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Paediatrica Indonesiana
ISSN : 00309311     EISSN : 2338476X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Paediatrica Indonesiana is a medical journal devoted to the health, in a broad sense, affecting fetuses, infants, children, and adolescents, belonged to the Indonesian Pediatric Society. Its publications are directed to pediatricians and other medical practitioners or researchers at all levels of health practice throughout the world.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 5 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 42 No 9-10 (2002): September 2002" : 5 Documents clear
DIAGNOSTIC ACCURACY OF CLINICAL AND BLOOD EXAMINATION FOR SEPSIS IN POTENTIALLY INFECTED NEONATES Mulyani, Ari; Setyowireni, Setyowireni; Surjono, Achmad
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 42 No 9-10 (2002): September 2002
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (307.951 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi42.5.2002.220-4

Abstract

Background Neonatal sepsis remains a diagnostic challenge due to its nonspesific symptoms and signs. Blood culture as the gold standard is still a problem because it takes time, is expensive, and not every health facility is able to perionn.Objective To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of clinical symptoms, hematologic findings, and C-reactive protein (CRP) in neonatal sepsis.Methods Samples were taken from potentially infected neonates admitted to the Matemal-Perinatal Unit of Sardjito Hospital, between December 1st, 2000 and March 31st, 2001 using at least one of the criteria: prematurity, very low birth weight infants, matemal pyrexia during delivery, premature membrane rupture, or thick, cloudy amniotic fluid. Clinical symptoms, total leukocyte, neutrophil, platelet count, CRP, and blood culture as the gold standard were examined.Results Among 99 neonates enrolled, the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value of clinical symptoms were 79.3%, 75.7%, 57.5%, and 89.9%, respectively; leukopenia/leukocytosis were 27.6%, 85.7%, 44.4%, and 74.1%; neutropenia! neutrophilia were 41.4%, 71.4%, 37.5%, and 74.6%; thrombocytopenia were 79.3%, 51.8%, 40.4%, and 85.7%; positive CRP were 58.6%,78.6%,53.1%, and 82.1%. Parallel tests increased the sensitivity up to 89.7%. Specificity, positive and negative predictive value, and likelihood ratio were 44.3%, 40%, 91.2%, and 1.6, respectively. Serial tests increased the specificity up to 88.6%. Sensitivity, positive and negative predictive value, and likelihood ratio were 58.6%, 68%, 83.8%, and 5.1, respectively.Conclusion Clinical sepsis, thrombocytopenia, and CRP are sufficiently accurate as diagnostic tests for sepsis in potentially infected neonates. Parallel tests will increase the sensitivity, while serial tests increase the specificity.
PLAIN ABDOMINAL RADIOGRAPH APPEARANCE IN CHILDREN WITH ABDOMINAL PAIN Firman, Kemas; Darussalam, Dora; Suradi, Rulina
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 42 No 9-10 (2002): September 2002
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (308.888 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi42.5.2002.212-6

Abstract

Background Abdominal pain is a common condition in children. Plain abdominal radiograph is recommended routinely in the evaluation of children with abdominal pain.Methods A retrospective study was done to evaluate radiographic abnormalities in children with abdominal pain at the Department of Child Health Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital from January 1, 1994 to December 31, 1998.Results Of the 76 patients with abdominal pain, there were 38 females and 38 males. Forty-five patients were in the >5-12 years age group. Thirty-five out of 76 patients showed radiographic abnormalities. The most common radiographic abnormality was stones (found in 13 patients), followed by uneven distribution of bowel air in 8 patients.Conclusion A plain abdominal radiograph is still required as a diagnostic tool for children with abdominal pain, especially in the acute stage.
FEATURES OF PATIENTS WITH MALARIA TREATED AT THE DEPARTMENT OF CHILD HEALTH CIPTO MANGUNKUSUMO HOSPITAL, JAKARTA Jong, Diana Mettadewi; Satari, Hindra Irawan; Hadinegoro, Sri Rezeki; Soedarmo, Sumarmo; Abdoerrachman, Hardjono; Tumbelaka, Alan R.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 42 No 9-10 (2002): September 2002
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (210.608 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi42.5.2002.217-9

Abstract

Background Malaria is endemic throughout the tropical areas of the world. In Jakarta, one of the cities in Indonesia that has been declared to be free of malaria, malaria was found in 1044 patients from 1974 to 1990. All patients were infected in other areas.Objective To describe the clinical features of malaria in the Department of Child Health, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta.Methods A retrospective study was carried out on all patients with malaria treated at the Department of Child Health, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, from January 1995 to December 2000.Results There were 10 inpatients and 5 outpatients with malaria eligible in this study. Most patients (13) were boys, and 8 patients aged 5-9 years. We found falciparum malaria in 5, one of which with cerebral malaria, vivax in 3 patients, and mixed infection in 4 patients. In 3 patients, the type of malaria could not be detected. Three out of the referred patients were referred with the diagnosis of leukemia. Fever, splenomegaly, and pale were found in most patients. All inpatients recovered completely on discharge.Conclusions In malaria-free areas, all patients were infected in other areas and some were referred with misdiagnoses. Malaria should be considered in patients with fever or pale and organomegaly.
ASSOCIATION OF PYURIA AND POSITIVE URINE CULTURE IN CHILDREN WITH URINARY TRACT INFECTION Umboh, Adrian; Sugoro, Andy
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 42 No 9-10 (2002): September 2002
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (264.331 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi42.5.2002.197-200

Abstract

Background Infections affecting the urinary tract are commonly found in children and responsible as the second cause of morbidity after respiratory tract infections.Objective To detennine the association between pyuria and positive urine culture in children with suspected urinary tract infection (UTI).Methods We reviewed all patients who suffered from suspected UTI with pyuria, aged 1 month to 13 years at the Department of Child Health, Manado Central General Hospital from January 1999 until December 2001.Results Of the 45 patients who suffered from suspected UTI with pyuria, 33 (73%) were proved to have UTI (12 males and 21 females). There was significant association between pyuria of more than 20 white cells per high power field visualized and the incidence of UTI (P <0.05), but no association was found between sex and the incidence of UTI. In patients aged 1 year and older, the rate of UTI was higher in female than male, namely 61 % of females and 30% of males had UTI. The main cause of UTI was Escherichia coli (67%). The most common symptoms were fever (94%), vomiting (76%), and upper abdominal pain (55%).Conclusion There was a significant association between patients whom suspected UTI with pyuria and incidence of UTI.
A SIMPLE ESTIMATION OF GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE IN CHILDREN Rauf, Syarifuddin; Akbar, Husein
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 42 No 9-10 (2002): September 2002
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (256.892 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi42.5.2002.193-6

Abstract

Background The estimation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is routinely used in the assessment of renal function in children. An accurate measurement of GFR is very helpful in detecting renal disease.Objective The aim of this study was to compare GFR calculated by Schwartz's formula and that assessed by creatinine clearance measurement.Methods A study to evaluate GFR calculated by the Schwartz's fonnula and by the conventional creatinine clearance method was done on 114 (57%) boys and 86 (43%) girls aged 6-13 years hospitalized in the Department of Child Health, Hasanuddin University, Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital, Makassar in 1996.Results This study showed that there was no significant difference between the value of GFR determined by the conventional creatinine clearance method and that calculated by the Schwartz's fonnula according to age and sex. Our findings also did not show any  difference of GFR assessed by both methods according to nutritional status of children. In regard to the accuracy of Schwartz's fonnula, the sensitivity, specificity, positive, and negative predictive values were 87.5%, 98.86%, 9 1.3%, and 98.3%, respectively.Conclusion It seems that Schwartz's fonnula might be used for assessing GFR in children particularly if either there is no facility for measuring creatininuria or there is difficulty in collecting complete and accurate-timing urine samples. The formula is a very simple and inexpensive method for determining GFR in children compared to the conventional creatinine clearance method. 

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