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Journal of Medicine and Health
ISSN : 24425227     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Journal of Medicine and Health (JMH) is an open access journal (OAJ), a periodic scientific publication biannually online published on February and August; using review and screening system by peer group reviewer. JMH receives original research articles which related to medicine, health, new developing therapy from traditional medicine or herbs and developing clinical therapy. JMH also receives otiginal review articles, case report, continuing medicine and health study. Articles should be written in good English or Indonesian language.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 1 No 5 (2017)" : 9 Documents clear
Effect of Chewing Xylitol Gum on Salivary Volume and Acidity Angwarmase, Alfonsa; Tih, Fen; Hidayat, Meilinah
Journal of Medicine & Health Vol 1 No 5 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (286.827 KB) | DOI: 10.28932/jmh.v1i5.542

Abstract

Dental caries or tooth decay is a result of the production of acid from fermentation ofbacteria that destroy tooth tissue. It can be prevented by maintaining the stability of salivaryvolume and acidity. Chewing xylitol gum is beneficial for increasing salivary volume andacidity. The aim of the study is to determine the effect of chewing xylitol gum on salivary volumeand acidity. The study is a quasi experiment conducted to 30 males aged between 17-25 yearsold. Pre and post treatment’s salivary volume are measured with measuring cup. Pre and posttreatment’s salivary acidity are measured using a pHmeter with 0,1 accuracy. Data areanalyzed with paired “t” test (a = 0,05). Average salivary volume after chewing xylitol gumincreased very significantly from 0,26 mL to 13,37mL (p=0,000). Average salivary acidity afterchewing xylitol gum increased very significantyly from 6,47 to 7,36(p=0,000). The researchconcludes that chewing xylitol gum increases salivary volume and acidity.Keywords : dental caries, xylitol, salivary volume, salivary acidity
Effect of Mefenamic Acid to Acupuncture Therapy on Carrageenan-Induced Inflammatory Pain in the Hind Limb of Rat Mercya, Yovita; Soemardji, Andreanus A; Fanty, Felesia
Journal of Medicine & Health Vol 1 No 5 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (593.902 KB) | DOI: 10.28932/jmh.v1i5.538

Abstract

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and acupuncture are treatments forinflammatory pain. The purpose of this study is to see the effectiveness of mefenamic acid, adrug from the class of NSAIDs compared with acupuncture therapy in 24 male Wistar rats thathave received intraplantar induced of carrageenan. The experimental animals are divided intosix groups: pain control group, mefenamic acid group, before-induction acupuncture group,after-induction acupuncture group, before-induction mefenamic acid-acupuncture combinationgroup, and after-induction mefenamic acid-acupuncture combination. Inflammation and painassessment with inflammation volume and pain threshold parameters tenderness is done every60 minutes during 6 hours after induction of carrageenan. The results of animal studies showthat the combination of mefenamic acid - acupuncture before induction (inflammation inhibitionvalue of 40.24%; pain inhibition value 8.95%) shows a significantly smaller value (p <0.05) inreducing inflammation and increasing the pain threshold compared to single mefenamic acidgroup (inflammation inhibition value 58.53%; the pain inhibition value 29.09%) and singleacupuncture therapy before induction (inflammation inhibition value 78.04%; the paininhibition value 23.07%). It happens because mefenamic acid inhibits the action of acupunctureas an analgesic. This study concludes that the administration of mefenamic acid degrades theeffectiveness of acupuncture therapy in addressing inflammatory pain.Keywords: acupuncture, mefenamic acid, carragenaan, analgesic, antiinflammation
Role of Elastography in Early Detection of Liver Cirrhosis Susanto, David; Irawan, Visakha R
Journal of Medicine & Health Vol 1 No 5 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (352.196 KB) | DOI: 10.28932/jmh.v1i5.543

Abstract

Liver cirrhosis is a condition in which the liver slowly deteriorates and is unable tofunction usually due to chronic, or long lasting, injury. Fibrotic tissue replaces healthy livertissue and partially blocks the flow of blood through the liver. Fibrosis increases liver stiffness.Liver palpation on the early physical examination has been used to assess liver stiffness.Though, palpation has some limitations, such as highly subjective, very operator dependent,and sometimes even impossible to perform. At present, liver biopsy remains the current goldstandard for assessing liver fibrosis, even though the diagnostic accuracy is limited by thespecimen size, invasive procedure, and long duration for getting the result. Elastography is analternative method to liver biopsy in patients with chronic liver disease.Keywords: chronic liver disease, elastography, liver cirrhosis
Topical Effect of Pinneaple (Ananas comosus) Juice in Combustio Healing Process Measured by Granulation Process, Reepitelialisation and Angiogenesis Azaria, Cherry; Achadiyani, Achadiyani; Farenia, Reni
Journal of Medicine & Health Vol 1 No 5 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (513.844 KB) | DOI: 10.28932/jmh.v1i5.539

Abstract

Skin protects the body from various trauma, such as high temperature trauma known ascombustio. Pineapple (Ananas comosus) contains lots of substances such as bromelain,antioxidants, and zinc shown to accelerated healing process in previous experiments. Aim ofthis research was to analize the effect of topical pinneaple juice application in combustiohealing process. The method was true experimental laboratory. Wistar rats’ back skin wereinduced by 100 o C iron plat untill 2 nd degree combustio occured, then divided into two groups(n=20). The treatment group were given topical application of pinneaple juice, then the healingprocess were observed macroscopically and microscopically on day 0, 3, 7, and 14. The resultshowed better wound healing in treatment group on day 14. MANOVA test showed topicalapplication of pinneaple juice accelerated healing process (p=0.001). Treatment group showedbetter histological structure changes, as seen from better granulation tissue formed (p=0.003)and reepithelization (p=0,000), but not from angiogenesis (p=0.733). Conclusion, topicalapplication of pinneaple (Ananas comosus) juice accelerated healing process in 2 nd grade ofcombustio animal model measured by granulation maturation process and reepithelizationprocess, but has no effect on angiogenesis.Keywords : Ananas comosus juice, 2 nd degree combustio, granulation tissue, reepitelisation,angiogenesis.
Snake-Bite with Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC) and Stage II Hypertension Subroto, Hendra; Lismayanti, Leni
Journal of Medicine & Health Vol 1 No 5 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (449.042 KB) | DOI: 10.28932/jmh.v1i5.544

Abstract

Snake-bite is an important medical emergency case and caused of many hospitaladmission especially in the rural area, forests, plantations and swamps. Despite its importance,there have been fewer proper data of snake-bite incidence in Indonesia. World HealthOrganization estimate that at least 421,000 envenomings and 20,000 deaths from snakebitesoccur each year, especially in South and South East Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. The authorsreport a case of a 76-year-old man came to Hasan Sadikin Hospital with chief complaint woundin his right hand and right forearm from snake-bite. Snake-bites can cause DIC because thevenom activates the coagulation system and cause fibrinolysis which occurs in less than 24hours. Laboratory results, we found abnormalities such as anemia, thrombocytopenia,hypofibrinogenemia, and increased levels of D-dimer. Patients were treated for 8 days and thenallowed to go home. Snake-bite is an occupational disease of farmers, plantation workers,herdsmen, fishermen, other. Snake bite cases require prompt and comprehensive managementso as to minimize the possibility of disability and death.Keywords: snake bite, DIC, hypertension
Repair of Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak After Functional Endoscopy Sinus Surgery Sapta, Mohamad I; Wargasetia, Teresa L
Journal of Medicine & Health Vol 1 No 5 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (414.598 KB) | DOI: 10.28932/jmh.v1i5.545

Abstract

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak is one of Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS)complications. Since 2001, it was reported that there is one case of CSF leak as FESScomplication in ENT-HN Department, Faculty of Medicine, Maranatha Christian University -Immanuel Hospital in Bandung. The purpose of this case report is present clinical findings andmanagement of CSF leak as FESS complication. A-45 year old male with headache as chiefcomplain after undergone FESS five days before. There was a clear rhinorrhea running frompatient’s right nose. In nasoendoscopic examination, it was showed there was a defect in laminacribrosa. The result of paranasal sinus computed tomography scanning showed an air columnin brain ventricular system. The defect in lamina cribrosa was repaired by transnasalendoscopic using materials such as surgicel, cartilages, and fat tissues. The conclusion is weroll out one case about repair of CSF leak as a FESS complication and it was done with a goodresult.Keywords: cerebrospinal fluid leak, functional endoscopic sinus surgery
Comparison of Students’ Characteristics, Self-Motivation, and Readiness of Self-Directed Learning Implementation among Medical Students at Maranatha Christian University Gunanegara, Rimonta F; Wahid, Mardiastuti H; Widyahening, Indah S
Journal of Medicine & Health Vol 1 No 5 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (598.99 KB) | DOI: 10.28932/jmh.v1i5.541

Abstract

Self-Directed Learning (SDL) is an important skill that must be achieved by medical students.The aim of this study is to identify the level of self-motivation and SDL readiness in the medicalstudents as well as to identify factors affecting SDL. This is is a mixed method research,involving first-year and clinical year medical students. A quantitative research is conducted bydistributing self-motivation (MSLQ) and SDL questionnaire (SDLRS). A total sampling isapplied to select the respondents. Furthermore, focus group discussion (FGD) on students andtutors/preceptors is carried out. Informants are chosen by purposive sampling method. Thisresearch reveals that most of medical students have a good level of self-motivation but a lowlevel of SDL readiness. Nevertheless, the mean scores of SDL readiness in both groups showsno significant differences. The research also identifies four major factors affecting the SDLreadiness, namely the students’ characteristics, learning process, the role of tutors/preceptorsand supporting facilities for learning. There is no significant difference between SDL readinessof the first-year and clinical year of medical students. Unprepared students’ characteristics,sub-optimal learning process, unsupported role of tutors/preceptors and inadequate learningresources are found to be the mayor factors influencing SDL readiness.Keywords: self-directed learning readiness; self-motivation; problem-based learning
Peer Review of JMH Volume 1 Number 5 February 2017 Team, Editorial
Journal of Medicine & Health Vol 1 No 5 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (52.829 KB) | DOI: 10.28932/jmh.v1i5.546

Abstract

We would like to thank our peer reviewers for the precious contributions in providing clinical,scientific, and methodological expertise for JMH Volume 1 Number 5. We appreciate everythoughtful review of submitted manuscripts and for making important contributions to improve thescientific quality of articles published in JMH. We listed the names in alphabetical order.dr.Decky Gunawan,M.Kesdr. Djaja Rusmana, M.Sidr.Fari,Sp.THTdr. Fenny, Sp.PKdr. Hanna, M.Kes., PhD., AIFOProf. Dr. Ida Parwati, dr, SpPK(K), PhDProf.dr. Jeanne A. Pawitan, MS, PhDdr. July Ivone,MKK.,M.Pd.KedDr. dr. Meilinah Hidayat, M.Kesdr. Mia Kusmiati,M.Pd.KedDr. dr. Oeij Anindita Adhika, M.Kes., PA(K)Prof.Dr. Ridad Agoes,MPHdr. Rizna T.Rumanti,M.Kesdr. Ronny Lesmana,M.Kes, AIFO, Ph.Ddr. Roro Wahyudianingsih, Sp.PAdr. Sylvia Soeng, M.Kes., PA(K)drg. Vinna Kurniawati. S, M.KesProf. dr. Wahyuni Lukita Atmadja, Ph.D
Effects of Pomegranate Peel (Punica granatum L.) Extract as an Anthelmintic Amelia, Monica; Jasaputra, Diana K; Tjokropranoto, Rita
Journal of Medicine & Health Vol 1 No 5 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (292.015 KB) | DOI: 10.28932/jmh.v1i5.537

Abstract

Helminths infections caused by Soil-Transmitted Helminths (STH) are found in manypeople living in developing countries, especially in rural areas. People often use pomegranate asan anthelmintic. The aim of this research is to find out the effects of pomegranate peel (Punicagranatum L.) as an anthelmintic to female Ascaris suum in vitro. The research on the effects ofpomegranate peel extract has been conducted on 900 female Ascaris suum in vitro. Ascaris suumare divided into 5 groups, group I: pomegranate peel extract of dose 25%, group II: pomegranatepeel extract of 50%, group III: pomegranate peel extract of 75%, group IV: 0.9% NaCl as anegative control, and group V is given mebendazole 0.5% as a positive control. The meanpercentage of dead worms in group I is 39%, in group II 61%, while in group III 82%, but itspotential is lower than mebendazole, which kills 100%. The treatment using pomegranate peelextract of 25%, 50% and 75% respectively has significant differences with p < 0.05 againstnegative control (NC) using a 0.9% NaCl. The research concludes that the pomegranate peelextract has an anthelmintic effect against Ascaris suum females in vitro.Keywords: pomegranate peel extract, anthelmintic effect, in vitro

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