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INDONESIA
Panggung
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Core Subject : Education,
Panggung is online peer-review journal focusing on studies and researches in the areas related to performing arts and culture studies with various perspectives. The journal invites scholars, researchers, and students to contribute the result of their studies and researches in those areas mentioned above related to arts and culture in Indonesia and Southeast Asia in different perspectives.
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Articles 18 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 22, No 3 (2012): Manifestasi Konsep, Estetika, dan Makna Seni dalam Keberbagaian Ekspresi" : 18 Documents clear
MAKNA SIMBOL BENTUK DAN SENI HIAS PADA RUMAH BUGIS SULAWESI SELATAN Yunus, Pangeran Paita
PANGGUNG Vol 22, No 3 (2012): Manifestasi Konsep, Estetika, dan Makna Seni dalam Keberbagaian Ekspresi
Publisher : LP2M ISBI Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26742/panggung.v22i3.76

Abstract

The cosmologic view of the Buginese tribe assumes that this macrocosmos (the universe) is arranged into three levels: Boting langi’ (the upper world), Ale kawa (the middle world), Uri’ Li’yu’ (the Under world). As the centre from the three parts of this universe is Boting Langi (the highest sky), the place of Dewata SeuwaE (God) to lie down. This view is represented in the King’s Palace/traditional house building seen as the microcosmos. So, the King’s palace of the Buginese is devided also into three levels (stacks), those are: Rekkeang (top floor) viewed as the head of the human being, Alle bola (the body of the house) viewed as the body, and Awa bola (space underneath of the house) viewed as the leg of the human being. The three parts are centered at Posi’ bola or the house navel. This research tries to answer the problems: 1) whether the meaning form of the King’s Palace of the Buginese based on cosmology, and 2) how the symbol meaning of decorative art at the King’s Palace of the Buginese is. To identify and comprehend the meaning of decorative art on the King’s Palace of the Buginese, it is done through hermeneutic theory by Gadamer and the symbol meaning theory by Victor Turner. This research gives description that the happening of structural change and the style of decorated art at the kings’ palace of the Buginese of South Sulawesi, beside having much influence from the art of Dong-son and Chou Tua style, the decorated art at the Buginese tribe also got influence from Hinduism and Islam. In addition, the change of the art style is decided also by the one who has power in the society, either in the politic side or in the religion or culture. In this case, the existence of art style variation is caused by the existence of the levelling and groupping of the society.Keyword: Decorated art, Buginese tribe.
Kompleksitas Tokoh Pandita Drona dalam Artefak Wayang Kulit Cirebon Pramana Koesoemadinata, Moh. Isa
PANGGUNG Vol 22, No 3 (2012): Manifestasi Konsep, Estetika, dan Makna Seni dalam Keberbagaian Ekspresi
Publisher : LP2M ISBI Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26742/panggung.v22i3.81

Abstract

             Since early centuries of Christian calendar, the Indian epics Mahabharata and Ramayana have widely spread across the Nusantara Archipelago.  By the time these epics arrived here, they were not presented in their genuine forms, but had been adopted and localized in order to approach the natives.  The adaptation process included taking the shadow theatrical form, translating and interpretating the stories, and transforming character and visual descriptions which were manifested into puppet form.            One of the character transformations which includes personality and visual descriptions was done to Priest Drona, the vital character roled as guru to both Pandawas and Kurawas, who was trapped inside the dilemma among his disciples.  In Javanese version, Drona has been transformed into an ambiguous, mischievous, and slightly humorous character.  In Cirebon version, Drona was depicted as an evil character who provoked the Battle of Bharata yuddha.  Drona puppet himself has unique and specific visual attributes compared to other puppet main characters, and each form of puppet Drona possess a high symbolic meaning beneath them.  The problem is how do the visual attributes of each puppet tell us about the character’s complexity? This paper analyzes every visual variation of Drona leather puppet in Cirebon using the Art Criticism methods and semiotics referring to general Javanese Shadow Puppetry performance.  This analysis proves the complexity of the character based on the differences of cloth, accessories and other visual attributes from Cirebon perspective. Keywords: Cirebonese leather puppets, character, Drona, visual attributes
PERANAN R. A. A. WIRANATAKUSUMAH V DALAM PENYEBARAN TEMBANG SUNDA CIANJURAN Wiradiredja, Mohamad Yusuf
PANGGUNG Vol 22, No 3 (2012): Manifestasi Konsep, Estetika, dan Makna Seni dalam Keberbagaian Ekspresi
Publisher : LP2M ISBI Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26742/panggung.v22i3.77

Abstract

The main problems studied in this article is how the creation process of the art of cianjuran music and how far the role of R. A. A. Wiranatakusumah V in spreading the art of cianjuran music in Priangan in the 20th century. To get the answers to those problems, the historical research has been done with the method of research which consists of four phases: heuristik, criticism, interpretation, and historiography. The application of historical method is then ellaborated with social science theories, among of those is the theory of change and continuity of K. J. Veeger.The result of the research indicates that the art of cianjuran music was born as a creativity result of Cianjur aristocratics adopting from some vocal arts among Sundanese society such as: poetry, degung, and kawih. In its growth, the art of cianjuran adapts with the change of epoch so that its existence can be kept well. In this case, R. A. A. Wiranatakusumah V had an important role in spreading the art of cianjuran music in Priangan. Keywords: Cianjuran Music, R. A. A. Wiranatakusumah V 
Religious Transformation Of Seni Dodod At Mekar Wangi Village South Banten Kasmahidayat, Yuliawan
PANGGUNG Vol 22, No 3 (2012): Manifestasi Konsep, Estetika, dan Makna Seni dalam Keberbagaian Ekspresi
Publisher : LP2M ISBI Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26742/panggung.v22i3.73

Abstract

Selama proses transformasi budaya ditemukan adanya persinggungan antara seni tradisi dengan seni modern di luar wilayah seni Dodod. Dewasa ini terbentuk Gubahan Seni Dodod yang berfungsi sebagai sarana upacara perkawinan dan khitanan. Proses enkulturasi dilakukan secara formal di sekolah dengan menerapkan Gubahan Seni Dodod sebagai materi pembelajaran seni budaya. Pe­ nerapan Seni Dodod dalam bentuk asli serta gubahannya merupakan pewarisan non formal yang dilakukan di sanggar Seni Dodod, kalangan remaja, dan warga desa. Pemaknaan religiusitas Seni Dodod   terekspresikan dalam kehidupan masyarakat desa Mekar Wangi, didasarkan pada pemak­ naan yang dilakukan oleh para pimpinan pondok pesantren. Pemaknaan didasarkan pada penjelasan, yang menerangkan, menampakkan, menyibak, serta merinci tujuh ayat Al­Qur’an, yang melahirkan pemaknaan pada keutuhan ragam gerak, kostum yang digunakan, syair pantun Lutung Kasarung, dan mantra atau do’a yang digunakan dalam Seni Dodod, serta Seni Dodod sebagai kebudayaan dan kesenian Islam. Tampaknya kedudukan Seni Dodod dewasa ini mengalami pergeseran yang semula sebagai sarana ritual pertanian, kini menjadi bagian penting dalam upacara perkawinan dan khita­ nan, namun tidak sampai menjadi seni yang sekular. Kata Kunci: Transformasi religiusitas, seni dodod  
KOMUNIKASI DALANG DALAM KONSEP MANDALA WIWAHA ASEP SUNANDAR SUNARYA Nalan, Arthur Supardan
PANGGUNG Vol 22, No 3 (2012): Manifestasi Konsep, Estetika, dan Makna Seni dalam Keberbagaian Ekspresi
Publisher : LP2M ISBI Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26742/panggung.v22i3.78

Abstract

AbstractThis study suggests the findings of field research on communication made by a puppeteer of Wayang Golek Purwa, Asep Sunandar Sunarya. This study is categorized into qualitative research with a phenomenological approach. The result of the study shows that Asep Sunandar Sunarya has performed his communication competencies as a communicative puppeteer. Communication competencies owned by Asep Sunandar Sunarya to the audience is based on his experience which is called the concept of Mandala Wiwaha. The concept of Mandala Wiwaha is a concept of technique, insight, message and audience mastery. The concept of Mandala Wiwaha has made Asep Sunandar Sunarya a famous puppeteer who posses his own “popularity" compared to the other puppeteers. Through this concept Asep Sunandar Sunarya puts the audience as an important part every time he conducts his performance. Keywords: puppeteer, communication, Mandala Wiwaha.
PANAKAWAN WAYANG KULIT PURWA: Asal-usul dan Konsep Perwujudannya -, Sunarto
PANGGUNG Vol 22, No 3 (2012): Manifestasi Konsep, Estetika, dan Makna Seni dalam Keberbagaian Ekspresi
Publisher : LP2M ISBI Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26742/panggung.v22i3.74

Abstract

Panakawan is a group of purwa shadow puppet having a specific embodiment. The embodiment of panakawan figures is shown in unproportional body and caricaturistics. The question is since when panakawan figures appear and how the concept of embodiment is. To answer that question, the research is done through historical approach to track the existence of panakawan figures, while the iconography is used to identify panakawan figures in terms of embodiment, and in tracing the concept of panakawan embodiment is done through structural approach.This study found that panakawan history can be traced through two sources, namely verbal and pictorial sources. Verbal is any source that is obtained from written works, whereas pictorial is any source of artifacts. The term of Panakawan was first found on serat Gattkacasraya by Empu Panuluh in the eleventh century and on Kitab Nawaruci  by Empu Siwamurti in the fifteenth century. Panakawan was also found on several sources of puppet plays, among others: Kidung Sudamala, Serat Purwakanda, Serat Pustakarajapurwa, and Serat Purwacarita. On artifact sources, it was found on temple reliefs and on some kinds of puppet. The concept of panakawan embodiment was inspired by the disabled people who have magic power. The people of this type in Yogyakarta palace are called Abdi Dalem Palawija, whereas in the ancient Java they were included in the character of i’jro. Keywords: Panakawan, history, concept
WUJUD VISUAL GAMBAR - ILUSTRASI PADA NASKAH NASKAH TUA NUSANTARA SEBAGAI REFLEKSI INTELEKTUALITAS LELUHUR BANGSA INDONESIA Adisasmito, Nuning Y. Damayanti
PANGGUNG Vol 22, No 3 (2012): Manifestasi Konsep, Estetika, dan Makna Seni dalam Keberbagaian Ekspresi
Publisher : LP2M ISBI Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26742/panggung.v22i3.79

Abstract

Manuscript is a cultural product belongs to every civilized community that understands letters and words. Visual communication, before script and writing were established, such as ancient drawings, has been used by people since thousands years ago.  The discovery of picture in prehistoric caves is considered as the beginning of drawing tradition towards the modern illustration. The discovery of scripts and writing shifted the tradition of drawing, although the simplest and the most effective communication is still the visual language.   It explains why an illustrative drawing in the old manuscript was used as a communication device which reflects the cultural development and the way of thinking from the society who created it. The tradition of writing and drawing in illustration was found in the Javanese and Balinese old manuscripts. The visual illustration, theme, and media of manuscripts shown similar in diversity, depend on their role in social life. Some parts of those old manuscripts show unique illustrations as well as the local identity of the society. The illustration on manuscript reflects the society culture of thinking and aesthetic achievement of visual art.     Key Words: Illustration, old Indonesian manuscript, visual language. 
ESTETIKA KARAWITAN TRADISI SUNDA Herdini, Heri
PANGGUNG Vol 22, No 3 (2012): Manifestasi Konsep, Estetika, dan Makna Seni dalam Keberbagaian Ekspresi
Publisher : LP2M ISBI Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26742/panggung.v22i3.75

Abstract

The problem of "aesthetics" related not only to the "text" or the art form itself, but also to the mindset and worldview of the communities on "the world" and "the nature of human life." Behind the musical form itself, there lies the mindset of Sundanese people which formed the basis for the "text" of karawitan. The understanding on "karawitan context" is, therefore, important. It means that "text" and "context" constitute "two sides of the same coin" which are interrelated to each other. This is the subject matter to be discussed in this paper.            This paper is a philosophical study in order to find "the aesthetic of traditional karawitan" which has not been revealed so far. To reveal this problem the writer uses the theory of "Antagonistic Dualism" by Jakob Sumardjo. Based on the analysis to the "text" and "context" of Sundanese traditional karawitan, it is concluded that "the aesthetic of Sundanese traditional karawitan" comes from the concept of "masagi" that in substance may produce "pola tiga” (pattern of three) as a reflection of the culture of tritangtu, those are: tekad, ucap, and lampah. Keywords: Aesthetic,traditional karawitan, pola tiga. 
KONSEP ÊMBAT DALAM KARAWITAN JAWA Hastanto, Sri
PANGGUNG Vol 22, No 3 (2012): Manifestasi Konsep, Estetika, dan Makna Seni dalam Keberbagaian Ekspresi
Publisher : LP2M ISBI Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26742/panggung.v22i3.80

Abstract

Êmbat is one of the musical concept in Javanese gamelan music – karawitan Jawa. It is a kind of musical characteristic of a gamelan ensamble  which is generated by its interval structure – Jv. jangkah – of  that gamelan. The only way to understand êmbat, one may investigate  gamelan tuning system. Êmbat had been metioned in old Javanese manuscripts including Centhini and Wédhapradangga. Kunst and Hood also discussed êmbat in some extend, but the result does not quite fit to reality. This work aims to explain the concept of êmbat from the angle of the culture owner – Javanese.In order to explain the concept, this study has firstly to discover the concept of pitch in karawitan Jawa, secondly the tolerance of the limit in sifting tones , and finally approaching the main goal: the concept of êmbat it self. To reach the goal this studi conducted some simple experiments. Key words:structure of jangkah, tolerance of sifting notes,  and êmbat
Religious Transformation Of Seni Dodod At Mekar Wangi Village South Banten Kasmahidayat, Yuliawan
PANGGUNG Vol 22, No 3 (2012): Manifestasi Konsep, Estetika, dan Makna Seni dalam Keberbagaian Ekspresi
Publisher : LP2M ISBI Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (277.124 KB) | DOI: 10.26742/panggung.v22i3.73

Abstract

Selama proses transformasi budaya ditemukan adanya persinggungan antara seni tradisi dengan seni modern di luar wilayah seni Dodod. Dewasa ini terbentuk Gubahan Seni Dodod yang berfungsi sebagai sarana upacara perkawinan dan khitanan. Proses enkulturasi dilakukan secara formal di sekolah dengan menerapkan Gubahan Seni Dodod sebagai materi pembelajaran seni budaya. Pe­ nerapan Seni Dodod dalam bentuk asli serta gubahannya merupakan pewarisan non formal yang dilakukan di sanggar Seni Dodod, kalangan remaja, dan warga desa. Pemaknaan religiusitas Seni Dodod   terekspresikan dalam kehidupan masyarakat desa Mekar Wangi, didasarkan pada pemak­ naan yang dilakukan oleh para pimpinan pondok pesantren. Pemaknaan didasarkan pada penjelasan, yang menerangkan, menampakkan, menyibak, serta merinci tujuh ayat Al­Qur’an, yang melahirkan pemaknaan pada keutuhan ragam gerak, kostum yang digunakan, syair pantun Lutung Kasarung, dan mantra atau do’a yang digunakan dalam Seni Dodod, serta Seni Dodod sebagai kebudayaan dan kesenian Islam. Tampaknya kedudukan Seni Dodod dewasa ini mengalami pergeseran yang semula sebagai sarana ritual pertanian, kini menjadi bagian penting dalam upacara perkawinan dan khita­ nan, namun tidak sampai menjadi seni yang sekular. Kata Kunci: Transformasi religiusitas, seni dodod  

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