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Paediatrica Indonesiana
ISSN : 00309311     EISSN : 2338476X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Paediatrica Indonesiana is a medical journal devoted to the health, in a broad sense, affecting fetuses, infants, children, and adolescents, belonged to the Indonesian Pediatric Society. Its publications are directed to pediatricians and other medical practitioners or researchers at all levels of health practice throughout the world.
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Articles 4 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 28 No 7-8 (1988): July 1988" : 4 Documents clear
INFANT FEEDING: A SELECTIVE REVIEW AND RESEARCH NEEDS Kusin, J. A.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 28 No 7-8 (1988): July 1988
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1017.862 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi28.7-8.1988.167-82

Abstract

Growth faltering starting in infancy can be considered the onset of malnutrition. Infant feeding practices as well as a high prevalence of infectious diseases are causal in this process. While general recommendations on infant feeding are useful as guidelines, it is futile to attempt univorm recommendations as good feeding practices are bound to differ by community. It is felt that the biomedical and social science discipline should investigate the factors influencing infant feeding as well as the consequences of habitual practices on infant health and survival.
CEFTRIAXONE THERAPY OF BACTERIAL MENINGITIS IN CHILDREN Sumarmo, Sumarmo; Harun, S. R.; Nathin, M. A.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 28 No 7-8 (1988): July 1988
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (410.981 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi28.7-8.1988.141-7

Abstract

Twenty-nine children, age 3 months to 11 years, admitted with the clinical diagnosis of bacterial meningitis to the Department of Child Health, were included in a prospective treatment study of ceftriaxone (RocephinHoffmann- La Roche AG Bas/e, Switzerland). Ceftriaxone was used as the only antibiotic agent in single daily dose of 100 mg/kg body weight given intravenously for a minimum of 10 days. Of these 29 patients, 25 (86.2%) recovered, 3 (10.3%) died and 1 (3.4%) no respond to treatment. Among fatal cases, two patients had subdural empyema and one had a cerebral abscess. The microorganisms isolated from cerebrospinal fluid were: Streptococcus pneumoniae (5), Pseudomonas sp. (4), Proteus sp. (2), Salmonella typhi (1), Escherichia coli (1), Clostridium sp. (1), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (1), Staphylococcus aureus {1), and Streptococcus haemolyticus (1). In 12 patients (41,4%), organisms were not identified. The diagnosis was made based on clinical symptoms, Gram staining, cell count. ~!┬Ětease, and protein in the CSF. In all patients, repeated spinal fluid cultures had no bacterial growth at 24 hours after initation of intravenous therapy. No evidence of clinical important drug toxicity was observed. Three p'Oiients, however, had lightly elevated hepatic transaminase levels, and one patient had rnild neutropenia. These clinical and bacteriological results suggested that ceftriaxone is reasonably safe and effective in the treatment of bacterial meningitis caused by the most common pediatric pathogens in Indonesian children over one month of age.
TETRALOGY OF FALLOT AT TBE DEPARTMENT OF PAEDIATRICS, MEDICAL FACULTY, HASANUDDIN UNIVERSITY, UJUNG PANDANG Pelupessy, J. M. C. H.; Albar, Husein
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 28 No 7-8 (1988): July 1988
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (338.96 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi28.7-8.1988.148-53

Abstract

A retrospective study was carried out on children with tetralogy of Fallot at the Department of Paediatrics, Medical Faculty, Hasanuddin University/Ujung Pandang General Hospital from January 1, 1982 to December 31, 1985 inclusive. The diagnosis of tetralogy of Fallot was based on the history, clinical and laboratory findings, chest radiograms and electrocardiograms. There were 10 children included consisting of 7 in- and 3 out- patients, ranging in age from 17 days to 10 years. All in-patients had protein energy malnutrition and or respiratory tract infection. Boy to girl ratio was 1 : 1,5. Cyanosis developed before the age of six months, clubbing of the fingers and toes manifested after one year of age while squatting became obvious after the age of two and a half years.
TRANSUMBILICAL BALLOON ATRIAL SEPTOSTOMY WITH ECHOCARDIOGRAPHIC MONITORING Sastroasmoro, Sudigdo; Madiyono, Bambang; Oesman, Ismet N.; Putra, Sukman Tulus; Soelaiman, Eva Jeumpa
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 28 No 7-8 (1988): July 1988
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (636.683 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi28.7-8.1988.160-6

Abstract

Balloon atrial sept ostomy is usually necessary for survival beyond infancy in patients with transposition of the great arteries and insufficient intracardiac mixing. Since the umbilical vein and ductus venosus are often patent in the newborn infants, this route can be considered as an alternative to a femoral venous route in a critically ill infant. A 7 day-old newborn with D-transposition with intact ventricular septum and small patent foramen ovate was successfully managed by creating atrial septal defect through transumbilical balloon arterial septostomy. The procedure was carried out in the neonatal intensive care unit, guided by 2D-echocardiography. The arterial oxygen saturation increased dramatically upon the completion of the procedure, and a large atrial septal defect could be demonstrated echocardiographically. Unfortunately the infant died before further definitive surgery was performed.

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