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Journal of Islamic Architecture
ISSN : 20862636     EISSN : 23564644     DOI : -
Journal of Islamic Architecture (JIA) is a scientific publication for widespread research and criticism topics in Islamic architecture studies. JIA is published twice a year in June and December since June 2010 by International Center for Islamic Architecture from the Sunnah (CIAS), Department of Architecture Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang, Indonesia. One volume of JIA is published in two-year calendar.
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Articles 135 Documents
FRONT MATTER JUNE 2019 Setiyowati, Ernaning
Journal of Islamic Architecture Vol 5, No 3 (2019): Journal of Islamic Architecture
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology, UIN Maliki Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (439.126 KB) | DOI: 10.18860/jia.v5i3.8870

Abstract

INVESTIGATING THE ARCHITECTURAL ORIGIN OF THE GAYEBI MOSQUE IN OSMANPUR, SYLHET, BANGLADESH Chowdhury, Shubhajit; saha, kawshik; Arefin, Mohammad Samsul; Haque, Mahinul
Journal of Islamic Architecture Vol 5, No 4 (2019): Journal of Islamic Architecture
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology, UIN Maliki Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1996.973 KB) | DOI: 10.18860/jia.v5i4.7569

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the architectural origin, style, and legacy of the Gayebi Masjid (Divine Mosque), which is located as a witness of time in Osmanpur, Balaganj, Sylhet, Bangladesh. The origin of the mosque is shrouded in mystery, as the actual construction period and the patronizing builder is unknown to the people. On the other hand, based on the characteristics and features, it can be generally assumed that the mosque was constructed either in the Sultanate or the Mughal period of Muslim rule in Bengal. The mosque has prominent architectural features that can also be found in other Sultanate and Mughal mosques in the surrounding region. However, the real-time period of construction of the mosque remains uncertain, as no other evidence, document, or argumentation can be found except the existing mosque?s architectural features. For this study, the attributions and characteristics will be critically examined to form a comparative analysis to determine the mosque?s origin and architectural style. The method of this research was a critical review and descriptive analysis of all the collected information, and the interpretation of some physical evidence from the field survey, as well as comparative analysis of the data with some other case studies. However, through this research and careful investigation, we conclude that the most convincing assumption is the original structure of the mosque resembles the architecture of the Sultanate period. On the contrast, more than a few additional architectural features were added during the later Mughal period. 
RECLAIMING OF HISTORICAL PIAZZA IN ISLAMIC CAIRO AL-HUSSEIN PIAZZA CASE STUDY Ahmed, Hassan
Journal of Islamic Architecture Vol 5, No 4 (2019): Journal of Islamic Architecture
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology, UIN Maliki Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1163.086 KB) | DOI: 10.18860/jia.v5i4.6326

Abstract

Urban public space and social interaction play an important role in the urban environment and can be a refuge from the hustle and bustle of city life. Public space refers to non-domestic physical sites that are distinguished by their relative accessibility such as parks, restaurants, cafes, the street. Al Hussein piazza is one of the oldest and largest areas in Fatimid Cairo. Many of the activities organized throughout the year periodically. In recent years, some infringements occurred formal or informal. It led to poor urban value. This study aims to evaluate the current situation of Al- Hussein piazza and redesign it from an integrated sustainable vision to reclaim it again for visitors. The methodology that was used in this study is a field survey of the piazza and do some interviews. The research shows that multiplicity causes deterioration in the region, which can be classified as physical degradation, environmental degradation, and social deterioration.
THE FACTORS CONTRIBUTING IN SPIRITUALITY DEFINITION OF IRANIAN MOSQUES Ahmadzadeh Siyahrood, Sanaz; Ebrahimi, Arghavan; Ghiasvand, Javad; Mahdavinejad, Mohammadjavad
Journal of Islamic Architecture Vol 5, No 4 (2019): Journal of Islamic Architecture
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology, UIN Maliki Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18860/jia.v5i4.5254

Abstract

Islamic mosques in Iran, similar to other Islamic nations, are reflections of visual beauties and typical examples of symbolic integration and relationship with strong beliefs and geometry. Scrutiny of these relationships provides a broader and profound perception of the design paradigm of these sacred masterpieces, which not only have been responding to the functional aspect of holy places but also represent an aesthetic model of architectural geometric perfection. This paper aims to survey this paradigm with a focus on its basic concepts and geometric origins; in this regard, it seeks to address the ensuing questions: what are the fundamental ideas in the design of mosques? How and which methods were used have been reflected in the architecture of mosques? How has the geometry assisted the architecture of mosques? What is the geometry role in the accomplishment of those basic concepts? To this end, after stating the fundamental concepts and dominant ideology in the design of mosques and the progress factors of Islamic architecture, their architectural features, spatial organization, and relations with geometry had been examined. The research hypothesis is that monotheism and divine unity are the original concepts of the architecture of mosques and this type of architectural design tries with the help of a range of abstract arts, symbolic materials, various methods, and science of geometry symbolize these ideas to create a sacred atmosphere and place which could be an intermediate spot for the human to achieve that divinity and unity.
EXPOUNDING PROPHETIC BUILDING PRINCIPLES ON THE SITE LAYOUT RE-DESIGN OF CONTEMPORARY RESIDENTIAL NEIGHBORHOODS Babangida, Hamza
Journal of Islamic Architecture Vol 5, No 4 (2019): Journal of Islamic Architecture
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology, UIN Maliki Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1893.506 KB) | DOI: 10.18860/jia.v5i4.6341

Abstract

The prophetic building principles (PBP) in this paper refer to building precedents in which the prophet of Islam applied in the construction of various building typologies. This paper went a step further to demonstrate how they could be expounded in the site layout designs of contemporary housing neighborhoods to achieve a satisfactory environment for Muslims. A triangulation of literature search and case study methods were adopted as the guiding methodology. The case study was used to demonstrate how the PBP was expounded in the redesign of the site layout of the Sardauna housing estate in Katsina. The first PBP expounded in the redesign results in the introduction of Friday mosque, daily prayer mosques, and educational institutions, while the second was achieved through overall redesign of the initial layout from the gridiron to the cluster layout concept. The third PBP of promoting a classless community was achieved by placing residents of different socioeconomic status together within a cluster. The last PBP has affected the management of the ecosystem. It was achieved through the provision of multiple sources of water to sustain wildlife and plants, provision of additional walkways, reduced walking distances, and reduced tarred roads. This study shows that contemporary site layouts of residential neighborhoods could be designed in line with Islamic values and yet achieves universally acceptable design criteria.
IDENTIFYING ISLAMIC VALUES ON GREEN ARCHITECTURAL CONCEPT: QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES TO CONTENT ANALYSIS Muchlis, Aulia Fikriarini; Larasati, Dewi; Triyadi, Sugeng
Journal of Islamic Architecture Vol 5, No 4 (2019): Journal of Islamic Architecture
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology, UIN Maliki Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1135.547 KB) | DOI: 10.18860/jia.v5i4.7568

Abstract

The paper investigates to explore Islamic religious values which related to environment Maintaining environmental balance is the primary human task. Besides, religious belief is a source of ethics and morality. It is a guidance of truth for making decisions before taking action influencing humans? behavior towards perceptions and behavior in maintaining and preserving their environment. This study employs a quantitative approach by conducting a content analysis aiming to understand every word (text) related to land, water, and air through the interpretation of the Quran. This research will produce several criteria as the basic concepts for the development of Islamic values-based green architecture.
THE ARCHITECTURE OF IBADI MOSQUES IN M’ZAB, DJERBA, AND OMAN Benkari, Naima
Journal of Islamic Architecture Vol 5, No 4 (2019): Journal of Islamic Architecture
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology, UIN Maliki Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1275.736 KB) | DOI: 10.18860/jia.v5i4.5813

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The Ibadis are a Muslim religious minority with a long history and a rich philosophical and theological literature. This research claims that the Ibadis adherence to strict and puritan Islamic principles has not only affected their individual and social behavior, but also marked their approach to architecture, and the construction of cities. This article investigates the architecture of mosques developed in the four significant regions where this network of communities has settled since the ninth century: Oman, the M'zab valley in Algeria, Djerba in Tunisia, and Jebel Nafusa in Libya. Many features distinguish the architectural style of these from the typical mosque style. Although it may appear plural in its spatial arrangement, volumes, material and construction methods, the architecture of Ibadi mosques displays an ?air de Famille? that relates them to their Arab-Berber origins and Ibadi religious principles. The present research is a comparative analysis of representative samples of this architecture in all the regions inhabited by the Ibadis. The second layer of scrutiny consisted of exploring the origins of its distinctive features in the meanings of the Ibadi Fiqh that concerned the act of building. It is a pioneering investigation of the relationship between the Ibadi religious principles and the architecture of their mosques. This research has established that the Ibadi Fiqh has addressed some aspects of the design of mosques and therefore have impacted, if not produced, some of the distinctive features of this architecture.
A DESIGNER IN THE INTERSECTION OF ISLAMIC-OTTOMAN ARCHITECTURE: THE ARCHITECTURAL CONCEPT OF TURGUT CANSEVER (1920-2009) Üstün, Berna; Ulusoy, F.Özge Güven; ?ensoy, Gamze; Kolsal, Fatma
Journal of Islamic Architecture Vol 5, No 4 (2019): Journal of Islamic Architecture
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology, UIN Maliki Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18860/jia.v5i4.5346

Abstract

Architects in the history of architecture try to be understood by their ideas that their designs need to be present on earth. Turgut Cansever (1920-2009) is an important opponent architect who was prized by Aga Khan Awards for architecture three times in his professional life and established his architectural understanding of the architecture of Ottoman and Islamic culture. This study aims to describe the life and work of the architect and his opinion about Islamic-Ottoman Architecture. Setting his architectural conception on a broader belief, Cansever strengthens his apprehension of architecture with his practice and literature studies. This unique approach in his works is shaped by a point of view that criticizes modernity but aims to validate it by reinterpreting in line with Islamic architecture. The references in the background of the structures of Cansever is thought to be too complex to read at a time. The understanding of Cansever's original designer perspective will be possible through the discussion of his synthesis resulted from the thoughts of Islamic architecture, Ottoman Architecture and modern architecture, and their reflections on his structures.
POSI BOLA OF JAMI MOSQUE AS SPATIAL TRANSFORMATION SYMBOL sutrisno, moh; Sastrosasmito, Sudaryono; Sarwadi, Ahmad
Journal of Islamic Architecture Vol 5, No 4 (2019): Journal of Islamic Architecture
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology, UIN Maliki Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2048.806 KB) | DOI: 10.18860/jia.v5i4.5226

Abstract

Palopo city space as the center of Tana Luwu cannot be separated from the significance of the oldest kingdom in South Sulawesi. The entry of the Islamic religion in Luwu was marked by the Jami Mosque, which is located at the zero points of Palopo city. The preservation of pre-Islamic heritage and after the entry of Islam in the present tends to not a dichotomy in two different meanings. The research is aimed to explore the semiotic meaning of the Jami Mosque, which has become an icon in Palopo City. The research used the ethnomethodology method within the framework of the semiotics paradigm to obtain contextual meaning as well as the application of a new approach in architecture semiotics study. The results show that the Jami Mosque keeps the complexity of meaning, which can be the foundation of conservation philosophy and planning of the built environment. The cosmos axis of Palopo city space and the territory of Luwu become the central point of religious civilization, especially in Islamic cosmology. The space transformation is represented by ?posi bola? (house pole). The symbolic ?posi bola? moves from the palace to the Jami mosque as the axis of Luwu space in the Islamic era. The horizontal slice of the pole has implications on the particular geometrical patterns of Luwu. The elements of structure and construction of buildings become a symbol of Islamic teachings.
KEINDAHAN DAN ORNAMENTASI DALAM PERSPEKTIF ARSITEKTUR ISLAM Atik Hosiah, Yulia Eka Putrie,
Journal of Islamic Architecture Vol 2, No 1 (2012): Journal of Islamic Architecture
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology UIN Maliki Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (185.907 KB) | DOI: 10.18860/jia.v2i1.2106

Abstract

This study discusses about the Islamic view from al-Quran and al-Hadith about beauty and its application in the form of architectural ornamentation of the building. This is done to obtain the basic philosophical as well as corridors for the implementation of the beauty in the building, as well as to restore the function of ornamentation itself. Of this study obtained an understanding that displayed beauty should still consider the values of Islam, namely the value of the benefit, harm avoidance, tauhid, cleanliness, and so forth. Between the harm to be avoided in the ornamentation of the mosque is a tendency to exaggerate (mubadzir), depiction of animate beings, disturbance of concentration, intention to brag, luxury, causing difficulty in maintaining cleanliness in the future, and so forth. The expression of beauty can also be done through simplicity, moderation, harmony with nature, concern for human needs and society, and conformity with the rules set by God Almighty and His Messenger.   Keywords:  Ornamentation, mosque, islamic architecture, beauty

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