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Paediatrica Indonesiana
ISSN : 00309311     EISSN : 2338476X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Paediatrica Indonesiana is a medical journal devoted to the health, in a broad sense, affecting fetuses, infants, children, and adolescents, belonged to the Indonesian Pediatric Society. Its publications are directed to pediatricians and other medical practitioners or researchers at all levels of health practice throughout the world.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 13 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 16 No 9-10 (1976): September 1976" : 13 Documents clear
TIBERAL (RO 7-0207-ROCHE) IN THE TREATMENT OF INTESTINAL AMOEBIASIS - PART II Sunoto, Sunoto; Pudjiadi, S. H.; Suharjono, Suharjono; Sulaiman, Z.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 16 No 9-10 (1976): September 1976
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (584.836 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi16.9-10.1976.403-11

Abstract

Twenty-four intestinal amoebiasis patients have been treated with a new amoebicid tiberal (Roche) or metronidazole as a control in a dosage of 15- 30 mg/kg body weight per day for 5 consecutive days. The results show that both drugs achieve a 100% cure rate. No side effects or signs of drug toxicity as evaluated from the results of the safety tests were observed. No signs of clinical or parasitological relapses were seen (after discharge. In comparison with the previous trial with a lower dosage (7~ - 15 mg.) and longer course (7 days) the results were even better, e.g. clinical improvement and parasitological disappearance were achieved in a shorter time.
THE USE OF ANTHELMINTICS IN THE TREATMENLT OF ASCARIASIS Ismail, Djauhar; Utomo, Utomo; Yuwono, Sugeng; S., Noerhayati
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 16 No 9-10 (1976): September 1976
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (431.46 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi16.9-10.1976.391-5

Abstract

Ninety-seven children with Ascariasis were treated at randomly with Piperazine, Tetramisole, and Pyrantel pamoate in a single dose with cure rates of 59%, 62%, and 88%, respectively. In the children who were not cured, a reduction in egg count of nearly 80% was found in all three treatment groups. The results of this study showed that Pyrantel pamoate is the most effective of the three drugs.
TREATMENT OF BRONCHOPNEUMONIA WITH SPIRAMYCINE (ROVAMYCINE) Soejono, Soejono; Trastotenojo, Moeljono S.; N., Harsoyo
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 16 No 9-10 (1976): September 1976
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (609.005 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi16.9-10.1976.396-402

Abstract

Fifty-seven children with bronchopneumonia, comprising 32 male and 25 female, were admitted to the Department of Child Health, Dr. Kariadi Hospital, Semarang, during the period of May 1972 - May 1973. Varying in ages between 16 days and 7 years, 36 of them were less than one year old. They were treated with spiramycine (Rovamycine) given orally in a dosage of 50 mg/kg body weight daily in three divided doses. The failure was 9 out of 57 cases (15.8%) and in infants 7 out of 36 cases (19.4%). The culture of infants revealed 36.1% staphylococcus and in older children showed 4.8%. All cases of staphylococcus as a single cause which was treated with spiramycine gave good results. No side effects of spiramycine were noted. The study showed that spiramycine has a value in the treatment of childhood bronchopneumonia especially in staphylococcal injections in infants.
CARIES IN OUTPATIENTS AT THE DEPARTMENT OF CHILD HEALTH AND DENTAL CLINIC OF THE PROVINCIAL REFERRAL HOSPITAL (RSUPP) IN MEDAN DURING 1971 - 1973 Salim, Sahat; Siregar, Helena; Tanyati, Srinita; Simanjuntak, Santi Uli
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 16 No 9-10 (1976): September 1976
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (425.547 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi16.9-10.1976.373-9

Abstract

Of 3,000 children with dental caries examined at the Department of Child Health and Dental Clinic of the Provincial Referral Hospital in Medan during 1971 -1973, the highest caries percentage is found in the age group of 3-9 years (74.4%); it is also noted that caries is already prevalent in the group of 1 - 3 years (6.2%). Caries can be prevented by giving fluoride topically or orally and by oral hygiene. To prevent further dental decay, conservation or extraction has to be done.
CONGENITAL ADRENAL HYPERPLASIA (CASE REPORT) Marwoto, Marwoto; Surjono, Achmad
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 16 No 9-10 (1976): September 1976
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (420.412 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi16.9-10.1976.386-90

Abstract

A case of a female infant with congenital abnormality of the urogenital apparatus, an excess of the urinary 17-ketosteroid, mild salt losing disorder, acceleration of growth ossification, described as congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase defect has been reported.
PROGRESSIVE MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY (DUCHENNE TYPE) (CASE REPORT) Winarno, Soelatin; Indrawarman, Indrawarman; Waloejo, Sabdo; Kristianti, Lydia
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 16 No 9-10 (1976): September 1976
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (493.556 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi16.9-10.1976.361-4

Abstract

Clinical findings of two brothers suffering from progressive muscular dystrophy pseudohypertrophic type according to Duchenne are reported. Literatures dealing with its clinical classification, biochemical disturbances, hypotheses of the pathogenesis, management of treatment, mode of action of A.T.P. and the pedigree have been briefly reported. Progressive Muscular Dystrophy is a progressive disease affecting voluntary muscles; It is characterized by a decreased strength in the affected muscles with rapid or slow gradual progression. About 45% of the patients gave a history that at least another member of the family is affected by the disease. Pseudohypertrophic form (Duchenne type) is usually inherited as a recessive factor, often sexlinked.
POSITIVE TUBERCULIN AND PRIMARY TUBERCULOSIS FREQUENCY AMONG NON-BCG CHILDREN OF 0-4 YEARS (PRELIMINARY REPORT) Soenarto, Jati; Surjono, Achmad; Ismail, Djauhari; Sunartini, Sunartini; Dirdjohusodo, Soekardi
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 16 No 9-10 (1976): September 1976
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (730.257 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi16.9-10.1976.365-72

Abstract

The tuberculin test, rontgen photos, and nutritional condition of babies and pre-school children admitted to the Department of Child Health, University of Gadjah Mada Hospital, revealed: - A very high tuberculin index among the children examined, especially those under one year of age, much higher than the figures ever to be reported in Indonesia. - A direct correlation between the size of induration and the likelihood of finding pulmonary abnormalities. - A close relationship between deficient nutritional status and rontgenologic abnormalities of the lungs. We think that deficient nutritional status develops due to the presence of tuberculosis infection. Based on the factors mentioned above, in the national campaign against tuberculosis the following should be considered : - BCG at the earliest possible moment (neonatal period/life). - INH chemoprophylactic to all positive contact children will effectively prevent clinical manifestation as well as improve nutritional status.
TETANUS NEONATORUM IN THE BETHESDA HOSPITAL Y OGYAKARTA Marwoto, Marwoto; Surjono, Achmad
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 16 No 9-10 (1976): September 1976
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (738.227 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi16.9-10.1976.337-44

Abstract

Thirty cases of tetanus neonatorum admitted to the Bethesda Hospital Yogyakarta, from January through December 1974, were analyzed. Twenty seven cases (90%) were born at home attended by traditional midwives, 2 (6.7%) were delivered at home attended by midwives while 1 (3.3%) was born in the obstetric ward of the hospital. The fatality rate is high. The possible cause of neonatal tetanus in these cases might be the delivery at home by traditional midwives and the application of contaminated materials such as traditional medicines on the umbilical stump. Tetanus neonatorum is an important cause of neonatal death in rural areas. The cost of treatment of tetanus neonatorum is much higher than the cost of antenatal tetanus immunization, which is one of the practical effective and safe methods in preventing tetanus neonatorum.
NEONATAL TETANUS EVALUATION OF TREATMENT AND A PROPOSAL FOR CLASSIFICATION OF SEVERITY Husada, Tjandra; Rampengan, T. H.; Harjanto, Ign.; Arif, I. D.; Munir, Muzief
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 16 No 9-10 (1976): September 1976
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (879.665 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi16.9-10.1976.345-54

Abstract

An evaluation was made on 22 neonates with Tetanus Neonatorum (age 5 - 21 days), who were admitted to the Military Hospital, Teling, Manado, in 1973. Seventeen of our patients were babies born in their homes and were delivered by the "dukun kampong"; 5 babies were born in the maternity clinic and were helped by midwives. The therapy given were : Anti-Tetanus serum 10,000 U, single dose, given immediately on admission. Procain Penicilline 100,000 U/kg. b.w./day; i.m. divided into 2 equal doses for 10 days. Diazepam (valium) 5 mg./kg. b.w./day; oral, divided into 8 equal doses, and 2.5 mg, parenterally 4 times a day.
INTRATHECAL HYDROCORTISONE IN THE TREATMENT OF TUBERCULOUS MENINGITIS (PRELIMINARY REPORT) N., Harsoyo; Trastotenojo, Moeljono S.; Soejono, Soejono; Abubakar, Dedy; Warman, Indra
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 16 No 9-10 (1976): September 1976
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (619.827 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi16.9-10.1976.355-60

Abstract

A trial on the treatment of tuberculous meningitis with intrathecal hydrocortisone, beside INH, PAS, and Streptomycin, performed at the Dr. Kariadi General Hospital in October 1972, is reported. Eighteen patients were treated, giving good results; 5.6% mortality were noted. A great number of complications of optic nerve atrophy (61.1 %) were found and 22.2% with early atrophy recovered. The results are better compared with those of Choremis et al. (1957) who found a mortality of 13.7% among 29 patients with tuberculous meningitis treated in the same way, except P.A.S.

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