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INDONESIA
Jurnal Fitofarmaka Indonesia
ISSN : 23560398     EISSN : 25412329     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Jurnal Fitofarmaka Indonesia merupakan salah satu jurnal yang dikelola oleh Laboratorium Farmakognosi-Fitomikia Fakultas Farmasi Universitas Muslim Indonesia yang terbit pertama kali pada bulan Januari 2014. Jurnal Fitofarmaka Indonesia merupakan jurnal ilmiah yang terbit secara on-line dan cetakan serta menerbitkan artikel atau karya ilmiah hasil penelitian dalam bidang obat bahan alam.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 71 Documents
EFEK SENYAWA BIOAKTIF KAYU MANIS Cinnamomum burmanii NEES EX.BL.) TERHADAP DIABETES MELITUS: KAJIAN PUSTAKA Emilda, Emilda
Jurnal Fitofarmaka Indonesia Vol 5, No 1 (2018): JURNAL FITOFARMAKA INDONESIA
Publisher : FAKULTAS FARMASI UNIVERSITAS MUSLIM INDONESIA

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Abstract

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a chronic disorder of carbohydrate metabolism (glucose) in the body and its prevalence is getting higher. Until 2015, 10 million cases of DM found in Indonesia and allegedly ever increasing. Type II DM is the most common types of DM in the world and its characterized by insulin resistance and β cell damage.  Due to the serious side effects caused when taking chemical antidabetes drugs, herbal medicine searches from natural materials continue to be done. Various spesieces of cinnamon plants have been studied and known to have antidiabetic activity. One of them is Cinnamomum burmanii which is found in Indonesia. Among the spesieces of cinnamon have the same health benefits including antidiabetes, antimicrobial, anti-fungal, antiviral, antioxidant, antitumor etc. Although the antidiabetic mechanism of cinnamon is still debated, it is thought that cinnamon affects several insulin signaling pathways, among others, in insulin receptors, glucose transporter 4 (GLUT 4), glucose transporter-1 (GLUT 1), peroxisome proliferator activator receptor (PPAR), α activity glucosidase etc. This activity is caused of the bioactive compounds it contains. The main compounds that have hypoglycemic activity are Methylhidroxy Calcone Polymer (MHCP), sinamaldehyde, and polymer pro-ayanine type-A polymers or proanthocyanidin.
PENGEMBANGAN MIKROGRANUL MUKOADHESIF EKSTRAK KAYU MANIS DENGAN KOMBINASI POLIMER KARBOPOL DAN GELATIN Wardatun, Sri; Rustiani, Erni; Damahyanti, Opi
Jurnal Fitofarmaka Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2020): JURNAL FITOFARMAKA INDONESIA
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33096/jffi.v7i1.477

Abstract

Senyawa bahan alam umumnya memiliki kelarutan yang rendah dan absorpsi yang lemah dalam tubuh. Pengembangan formula mikrogranul mukoadhesif dari ekstrak kayu manis dengan polimer karbopol dan gelatin bertujuan untuk meningkatkan kelarutan dan absorpsi ekstrak kayu manis dalam tubuh. Pada penelitian ini, mikrogranul mukoadhesif diformulasikan menggunakan ekstrak kayu manis dengan tiga formulasi yang berbeda yaitu penggunaan karbopol 934 P 5%: gelatin tipe B 4% (F1),  karbopol 934P 5%: gelatin tipe B 5%   (F2) dan karbopol 934 5%:  gelatin tipe B 6% (F3). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kombinasi karbopol 934P 5%: gelatin tipe B 5% (F2)merupakan formulasi mikrogranul mukoadhesif yang menghasilkan kadar asam sinamat paling tinggi setelah uji wash off menggunakan jaringan lambung (6,48%) dan usus tikus (55,21%). Hasil evaluasi fisik terhadap mikrogranul meliputi uji sudut diam, kadar air, laju alir granul, uji wash off, morfologi dan ukuran partikel menunjukkan bahwa mikrogranul mukoadhesif dari F2 menghasilkan kualitas granul paling baik. 
UJI AKTIVITAS ANTIPLASMODIUM DARI ISOLAT KULIT BATANG KAYU TAMMATE (LANNEA COROMANDELICA HOUTT. MERR.) SECARA IN-VITRO Tahir, Karlina Amir; Haeria, Haeria; Febriyanti, Alifia Putri; Chadijah, St.; Hamzah, Nursalam
Jurnal Fitofarmaka Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2020): JURNAL FITOFARMAKA INDONESIA
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33096/jffi.v7i1.591

Abstract

One of the main causes of death and a major public health problem is malaria. Some drug resistance and the limited number of effective drugs have given the community a sense of worry. This makes the discovery of new antimalarial compounds very necessary. Based on the results of exploration of natural materials, Javanese wood is one of the plants that is efficacious as an antimicrobial and is thought to be efficacious as antiplasmodium. This study was then conducted to find hexan and ethyl acetate isolates from the Java wood fraction (Lannea coromandelica Houtt. Merr.) Which effectively inhibited the development of Plasmodium falciparum in vitro. This research is a follow-up study from previous studies in testing the fraction of Javanese bark against antioxidant activity. The procedure starts from hexan and ethyl acetate isolates with five concentrations of 10 (µg / ml), 1 (µg / ml), 0.1 (µg / ml), 0.01 (µg / ml) and 0.001 (µg / ml) 3D7 strain of Plasmodium falciparum was measured based on the average percent resistance. The results of this study indicate that etil asetat isolate have IC50 2,727 µg/ml, its mean moderate activity as antiplasmodium. While hexan isolate have IC50 >10 µg/ml its mean not have or low antiplasmodium activity.
PENGEMBANGAN SEDIAAN SERBUK ANTIDIABETES DARI KOMBINASI EKSTRAK KULIT BUAH MANGGIS (GARCINIA MANGOSTANA L.) DAN EKSTRAK DAUN SALAM (SYZYGIUM POLYANTHUM (WIGHT) WALP.) Yulianti, Rizki; Simanjuntak, Partomuan; Purba, Anny Victor
Jurnal Fitofarmaka Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2020): JURNAL FITOFARMAKA INDONESIA
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33096/jffi.v7i1.593

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease characterized by hyperglicemic. Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) and Salam (Syzygium polyanthum (Wight) Walp.) are plants which recognized as blood glucose controller. The study aims to determine the effectiveness of the combination of the two extract in decreasing blood sugar levels of diabetic rats. The rats divided into 6 groups: group I (normal control) without treatment, group II (negative control), group III (positive control), group IV (extract of mangosteen with dose of 400 mg), group V (extract of salam leaf with dose of 400 mg) and group VI (combination of mangosteen 200 mg and salam leaf 200 mg). Data were analyzed by One-Way Anova, followed by PostHoc Bonferroni analysis. Then the combination of the extract was formulated in powder dosage form blended with PVP, Sucralose and Lactose. The evaluation included physical test are organoleptic, water content and flowability time. The results showed that the combination of the extracts of mangosteen and salam leaf comprising half doses of eact extract could lower blood glucose levels significantly (P<0.05) with better efficacy than each single extract and the combination of extracts able to produce powder dosage form with the requirement (organoleptic, water content and flowability time).
POTENSI EKSTRAK BUAH BUNI (ANTIDESMA BUNIUS (L) SPRENG) SEBAGAI INHIBITOR ENZIM α-GLUKOSIDASE Hamidu, La; Simanjuntak, Partomuan; Dewi, Rizna Triana
Jurnal Fitofarmaka Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2020): JURNAL FITOFARMAKA INDONESIA
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33096/jffi.v7i1.598

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is still a global health problem that continues to increase rapidly and become one of the major metabolic diseases throughout the world. This study aims to determine the potential of Buni fruit as an ?-glucosidase inhibitor. ?-glucosidase inhibition test is carried out on a blank solution (test solution without sample/standard), acarbose solution as a comparison standard and samples are carried out in accordance with the optimization conditions obtained. The rendemen percent of green and red buni fruit extract yields are 6.35% and 3.09%, respectively. The results of the identification of secondary metabolites using TLC showed that green and red buni fruit extract contains flavonoid, phenolic and alkaloid compounds. The results of the ?-glucosidase enzyme inhibition test showed that the red buni fruit extract had the highest activity compared to green buni fruit extract with an IC50 value of 85.27 ppm. 
PENGEMBANGAN EKSTRAK ETANOL LIMBAH BIJI PEPAYA (CARICA PAPAYA L.) SEBAGAI SERUM ANTIJERAWAT Hasrawati, Andi; Hardianti, Hardianti; Qama, Adisti; Wais, Muhammad
Jurnal Fitofarmaka Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2020): JURNAL FITOFARMAKA INDONESIA
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33096/jffi.v7i1.458

Abstract

Acne or commonly called acne vulgaris merupahkan abnormalities in the skin that almost everyone has experienced it. Acne is a problem of skin, neck, chest, and back that occurs in times of skin-the skin of the skin will be clogged by excessive fat deposits. Propionibacterium acnes is a gram-positive bacteria as part of normal flora and fauna. Papaya seeds are agricultural waste that has antibacterial activity against the bacteria Propionibacterium acnes with a very low cost. One of the proper acts for acne problem is by using serum. Serum has a very fast absorptive effect to penetrate the inner skin without the effects of sticky effects on the skin. By knowing that the bacteria Propionibacterium acnes can cause acne that can attack various circles and know the benefits of papaya seeds that inhibit the growth of acne-causing bacteria, it is necessary to formulate papaya seed estrak as antijerawat, so this process formulates the serum preparation of papaya seed estrak which can as pen prevent the growth of acne-causing bacteria. The research method that will be done is the initial processing of the sample by extraction and then proceed with formulation of the preparation. After that, the evaluation of serum preparation and antibacterial activity test are available on the preparation.
PENETAPAN KADAR FLAVONOID TOTAL EKSTRAK ETANOL KULIT BUAH ALPUKAT (Persea americana Mill.) DENGAN METODE SPEKTROFOTOMETRI UV-VIS Aminah, Aminah; Tomayahu, Nurhayati; Abidin, Zainal
Jurnal Fitofarmaka Indonesia Vol 4, No 2 (2017): JURNAL FITOFARMAKA INDONESIA
Publisher : FAKULTAS FARMASI UNIVERSITAS MUSLIM INDONESIA

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Abstract

Avocado plant (Persea americana Mill.), belongs to Lauraceae family which have medicinal properties. Avocado peel contains flavonoid compounds that can be used to protect and reduce the skin damage against UV rays. This study aimed to determine the total flavonoids content of the ethanol extract of the avocado peel using UV-Vis spectrophotometry. The ethanol extract of avocado peel was obtained by maceration with ethanol. The qualitative analysis used FeCl3 by forming green complex. The determination of total flavonoids content is conducted based on AlCl3 method with total flavonoids expressed in QE (Quercetin equivalent) at the maximum wavelength of 435 nm. The result showed that the average content of flavonoid total is 4.0122 mgQE/g extract.
UJI AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN EKSTRAK METANOL BUNGA BROKOLI (Brassica oleracea L. var. Italica) DENGAN METODE DPPH (2,2 diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) dan METODE ABTS (2,2 azinobis (3-etilbenzotiazolin)-6-asam sulfonat) Sami, Fitriyanti Jumaetri; Rahimah, Sitti
Jurnal Fitofarmaka Indonesia Vol 2, No 2 (2015): JURNAL FITOFARMAKA INDONESIA
Publisher : FAKULTAS FARMASI UNIVERSITAS MUSLIM INDONESIA

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Abstract

Telah dilakukan penelitian uji aktivitas antioksidan ekstrak metanol bunga brokoli (Brassica oleracea L. var. Italica) dengan menggunakan metode DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) dan metode ABTS (2,2-Azinobis (3-etilbenzotiazolin)-6-asam sulfonat). Bunga brokoli diekstraksi secara maserasi dengan menggunakan pelarut metanol.  Ekstrak bunga brokoli (Brassica oleracea L. var. Italica) dibuat dalam berbagai konsentrasi dan diuji aktivitas antioksidannya. Pada metode DPPH diperoleh nilai IC50 sebesar 123,698 ppm dan IC50 vitamin C murni sebesar 3 ppm sedangkan pada metode ABTS diperoleh nilai IC50 sebesar 32,1292 ppm dan nilai IC50 vitamin C murni sebesar 6 ppm.
STUDI KOMPARASI KADAR FLAVONOID TOTAL PADA BUNGA ROSELLA MERAH (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) ASAL KABUPATEN LUWU UTARA PROVINSI SULAWESI SELATAN DAN KABUPATEN KEDIRI PROVINSI JAWA TIMUR Suradji, Saida I.; Najib, Ahmad; Ahmad, Aktsar Roskiana
Jurnal Fitofarmaka Indonesia Vol 3, No 2 (2016): JURNAL FITOFARMAKA INDONESIA
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (934.013 KB) | DOI: 10.33096/jffi.v3i2.219

Abstract

Red Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) is a medicinal plant used by the public as drugs. This plant is efficacious because one contains chemical constituents are flavonoids. Comparative Study of total Flavonoid content in red Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) from North Luwu district of South Sulawesi province and the province of East Java Kediri district has done. The aim of study to determine of total flavonoid content in Kediri regency and district of North Luwu using a spectrophotometer. Extraction is done by maceration method using 96% ethanol. Phytochemical screening using the color reaction identification and determine content of Colorimetric method using UV-Vis spectrophotometry at the maximum wavelength of 417 nm. Meanwhile the yield extract red Rosellafrom Kediri (sample I) 12.703% and red Rosella from north Luwu (sample II) 10.44%. Test phytochemical to sample I and sample II positive containing Flavonoids. Test total Flavonoid content to sample I is 0.02816% and sample II is 0.2075%.
ANALISIS AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN PRODUK SIRUP BUAH MENGKUDU (Morinda citrifolia L.) DENGAN METODE DPPH Rahmawati, Rahmawati; Muflihunna, A.; Sarif, Laode Muhammad
Jurnal Fitofarmaka Indonesia Vol 2, No 2 (2015): JURNAL FITOFARMAKA INDONESIA
Publisher : FAKULTAS FARMASI UNIVERSITAS MUSLIM INDONESIA

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Abstract

This research is about antioxidant activity analysis of Noni products syrup (Morinda citrifolia L.) using DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazil) method. The research aimed to analysis of antioxidant activity of two different brands of Noni products syrup using spectrophotometer UV-Vis. This analysis using quarcetin as standard to determine antioxidant activity and DPPH reagen as radical sources. Quarcetin and  Noni products syrup are made five series concentrations in metanol. One ml of each concentration added 4 ml DPPH 50 µM and then added metanol up to 10 ml in flask. Then incubated for 30 minutes at room temperature and protected from light. Measurement of absorbance using spectrophotometer UV-Vis at 514 nm. The IC50 values were 25.7 µg/mL for brand A, and 9.839 µg/mL for brand B.