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Paediatrica Indonesiana
ISSN : 00309311     EISSN : 2338476X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Paediatrica Indonesiana is a medical journal devoted to the health, in a broad sense, affecting fetuses, infants, children, and adolescents, belonged to the Indonesian Pediatric Society. Its publications are directed to pediatricians and other medical practitioners or researchers at all levels of health practice throughout the world.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 16 No 1-2 (1976): January 1976" : 6 Documents clear
THE HAZARDS OF MALNUTRITION IN EARLY INFANCY Indrawati, Ratna
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 16 No 1-2 (1976): January 1976
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1669.524 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi16.1-2.1976.47-58

Abstract

Severe protein calorie malnutrition is often accompanied by vitamin A deficiency and intercurrent infections. These three conditions have a synergistic action on each other. The younger the infant, the more severe are the hazards of nutritional deficiency. Severe malnutrition in early infancy results in: Direct hazards to the infant consisting of: Retardation of physical development. Retardation of brain development with subsequent impairment of learning ability. Decreased resistance against infections. PCM is a predisposing factor to diarrhoea, with aggravated the malnutrition. Blindness due to vitamin A deficiency.
AVAILABLE SOURCES OF FOOD IN INDONESIA (FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF THE NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF CHILDREN) Goan-Hong, Lie; Kam-Nio, Oey; Prawiranegara, Dradjat D.; Herlina, Tudit; Sihombing, Geertruida; Jus'at, Idrus
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 16 No 1-2 (1976): January 1976
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1667.122 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi16.1-2.1976.27-41

Abstract

Ultimately, improvement of the nutritional status of children, in especially the preschool children, can only be achieved if the daily food intake is sufficient.This will ensure in the first instance the adequate provision -of energy, and secondly, the available protein in the diet will then be efficiently utilized. Sufficient intake of food can and must be realized through the combined use of inexpensive locally available foods from the food groups: Cereals, Legumes and Fish, Fat, Vegetables and Fruits, according to the existing menu-pattern "4 Sehat - 5 Sempurna" (4 means healthy- 5 is excellent). The diet therefore must not consist of rice alone. The role of fat in the diet must be stressed. The meal pattern of preschool children must be at least l times a day, preferably more. Depending on the available budget and the creative imagination of the mother, a variety of inexpensive but palatable dishes can be prepared at home which will stimulate the food intake.
NUTRITION EDUCATION TO THE COMMUNITY SASTROAMIDJOJO, SOEMILAH
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 16 No 1-2 (1976): January 1976
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (678.321 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi16.1-2.1976.42-6

Abstract

The improvement of the nutritional status of the Indonesian children require an increase in food production, per capita income, level of education, better environmental hygiene, immunization and health services and nutrition education. Nutrition education is an important as an adequate food supply (by the government) and purchasing power as long as long as ignorance and superstitions concerning food are present. The importance of nutrition education is realized by the lndonesian government and is reflected in its Five Years Development Plans. Nutrition education will be emphasized and included in the program of health improvement. There should be ''educators" (in nutrition) available to make this program a success. The medical doctor, even more the pediatrician, is potentially, the right person as nutrition educator. However, the clue is that each doctor realizes the importance of nutrition education and does nutrition education, making the best use of his/her potentials.
THE ROLE AND TRAINING OF HOSPITAL PAEDIATRIC NURSES IN PAPUA NEW GUINEA Biddulph, John
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 16 No 1-2 (1976): January 1976
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (655.542 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi16.1-2.1976.21-6

Abstract

Demands for health services are increasing in all countries of the world. Both affluent and less affluent countries are starting to realise to the importance of nurse practitioners to enable comprehensive health services to be made available to more people at cheaper cost. The training programme for hospital paediatric nurses in Papua New Guinea has been designed to allow them to carry out effectively their future role of taking responsibility for the screening, diagnosis and initial treatment of sick children pending the availability of a doctor. The nurses receive practical on the job training by rotating through specific areas during the one year post basic course in paediatric nursing. The areas are acute paediatric ward, gastroenteritis ward, special care nursery, paediatric outpatients, nutrition rehabilitation unit and MCH clinics. The nurses learn to diagnose the common acute paediatric illnesses. They learn standardised management regimens for each of these common childhood illnesses. They also learn how to carry out the practical procedures required to allow them to diagnose and treat these illnesses, and become skilled in doing such procedures as lumbar punctures and intravenous rehydration.
HEART FAILURE IN INFANCY AND CHILDHOOD McNamara, Dan G.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 16 No 1-2 (1976): January 1976
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1306.913 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi16.1-2.1976.1-10

Abstract

Recognition of heart failure, especially left heart failure is often more difficult in the infant than the medical management. Treatment of failure is aimed at: Rapid relief of congestion in vital organs such as the lung and Improving the oxygen supply to deprived organs. Basically the plan should be aimed at increasing cardiac output, decreasing circulating blood volume and preventing conditions which call for increased oxygen utilization. For patients with pulmonary edema attention is directed at improving ventilation as much as in improving cardiac output. Heart failure in the infant may now be treated with greater optimism and hope than was justified ten years ago. Some infants recover entirely with no further treatment needed while others recover sufficiently to reach the cardiovascular surgeon in a reasonable state for definitive surgical repair.
PESTICIDE POISONING AS A PEDIATRIC EMERGENCY Darmansjah, I.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 16 No 1-2 (1976): January 1976
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1395.027 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi16.1-2.1976.11-20

Abstract

There are branches in medicine where knowledge of the average physician is deficient, such as in pollutional problems, industrial medicine and diseases caused by agricultural chemicals. Many of these involve the toxicology of substances rarely met with in medical practice. A multidisciplinary agro-medical and industria-medical approach is essential to understand the management including precautionary and legislative measures that have to be taken. This will involve not only medical personnel but also engineers, chemists, agronomists, ecologists and many others. Poisoning with agricultural chemicals most often involve O.C. and O.P. compounds. In adults these cases have been typified by self-poisonings and through neglect of safety measures prescribed by the factory. In children poisonings almost always have been associated with accidents. Here the most important factor is also negligence of parents to keep away dangerous pesticides from the reach of children. There are quite a few potent anti dotes available in pesticide-poisoning, notably atropine for D.P.'s and carbamates, vitamin K for warfarin, and dimercaprol for arsenics. There are also chemicals like paraquat and pentachlorophenol for which no antidote is available and they present great problems in treatment.

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