cover
Contact Name
-
Contact Email
-
Phone
-
Journal Mail Official
-
Editorial Address
-
Location
Kota mataram,
Nusa tenggara barat
INDONESIA
Jurnal Belantara
Published by Universitas Mataram
ISSN : 26143453     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Education, Social,
Jurnal Belantara (JBL) is a National Scientific Journal for academics, practitioners, and Bureaucracy in encouraging equitable management of natural resources and sustainable. Jurnal Belantara is a periodic journal published twice a year by the Forestry Studies Program of Mataram University with a focus on forestry and the environment.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 42 Documents
KAJIAN KERENTANAN MASYARAKAT PESISIR TERHADAP DAMPAK PERUBAHAN IKLIM DI KABUPATEN LOMBOK BARAT DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN PENDEKATAN PARTISIPATIF Ichsan, Andi Chairil
Jurnal Belantara Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Kehutanan Universitas Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (264.494 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jbl.v1i2.21

Abstract

This study is an attempt to assess the vulnerability of coastal communities to climate change in a participatory way by assessing exposure, sensitivity and capacity of communities in ten coastal villages of western Lombok district in the face of various impacts climate change. The basic concept of the implementation of this study was constructed qualitatively, using a participatory approach. The method of study was adopted from the PRA (Participatory Rural Appraisal) method with adjustments to coastal and marine context contexts called Indonesian climath adaptation tools for coastal habitat (I-CATCH). he results of this study indicate that the villages that become the object of research have a middle and high degree of vulnerability. The complexity of the problems felt by the community due to changes in seasonal patterns that occur, especially on aspects of livelihood and social environment. On the other hand, the capacity of people in dealing with the symptoms and impacts of climate change that is quite extreme is still very limited. Local adaptation strategies are needed with a focus on two main aspects: capacity building and developing of disaster management activities.
KINERJA PEMBANGUNAN KESATUAN PENGELOLAAN HUTAN LINDUNG SUNGAI WAIN DAN DAS MANGGAR DI PROVINSI KALIMANTAN TIMUR Ichsan, Andi Chairil
Jurnal Belantara Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Kehutanan Universitas Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (429.416 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jbl.v1i1.12

Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menilai kinerja KPHL Sungai Wain dan DAS manggar (SWDM) dalam menjalankan pengelolaan hutan di tingkat tapak dengan menggunakan kriteria dan indikator dari Forest Watch Indonesia versi 1.0. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa rata-rata keseluruhan kriteria yang dinilai berada pada rentang cukup, yang berarti KPHL SWDM cukup baik dalam menjalankan  fungsinya sebagai unit pengelola hutan di tingkat tapak. Namun demikian, pasca penerapan UU 23 tahun 2014, kelembagaan pengelolaan HLSWDM mengalami ketidak pastian akibat kurangnya koordinasi antar pihak dalam menindak lanjuti perubahan kebijakan tersebut. Dengan demikian, dibutuhkan sebuah pendekatan yang berorientasi pada empat dimensi utama, yaitu; kondisi lingkungan eksternal, motivasi kelembagaan, serta kapasitas dan kinerja kelembagaan yang dijalankan.
PERSEPSI WISATAWAN TERHADAP FASILITAS WISATA DI PUSAT LATIHAN GAJAH TAMAN NASIONAL WAY KAMBAS marcelina, shinta dewi; Febryano, Indra Gumay; Setiawan, Agus; Yuwono, Slamet Budi
Jurnal Belantara Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Kehutanan Universitas Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (347.848 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jbl.v1i2.60

Abstract

The growth of tourism is affected by the level of satisfication from the visitors towords the existence of tourism facilities.  The aim of this research is to know the visitors perspective towards the tourism facilities at Elephant Training Center of Way Kambas National Park.  The data taking can be done by doing interviews, observation and literatures.  The collected data will be analyzed descriptively based on physics, cleaniness and comfort condition.  The result of research shows that the visitors perception towards the tourism facilities is enough. This is not apart from the condition of facilities that are less well meintained and even damaged, such as toilets, bins, attractions arena and playground; although the qality and quntity is sufficient for the needs of tourist.  The national park party needs to add the amount and improve the facilities so it can support the management of the area and improve the amoun of visitors.
ANALISIS PERTUMBUHAN TANAMAN KAYU PUTIH (Melaleuca Cajuputi Sub Sp. Cajuputi) PADA KAWASAN HUTAN LINDUNG DUSUN MALIMBU DAN DUSUN BADUNG RESORT MALIMBU KPHL RINJANI BARAT Wedhana, Ida Bagus; Idris, Muhamad Husni; Silamon, Rato Firdaus
Jurnal Belantara Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Kehutanan Universitas Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (456.9 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jbl.v1i1.13

Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah  untuk mengetahui faktor karakteristik lahan yang mempengaruhi perbedaan pertumbuhan Kayu Putih di Malimbu dan Badung dan menentukan Kelas kesesuaian lahan Kayu Putih di Malimbu dan Badung. Penelitian ini dilakukan di kawasan hutan lindung Dusun Malimbu dan Badung Resort Malimbu KPHL Rinjani Barat. Parameter yang diukur adalah pertumbuhan Kayu Putih meliputi diameter, tinggi dan volume, serta faktor lingkungan meliputi ketinggian tempat, suhu udara, dan sifat fisika tanah (tekstur tanah, kadar air tanah, kedalaman efektif, bulk density, porositas tanah dan suhu tanah). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ׃ 1). Rata-rata diameter, tinggi, volume dan jumlah tanaman Kayu Putih umur 22 bulan di Badung sebesar 3,33 cm, 3,29 m, 2355,83 cm3 dan 32 tanaman/plot, sedangkan di Malimbu sebesar 1,43 cm, 1,87 m, 241,85 cm3 dan 22 tanaman/plot; 2). Faktor yang berpengaruh nyata pada taraf toleransi 95% (α = 0,05) terhadap diameter Kayu Putih adalah fraksi pasir, suhu tanah, kedalaman efektif dan ketinggian tempat, sedangkan terhadap tinggi Kayu Putih adalah fraksi pasir, bulk density dan kedalaman efektif; 3). Kesesuaian lahan aktual Kayu Putih di Malimbu tergolong Kelas N1r dengan faktor pembatas media perakaran (drainase tanah), sedangkan di Badung tergolong Kelas S3w dan S3wr dengan faktor pembatas ketersediaan air (bulan kering) dan media perakaran (drainase tanah).
KONTRIBUSI HASIL HUTAN BUKAN KAYU KEMIRI (Aleurites moluccana) TERHADAP PENDAPATAN PETANI HUTAN KEMASYARAKATAN (HKm) TANGGA DESA SELENGEN KECAMATAN KAYANGAN KABUPATEN LOMBOK UTARA Kartila, Nihad; Ichsan, Andi Chairil; Markum, Markum
Jurnal Belantara Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Kehutanan Universitas Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (483.653 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jbl.v1i2.64

Abstract

This research was intended to find Contribution of Non-Timber Forest Products Candlenut (Aleurites Moluccana) to Farmer’s Income of Tangga, supporting and inhibiting factors, and income improvement strategy of business non-timber forest products candlenut. The research location in Tangga hamlet, Selengen Village, Kayangan District, North Lombok Regency, West Nusa Tenggara Province. This research used interview method with questionnaire tool to 36 respondents was carried on February 2018. The results showed Contribution of Non-Timber Forest Products Candlenut from region farmer community to farmer’s income was 63.2% /area of arable land or 63% /hectares, which support farmers to cultivate candlenut because it is very easy to develop, does not require intensive maintenance, harvest activities were very easy to do, technology tools used were traditional, and marketing process was easy to do. As well as barriers in the miscellaneous management of the lack of capital and the availability of limited tools in the processing of candlenut so that farmers can only sell candlenut in the form of logs that will reduce the income it receives, as well as the lack of knowledge and skills possessed by farmers. Income-generating strategy of the candlenut can be done with SO strategy (Strenght-Opportunity) that is developing the potency of candlenut with skill owned by farmer by utilizing simple tool technology. As well as increased cultivation and intensive candlenut intensive maintenance by utilizing the existing land area.
TINGKAT ESKALASI KONFLIK SUMBER DAYA HUTAN DI DESA REMPEK,KABUPATEN LOMBOK UTARA Mariatun, Fitria; Latifah, Sitti; Setiawan, Budhy
Jurnal Belantara Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Kehutanan Universitas Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (203.882 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jbl.v1i1.14

Abstract

Tujuan  utama penelitian  ini, yaitu untuk mengetahui tingkat eskalasi konflik di Desa Rempek saat ini dan mengidentifikasi faktor-faktor penyebab menurunya eskalasi konflik di Desa Rempek. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu deskriptif kualitatif dengan menetapkan key informan yang berasal dari: (1) masyarakat Desa Rempek, (2) Pemerintah Desa Rempek, (3) Pihak KPHL Rinjani Barat, (4) Tim 9 dan (5) LSM Samanta. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa di Desa Rempek terdapat 4 jenis konflik yaitu konflik antara (1) BPN Provinsi NTB dengan Dinas Kehutanan Provinsi NTB, Dinas Pertanian, Perkebunan, Kehutanan, Kelautan dan Perikanan Kabupaten Lombok Utara, KPHL Rinjani Barat, (2) Dinas Kehutanan Provinsi NTB, Dinas Pertanian, Perkebunan, Kehutanan, Kelautan dan Perikanan Kabupaten Lombok Utara, KPHL Rinjani Barat dengan masyarakat Desa Rempek, (3) Dinas Kehutanan Provinsi NTB, Dinas Pertanian, Perkebunan, Kehutanan, Kelautan dan Perikanan Kabupaten Lombok Utara, KPHL Rinjani Barat dengan Pengusaha kayu lokal (pemilik sawmill) dan (4) Masyarakat Desa Rempek dengan Pengusaha kayu lokal. Penelitian ini berfokus pada konflik antara Pemerintah Daerah dengan mayarakat. Dimana, berdasarkan hasil analisis diketahui bahwa eskalsi konflik di Desa Rempek mengalami penurunan dari eskalasi tinggi menjadi eskalasi sedang yang disebabkan oleh beberapa faktor yaitu: a). Faktor sosial dimana masyarakat akan mendapatkan legalitas secara hukum dalam mengelola kawasan hutan melalui program kemitraan Kehutanan, b). Faktor ekonomi dimana pendapatan masyarakat akan meningkat karena masyarakat berpeluang untuk memanfaatkan hasil hutan kayu secara legal, c). Faktor kehadiran fasilitator dimana masyarakat mendapatkan informasi dan pemahaman melalui fasilitator yaitu Tim 9 dan LSM Samanta yang melakukan sosialisasi secara intensif.
KARAKTERISTIK PAPAN PARTIKEL DARI LIMBAH KULIT KACANG TANAH DENGAN PEREKAT ALAMI ASAM SITRAT DENGAN PELARUT ASAP CAIR Ngadianto, Agus; Lukmandaru, Ganis; Sari, Dhuria Maulidya; Mardatillah, Utari; Fitria, Dera Fara
Jurnal Belantara Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Kehutanan Universitas Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (438.878 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jbl.v1i2.73

Abstract

Binderlessboard is one of the potential eco friendly products that can be developed. Utiliation of natural adhesives for non-wood composite is still very limited. Therefore, this research is focused on effects of citric acid content and pressing time on characteristics of particleboard made from peanut shell including its durability to dry wood termite attacks. Peanut shell particles were used as raw materials. Citric acid dissolved in liquid smoke which functioned as a water substitute solvent under a certain ratio and the concentration of the solution was adjusted to 60%. The use of liquid smoke is expected to increase the durability of the particleboard. Factors used in this research were citric acid content (10-30% based on dry weight particles) and pressing time (10 minutes and 15 minutes). Properties of particleboard were analyed based on Japanese Industrial Standard (JIS) A 5908 for particleboard. The dry wood termite resistance was then analyzed for its weight loss and mortality after 4 weeks. The results showed that the best particleboard was obtained from the treatment of 30% citric acid content with 15 minutes of pressing time where only the modulus of rupture and modulus of elasticity did not met the requirement of JIS A 5908 type 8 with the thickness swelling were 3.276%, water absorption were 44,991%, internal bonding were 4.679 kgf / cm², modulus of rupture were 26.822 kgf / cm², and modulus of elasticity were 8,986,058 kgf / cm². The best value of weight loss and mortality of dry wood termites on particleboard was obtained in a combination of 30% citric acid content with 10 minutes pressing time were 1.083% and 38.67% respectively.
KEANEKARAGAMAN SPESIES DAN KONTRIBUSI HUTAN MANGROVE TERHADAP PENDAPATAN MASYARAKAT DI DESA EYAT MAYANG KECAMATAN LEMBAR KABUPATEN LOMBOK BARAT Idris, Muhamad Husni; Markum, Markum; Sofian, Sofian
Jurnal Belantara Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Kehutanan Universitas Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (253.625 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jbl.v1i1.5

Abstract

Desa Eyat Mayang khususnya Dusun Eyat Mayang Selatan Kecamatan Lembar merupakan salah satu wilayah yang memiliki potensi mangrove. Hal ini tentunya dapat memberikan peluang bagi masyarakat untuk dapat meningkatkan perekonomiannya, dengan cara memaksimalkan fungsi ekologi mangrove tersebut.  Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui ragam spesies mangrove, serta ragam kegiatan masyarakat Desa Eyat Mayang Kecamatan Lembar untuk mendukung kelestarian Hutan Mangrove. Berdasarkan informasi pola pemanfaatan Mangrove maka dilakukan pengkajian pendapatan rumah tangga serta kontribusi pendapatan dari aktivitas di hutan mangrove masyarakat di Desa Eyat Mayang. Kecamatan Lembar Penentuan daerah penelitian dilakukan secara purposive sampling dengan dasar pertimbangan bahwa lokasi tersebut merupakan desa dan terdapat masyarakat petani mangrove. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan cara observasi di lapangan dan wawancara langsung pada responden yang kemudian dianalisa secara desktiptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa terdapat 10 ragam spesies mangrove yaitu Rhizopora Stylosa, Rhizopora Apiculata, Rhizopora  Mucronata, Lumnitzera Racemosa, Soneretia Alba, Xylocarpus Moluccensis, Xylocarpus Granatum, Bruguiera Gymnorrhiza, Sonneratia Caseolaris (Buah Pidada), Avicennia Marina (Api-api).  Ragam kegiatan masyarakat dapat digambarkan sebagai berikut pemanfaatan atau penangkapan biota laut di dalam dan di luar hutan mangrove, pembibitan dan penanaman mangrove, perlindungan dan pengamanan, dengan total pendapatan rumah tangga masyarakat dari luar hutan mangrove diperoleh total rata – rata sebesar Rp. 32.997.058,82/tahun/Keluarga, dan pendapatan dari dalam mangrove adalah sebesar Rp. 7.833.529,41/tahun/Keluarga. Berdasarkan hal tersebut diperoleh kontribusi pendapatan dari mangrove adalah sebesar 19.19%.
PENGARUH KOMPOSISI MEDIA TANAM DAN PEMBERIAN DOSIS PUPUK PGPR (Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria) TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN SEMAI KETIMUNAN (Gyrinops versteegii) CABUTAN Firmasnyah, Ansari; Markum, Dr. Markum; Indriyatno, Indriyatno
Jurnal Belantara Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Kehutanan Universitas Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (122.223 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jbl.v1i1.10

Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh media tanam dan dosis pupuk Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) terhadap pertumbuhan semai gaharu, serta mengetahui interaksi antara media tanam dan dosis pupuk PGPR. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode eksperimental menggunakan Rancang Acak Lengkap (RAL) yang terdiri dari 2 faktorial. Faktor pertama adalah media tanam yang terdiri dari 4 aras yaitu kompos (P0), kompos+cocopeat perbandingan 1:1 (P1), cocopeat (P2), dan kompos+cocopeat dengan perbandingan 1:2 (P3). Faktor kedua adalah tanpa penggunaan pupak PGPR (F0), dosis pupuk 100 ml (F1), dosis pupuk 200 ml (F2), dosis pupuk 300 ml (F3). Dari kombinasi kedua faktor tersebut dihasilkan 16 perlakuan, setiap kombinasi perlakuan terdiri dari 3 ulangan, dimana pada masing-masing ulangan terdapat 4 tanaman, sehingga mengasilkan 192 sampel penelitian. Parameter yang diamati pada penelitian ini adalah persentase hidup, tinggi tanaman, diameter batang tanaman, jumlah daun tanaman dan kekokohan tanaman. Hasil pengamatan diuji menggunakan analisis sidik ragam pada taraf nyata 1%. Dari hasil pengamatan menunjukkan bahwa media tanam dan pupuk PGPR tidak berpengaruh nyata terhadap parameter yang diamati.
INVENTARISASI POTENSI SUMBER DAYA EKOWISATA DI DANAU WAY JEPARA LAMPUNG TIMUR muchlas, imam nur; Setiawan, Agus; Winarno, Gunardi Djoko; Harianto, Sugeng Prayitno
Jurnal Belantara Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Kehutanan Universitas Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1093.735 KB)

Abstract

Lake Way Jepara is one of the tourist destinations in East Lampung district that has the potential to be developed. An inventory of potential resources of ecotourism at Lake Way Jepara is done by the method of a survey to analyze and document the ecotourism resources at the site. The result of this research shows that the potential of ecotourism resources reside on the Mainland and in the waters of the Lake, including the potential of the landscape, flora and fauna, amenities and services, accommodation and infrastructure. The Mainland covers landscape view of the street, hallway view arboretum, view of the dam and the beauty of the landscape of the Lake. Resources of flora and fauna include 29 species of trees, 26 wildlife species and 21 species of fish. The available infrastructure includes the main road, the alternative way, path tracking, bridges, parking and irrigation canals. Facilities and services include an Advisory Board, a gazebo, a symbolic monument, the Hall opens and seating. Accommodation available: hotel, camping ground, operational as well as homestay. The spread of ecotourism resources clumped in two zones, so that will make it easier in the planning and development of ecotourism.