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Paediatrica Indonesiana
ISSN : 00309311     EISSN : 2338476X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Paediatrica Indonesiana is a medical journal devoted to the health, in a broad sense, affecting fetuses, infants, children, and adolescents, belonged to the Indonesian Pediatric Society. Its publications are directed to pediatricians and other medical practitioners or researchers at all levels of health practice throughout the world.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 44 No 2 (2004): March 2004" : 8 Documents clear
Antibiotic profile in pediatric wards, Department of Child Health, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital Husni, Amin; Abdoerrachman, Hardjono; Akib, Arwin
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 44 No 2 (2004): March 2004
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (321.133 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi44.2.2004.46-50

Abstract

Introduction The medical profession has currently come to a con-clusion that the major problem in the future is failure of treatmentdue to antibiotic-resistant microorganisms.Objective The aim of this study was to determine the profile ofantibiotics used in the Pediatric Wards of Department of Child Health,Medical School, University of Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hos-pital, Jakarta.Methods A descriptive retrospective study was conducted on all pa-tients hospitalized in the Pediatric Wards of Department of Child Health,Medical School, University of Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hos-pital during June–July 2001. Data were obtained from the medicalrecords of the patients.Results Three hundreds and fifty-six hospitalized patients fulfilledthe inclusion criteria. The antibiotics were given to 48.7% of thepatients. The greatest user of antibiotics was the age group of 1-5year-old, 50% of patients had been given single antibiotic and therest given combined antibiotics. The ICU used antibiotics most fre-quently in contrast to the one-day care unit which used least. Thegreatest use of single antibiotic was in the class 1-2 wards whilecombined antibiotics were mostly used in the third class wards.Single antibiotics used were cefotaxime (49.4%), amoxicillin(20.7%), and ampicillin (11.55%). Combined antibiotics used wereampicillin + chloramphenicol (34.5%), cotrimoxazole (21.8%),cefotaxime + amikacin (5.7%), cefotaxime + cotrimoxazole (5.7%),and cefotaxime + isoniazid + rifampicin + pyrazinamide (5.7%).Conclusions The antibiotics most commonly used singly wascefotaxime. The combination of antibiotic mostly used was ampi-cillin + chloramphenicol
Nephrologic abnormalities in neonatal asphyxia at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta Amir, Idham; Manoe, Vera M; Tambunan, Taralan
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 44 No 2 (2004): March 2004
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (390.145 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi44.2.2004.66-72

Abstract

Introduction Neonatal asphyxia is still the leading cause of highmorbidity and mortality in developed countries, as well as in devel-oping countries including Indonesia. As a response to asphyxia,renal hypoxia occurs which is initially temporary, but if persisting,can cause permanent damage to the cortex and medulla.Objective The purpose of this study was to determine thenephrologic abnormalities in neonatal asphyxia at CiptoMangunkusumo Hospital.Methods This was a cross sectional descriptive study conductedin the Division of Neonatology, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital fromAugust until November 2002. Neonates with congenital malforma-tion were excluded.Results The study showed that the incidence of nephrologic ab-normalities in neonatal asphyxia based on Apgar scores at 1, 5,and 10 minutes were 65/100, 26/33, and 5/6, respectively. The riskof nephrologic abnormalities was not statistically different in se-vere asphyxia compared to moderate asphyxia. Severe asphyxiaat 1 minute Apgar scores was correlated with the occurrence ofoliguria.Conclusion In asphyxiated newborn, it is very important to inves-tigate the possibility of nephrologic abnormalities
Knowledge, attitude, and practice of underfive children stimulation of working and nonworking mothers Hariweni, Trie; Ali, Muhammad; Sofyani, Sri; Lubis, Iskandar Z
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 44 No 2 (2004): March 2004
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (263.413 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi44.2.2004.51-4

Abstract

Objective To assess and compare knowledge, attitude, and prac-tice of underfive children stimulation of working and nonworkingmothers and to determine the correlation between knowledge, at-titude, practice of stimulation and mothers’ ages, educational level,number of children, and number of underfive children.Methods A cross-sectional study was performed in PT. IndofoodSukses Makmur, Tanjung Morawa, Medan from October 2002 un-til November 2002. Respondents were female workers havingunderfive children assigned as working mothers and wives of maleworkers (with similar inclusion criteria) assigned as nonworkingmothers. Selected respondents were interviewed using a struc-tured questionnaire. Sample size for each group was 58. Knowl-edge, attitude, and practice of stimulation were classified as good,less, and poor.Results There were 131 mothers interviewed. There were no sig-nificant differences in the ages, educational level, number of chil-dren, and number of underfive children. Good knowledge of stimu-lation of the working and nonworking mothers were 64.6% and97%, respectively; good attitude toward stimulation were 95.4%and 27.3%, respectively, while good practice of stimulation were58.5% and 22.7%, respectively. These differences were statisti-cally significant.Conclusion There were significant differences in knowledge, atti-tude, and practice of underfive children stimulation between work-ing and nonworking mothers. The knowledge of stimulation of theworking mothers was worse than that of the nonworking mothersand the attitude and practice of the working mothers were betterthan those of the nonworking mothers
Free testosterone level in patients with homozygous beta thalassemia on regular transfusions regimen Wirawan, Riadi; Santosa, Elly; Setiawan, Lyana; Munthe, Bulan Ginting; Astrawinata, Dalima AW
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 44 No 2 (2004): March 2004
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (453.514 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi44.2.2004.73-9

Abstract

Background Patients with homozygous beta thalassemia requireregular transfusions which will lead to iron deposition in tissuesincluding testicles.Objective This study aimed to evaluate testicular function in syn-thesizing testosterone by measuring free testosterone level. Thecorrelation between free testosterone level and transferrin satura-tion was evaluated.Methods This was a cross sectional study. Sampling was doneconsecutively. Free testosterone level was measured by radioim-munoassay in 20 homozygous beta thalassemic patients receiv-ing regular transfusions and compared to 20 healthy subjects.Results Fourteen out of 20 patients showed free testosterone levelbelow the reference range. Out of 20 thalassemic patients, onepatient’s serum was not enough for transferrin saturation determi-nation. Among the 19 patients, 18 had transferrin saturation above55%, 1 less than 55%, while all healthy subjects had normal trans-ferrin saturation. A significant difference was found between thetwo groups, both in the free testosterone level (p=0.001) and trans-ferrin saturation (p<0.001). A very weak correlation was found be-tween free testosterone level and transferrin saturation (r=-0.215).Conclusion We concluded that there might be a relationship be-tween iron overload and testicular endocrine function in patientswith homozygous beta thalassemia receiving regular transfusions
Association between early feeding of banana (Musa paradisiaca) and vomiting or abdominal distention in neonates Wiryo, Hananto; Hakimi, M; Wahab, A Samik; Soeparto, Pitono
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 44 No 2 (2004): March 2004
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (354.391 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi44.2.2004.41-5

Abstract

Objective To assess the relationship between banana given asearly solid food feeding and symptoms of intestinal obstruction (SIO)such as vomiting and abdominal distention among neonates.Methods A longitudinal cohort study was done in 1993 at a ruralcommunity of West Lombok District on Lombok Island, West NusaTenggara Province, Indonesia. There were 3420 neonates whowere followed up by interviewing their mothers until 28 days afterdelivery. The main outcome measure was the occurrence of SIO.Results Compared to infants who were not given solid food, therelative risk (RR) of SIO for infants given food other than bananaas early solid food feeding was 1.87 (95%CI 0.48;8.24), while forinfants given banana only as early solid food feeding, the RR was9.15 (95%CI 1.96;42.58). After the adjustments of birth weight, co-lostrum, and breast feeding, the odds ratio of SIO for infants givenbanana was 2.99 (95%CI 2.65;5.14).Conclusion Banana as early solid food for neonates feeding isan important risk factor for the occurrence of SIO
Comparison of clinical aspects and Mantoux test in tuberculosis versus non-tuberculosis superficial lymphadenitis Nilawardhani, Siti; Lubis, Helmi; Daulay, Ridwan M; Panggabean, Gabriel; Hasibuan, Siti Mirhalina
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 44 No 2 (2004): March 2004
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (372.495 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi44.2.2004.55-60

Abstract

Objective To investigate the clinical aspects and result of Man-toux test in superficial lymphadenitis caused by Mycobacteriumtuberculosis (MTB) compared to that caused by non-MTB organ-isms.Methods This was a cross sectional study conducted on 86 pa-tients aged between 3 months and 14 year-old with enlargementof the superficial lymph nodes, 43 with tuberculosis superficial lym-phadenitis (TSL) and 43 with non-tuberculosis superficial lymphad-enitis (NTSL). The diagnoses of TSL and NTSL were confirmed byhistopathological examination. Clinical symptoms and Mantoux testwere examined in this study.Results In the TSL group, most children (70%) were in the age of>5-14 year-old, while in the NTSL, most (46%) were 1-5 years old.The most frequent chief complaint in the TSL group was fever(37%), while in the NTSL group, cough (49%) (p=0.004). Failure tothrive and loss of appetite were more frequently found in the TSL(70% and 35%) compared to the NTSL group (0 and 3%) (p=0.004).Most enlarged nodes in TSL were multiple (67%), while in NTSL,solitary (72%) (p<0.001). There were no differences in the locationand distribution of enlarged nodes between the two groups. Thirty-one (72%) children in the TSL group had positive Mantoux test,while in the NTSL group were only 2(5%) (p<0.001).Conclusions Most children with TSL had fever as the chief com-plaint while those with NTSL had cough. Children with TSL hadfailure to thrive, loss of appetite, multiple nodes, and positive Man-toux test more frequently compared to NTSL ones
Correlation between leukocyte aggregation score of cerebrospinal fluid and bacterial meningitis in children Togas, Meitha PE; Masloman, Nurhayati
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 44 No 2 (2004): March 2004
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (335.354 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi44.2.2004.61-5

Abstract

Background Bacterial meningitis is one of life-threatening dis-eases and carries a risk of sequelae in affected children. In termsof cost and rapid differentiation between bacterial and non-bacte-rial meningitis, several tests have been proposed.Objective This study aimed to determine the use of leukocyteaggregation score (LAS) of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in diagnos-ing bacterial meningitis.Methods A prospective analytic study was done from October 2001to July 2002 in the Department of Child Health, Medical School,Sam Ratulangi University/ Manado General Hospital. Children pre-senting with symptoms of meningitis, aged between 28 days and13 years were enrolled. LAS was counted in percentage. Regres-sion analysis was used to determine the correlation between LASand diagnosis of bacterial meningitis.Results CSF examinations were done on 35 meningitis patients.Three patients were excluded. The remaining 32 patients com-prised of 11 with bacterial meningitis and the other 21 with non-bacterial meningitis. The mean of LAS in bacterial meningitis wassignificantly higher than that of non-bacterial meningitis (p<0.001).The cut off value of LAS to diagnose bacterial meningitis was12.35%.Conclusion LAS may be used as a fast and simple alternativediagnostic tool to confirm the diagnosis of bacterial meningitis
D+ hemolytic uremic syndrome Sumiartini, Ni Made; Lila, I Nyoman; Suarta, I Ketut
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 44 No 2 (2004): March 2004
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14238/pi44.2.2004.80-4

Abstract

Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is characterized by anemia microangiopathy, thrombocytopenia, and acute renalfailure, predominantly occurs in childrenyounger than 4 years of age. It is the most commoncause of acute renal failure in children.1,2 HUS is dividedinto two categories, the epidemic type which isaccompanied by enteritis (D+HUS) and the sporadictype which is not accompanied by enteritis (D-HUS).The pathogenesis is unknown, but available evidencestrongly suggests endothelial cell damage in the organs.

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