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ETERNAL(english, teaching, learning, and Research Journal)
ISSN : 24774766     EISSN : 25805347     DOI : -
Core Subject : Education,
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning & Research Journal) is journal published by English Education Department of Educatioan and Teacher Training Faculty of Alauddin State Islamic University of Makassar. It focus on english teaching, english learning, and english research.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 2, No 1 (2016)" : 10 Documents clear
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF USING CROSSING FORMULAS OF TENSES TABLE IN LEARNING ENGLISH 16 TENSES AT XII GRADE STUDENTS OF MA MADANI ALAUDDIN PAOPAO IN ACADEMIC YEAR OF 2015/2016 Hafid, Abd. Gafur
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal) Vol 2, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V21.2016,A7

Abstract

The main objectives of this research were (1) To know whether the Crossing Formulas of Tenses Table is effective in Learning English 16 Tenses or not, (2) To find out how effective the Crossing Formulas of Tenses Table is in learning English 16 tenses. This research was conducted at MA Madani Alauddin Paopao in academic year of 2015/2016. The research design was Quasi Experimental Design with Pre-test and Post-test Design. The instrument used to collect the data was pre-test and post-test. The population of this research was XII Grade Students of MA Madani Alauddin Paopao which consists of class XII A and XII B.  Class XII A had 26 students and class XII B had 24 students, therefore, the population of the research was 50 students. The technique used in sample taking was Cluster Random Sampling. Therefore, the sample of this research was 20 students in class XII A as experimental class, and 20 students in class XII B as controlled class. The result of pre-test showed that XII grade students’ ability about tenses was bad before the treatments were given. After giving treatment, the students’ mean score of post-test were increased significantly. To find out whether there was significance different between experimental class and controlled class, the researcher applied t- test. The result of t- test showed that the t-test value was higher than the t- table value at the level of significance was 0.05 with degree of freedom (df) (N1 + N2)-2 = (20 + 20)-2 = 38. It indicated that H1 was accepted and H0 was rejected. Based on the result of this research, it can be concluded that The Crossing Formulas of Tenses Table is effective in Learning English 16 Tenses at XII grade students of MA Madani Alauddin Paopao and there is significant difference between the students’ ability about English 16 tenses before and after using The Crossing Formula of Tenses Table.
ERROR ANALYSIS OF WORD ORDER USED IN WRITING RECOUNT TEXT MADE BY STUDENTS’ AT SMK NEGERI 1 PINRANG Syams, Nurul Fitrah; Said, Abdul Muis
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal) Vol 2, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V21.2016.A3

Abstract

The objective of this research was to find out the kind of errors that often occurred in the use of the word order in recount text made by student at SMKN 1 Pinrang. To analyze the data, the writer used descriptive qualitative method and used error analysis procedure. The participants of this study consist of 30 students from the grade XI of Accounting 3 at SMK Negeri 1 Pinrang. The data were taken by using tests of writing. By this writing test, the writer found errors as follows: the errors of using the correct verb (45.41 percent), the errors of using the correct to be (30.28 percent) and the errors of using the correct noun phrase (24.31 percent). Based on the finding and discussion of the research, the researcher concluded that the most common error that made by the students is using verb.  Based on the finding and discussion of the result, the researcher concluded  that the students still faced difficulties in using word order.
USING WORD WALL PICTURE IN TEACHING VOCABULARY TO THE AUTISM CHILDREN AT SEKOLAH LUAR BIASA NEGERI PEMBINA PROVINSI SULAWESI SELATAN SENTRA PK-PLK Asik, Nur; Humaerah, Amirah
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal) Vol 2, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V21.2016.A8

Abstract

The objective of this research was to find out the effectiveness using word wall picture in Teaching Students’ Vocabulary at sekolah luar biasa negeri pembina provinsi Sulawesi Selatan SENTRA PK-PLK. This research used Pre-Experimental Design. This reseach involved 3 students, at Sekolah Luar Biasa Negeri Pembina Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan SENTRA PK-PLK. The independent variable of this research was (using word wall picture) and the dependent variable was (students’ vocabulary). The instrument of this research was a multiple choices test used in pre-test and post-test. The result of the data indicated that there was a significant difference between students’ pre test and post test. The mean score of posttest (91) was greater than the mean score of pre test (53.33). The standard deviation of posttest (4.89) was lower than the standard deviation of pre test (11.54). From t-test, the researcher found that the value of t-test (4.797) was higher than t-table (4.303) at the level of significance 0.05 with degree of freedom (df) =2.It means that the use of Word wall picture was effective to improve the students’ vocabulary at Sekolah Luar Biasa Negeri Pembina Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan SENTRA PK-PLK.
DESIGNING CROSSWORD PUZZLE TO IMPROVE STUDENTS’ VOCABULARY MASTERY OF THE THIRD SEMESTER IN ENGLISH EDUCATION DEPARTMENT STUDENT OF UIN ALAUDDIN MAKASSAR ,, Sukirman; Ningsih, Asti Astuti
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal) Vol 2, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V21.2016.A4

Abstract

: This research design Crossword Puzzle in the Third Semester of English Education Department at UIN Alauddin Makassar. The objective of this research was to design crossword puzzle to improve students’ vocabulary mastery. It was conducted in the third semester students in the English Education Department of UIN Alauddin. The significance of this research were for students, teachers, and other research. For students with their research will facilitate the student in improving their vocabulary. In addition, this study was designed to produce teaching materials, especially in vocabulary lesson used crossword puzzle. For teachers, this research can be useful to produce media that can facilitate teachers in presenting the lesson. For other researchers, the results of this study can be used as a comparison, especially in terms of the development of teaching materials in vocabulary. The research design of this research was Research & Development (R&D). It applied model R&D adapted from Borg & Gall model. The steps of the model were needed assessment, designing the product, validating product, revising initial product, trying out product, final revising product, and the last final product. The types of data of this research were quantitative and qualitative data. The research instruments were questionnaire and research judgments.
THE CORRELATION BETWEEN STUDENT’S HABIT IN WATCHING ENGLISH MOVIE AND VOCABULARY MASTERY AT THE SECOND YEAR OF SMAN 1 ANGGERAJA Badruddin, Dahniar; Zainuddin, Masyhud
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal) Vol 2, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V21.2016.A9

Abstract

The objective of this research was to find out whether there is a correlation between students’ habit in watching English movie and vocabularymastery at the second year of SMAN 1 Anggeraja in the academic year 2015/2016. This study is a correlation research. The instruments used were questionnaire and vocabulary test. The result of the analysis showed that there was significant correlation between students’ habit and vocabulary mastery in watching English movie to 0.766 at the significant level of 0.05 with the critical value of r table 0.339. The correlation between students’ habit in watching English movie and vocabulary mastery was significant since the coefficient correlation is higher than the critical value of r table (0.766 > 0.339). It means that there is a significant correlation between students’ habit in watching English Movie and Vocabulary Mastery at the Second Year of SMAN 1 Anggeraja.
THE INFLUENCE OF TAKING A PART TIME JOB TOWARDS STUDENTS’ LEARNING MOTIVATION AT THE SEVENTH SEMESTER STUDENTS OF ENGLISH EDUCATION DEPARTMENT OF UIN ALAUDDIN MAKASSAR Nurpahmi, Sitti; Thamrin, Andi Mulyana
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal) Vol 2, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V21.2016.A5

Abstract

The main objective of this research was to find out the influence of taking a part time job towards students’ learning motivation at the seventh semester students of English Education Department. The researcher applied quantitative and qualitative descriptive method. The population of this research was the seventh semester students of English Education Department and the sample were students who took part time jobs in each class of the seventh semester students’ academic year 2012 which consisted of 20 students. The data were collected through questionnaire and interview. The result of the data was indicated that there were positive influences of taking a part time job towards students’ learning motivation. It was proven by the mean score of total number of all questions as 43.9 which was classified as very high. The result of interview was some students liked their part time jobs because they could be more experienced in teaching, could obtained money for their daily needs, and they said that there was influence of taking a part time job towards their learning motivation improvement. It was proven by the lists of students’ GPA which the most were increase. The positive influences also from the hours of students’ work which were not more than 20 hours per week where it was appropriate with the rule in Australia. Based on the result, the researcher concluded that taking a part time job has some influences especially in improving students’ learning motivation.
INCREASING STUDENTS’ VOCABULARY THROUG ENGAGE STUDY AND ACTIVE METHOD AT THE SECOND GRADE OF SMP 3 LEMBANG PINRANG REGENCY A., Daharia
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal) Vol 2, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V21.2016.A10

Abstract

The objective of this research is to know whether the ESA method can increase the student vocabulary mastery at the second grade of SMP 3 Lembang Pinrang Regency. This study was focused on increasing students’ vocabulary mastery through ESA method. The method of this research was classroom action research. It was conducted in two cycles. Each cycle consisted of four meetings. The data analysis techniques used qualitative and quantitative technique. The technique of data collected was observation, interview and test.It was found that the student achievement and the performance from the first to the second cycle increased where in the first cycle the students’ mean score only 64 percent which classified as “fair Good score” while in the second cycle the students’ mean score is 82 percent which classified as “Good score”. It can be said that, this research is successful because the students’ score has achieved the research target. It is 75 percent as score of KKM in SMP 3 Lembang Pinrang Regency. In conclusion ESA method can increase the students’ vocabulary mastery.
MEASURING THE ABILITY IN DEBATE DEALING WITH FLUENCY AND ACCURACY OF THE THIRD SEMESTER STUDENTS OF ENGLISH EDUCATION DEPARTMENT Syukri, Andi Muhammad; Mardiana, Dr. Hj.
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal) Vol 2, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V21.2016.A1

Abstract

This study aimed to describe the ability of speaking skill in form of debating based on the fluency and accuracy rate capability. The study was designed in the form of qualitative descriptive study. The subjects in this research were six third semester students of English Education Department. The data were collected by using the methods of observation. Data were analyzed through fluency accuracy data, accuracy mesurement rubric and autenthic debate assessment rubric.       The result indicated that (1) the ability of students’ at the third semester in conducting the debate still in the low level, as the fact that the frequency of stutters was significantly high and the tension attempted were quite visible and audible; (2) the outcome result of the rate of accuracy of the third semester students of English Education Depertment in conducting a debate was still low. The fact was gained by the actual fact in the field during the observation where pronunciation errors and basic grammar mistakes were still spotted in several places; (3) the debate ability of the third semester students of English Education was still low and need a further guide and developementBased on these findings, it can be concluded that the overall capability of students’ in conducting the debate was still unsatisfying. And as a suggestion that a  three-stages structured debate forum club empowerment among students was highly recomended as a form of concern to enhance the intereset as well as the ability of the students to perform a public-speaking skill such as debating.
A DESCRIPTIVE ANALYSIS OF ENGLISH INDONESIAN CODE SWITCHING SPOKEN BY THE TEACHER IN THE FIRST GRADE OF MTsN MODEL MAKASSAR Nur, Nur Aliyah
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal) Vol 2, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V21.2016.A6

Abstract

The research aims to analyse the English Indonesia Code Switching Spoken by the Teacher in First Grade of MTsN Model Makassar. The principal issue into several subproblems or research questions such as 1) What are grammatical aspects of code switching in English Indonesian code switching spoken by the teacher in the first grade of MTsN Model Makassar?. 2) What are sosiolinguistic aspects of code switching in English Indonesian code switching spoken by the teacher in the first grade of MTsN Model Makassar?, and 3) What is the function of code switching in English Indonesian code switching spoken by the teacher in the first grade of MTsN Model Makassar?. The study was designed in the form of qualitative descriptive study. The subject in this study wasone of English teachers in the 7th grade of MTsN Model Makassar who teaches the VII.11 class. The data were collected by using the methods of recording and writing on note of what teacher said in teaching learning process, then collected it and classified based on grammatical aspect of code switching, sociolinguistic aspect, and the function (phatic function) of code switching. A grammatical focuses on the structural aspect of code switching. While, a sociolinguistic approach is concerned with the role of social factors of code switching. The result of this research showed that the grammatical aspect of code switching are extrasentential/tag switching, intersentential switching, and intra word of code switching. Sociolinguistic aspects of code switching are situational and metaphorical switching. The function of code switching are referential function, directive function, phatic function and metalingustic function. But this thesis only focused on phatic function to clarify or emphasize a message. The achievement of this research can be used to make easier in teaching foreign language and can be used as additional source and also can develop code switching field in the next research.
THE USE OF PREWRITING METHODS TO DEVELOP EFL STUDENTS’ COMPETENCE IN WRITING tjalla, Magdahalena
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal) Vol 2, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V21.2016.A2

Abstract

The process approach becomes a choice for teachers to apply in the writing class rooms since this approach focuses on the connection of the writing topics to the students’ experiences which makes the writing tasks meaningful to students (Yan, 20014).  In process approach, students’ composition is a product that should go through several stages: prewriting, writing, and post writing. In prewriting, there are several interesting  activities that can be done in to improve students’ writing skill: asking questions, discussing an interesting topic, taking notes, free writing, clustering, brainstorming,  grouping, doing buzy group, outlining, completing notes based on pictures,  making a list, making idea map, categorizing,  and classifying (Oshima and Hogue, 1997;  Harmer, 2004, Huizenga, et al.,1990). Some research have proved the significant role of process writing to improve students’ skill in writing, Ho (2006) conducted a research on the effectiveness of using process approach in writing to primary school students of upper level and lower level through pre and post test, questionnaire, interview, and observation and found that process writing was able to develop  the writing abilities and students’ attitude towards writing in all levels of students.  Hasan & Akhand (2010)  in their research combine the product approach and the process approach to teach ESL students in Bangladesh and revealed that the combination of the two approaches facilitate students to do writing tasks.  Badger and White (2000) in Yan (2014) combine the process approach and the genre approach which he called process genre approach in their study and  reported that this approach  helped  students  study the relationship between purpose and form for a particular genre while they follow the stages in process writing:  prewriting, drafting, revising, and editing. Using these steps develops students’ awareness of different text types and of the composing process.

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