support from the family and more than 60% had a substitute for the KCM. We conclude that KCM was feasible and acceptable among the rural community.
Immunological Aspects of Persistent Hepatitis B in Children Notoatmojo, Harsoyo
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 38 No 9-10 (1998): September 1998
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2920.316 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi38.9-10.1998.224-32

Abstract

We studied the immunological status of 203 children having persistent Hepatitis B (positive HBsAg) ranging in age from 6 to 14 years in Semarang Municipality. All patients showed negative results of humoral immunity (IgM anti-HBc), excluding the possibility of acute hepatitis B (HB). Cellular immunity examination using CMI skin test showed positive result in 64.9% of persistent and 65.2%, ln non-persistent HB (p>0.05). T cell examination shows significant statistical difference (p<0.01) between persistent and non-persistent HB, and there was a significant difference (p<0.01) on CD4 cell examination; indicating a difference on immunoregulation function and response repression of anti-virus between the two groups. There was no significant differences on CD4/CD8 ratio between persistent and non-persistent HB. The specific function of cytotoxic T cell also shows no significant difference between the two groups.

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