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Paediatrica Indonesiana
ISSN : 00309311     EISSN : 2338476X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Paediatrica Indonesiana is a medical journal devoted to the health, in a broad sense, affecting fetuses, infants, children, and adolescents, belonged to the Indonesian Pediatric Society. Its publications are directed to pediatricians and other medical practitioners or researchers at all levels of health practice throughout the world.
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Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 28 No 11-12 (1988): November 1988" : 6 Documents clear
HYDROCEPHALUS Siregar, Hadi Soekma; Daulay, Ridwan M.; Emsyah, Lily; Saing, Bistok
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 28 No 11-12 (1988): November 1988
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (388.434 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi28.11-12.1988.255-8

Abstract

A retrospective study had been done, to find out the incidence of hydrocephalus during 1984-1985 in the Pediatric Neurology Sub Division of the Child Health Department Medical Faculty University of North Sumatera/Pirngadi Hospital Medan. The number, age groups, causes and treatment were reviewed. The cases consist of 17 children, 9 males (52,09%) and 8 females (47,01%). Most of the patients 12 (70,58%) were found in the age group of 1 year or less, and the others 5 (29,42%) in the age group of more than 1 year. The youngest was 1 year of age and the oldest 3 1/2 years. Six cases were caused by congenital abnormalities, 1 case by meningitis and in 10 cases the probable cause was unknown. Conservative treatment had been given to all cases.  
SPLENECTOMY IN IDIOPATHIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA : A CLINICAL EXPERIENCE Zaeni, Indro; Sukardi, Sukardi; P., Bambang; T., Netty R. H.; Untario, S.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 28 No 11-12 (1988): November 1988
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (534.224 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi28.11-12.1988.259-66

Abstract

Since 1979 until 1987 there were 4 idiophatic 1hrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) cases who had undergone splenectomy, consisting of 2 males and 2 females. All patients had been treated with prednisone prior to splenectomy, 2 patients received additional cytostatics. The course of the disease prior to splenectomy had been followed in a period of time, varying from 2,5 to 8 years. The effect of treatment was not very statisfying, as both clinical and laboratory reccurrence often happened. Post spelectomy, the administration of prednisone in 1 case was stopped immediately, in 2 cases it was stopped after 8 months and in 1 case it was continued. After more than 5 years follow up, 3 cases showed excellent clinical and laboratory findings, while I case failed.
HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS SEROPREVALENCE IN CHILDREN RECEIVED MULTIPLE TRANSFUSIONS OR BLOOD PRODUCTS IN THE DEPARTMENT OF CHILD HEALTH FACULTY OF MEDICINE UNIVERSITY OF INDONESIA/DR. CIPTO MANGUNKUSUMO GENERAL HOSPITAL, JAKARTA Matondang, C. S.; Akib, Arwin; Siregar, Syawitri P.; Abdulsalam, Maria; Latu, Jeanne; Oesman, Farida; Silman, Erwin
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 28 No 11-12 (1988): November 1988
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (498.394 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi28.11-12.1988.233-30

Abstract

From March 1987 till February 1988, 350 serological examinations to HJV antibodies have been carried out. Sera were taken from children visiting the Department of. Child Health Faculty of Medicine University of Indonesia I Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital, Jakarta, who had received blood or blood products transfusions more than three times. All blood or blood products were made locally by the Jndonesian Red Cross in Jakarta, except for Human immunoglobulin and Koate. The age ranged from 9 months Ia 22 years with a mean age of 8,02 years. They consisted of 207 males and 143 females; 33 patients with hemophilia, 250 patients with thalassemia, 41 patients with blood malignancy, and 26 patients with other diseases. Sera were tested by a commercially available ELISA HIV assay produced by Abbott (macro ELISA) and Behring (micro ELISA). Repeatable positive sera were confirmed by Western blatt. The majority of patients in this study got their first transfusion on more than 5 years ago with a high consumption of blood components, namely 16.252 units of packed red cells, 6111 units of cryoprecipitate, 537 units of thrombocyte suspension, 96 units of fresh frozen plasma, 35 units of human immunoglobulin, and 15 vials of Koate. Two out of 350 sera were repeatable positive for HIV antibody but confirmatory test by Western blatt were negative. One sera was from a 17-year-o/d gM with thalassemia who had received 129 units of packed red cells transfusions since 1979, and the other was from a 2-year-o/d girl with chronic myelocytic leukemia who had received 24 units of packed red cells. The rest of the sera were negative. This zero prevalence finding suggests that in Indonesia transfusion of blood or blood products still plays a limited role in the epidemic of AIDS in children.
IS FAMILY PLANNING ALREADY ACCEPTED BY THE PRESENT GENERATION? FRESHMEN'S VIEW ON FAMILY PLANNING AT UNIVERSITY OF NORTH SUMATERA, MEDAN ( THIRD REPORT ) Syarifuddin, Amir; Thahir, Irwan; Hasibuan, Berlian; Siregar, Zakaria; Siregar, Helena
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 28 No 11-12 (1988): November 1988
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (587.915 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi28.11-12.1988.238-49

Abstract

A study on views of family planning among freshmen of University of North Sumatera, Medan was conducted for the third time in 1985. Questionnaires was distributed to 2245 freshmen of whom 1997 gave the response consisting of 1153 males and 844 females. The result showed that most of the freshmen (67,59%) planned to have only 2-3 children and get married at the ages of 25- 29 ye1rs· 31,30% wished to have 2 sons and 1 daughter,· 79,75% had the opinion that son or daughter is the same, nearly all of them (97,75%) were planning to have a small family, whereas 34,95% planned to choose IUD for their family-planning method. We can conclude that family planning is well accepted by the present generation.
SEVEN DISEASES AS MAIN CAUSES OF DEATH IN DEPARTMENT OF CHILD HEALTH DR. PIRNGADI GENERAL HOSPITAL Silitonga, Rumiam; Emysah, Lily; Lubis, Chairuddin P.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 28 No 11-12 (1988): November 1988
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (367.267 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi28.11-12.1988.250-4

Abstract

The retrospective study of main causes of death was conducted in Department of Child Health, Dr. Pirngadi General Hospital, from January to December 1986. Seven diseases as main causes of death were: bronchopneumonia, encephalitis, purulent meningitis, serous meningitis sepsis, tetanus and severe malnutrition with case fatality rates of 29%; 44%; 41%; 31%; 47%; 12% and 18%, respectively.
COMPARISON BETWEEN 200 ML AND 1 LITER PACKAGES OF ORAL REHYDRATION SOLUTION PREPARED BY MOTHERS OF PATIENTS WITH DIARRHEA IN THE ORAL REHYDRATION ROOM Suryanto, Muhammad; Hariati, Renny; Soenarto, Yati; A., Moenginah P.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 28 No 11-12 (1988): November 1988
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (480.911 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi28.11-12.1988.231-7

Abstract

To have a comparison between the preparation of oral rehydration solution (ORS) of 200 ml and 1 liter packages, a study had been done in 30 mothers of children under five years of age suffering from diarrhea who treated their children in oral rehydration room (group I) and 30 mothers of non diarrheal children under five years sampled in the out-patient Department of Child Health, Dr. Sardjito General Hospital (group II). No significant difference was found (p <0.05) concerning the sodium concentration in th ORS of 200 ml and in the 1 liter package (group I: 85.95 ± 16.07, and 81.52 ± 16.21, group II 98.11 ± 24.67 and 97.02 ± 21.87) (mEq/L, Mean ± SD). Of 30 mothers group 11, 5 mothers (19.23%) made mistakes in preparing the I liter packages of ORS and the sodium concentration in this package was higher compared to the concentration in the 200 ml package. There was no significant difference concerning diluted volume and the sodium concentration between group I and the recommended method, but there was a significant difference (p < 0.005) between group II and recommended method. A significant difference was also found (p ( 0.001) between group I and group 11 about the mothers knowledge of the effect of diarrhea, the use of ORS, the amount of ORS that must be given lo !he patients and !he indications to refer the patients to !he health center or hospital.

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