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JKKI : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Indonesia
ISSN : 20854145     EISSN : 25272950     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Indonesia is the English language based scientific periodical journal, managed by the Faculty of Medicine, Islamic University of Indonesia. It publishes one issue, three times a year. This journal is designed as a place of dissemination of information and scientific knowledge. It publishes literature study, case study, research articles in following fields: (1) Biomedical Sciences; (2) Clinical medicine (Neurology, Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Gastrointestinal, urogenital, Endocrine and Metabolism, Integument, Mental Health, Reproduction, Hematology, Oncology, Musculoskeletal); (3) Public health sciences; (4) Medical Science Education.
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Articles 165 Documents
Search results for , from "2009" , to "2019" : 165 Documents clear
Perbedaan Tekanan Darah Sebelum dan Sesudah Paparan Heat Stress pada Pekerja Perusahaan Industri Alumunium Yogyakarta Marwanto, Zuhdan; Marfianti, Erlina
JKKI : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Indonesia JKKI, Vol 3, No 8, (2011)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine

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Abstract

One source of danger in workplace is heat stress. Heat stress can cause changes in the cardiovascular system. The workload of heart will increase to regulate body temperature when body temperature rises due to exposure to heatstress. The objectives of this study were to find out the differences of blood pressure before and after exposure to heat stress on workers of Industrial Company Aluminium Yogyakarta. This study uses observational analytic methodwith cross sectional approach. The sample in this study that meets inclusion criteria is 25 people from two Industrial company Aluminium Yogyakarta (TS and ED). Data is collected by interview using a questionnaire to determine thecharacteristics of the respondents and measurements of heat stress, blood pressure in supine and standing position and axillary temperature. The statistical test performed using Wilcoxon match pair test with computer program. The average of heat stress in production section of Industrial Company TS Aluminium is 31.7 °C and ED Alumunium 32.6 °C. The average body temperature increased by 0.8 °C after exposure to heat stress (P <0,001). Systolic and diastolic blood pressure in supine and standing position decreased significantly after exposure to heat stress. Heat stress decreased systolic in supine (P<0,001) and standing (P<0.001) likewise diastolic in supine (P<0,001) and standing (P<0,001). Difference in systolic and diastolic blood pressure when changing body position prior heat stress compared to after heat stress no significant changes. Difference in systolic (P = 0.093) and difference in diastolic (P = 0.379). Based on this research, it can be concluded that there is significant differences in blood pressure before and after exposure to heat stress on workers of Industrial Company Aluminium Yogyakarta.
The effectivity of ethanolic extract of binahong leaves (anredera cordifolia (tenore) steen) gel in the management of diabetic wound healing in aloxan-induced rat models Kintoko, Kintoko; Desmayanti, Astri
Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Indonesia JKKI, Vol 7, No 5, (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Islam Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20885/JKKI.Vol7.Iss5.art9

Abstract

Background : Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a disease that can be known by increasing a blood glucose level and caused many kinds of complications if it dont properly treatment, one of those complications is a diabetic ulcer. There are many types of treatments created to overcome the diabetic ulcer, but there are not effective yet. Therefore, ethanolic extract gel of binahong (Anredera cordifolia (Tenore) Steen) leaves is used to make a new innovation of diabetic ulcer treatment Objective : The objective of this research wasto know the concentration of antibacterial and anti-infection activity from ethanolic extract of binahong leaves as wound healing on diabetic ulcer and also to know the changeover of wound diameter. Methods : Binahong leaves were extracted with 96% ethanol by maceration. Then the extract was formulated to be gel product with the concentration of 10% and 30%. The gel product was administrated to diabetic rats which had been made ulcer wound by excision. The result of wound diameter and the percentage of wound healing were analyzed by One Way Anova and then continue analyzed by LSD (Least Significant Different) with significant level of 95%. Results : The result showed that binahong gel with concentration variation of 10% and 30% only affected the organoleptic and doesnt affect the homogeneity, pH, irritation, spreadability and consistency. The result of the effectiveness test of binahong leaves gel is 10% more effective to changeover of wound diameter but there is not significantlydifferent if compared with 30% gel of binahong leaves. Therefore, gel of binahong leavesof 10% is able to provide slightly effective than chloramphenicol™. Conclusion : The concentration of 10% and 30% of binahong gel were effectively usage for wound healing diabetic ulcer in rats.
Kenali Ebola Hendrawati, Asri
JKKI : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Indonesia JKKI, Vol 6, No 1, (2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20885/JKKI.Vol6.Iss1.Art1

Abstract

No Abstract
Wild boar fat analysis in beef sausage using Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR Method) Combined with chemometrics Sari, Tengku Nur Indah; Guntarti, Any
Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Indonesia JKKI, Vol 9, No 1, (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Islam Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20885/JKKI.Vol9.Iss1.art4

Abstract

Background: Sausage is  ready to eat meals for children, adolescents, and older adults. The meat contained in a beef sausage might not be consistent to the one listed on the label. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy combination with a chemometric method is one of the most used methods  to detect wild boar fat with rapid and consistent results. Results of analysis can classify fatty acid composition contained. Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the fat profile in sausage samples and differentiate the grouping of wild boar fat and beef fat in sausage preparation. Methods: The study was designed by making 7 different variations of wild boar reference sample concentrations, which were 100%, 75%, 65%, 50%, 35%, 25% and 100% beef. Six other samples were gathered from various street vendors. The results were analyzed using FTIR spectroscopy combined with chemometric with Partial Least Square (PLS) and Principal Component Analysis (PCA). Result: The results of analysis using Horizon MBTM apps showed optimal wave number within 1250-900 cm-1. The results of calibration with equation y= 0.994x + 0.334 and the value of (R2) determination was 0.998, and root mean square error of calibration (RMSEC) was 1.22%. The results of validation using parameter value of root mean square error of cross validation (RMSECV) 2.68%, and root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) was 0.11%.Conclusion: PCA result showed that five from six samples possibly have same physical and chemical properties similar to fatty beef sausage.
Association between heel-height and low back pain in sales promotion girls Bahrizal, Andhika Rezky; Meiyanti, Meiyanti
Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Indonesia JKKI, Vol 8, No 3, (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Islam Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20885/JKKI.Vol8.Iss3.art9

Abstract

Background: The Prevalence of LBP in Indonesia continues to increase, while the exact cause cannot be identified. The facts show that most of LBP is caused by occupational health problems rather than organic diseases, which one of them is the habit of wearing high-heeled shoes. Besides having an aesthetic function, high-heeled shoes also give negative effects on health. Objective: To evaluate the association between the usage and duration of high heels with LBP, as well as evaluating disability due to LBP in female salespersonMethods: The study used analytic observational study with cross-sectional design that includes 123 sales promotion girls in one of department stores, Cengkareng, West Jakarta which was carried out from November to December 2015. The data was collected through the interview which includes characteristics of the subjects, complaint history of low back pain (LBP), measurement of heel heights, and anthropometry data. The intensity of pain is assessed by Visual Analogue Scale, whilst the degree of disability is assessed by using Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire. Data analysis is performed by using Fisher’s test with a significance level p<0.05 software SPSS for Windows version 21.Results: The majority of 20 to 25-year-old sales promotion girls with a normal nutritional status wear 5-7 cm-high-heeled shoes for more than one year. About 68% of them complain of low back pain (LBP), where 11% of subjects were obtained with suspected disability due to LBP complaint. The heel heights is not correlated with LPB complaints, but the working period of sales promotion girls is (p=0.000).Conclusion: There is no correlation between high heel shoes with low back pain. There is a relationship between the working period with low back pain.
Faktor Risiko Terjadinya Syok pada lnfeksi Dengue Anak Di RSUD Panembahan Senopati Bantul Sari, Dwi Kartika; Darmawan, MTS
JKKI : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Indonesia JKKI, Vol 2, No 6, (2010)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine

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Abstract

Dengue is a important viral disease for public health issues. Compared to the 1950s where only nine countries have reported the case, then now is the geographic distribution has included more than 112 countries in the world. World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that about 2. 5 billion people on earth have a risk of dengue infection. Most of them have symptoms asymptomatic. A large number of cases mentioning that in 2005 there were 50,196 cases of dengue in Indonesia. The district of Bantu/ did not escape from the threat of dengue infection. The main cause of mortality of dengue virus infection is dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome. The incident of shock is inflt,Jenced by several factors that are difficult issue in the treatment of dengue hemorrhagic fever severity. The purpose of this study is to identify risk factors the incidence of shock dengue hemorrhagic fever patients in children at RSUD Panembahan Senopati, Bantu/. This study use cross-sectional method. The samples were collected from children age 1-15 years who were treated at RSUD Panembahan Senopati, Bantu/ period January to December 2010 with DHF and DSS. Clinical symptoms and laboratory result are taken from medical record. Univariate analysis using the frequency distribution table and bivariate analysis · using the chi-square test. Sixty subjects include in this study, thirty subjects DHF and thirty subjects DSS. Using bivariate analysis we found that headache (OR 0,082; Cl 05%: 0,016-0,406), hepatomegaly (OR 6,000; Cl95%: 1,482-24,299) and WBC <4.000/mmk (OR 0,335; C/.95%: 0, 117-0,958) arf:J shock risk fActors in dengue hemorrhagic fever. Conclutions from this study are headache, hepatomegaly and WBC <4.000/mmk are shock risk factors in dengue hemorrhagic fever.
Pola Sidik Jari Anak-anak Sindrom Down di SLB Bakhti Kencana dan Anak Normal di SD Budi Mulia Dua Yogyakarta Ainur, Annisa; Hastuti, Janatin; Nugraha, Zainuri Sabta
JKKI : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Indonesia JKKI, Vol1, No 1, (2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine

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Abstract

Dermatoglyphics is not only used to identify criminal, but also useful in clinical field. There are some evidence that people with chromosome abnormalities like Down Syndrome (trisomy 21), have abnormality in dermatoglyphics pattern compared to normal people. It can be used to help confirming the diagnose.  The goals are to study the variation and distribution difference of dermatoglyphics and also the difference of Total Ridge Count (TRC) on children with Down Syndrome at SLB Bakhti Kencana and normal children at SD Budi Mulia Dua Yogyakarta. This research use cross sectional study with 2 groups of subject that consist of 10 person. The dermatoglyphics was taken by sticking both hands that had been marked with purple ink on the paper. Gathered data was analyzed with descriptive analysis and statistic analysis using Chi Square test, Fisher test and independent sample T-test with SPSS 14 for windows. The results show that the highest mean percentage of dermatoglyphics on Down Syndrome children is whorl (55%), on the otherhand the highest mean percentage of dermatoglyphics on normal children is loop ulna (53%). There is significant difference (pKeyword : dermatoglyphics, Down Syndrome, normal children
Efek Pemaparan Ekstrak Etanol dan Ekstrak Air Sirih Merah (Piper crocatum) terhadap Hidrofobisitas Permukaan Sel Staphylococcus aureus Rachmawaty, Farida
JKKI : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Indonesia JKKI, Vol 2, No 5, (2010)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine

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Abstract

Red betel vine has been proved having the benefit as antibacterial toward Staphylococcus aureus1 While bacteria infected usually hydrophobic interaction before. The purpose of the research is to know the ethanol extr&ct and water extract effect toward Staphylococcus  ureus surface hydrophobicity and to know the different effect between ethanol extract and water extract. The research is laboratory experimental. Ethanol extract and water extract consentration was made with dilution method so the concentration extracts were 25%, 12.5%, 6.25%, 3.13%, 1.57%, 0.84% and 0.42%. The method was used for determine cell surface hydrophobicity is based on Koga et a/ modification. 2 Cell surface hidrophobicity of bacteria was compared between before and after exposure with ethanol and water extract. The measuring used spectrophotometer The result was analyzed using Mann-Whitney test with SPSS programme. Hydrophobicity of Staphylococcus aureus cell surface was decreased on the exposure of ethanol extract or water extract of red betel vine. The first extract addition sharply decreased the hydrophobicity and the decrease became lower. This result is appropriate with the research of Razak et a/. 3 The decreasing hydrophobicity of Staphylococcus aureus cell surface is not significantly different between ethanol extract and water extract of red betel vine (p>O. 05). Ethanol extract and water extract of red betel vme (Piper crocatum) have decreasing effect for Staphylococcus aureus A TCC 25923 cell surface. The exposure etahnol ectract and water extract of red betel vine is not significantly different. 
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN PELEMBAP TERHADAP HASIL TES DISKRIMINASI DUA TITIK PADA PENGHUNI PANTI WREDHA ABIYOSO YOGYAKARTA Fitriana, Asyahidatul Muchlisah; Nurmasitoh, Titis; Malik, Rosmelia
JKKI : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Indonesia JKKI, Vol 6, No 4, (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20885/JKKI.Vol6.Iss4.art6

Abstract

Latar Belakang Proses penuaan yang terjadi pada lansia  mengakibatkan perubahan pada sistem organ, terutama kulit yang dapat mengalami penurunan fungsi  sensoris. Fungsi  sensoris  dapat dideteksi secara sederhana menggunakan tes diskriminasi dua titik. Sementara itu, pemakaian pelembap dapat memperbaiki tampilan dan fungsi kulit pada lansia.  Tujuan Untuk mengetahui perbedaan hasil tes diskriminasi dua titik pada lansia di Panti Wredha Abiyoso Yogyakarta sebelum dan sesudah pemberian pelembap.  Metode Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimen yang menggunakan rancangan pre-test and post-test control group dan melibatkan 32 subjek penelitian yang terbagi pada kelompok kontrol dan kelompok eksperimen.  Hasil Analisis dengan uji T tidak berpasangan menunjukkan bahwa secara statistik terdapat perbedaan hasil tes diskriminasi dua titik yang signifikan antara  kelompok kontrol dan kelompok eksperimen  (p=0,001). Pada kelompok eksperimen, terdapat perbedaan nilai pre-test  dan  posttest  yang bermakna setelah pemberian pelembap  (p=0,007), sedangkan pada kelompok kontrol tidak terdapat perbedaan nilai yang signifikan antara hasil pre-test dan post-test (p=0,344).  Kesimpulan Terdapat perbedaan hasil tes diskriminasi dua titik yang bermakna pada lansia di Panti Wredha Abiyoso Yogyakarta antara kelompok kontrol dan kelompok eksperimen.  Kata Kunci: pelembap, tes diskriminasi dua titik, lansia
The emotion regulation training to improve quality of life in patients with hypertension Mustafa, Kartika; Nashori, H.Fuad; Astuti, Yulianti Dwi
Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Indonesia JKKI, Vol 7, No 4, (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Islam Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20885/JKKI.Vol7.Iss4.art5

Abstract

Background : Quality of life is an indicator of health. Quality of life is used to evaluate the physical and psychosocial effects of an illness suffered by a person, including a person’s knowledge and perception of the illness. In order to achieve optimal quality of life, patients with hypertension were reported frequent use defense mechanisms to repress emotions or regulate emotions. Objective : The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of emotion regulation training to improve the quality of life among patients with hypertension. The hypothesis of this study stated that there was an influence of emotion regulation training to quality of life among patients with hypertension. Methods : The quality of life was measured by using quality of life scale based on aspect from WHOQOL-BREF (1998). An experimental method used was a pre and post-test control group design. Data were analysed by using Mann Whitney U. Results : The researchers found that there was no difference in the level of quality of life between the experimental group and the control group were not given training. However, the results of this study indicate that the quality of life scores in the experimental group increased during follow-up (p=0,002 (p<0,05). This suggest that quality of life among experimental group has increased compared to the control group, and consequently it accepted the hypothesis. Conclusion : Emotion regulation strategies can helped a person to cope the life stress that can be associated with psychological distress and quality of life.

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