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Journal of Medicine and Health
ISSN : 24425227     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Journal of Medicine and Health (JMH) is an open access journal (OAJ), a periodic scientific publication biannually online published on February and August; using review and screening system by peer group reviewer. JMH receives original research articles which related to medicine, health, new developing therapy from traditional medicine or herbs and developing clinical therapy. JMH also receives otiginal review articles, case report, continuing medicine and health study. Articles should be written in good English or Indonesian language.
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Articles 11 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 1, No 1 (2015)" : 11 Documents clear
Bcl-2 Immunoexpression as Radiotherapy Response Predictor in Undifferentiated Nasopharynx Carcinoma Damayanti, Beby S.; Afiati, .; Hassan, Abdul H.; Hernowo, Bethy S.
Journal of Medicine and Health Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Maranatha Christian University

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Abstract

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is an epithelial malignancy originating from the surface of the lateral and posterior wall of the nasopharynx. Bcl-2 is an oncoprotein that plays an important role in disrupting the process of apoptosis. Expression of Bcl-2 in biopsy samples of undifferentiated NPC also related to the nature of more aggressive tumor mass and unfavorable clinical radiotherapy response. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship of Bcl-2 expression with radiotherapy response in undifferentiated NPC. The method of this study areusing 40 samples of paraffin blocks were diagnosed as undifferentiated NPC by histopathologic examination with H&E staining. The samples were divided into 2 groups who respond and do not respond to radiotherapy. All samples examined by Bcl-2 immunohistochemistry and the expression willanalyzed and assess therelationship to radiotherapy response. Of the 40 cases of undifferentiated NPC show imunoekspresi Bcl-2 positive in 39 cases (97.5%) and 1 case (2.5%) negative from response group. The results of statistical analysis of the Bcl-2 obtained significant results with p value <0.05 so we can conclude there is a relationship between Bcl-2 expression with radiotherapy response. Conclusion, Bcl-2 can be used as a predictor for the success of radiotherapy in undifferentiated NPC. Keywords: Bcl-2, undifferentiated NPC, radiotherapy response
Correlation of Total Lymphocyte Count with CD4 Count in HIV/AIDS Patients Sanjaya, Ardo; Sugiarto, Christine; Jonathan, Ronald
Journal of Medicine and Health Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Maranatha Christian University

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Abstract

HIV infection is a chronic infection of the immune system with a target of CD4 cells. Total lymphocyte count (TLC) can be done in resource-limited areas and are able to be used as a substitute to CD4 count. An increase in CD8 count can disturb the correlation between CD4 and TLC especially during the late clinical stage.Objective of this research is to find out the correlation of total lymphocyte count with CD4 count and to find out the influence of the clinical staging on the correlation of total lymphocyte count and CD4 count.This study is an observational, analytical and cross sectional study using the medical records of Klinik Teratai RSHS Bandung. The data is sorted according to the WHO clinical staging and are analyzed using Pearson’s correlation and Fisher’s transformation with α=0.05. The results showed that TLC have a correlation with CD4 count in all stadiums (r: 0,501-0,684, p<0,01). There is no significant difference of the correlation coefficients between the clinical stages (p>0.05). There is a correlation between TLC and CD4 count on HIV infected patients and there is no significant decrease of correlation of TLC and CD4 count on HIV infected patients with worsening of the WHO clinical stages. Keywords: CD4 count, total lymphocyte count, HIV/AIDS
Expression of Ki-67 has Correlation with the Degree and Size of Endometriosis Cysts Anwar, Ruswana; Alif, Muhammad; Pribadi, Adhi
Journal of Medicine and Health Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Maranatha Christian University

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Abstract

Endometriosis is one of the most common gynecological problem. Cells resulted in chronic inflammation and progressive, proliferative, invasive and even infiltrating an area that resembles the character of the malignancy. Ki-67 is an antigen on the cell nucleus that is found only in actively dividing cells. Expression of Ki-67 are associated with an aggressive tumor and metastasis. This study aims to determine the level of Ki-67 expression correlation with stage and size of the endometriosis cyst. Methods research is observational analytic cross cut method on 56 paraffin blocks of patients who have been diagnosed with endometriosis and had performed a laparotomy or laparoscopic surgery in Dr Hasan Sadikin Hospital. The results showed a significant relationship between the level of expression of Ki-67 with endometriosis cyst size (p <0.001) with a fairly strong relationship (0.55) according to statistics based on criteria Guilford. Moreover the results also showed a significant relationship between the level of expression of Ki-67 with endometriosis stage (p <0.001) with a fairly close relationship (0.564) according to statistics based on criteria Guilford. It can be concluded that the expression of Ki-67 associated with cyst size and stage of endometriosis. Keywords: Ki-67, endometriosis stage, endometriosis cyst
Effect of Lycopene on Peritoneal Fluid Malondialdehyde Level in Endometriosis Astarto, Nanang W.; Djuwantono, Tono; Yelliantty, .
Journal of Medicine and Health Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Maranatha Christian University

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Abstract

Oxidative stress is a factor that contribute in pathogenesis of endometriosis. This condition could also implicated in infertility. Lycopene is a carotenoid that has antioxidant activity. Supplementation of lycopene can reduce oxidative stress in peritoneal fluid of women with endometriosis. This study aims to compare the effect of lycopene on malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in peritoneal fluid of women with endometriosis. It is an experimental study on peritoneal fluid from five women with endometriosis. The result show that lycopene supplementation affecting the MDA levels in peritoneal fluid. MDA levels in peritoneal fluid with lycopene is lower than without lycopene. It conclude that lycopene is proved lowering MDA levels in peritoneal fluid of women with endometriosis. Keywords: endometriosis lycopene, malondialdehyde
Efficacy of Profilactic and Therapeutic Antibiotic in Congenital Hydrocephalus Shunt Infection Imron, Akhmad; Wiriadisastra, Kahdar
Journal of Medicine and Health Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Maranatha Christian University

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Abstract

Prophylactic dose antibiotic are indicated in patients having neurosurgical clean operations with implant surgery. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of prophylactic dose antibiotic in shunt infection. Between 1 October 2009 until 31 September 2011, 102 patients with congenital hydrocephalus who underwent VP shunt surgery. Fifty-one received profilactic antibiotic (ceftriaxone 50-75 mg/kgBW), 30-60 minutes before surgery until 5 days post-operative, and 51 patients received therapeutic antibiotic  (ceftriaxone 50-75 mg/kgBW), 30-60 minutes before surgery until 1 days post-operative. All patient were followed for 1-6 months to evaluate shunt infection. Collected data will be statistically analyzed. The study found that the rate of infection is 17,6% (9 patients of 51 patients) who received therapeutic antibiotic, and 17,6% (9 patients of 51 patients) who received profilactic antibiotic.There is not statistically significant between all group in shunt infection (p=1,000). Others risk factors significantly influence shunt infection are enlargement of the head (p=0,002), length of surgery (p=0,00327), time of surgery (p=0,00077) and nutrition status (p=0,01343). The results of this study indicate that profilactic antibiotic effective to prevent shunt infection in congenital hydrocephalus. Others risk factors significantly influence are enlargement of the head, length of surgery, time of surgery and nutrition status. Keywords:  antibiotic,  prophylactic, infection, VP shunt, congenital hydrocephalus
The Effect of Mangosteen Peel Extract on Sperm Motility and Sperm Count of Swiss Webster Mice Induced by Hard Physical Exercise Prawira, Ardi; Hasianna, Stella T.; Soeng, Sylvia
Journal of Medicine and Health Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Maranatha Christian University

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Abstract

High-intensity physical exercises can increase oxidative stress, causing damage to reproductive system. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of mangosteen peel extract on sperm motility and  sperm count of  Swiss Webster mice induced by high-intensity physical exercise. This was a real experimental with complete randomized design. Twenty five  male Swiss Webster mice were divided into five groups (n = 5). Negative control (KN) was without any treatment, positive control (KP) was given  treadmill exercise only, the treatment groups (KM1, KM2, KM3) were given mangosteen peel extract orally 2, 4, 8 mg respectively as well as treadmill exercises. The treadmill exercises was conducted for 35 days. The sperm motility (mm/second) and the sperm count (per mm3) were assessed manually using Improved Neaubauer chamber. The result were analyzed using one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey HSD. The result showed high significant differences of sperm motility and sperm count between KM2 and KP, also between KM2 with  KM1 and  KM3 (p=0,000). The conclusion was mangosteen peel extract improved the sperm motility and sperm count of Swiss Webster mice induced by high-intensity physical exercise with 4 mg as the optimal dose. Keywords: mangosteen peel, sperm motility, sperm count
In Vitro Antimicrobial Activity of Javanese Tamarind Leaves Infusion (Tamarindus indica Linn.) in Escherichia coli Suryadi, Caroline; Rusmana, Djaja; Evacuasiany, Endang
Journal of Medicine and Health Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Maranatha Christian University

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Abstract

Escherichia coli is the most common bacteria that cause diarrhea. Based on Kurniawati’s research, ethanol extract of tamarind leaves has an antimicrobial effect to Escherichia coli. This study aims to determine the antimicrobial effect using disk diffusion method, the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of tamarind leaves infusion against Escherichia coli. This research was done using a real laboratory experimental design with tamarind leaves infusion and Escherichia coli microbes as the research objects. Zones of inhibition were observed using disk diffusion method by putting the tamarind leaves infusion disks on Mueller-Hinton agars with Ampicillin antibiotic for comparison, followed by observing the MIC using macro broth dilution method  and MBC. The result of disk diffusion showed that tamarind leaves infusion had no zone of inhibition, whereas the mean value of the zones of inhibition of ampicillin is 17.2 mm. The MIC of tamarind leaves infusion is 62.5 mg/mL. Average growth of bacteria  for the MBC of tamarind leaves infusion at 125 mg/mL and 62.5 mg/mL concentration are 13 CFU/mL and >300 CFU/mL. It can be concluded that tamarind leaves infusion has antimicrobial activity effect against E.coli and that effect is bacteriostatic. Keywords: Tamarindus indica Linn, Escherichia coli, MIC, MBC
Black Chocolate Consumption Reduces Subjective Symptoms in 18-22 Years Old Females with Premenstrual Syndrome Nurazizah, Eliza; Tih, Fen; Suwindere, Winny
Journal of Medicine and Health Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Maranatha Christian University

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Abstract

Menstruation is the release of the endometrium with bleeding every month, except during pregnancy. Before or during menstruation, a woman may experience stiffness or abdominal cramps, mood fluctuations and other physical and psychological disorders, which is termed as premenstrual syndrome (PMS). The aim of this research is to observe and value the effect of dark chocolate on clinical symptoms of PMS. This research is an experimental prospective, using experimental design with one group pre and post test. Subjects were 30 women aged 18-22 years. Every day for 2 weeks before menstruation period, subjects took 20 gram of dark chocolate, then were asked to answer questionaire. The data measured is the score as well as individual PMS symptoms before and after eating dark chocolate, was analyzed using a nonparametric Wilcoxon test, followed by McNemar chi square with α=0.05. A highly significant decrease was found in anxiety symptoms, whereas statistically significant reduction was found in fatigue or feeling tired, cramps abdominal, bloating, diarrhea, headache, back pain, change in appetite, muscle or joint pain, and problems in concentration. But the symptom of acne complaint was increased from 73.3% to 76.7%. Consumption of dark chocolate reduces premenstrual syndrome scores on women aged 18-22 years. Keywords: dark chocolate, premenstrual syndrome
Effect of Methanolic Extract in Ointment and Powder of Kalanchoe Pinnata (Lamk) Leaf in Ointment towards Incision Wound Healing in Mice Suprapto, Adi K; Tih, Fen; Evacuasiany, Endang
Journal of Medicine and Health Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Maranatha Christian University

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Abstract

Wound is a very common thing that can happen to all people around the world. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of methanolic extract and powder of Kalanchoe pinnata (Lamk) leaf in ointment. The methodology is laboratoric experimental design. Six groups of mice (n=30) were incised for 8 mm and treated with different treatment: methanolic extract of Kalanchoe pinnata (Lamk) leaves in ointment (SEMDSB) 10%, SEMDSB 20%, Kalanchoe pinnata (Lamk) leaves powder in ointment (SSDSB) 10%, SSDSB 20%, vaseline album (ointment) as negative control, and povidone iodine ointment as positive control. Examination is carried out by measuring the width of wounds in mice every day until the wound interlocked. Data analysis used one way ANOVA continued by Tukey HSD with α=0,05. The result showed the average time for wound healing (in days) are: SEMDSB 10% (7.2), SEMDSB 20% (6.6), SSDSB 10% (8.8), SSDSB 20% (7.6), negative control (10.6), and positive control (7.8). SEMDSB 10%, SEMDSB 20%, and SSDSB 20% showed highly significant difference (p = 0,000) and SSDSB 10% showed significant difference (p=0,021) when compared to negative control. As conclusion, methanolic extract  and powder of Kalanchoe pinnata (Lamk) leaves in ointment can accelerate wound healing time. Keywords: ointment, Kalanchoe pinnata (Lamk), wound healing, mice
Analysis of Fibronectin and TGF-β1 Immunoexpression to Determination of Wound Vitality in Wistar Rats (Rattus norvegicus) Novita, Nita; Agustina, Hasrayati; Hernowo, Bethy S.; Hassan, Abdul H.
Journal of Medicine and Health Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Maranatha Christian University

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Abstract

Wound examination is indispensable in forensic practice. The scientific field of wound age determination has advanced progressively during recent years.The purpose of this study was to determine the differences of fibronectin and TGF-β1 expression in both antemortem and postmortem wounds. This study was an experimental with completely randomized design.  The skin wounds (vital and postmortem) were taken from fourty Wistar rats and divided into 10 groups of rats. Immunohistochemical staining was performed to determine the differences between antemortem and postmortem wounds. The result showed that in 30 minutes after antemortem wound infliction, all of samples showed weak reactivity for fibronectin and TGF-β1 (100%).  In first hour after wound infliction, 3 samples (75%) showed weakly positive and 1 sample (25%) strongly positive for fibronectin and TGF-β1.  In 2 hour after wound infliction, 1 sample (25%) showed weakly positive and 3 sample (75%) strongly positive for fibronectin and TGF-β1.  In 3 and 4 hour after wound infliction, all of samples strongly positive for fibronectin and TGF-β1.  In postmortem wound, all of samples showed negativity for fibronectin and TGF-β1. In conclusion, fibronectin and TGF-β1 may be useful in the determination of wound vitality. Keywords: wound, fibronectin, TGF-β1, vitality

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