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Journal of Medicine and Health
ISSN : 24425227     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Journal of Medicine and Health (JMH) is an open access journal (OAJ), a periodic scientific publication biannually online published on February and August; using review and screening system by peer group reviewer. JMH receives original research articles which related to medicine, health, new developing therapy from traditional medicine or herbs and developing clinical therapy. JMH also receives otiginal review articles, case report, continuing medicine and health study. Articles should be written in good English or Indonesian language.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 12 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 2 No 3 (2019)" : 12 Documents clear
The Detection of Pathogenic Fungi on Prayer Rugs of The Mosques at Jatinangor Campus of Universitas Padjadjaran Faturrachman, Faturrachman; Mulyana, Yanti
Journal of Medicine & Health Vol 2 No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (615.888 KB) | DOI: 10.28932/jmh.v2i3.1220

Abstract

Fungus easily grows in the plateau area with warm moist air. The fungus can enter and contaminate mosque rooms, especially on the surface of prayer rugs. If pathogenic fungi grow on prayer rugs, they can increase the health risk of those who come into contact with them. This research aimed to detect and identify pathogenic fungi on prayer rugs of the mosques in Jatinangor campus of Universitas Padjadjaran using laboratoric descriptive method. The data was collected by sampling of dust from the surface of prayer rugs, fungal culturing and mold identification. The existence of pathogenic fungi has been investigated and observed in twenty-eight samples of thirty mosques using simple random sampling. Sabouraud Dextrose Agar was the chosen medium to grow pathogenic fungi. We found fungal growth in all samples with a total of 8 fungal species (Alternaria spp, Aspergillus spp, Candida spp, Fonsecaea spp, Mucor spp, Penicillium spp, Rhizopus spp, Rhodotorula spp) which are opportunistic fungi; however, no pathogenic fungi were found.Keywords : pathogenic fungi, prayer rugs, fungus, Aspergillus spp., Candida spp.
Clinical Profile of TB in Children at Pediatric Outpatient Clinic Hasan Sadikin Hospital Bandung 2016 Soekotjo, Fadiya N; Sudarwati, Sri; Alam, Anggraini
Journal of Medicine & Health Vol 2 No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (364.344 KB) | DOI: 10.28932/jmh.v2i3.1221

Abstract

The diagnosis process of TB in children is complicated. Bacteriological exam is needed to establish diagnosis, but it is not possible to be done in children. Clinical symptoms are the main criteria for TB diagnosis in children. This study aimed to provide clinical profile of TB in children and was conducted using descriptive design. The data was taken from medical record of children with TB at RSHS pediatric outpatient clinic from January 2016 to December 2016. We collected 104 subjects using simple random sampling method. We found out that 64 subjects (61.54%) was diagnosed as lung TB and 40 (38.46%) with extra-pulmonary TB. Contact with the source of transmission was found in 33 patients (60%). We found that clinical symptoms of the subjects were fever  2 weeks (62.5%), weight increase difficulty (49%), lymphnode enlargement (36.5%), cough >= 2 weeks (14.4%), chest tightness (7.7%), bone swelling (4%), and night sweats (2%). We concluded that clinical symptoms that are found mostly in children with TB are fever  >= 2 weeks, weight increase difficulty, lymphnode enlargement, cough >= 2 week, chest tightness, bony swelling, and night sweats.     Keywords: clinical profile, tuberculosis, TB infection in children
The Influence of Obesity on Blood Pressure in Early Adulthood and Middle Adulthood Males Eusman, Muhammad O A; Ratnawati, Hana; Elisabeth, Mariska
Journal of Medicine & Health Vol 2 No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (333.573 KB) | DOI: 10.28932/jmh.v2i3.1222

Abstract

Hypertension is commonly found in obesity patients. Age affects the occurrence of hypertension. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of obesity on blood pressure levels in early adulthood males (<35 years) and middle adulthood males (?35 years). This is an observational analytic study using data from medical check-up records of male adult office workers in Bandung. The data was analyzed with Mann-Whitney test (? = 0.05) and Chi-Square to find the odds ratio (OR). The results showed that out of 110 data in medical records, there were 79 (71.82%) obese and 31 (28.18%) non-obese. In early adulthood males (<35 years) there is no significant difference between non-obese with obese in systolic blood pressure (p=0.779) and diastolic blood pressure (p=0.779). In middle adulthood males (?35 years) there was a highly significant difference between non-obese with obese on systolic blood pressure (p=0.001) and diastolic blood pressure (p=0.003). There was a significant relationship between obesity and hypertension (p=0.048) with OR=3.73. In conclusion, in early adulthood males (<35 years) obese does not have an effect on the development of hypertension, while in middle adulthood males, obesity increases the risk of developing hypertension by 3.73 times.     Keywords: obesity, blood pressure, early adulthood males, middle adulthood males
Factors Affecting Caesarean Labor in RSUD Lembang in 2017 Pratiwi, Regina A B; Gunanegara, Rimonta F; Ivone, July
Journal of Medicine & Health Vol 2 No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (359.505 KB) | DOI: 10.28932/jmh.v2i3.1223

Abstract

Indonesian Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) based on the Survei Demografi Kesehatan Indonesia (SDKI) in 2012 is 356/100.000 live birth whereas the target of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG’s 70/100,000 live birth by 2030. A decent labor assistance in both vaginal and sectio caesarean labor is necessary in reducing MMR. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between maternal age, parity and payment method with labor through caesarean section. This is an observational analytic study using cross sectional design. The data was obtained  through secondary data from medical record. During 2017 there were 183 caesarean sections in RSUD Lembang as our research location. The data was analyzed univariately and bivariately by using Chi Square test (?=0.05). The results shows that factors associated with caesarean labor are maternal age (p=0.032; OR=4.617), parity (p=0.035; OR=4.442) and payment method (p=0.036; OR=4.417). It can be concluded that maternal age, parity and payment method affect caesarean labor.   Keywords: caesarean labor, caesarean section, age, parity, payment method
Clinical Manifestation of Peripheral Artery Disease in Type 2 Diabetes Melitus with Ankle Branchial Index Measurement Nasution, Winny W; Heryaman, Henhen; Martha, Januar W; Ridwan, Apen A
Journal of Medicine & Health Vol 2 No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (314.215 KB) | DOI: 10.28932/jmh.v2i3.1224

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease that has a high prevalence in Asia, including Indonesia. One of the complications of DM is Peripheral Artery Disease (PAP). Ankle Brachial Index (ABI) measurement is a simple and non-invasive methods that can be used for PAP evaluation. This study aims to provide an overview of the clinical manifestations of PAP and the value of ABI as early detection of PAP in patients with type-2 DM. This research uses quantitative descriptive design studies. The research variables used to assess PAP were ABI values, age, sex, duration of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and clinical manifestations of PAP such as pain, intermittent claudication, muscle atrophy, skin discoloration, sweating, wound healing impairment, and gangrene. This study involved 92 research subjects. From the study we found out that the normal ABI value and the ABI value of the PAP category in patients with type 2 diabetes were 91.3% and 7.6%. The ABI value of the PAP category in DM patients is more commonly found in women (6.5%), adult patients (5.4%), duration of DM up to 2 years (5.4%), and with hypertension (5.4%) . Pain and numbness are the most common clinical manifestations of PAP in DM patients.     Keywords: diabetes mellitus, ankle brachial index, peripheral artery disease.
Clinical Profile of Stroke Patients with Vertigo in Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung Neurology Ward Khansa, Amany; Cahyani, Aih; Amalia, Lisda
Journal of Medicine & Health Vol 2 No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (351.432 KB) | DOI: 10.28932/jmh.v2i3.1225

Abstract

 Vertigo often occurs from the ages of 18 to 79 years with a prevalence of 7.4%. Central vertigo is less common than peripheral vertigo, but it can worsen disability in stroke patients. This study aims to determine the profile of stroke patients with vertigo in Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung Neurology Ward. This is a retrospective descriptive study, using medical record data from 2013 to 2017, and collected 173 medical record data. The results showed that most stroke patients with vertigo were women (59%), the most age group was 55-64 years (34.1%), the most common type of stroke was ischemic stroke (75.7%), the most disturbance regarding the vertebrobasilar system was (72.8%), the most patients got the first stroke was (52.6%), 60.7% of patients suffered from hypertension, 23.1% of patients suffered from hyperlipidemia 40 (23.1%), and 22% of patients suffered from diabetes mellitus type 2. This study concludes that stroke patients who experience vertigo are more common in women, and in the 55-64 year age group. The most common stroke is ischemic in the vertebrobasilar system. Most symptoms in stroke patients with vertigo are dizziness not affected by position, vomiting and nystagmus. Hypertension, hyperlipidemia and diabetes mellitus play an important role in the incidence of stroke in patients.   Keywords: vertigo, risk factor, stroke, vertebrobasilar
Outcome Predictors in Patient with Traumatic Intracerebral Hemorrhage in Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung Mulyawan, Tara M; Arifin, M Zafrullah; Tjahjono, Firman P
Journal of Medicine & Health Vol 2 No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (383.283 KB) | DOI: 10.28932/jmh.v2i3.1231

Abstract

Predictions about patient outcomes can help doctors make decisions. Intracerebral hemorrhage acccompanied by brain injury can increase mortality but specific studies on outcomes of patients with traumatic intracerebral hemorrhage are still rare. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that influence the outcome of traumatic intracerebral hemorrhage patients in the RSHS period from January to December 2017. This is an observational study with cross sectional method, categorical comparative analytic. The study involved 60 traumatic intracerebral hemorrhages aged ? 15 years who were hospitalized in RSHS. The data was analyzed univariately and bivariately using Chi Square statistical test, Eta correlation test and contingency coefficient. The results showed age (p = 0.003), GCS scores assessed at admission (p <0.001), and the presence or absence of other brain hemorrhages (p = 0.050) significantly affected the patient's outcome. Gender (p = 0.932), mechanism of injury (p = 0.739), and pupillary response (p = 0.056) did not affect the outcome significantly. In conclusion, the factors that influence the outcome of traumatic intracerebral hemorrhage patients are age, GCS score, and presence or absence of other brain hemorrhages.   Keywords: intracerebral hemorrhage, trauma, predictors, outcome
Milk Consumption Correlates with Body Height in Children Tirtasaputra, Evan; Puspasari, Grace; Lucretia, Teresa
Journal of Medicine & Health Vol 2 No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (199.184 KB) | DOI: 10.28932/jmh.v2i3.1232

Abstract

Growth in children is very important because it affects a person's height as an adult.Qualified and adequate nutrition play a significant role in growth. Adequate milk consumptioncan affect bone growth which ultimately affects height and helps reduce the risk of bone loss.The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between milk consumption andheight in children. This study is an analytic observational study, involving 126 subjects aged 6-9 years from an elementary school in Bandung. The sample was taken by whole samplingtechnique. Data collection was carried out using questionnaires and height measurements. Thedata was analyzed using the Gamma correlation test. The statistical results showed a significantrelationship between the frequency of milk consumption and height (p = 0.044) with a mediumcorrelation coefficient (r = 0.430) and a positive correlation direction which meant an increasein the frequency of milk consumption along with the increasing height in children aged 6-9years. We concluded that milk consumption correlates with body height in children.Keywords: milk consumption, body height, children, correlation
Association between Fever during Admission and Outcome of Treatment in Tuberculous Meningitis Patients in Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung Kuswanto, Regita A; Rizal, Ahmad; Koesoemadinata, R Raspati C
Journal of Medicine & Health Vol 2 No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (359.736 KB) | DOI: 10.28932/jmh.v2i3.1233

Abstract

Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is the most common type of meningitis with a highmortality rate (20-41%). There are limited data on factors associated with outcome oftreatment, especially in Indonesia. Fever is a common inflammatory process in meningitispatients. This study aims to investigate the association between fever during admission andoutcome of treatment in TBM patients treated in the In-patient Neurology Department at HasanSadikin Hospital Bandung. This is an observational retrospective cohort study conducted byusing medical records from 2017. The inclusion criteria of this study were all medical recordsof inpatients who were diagnosed as TBM and ?18 years old, while the exclusion criteria wereincomplete medical records. The variables in this study were age, gender, body temperature,classification of TBM, and Glasglow Outcome Scale (GOS). There were 125 medical recordswhich fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Kruskal- Wallis test showed that fever was notsignificantly associated with GOS (p=0.193). In conclusion, fever during admission was notassociated with GOS in TBM patients.Keywords: tuberculous meningitis, fever, Glasglow Outcome Scale, outcome
Hypolipidemic Effects of Pea Protein Hydrolysates on Lipid Profile and Uric Acid in Cisplatin-Induced Nephropathy Rats Hidayat, Meilinah; Prahastuti, Sijani; Soemardji, Andreas A; Hasan, Khomaini; Audrey, Gabriella; Gabriella, Janifer; Luvina, Petrisia; Liempapas, Cicilia; al, et
Journal of Medicine & Health Vol 2 No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (448.522 KB) | DOI: 10.28932/jmh.v2i3.1234

Abstract

The usage of Cisplatin (CP) can cause side effects such as toxicity and impaired kidneyfunction. Poor kidney function causes dyslipidemia and hyperuricemia. Researchers in Canadastate that pea protein hydrolysates can improve kidney function. The aim was to examine thehypolipidemic effect of 8 types of pea protein hydrolysate on lipid profiles and uric acid in CPinduced rats in purpose to find protein sources origin of Indonesia for kidney therapy. This is atrue experimental study using fifty female Wistar rats divided into 10 treatment groups.Weadministered 8 types of pea protein hydrolysate for 30 days. On day 7 all rats (except negativecontrol) were induced CP intraperitoneally. Study parameters was evaluated on days 12 and30. In general, all treatments showed good hypolipidemic effects, and differed significantly fromCP group (p <0.01). The group that showed lowest total cholesterol, LDL and triglycerideresults is yellow pea protein hydrolysate Neutrase; HDL: green peas protein hydrolysatebromelain, uric acid: protein hydrolysate of pea protein isolate bromelain. As conclusion,protein hydrolysates of pea has good hypolipidemic effects on Lipid profile and Uric Acid inCP-induced nephropathy Rats. Keywords: protein hydrolysates, green peas, neutrase, bromelain, lipid profiles

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