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Integrated Journal of Business and Economics
ISSN : 25495933     EISSN : 25493280     DOI : -
This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.
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Articles 71 Documents
DOES VOLATILITY GENERATE MAJOR AND MINOR STOCKS IN SAUDI STOCKS MARKET? Eltahir, Yassin Ibrahim; Sallam, Osama Azmi; Osman, Hussien Omer; Klabi, Fethi
Integrated Journal of Business and Economics (IJBE) Vol 4, No 1 (2020): Integrated Journal of Business and Economics
Publisher : Faculty of Economics, Bangka Belitung University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33019/ijbe.v4i1.239

Abstract

This study attempts to answer the main question: are there reciprocal effects between the variances of the stock returns in the Saudi market, also the answer to a sub-question. What are the leading stocks in the Saudi market?. Study selected a sample of five stocks representing the basic materials, banking, services, food and transport sectors (SABIC, Al Rajhi, Etisalat, Almarai and Al Bahri respectively). The data sample for the period from 2011 to 2016 is taken, which represents the lifespan of the five-year plan. Daily stock returns were calculated during this period. Study applies the M GARCH-VEC methodology to estimate stock return variances and then perform a multiple regression of five equations using the ARCH Heteroscedasticity estimator. Results of the analysis show a positive effect between stock return variances as well as a positive automatic variance of all stocks returns variances. Finally, the results of the regression analysis of the various equations show that the returns variances of SABIC and Al Rajhi stocks have a dominant impact on the rest of the stock's returns. So they are considered as leading stocks in the market. While the variances returns of Etisalat, Almarai and Al Bahri have a limited impact on the rest of the stocks variances returns, so they are considered as minor stocks
MICROFINANCE CREDIT ACCESSIBILITY AND FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN MACHAKOS COUNTY, KENYA Munguti, Muema Joseph; Wamugo, Lucy
Integrated Journal of Business and Economics (IJBE) Vol 4, No 1 (2020): Integrated Journal of Business and Economics
Publisher : Faculty of Economics, Bangka Belitung University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33019/ijbe.v4i1.250

Abstract

SMEs in Machakos County have been characterized by poor financial performance which has been linked to financial access. Financial access is one of the keys that drive the development of SME in the country, particularly access to bank financing since banking sector plays a key role in serving this segment. This study specifically sought to determine the influence of collateral security, loan-income ratio and geographical branch penetration on financial performance of SMEs. Study adopted census survey due to small population size. Respondents were supplied with semi-structured questionnaires with aim of getting their views regarding financial accessibility and SME performance. Findings of the study indicated that collateral security, loan-income ratio, and geographical branch penetration has a significant positive effect on financial performance in Machakos County, Kenya. This research recommends that SME?s should improve their core capital, strengthen their financial management practices, foster financial innovation, and literacy within firms.
VILLAGE FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT: BASED ON LOCAL TRADITION Shaleh, Khairul; Subing, Hesty Juni Tambuati; Yustina, Andi Ina
Integrated Journal of Business and Economics (IJBE) Vol 4, No 1 (2020): Integrated Journal of Business and Economics
Publisher : Faculty of Economics, Bangka Belitung University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33019/ijbe.v4i1.245

Abstract

This study aims to formulate village financial management based on local traditions of village communities. The research method uses a qualitative descriptive approach, which is a method that seeks to present a picture of the objective reality that occurs in a condition or environment in a particular place. Environmental context (Site) in this study is Sindang Pakuon Village, Cimanggung District, Sumedang Regency and Ciburial Village, Cimenyan District, Bandung Regency, West Java Province. Presence of village funds is acknowledged to have changed the face of the village which previously seemed neglected, now looks better. Village infrastructure such as village roads is more convenient for motorists and pedestrians. Road to distribution of agricultural products has been built so that the travel time to move agricultural products from the fields to the market location is faster. Although village funds have brought changes to public facilities in the countryside, they have a fading effect on aspects of village tradition. Emergence of this fading is because the nomenclature that regulates the use of village funds does not yet accommodate the local aspects of rural areas.
FISCAL ASYMMETRIC DECENTRALIZATION AND THE INFLUENCE OF COUNTY FISCAL AUTONOMY ON HOUSEHOLD EFFECTS IN KENYA Munyua, Cyrus Mwangi; Muchina, Stephen; Ombaka, Beatrice
Integrated Journal of Business and Economics (IJBE) Vol 4, No 1 (2020): Integrated Journal of Business and Economics
Publisher : Faculty of Economics, Bangka Belitung University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33019/ijbe.v4i1.252

Abstract

Fiscal asymmetric decentralization is seen as the panacea in solving persistent income inequalities facing developing economies. Despite efforts to finance County governments, about 42% of Kenyan?s 47.6 million people still live below the poverty level. This study evaluates the influence of County fiscal autonomy on household effects in Kenya. Both primary and secondary data, collected from households in 47 county governments and the Commission on Revenue Allocation, respectively. A Sample of 4,813 households was drawn from 96,251 lists of households developed by Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Cochran's correction formula was used. The result finds an insignificant negative correlation between county fiscal autonomy and household effects in Kenya. Further studies are recommended with diverse indicators. Findings in this paper are generalizable and a point of reference for policymakers in Kenya.
DOES CHINESE VEGETABLE OIL CONSUMPTION HAVE POSITIVE IMPLICATIONS FOR THE INDONESIA-CHINA TRADE BALANCE? Purba, Jan Horas Veryady
Integrated Journal of Business and Economics (IJBE) Vol 4, No 1 (2020): Integrated Journal of Business and Economics
Publisher : Faculty of Economics, Bangka Belitung University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33019/ijbe.v4i1.238

Abstract

Indonesia is the world's CPO producer country, and at the same time, Indonesia also the largest exporter of CPO in global market. Some of the main countries that are becoming export destinations for Indonesia CPO are India, China, the European Union, USA and Pakistan. Empirically, it is seen that the phenomenon of widening gap in Chinese vegetable oil consumption patterns, where consumption growth is higher than domestic production growth. This boosted Indonesia's CPO exports to China and subsequently had an impact on the Indonesia-China trade balance. Analytical method used is ordinary least square (OLS), which is arranged in two-equation models. Findings of this study conclude that (a) Indonesia's CPO exports to China are affected by the increase in consumption of vegetable oils in China. This is consistent with the expected hypothesis; (b) the value of Indonesia's CPO exports to China has a positive impact and helps reduce Indonesia's trade balance deficit. This is consistent with the research hypothesis. Indonesia's CPO exports have a positive impact on the Indonesia-China trade balance, in particular contributing to overcome the Indonesia-China trade balance deficit. This research shows that CPO is Indonesia's strategic commodity that helps overcome Indonesia's trade balance deficit.
INCREASING INNOVATIVE PERFORMANCE THROUGH ORGANIZATION CULTURE, WORK SATISFACTION AND ORGANIZATION COMMITMENTS Sudarnice, Sudarnice
Integrated Journal of Business and Economics (IJBE) Vol 4, No 1 (2020): Integrated Journal of Business and Economics
Publisher : Faculty of Economics, Bangka Belitung University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33019/ijbe.v4i1.251

Abstract

This research was conducted to measure innovative performance of teachers at the State Vocational High School Kolaka, Kolaka District, Southeast Sulawesi Province. Variables used in this study are organizational culture, job satisfaction, organization commitment and innovative performance. Organization culture, job satisfaction as an independent variable in analyzing organization commitment variables. While other variables namely innovative performance as the dependent variable. Sampling technique in this study was to use a census method with a total of 98 respondents, while those collected were 82 questionnaires. Data analysis in this study uses smart PLS (Partial Least Square). Finding of this study found that organizational culture and job satisfaction have positive relationship on organization commitment. Moreover, organization culture, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment have positive relationship toward innovative performance.
INFLUENCE OF INPUT VALUE AND LABOR EXPENDITURE ON OUTPUT VALUE: A CASE OF MICRO AND SMALL SCALE INDUSTRY IN INDONESIA Nababan, Tongam Sihol; Purba, Elvis Fresly; Tampubolon, Jongkers
Integrated Journal of Business and Economics (IJBE) Vol 4, No 1 (2020): Integrated Journal of Business and Economics
Publisher : Faculty of Economics, Bangka Belitung University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33019/ijbe.v4i1.246

Abstract

Objectives of the study are: (1) to estimate the influence of input value and labor expenditure on the output of micro and small industries in Indonesia, (2) to analyze the form of translog production function that is compatible with micro and small industries in Indonesia. The analytical method used is descriptive method and analysis of translog production functions with scenarios: linear translog function, complete second-order or quadratic linear translog function, and linear translog function with interaction. Results showed that (1) the function of linear translog production with interaction was more suitable used to estimate the production output of micro and small industries in Indonesia, (2) input value and labor expenditure had a positive and significant effect on output values, (3) micro-industry enterprises more emphasis on the allocation of larger workforce, while small-scale industry emphasizes greater allocation of input value, (4) the allocation of input value and labor expenditure are more efficient in micro-industries compared to small-scale industries.
SUPPLY OF ASPECT TOURISM EFFECT ON TRAVELLING INTEREST Herlin, Herlin; Gayatri, Ida Ayu Made Er Meytha
Integrated Journal of Business and Economics (IJBE) Vol 4, No 1 (2020): Integrated Journal of Business and Economics
Publisher : Faculty of Economics, Bangka Belitung University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33019/ijbe.v4i1.249

Abstract

Purpose of this study aims to examine the effect supply aspect tourism on travelling interest to Tikus Island in Bengkulu Province. Supply aspect tourism consisting of attraction, accessible, amenities and ancillary. Sampling method in this study is accidental sampling with 240 respondents. Data collection method in this study uses quantitative data which is carried out by distributing questionnaires. Multiple regression analysis applied to test the hypotheses using SPSS application. Findings showed that attraction and accessible have positive effect on travelling interest.  Meanwhile, amenities and ancillary do not affect travelling interest. The supply of aspect tourism in Tikus Island can contribute to the Regional Original Income (PAD) of Bengkulu Province, the local government of Bengkulu should be able to pay more attention based on this findings.
OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE, BANK STABILITY AND THE FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF COMMERCIAL BANKS IN SOUTH SUDAN Chol, Bak Barnaba; Nthambi, Elizabeth Kalunda; Kamau, Joseph
Integrated Journal of Business and Economics (IJBE) Vol 4, No 1 (2020): Integrated Journal of Business and Economics
Publisher : Faculty of Economics, Bangka Belitung University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33019/ijbe.v4i1.242

Abstract

Since independence in 2011, the Republic of South Sudan has witnessed growth in the financial systems and the overall economy. This has led to growth in the number of financial institutions in the country. There is however minimal research on their overall performance. Hence the current research sought to determine the effect of ownership structure, bank stability and the financial performance of commercial banks in South Sudan. The population for the study was all the 29 commercial banks in South Sudan. Secondary data was collected for the period 2012-2017 from audited annual financial reports of individual banks and the Central Bank of South Sudan reports while primary data was collected by the use of a semi-structured questionnaire. Collected data was edited, sorted and coded into SPSS 23 for subsequent data analysis using SPSS 23 statistical analysis tool. This research utilized both descriptive and inferential statistical methods in the analysis. Statistical tests to be utilized in the study included t-tests, f-test, regression models and ANOVA models. Findings of the research were presented using frequencies, percentages, means, standard deviation, correlation coefficients, charts, tables, and other statistical measures. Results of the study indicated there was a statistically significant moderating effect of ownership structure on the financial performance of commercial banks in South Sudan. This study recommends that the government should adopt better measures to safeguard public-owned commercial banks to improve their efficiency and performance.
TRUST AND PERCEIVED RISK TOWARD ACTUAL ONLINE PURCHASING: ONLINE PURCHASING INTENTION AS MEDIATING VARIABLE Sari, Septi Diana; Widyanti, Ratri Nurina; Listyorini, Inon
Integrated Journal of Business and Economics (IJBE) Vol 4, No 1 (2020): Integrated Journal of Business and Economics
Publisher : Faculty of Economics, Bangka Belitung University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33019/ijbe.v4i1.248

Abstract

This research aims to test the influence of trust and perceived risk on Actual Online Purchasing (AOP) either directly or through Online Purchase Intention (OPI) as a mediating variable. Purposive Random Sampling used in this research with 100 respondents who have searched product through the E-Commerce website (B2C & C2C). This research uses Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) model with SmartPLS 3 program. The results of the test showed that Security practice and Privacy Concern have a negative effect on Perceived Risk, which subsequently Perceived Risk has a negative effect on OPI. However, OPI has no significant effect on AOP. Between the two of trust antecedents, the EWOM and Perceived Reputation only Perceived Reputation has a significant influence on the Trust. From the four constructs in this study (AOP, OPI, Trust and Perceived Risk), the Trust Model is the most powerful predictive model compared to other models such as Perceived Risk, OPI, and AOP.