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ETERNAL(english, teaching, learning, and Research Journal)
ISSN : 24774766     EISSN : 25805347     DOI : -
Core Subject : Education,
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning & Research Journal) is journal published by English Education Department of Educatioan and Teacher Training Faculty of Alauddin State Islamic University of Makassar. It focus on english teaching, english learning, and english research.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 115 Documents
IMPLEMENTING WRITING PROCESS APPROACH WITH PICTURES TO IMPROVE THE ABILITY OF THE EIGHTH GRADES IN WRITING RECOUNTS Syafii, Muhammad Lukman
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal) Vol 5, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V52.2019.A7

Abstract

Writing skill has an important role in the English teaching program in Islamic Junior High School. However, the ability of the eighth-graders of this school in writing is still dissatisfactory. The students feel still difficulties how to start writing and they don?t have an idea to write. This research is intended to progress the writing skill of the eighth graders by implementing a writing process approach with pictures. This strategy is chosen since it can lead the students to generate their ideas into a useful composition. The findings in the preliminary study show that the students need to learn how to start their writing and they do not have ideas to write. Only 8 of 31 students achieve the average score of writing skill equal to or above 70. To get the purpose, the researcher conducted action research following four steps: planning, implementing, observing, and reflecting. The subject of the study were 31 students of the eighth grade. The findings show that implementing a writing process approach with pictures has progressed the writing skill of students. In cycle one, the students? average score was 15 of 31 failed and 16 of 31 students passed or got the score equal or greater than 70. In cycle two, the average score for the final product was 6 of 31 students failed and 25 of 31 students passed or got the score equal or greater than 70. Also, the findings of students revealed that the students? participation was active and motivated using pictures in the teaching and learning activities. Based on the results, it can be summarized that implementing a writing process approach with pictures is very beneficial not only in progressing the students? writing skill but also in motivating the students in the learning activities.Keywords: using pictures, writing skill, recount text
IMPROVING THE VOCABULARY MASTERY THROUGH WORD-CONNECTION GAME tanasy, novalia
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal) Vol 5, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V52.2019.A12

Abstract

Many students face difficulties to express their mind, ideas and feelings because lack of vocabulary. This fact makes them loose the point of information and lead them to the thought that English is a difficult subject, till even frustration. This is why every student must master vocabulary, because when they do, it will be easy for them to master the four language skills. This reasearch aimed to find (1) whether the use of Word-Connection game significantly improved the students vocabulary mastery of the first grade students of English Education in Universitas Muslim Maros on academic year 2018/2019, and (2) their attitudes toward the use of this game. Method of this research was experiment with 2 classes as the subjects. It employed 30 numbers of vocabulary test then analyzed by using inferential statistic SPSS program 25.0 and 20 numbers of close-ended questions questionnaire to find out their attitude towards the use of Word-Connection game. Result of the calculation data said that the mean score improved significantly at the experiment group from 3.476 to 8.356, but at the control group only from 3.950 to 4.550. Standard deviation at experiment group decreased from 1.2444 to 0.9238 and at control group from 1.5472 to 1.7604. Range on normalized gain score at the experiment group was 0.37, smaller than control group which was 0.43. Standard deviation on normalized gain score at experiment group was 0.115511 whereas at control group was 0.11075. Furthermore, data which were collected from questionnaire indicated that the students had positive attitude toward the use of Word-Connection game with mean score 82.68. Findings above concludes that the use of Word-Connection game can improve the students vocabulary mastery at the experiment group.
TEACHING READING COMPREHENSION USING TEAM ACCELERATED INSTRUCTION (TAI) TECHNIQUE Setiati, Euis; Satriani, Intan
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal) Vol 5, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V52.2019.A3

Abstract

This study aims at examining whether students? reading comprehension can be improved by using Team Accelerated Instruction (TAI) technique. This research used pre experimental design with one group pretest and post-test. The sample of this research was 34 students of tenth grade of SMK Pasundan 1 Cimahi in academic year 2017/2018. The instrument of this research was test which consist of multiple choice question. The data of this research was collected by giving reading comprehension test to students. The collected data of this research was analyzed using SPSS program. Then, the result of data analysis showed that mean of pretest 55.59 and after the implementation of Team Accelerated Instruction (TAI) technique the mean of posttest became 67.79. It shows that there are significant differences between pretest and posttest. Based on the data analysis, the null hypothesis was rejected. In other words, teaching reading comprehension using Team Accelerated Instruction (TAI) technique had significance improvement on students? reading comprehension. The implementation of Team Accelerated Instruction (TAI) technique in teaching reading comprehension was able to resolve those difficulties since it required the students to share, discuss, and unite their thought or problem on comprehending the content of the text with other members of their group.
IMPROVING STUDENTS' SPEAKING ABILITY USING RADIO TALK SHOW PROGRAMME Elmiana, Dewi Satria
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal) Vol 5, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V52.2019.A8

Abstract

Media provide students and teachers with creative as well as practical ideas and enable them to meet various interests and needs, hence, this study analysed the implementation of using media particularly radio programme to improve students? speaking ability. This study employed descriptive qualitative approach and there were 42 students of senior high school involved in this study. The results indicate that the implementation of media (radio talk show programme) assists students to improve their speaking ability; it can be one of methods in teaching and learning process especially in speaking class; and the influence of media (radio talk show programme) could encourages and motivates students to pull out their best of communication skill particularly in using English. 
TEACHER TALK IN CLASSROOM INTERACTION Nurpahmi, Sitti
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal) Vol 3, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V31.2017.A4

Abstract

This paper explains about the types of teachers’ talk in classroom interaction. This research was case study. In this research, the writer applied Descriptive Research Design which applied observation method. It aimed to gain the data that were observed during Teaching and learning process. The data were presented by analyzing the teacher talk and the speech act used by the informant. The source of data was the lecturer of ICP FMIPA UNM Makassar. The instrument of this study was observation where the writer used video cam to record and shoot the speech of the lecturer and also transcribing it. This research instrument was applied to acquire the data about teacher talk and speech act used by the lecturer at ICP FMIPA UNM Makassar. The result of the research shows that there are some types of teachers’ talk performed by the lecturer during classroom interaction, they are greeting student, reviewing the previous material, introducing the new material, giving direction and instruction, encouraging and motivating, giving advice and closing the class. 
BUILDING UP THE STUDETS’ ENGLISH VOCABULARY TROUGH FANNY STORIES AT SMP NEGERI 2 DUAMPANUA KAB. PINRANG M., Hernawati
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal) Vol 1, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V12.2015.A4

Abstract

This research aims to improve the students’ English vocabulary through funny stories. The problem statement of the research was “Can Funny Stories Technique Build up the Students’ English Vocabulary at SMP Negeri 2 Duampanua?” The objective of the research was to find out whether or not the Funny Stories Technique is able to Build up the Students’ English Vocabulary. The researcher applied pre – experimental method with three steps, namely pre – test, treatment and post – test.The population was the students of SMP Negeri 2 Duampanua (academic year 2014 – 2015). There were four classes of the second year students and each class consists of 35 students so the member of population were 140 students. And the sampel technique sampling. It meant that, not all classes of the second year students of SMP Negeri 2 Duampanua Pinrang were taken as sampel, they are 30 students. The instrument of the research used was vocabulary test consist of pretest and posttest design. The descriptive analysis described students’ vocabulary achievement with mean score before treatment 30.83 and after treatment 63.16. This research result supported by the inferential statistics by using t – test. It is used to find out the significant difference between the results of the pre – test and post – test on vocabulary building using Funny Stories Technique. Thus, the value of the t – test is greater than t – table (14.96> 2.045). It means there is significant difference between the pretest and posttest of the students in vocabulary achievement after presenting the materials by using funny stories.
THE USE OF RAP MUSIC TO IMPROVE STUDENTS’ VOCABULARY MASTERY AT THE FIRST GRADE STUDENTS OF SMPN 2 PAPALANG MAMUJU REGENCY Savitri, Dyan Elviyana; Rahman, Indah Fadhillah
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal) Vol 2, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V22.2016.A11

Abstract

The objective of this study was to to find out the extent of Rap Music improves the students’ vocabulary mastery. This study was focused on improving the students’ vocabulary in irregular verbs mastery. The research design applied in this study was a Quasi Experimental Design exactly Non-Equivalent Control Group Design covering 6 meetings for each classes (Experimental class andControlled Class). The instruments used was test. Further, the data analysis techniques involved in this study was quantitative analysis. The findings of this study showed that first grade students’ of SMPN 2 Papalang vocabulary mastery (irregular verbs) improved by the Rap Music by the increase of mean score of Experimental class that was 8.68 in the pre test and 48.89 in the post -test. It was also proved by the result of the statistical analysis indicated that the t -test values of the Rap Music in the post-test was 6.74 higher than t-table 2.021 (6.74 > 2.021). Based on the fact, H1 was accepted and H0 was rejected, the  researcher concluded that Rap Music was effective to improve students’ vocabulary mastery at the first grade students of SMPN 2 Papalang, Mamuju Regency.
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SKIMMING – SCANNING STRATEGY IN IMPROVING STUDENTS’ READING COMPREHENSION AT THE SECOND GRADE OF SMK DARUSSALAM MAKASSAR Asmawati, Andi
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal) Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V11.2015.A9

Abstract

The objective of this research is to find out the effectiveness of Skimming-Scanning Strategy in improving students reading comprehension. It covered students’ literal, inferential, critical comprehension in three types of text. They were narrative, descriptive, and news item texts. The research applied quasi experimental design. The subject of the research was the second grade students of SMK Darussalam Makassar. The data collected were the students’ reading achievement through test (pretest and posttest). This research was divided into two groups, experimental and control group, the groups consisted of 28 and 27 students, respectively. The result of the data analysis showed that t-test was higher than t-table (6.373>2.000) or P-value (Sig.) was smaller than alpha (0.000 < 0.05). It meant that mean score of the experimental group was higher than the control group.
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF USING CROSSING FORMULAS OF TENSES TABLE IN LEARNING ENGLISH 16 TENSES AT XII GRADE STUDENTS OF MA MADANI ALAUDDIN PAOPAO IN ACADEMIC YEAR OF 2015/2016 Hafid, Abd. Gafur
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal) Vol 2, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V21.2016,A7

Abstract

The main objectives of this research were (1) To know whether the Crossing Formulas of Tenses Table is effective in Learning English 16 Tenses or not, (2) To find out how effective the Crossing Formulas of Tenses Table is in learning English 16 tenses. This research was conducted at MA Madani Alauddin Paopao in academic year of 2015/2016. The research design was Quasi Experimental Design with Pre-test and Post-test Design. The instrument used to collect the data was pre-test and post-test. The population of this research was XII Grade Students of MA Madani Alauddin Paopao which consists of class XII A and XII B.  Class XII A had 26 students and class XII B had 24 students, therefore, the population of the research was 50 students. The technique used in sample taking was Cluster Random Sampling. Therefore, the sample of this research was 20 students in class XII A as experimental class, and 20 students in class XII B as controlled class. The result of pre-test showed that XII grade students’ ability about tenses was bad before the treatments were given. After giving treatment, the students’ mean score of post-test were increased significantly. To find out whether there was significance different between experimental class and controlled class, the researcher applied t- test. The result of t- test showed that the t-test value was higher than the t- table value at the level of significance was 0.05 with degree of freedom (df) (N1 + N2)-2 = (20 + 20)-2 = 38. It indicated that H1 was accepted and H0 was rejected. Based on the result of this research, it can be concluded that The Crossing Formulas of Tenses Table is effective in Learning English 16 Tenses at XII grade students of MA Madani Alauddin Paopao and there is significant difference between the students’ ability about English 16 tenses before and after using The Crossing Formula of Tenses Table.
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF USING WORD WALL IN TEACHING SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE AT THE FIRST YEAR STUDENTS OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL 1 PARIGI Syam, Rahmat
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal) Vol 1, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V12.2015.A10

Abstract

This research is about the effectiveness of using word wall in teaching simple present tense at the first year students of Junior High School 1 Parigi. The study tried to answer this problem: “Is the word wall effective to be used in teaching simple present tense?”. The objective of the research was to find out the effectiveness of word wall in teaching simple present tense at the first year students of Junior High School 1 Parigi. This research used quasi-experimental design. The population of this research was the first grade students of Junior High School 1 Parigi in academic year 2014/2015. The total number of the population was 48 students. The sample of the research was selected by using total sampling technique. They were divided into two classes, one of the two classes was experimental class and the other became the controlled class. The data were collected through test. After the treatment, the students’ achievement from the pre-test to the post test has improved highly. It can be seen that, the improvement of their score from the pre-test till the post test. The mean score of the pre-test for the controlled class is 42.50, but it has increased to 68.95 at the post test. The mean score of the pre-test for the experimental class is 48.33, but it has increased to 80.20 at the post test. It means that, the experimental class better than the controlled class. World wall has some advantages for the learning process, such as the colorful design of the word wall which could activate the student’s thinking process and students will not be bored and passive in class because they will interact with the word wall. Based on the data above, the researcher concludes that word wall is effective to be used in teaching simple present tense. English teachers should explore more methods that could be used to teach simple present tense.

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