cover
Contact Name
Muh Jibran Nidhal Fikri
Contact Email
jes@unm.ac.id
Phone
+6282259301930
Journal Mail Official
muhjibrannidhal@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Gedung FI, Jurusan Geografi Fakultas MIPA, Jl. Dg Tata Raya, Kampus UNM Parangtambung Makassar.
Location
Kota makassar,
Sulawesi selatan
INDONESIA
Jurnal Environmental Science
ISSN : 26544490     EISSN : 26549085     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science, Social,
The objective of this journal is to publish original, fully peer-reviewed articles on a variety of topics and research methods in both Geography and all the studies that have related with geography. The journal welcomes articles that address common issues in Physical Geography, Agricultural geography, and all studies about geography Jurnal Environmental Science (JES) is published twice a year (Oktober and April). This journal publishes various articles from peer reviewed and research results related Physical Geography, Agricultural geography, and all studies about geography Jurnal Environmental Science (JES) published manuscripts on research in education, particularly related to teaching and learning, theory and practice in geography science and material object. The journal welcomes submissions from around the world as well as from indonesia.
Articles 34 Documents
KARAKTERISTIK KEMIRINGAN LERENG, KEDALAMAN DAN KECERAHAN DALAM MENDUKUNG AKTIVITAS PERMANDIAN DI PANTAI MARUMASA KECAMATAN BONTOBAHASI KABUPATEN BULUKUMBA Hasriyanti, Hasriyanti; Ansarullah, Ansarullah
Jurnal Environmental Science Vol 2, No 1 (2019): Oktober
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS NEGERI MAKASSAR

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (589.079 KB) | DOI: 10.35580/jes.v2i1.12030

Abstract

This study aims to explain the characteristics of the slope, depth, and brightness, as supporting activities on the Marumasa beach, Bontobahari sub-district, Bulukumba district. This type of research is a survey research, with variable slope, depth and brightness of Marumasa coastal waters. Primary data in the form of direct measurement data in the field, and secondary data in the form of the Earth Map of Bulukumba Regency, Tanah Beru sheet, Sheet 2110-14 The results showed that Marumasa Beach has various slopes, the lowest slope with type I class or flat is between (0-2%) covering 1.17 hectares with a percentage of 45.88%, slope with type II class or sloping that is between (3 -8%) area of 0.73 hectares with a percentage of 28.63%, slope with type III class or sloping that is between (9-25%) area of 0.52 hectares with percentage of 20.39% and highest slope with type class IV or steep (26-40%) area of 0.13 hectares with a percentage of 5.10%. The results of the measurement of the depth value that has been corrected with the MSL value that is at the deepest A2 point, from the measurement results in the field has obtained the depth of the A2 point about 0.12 m and the lowest point is at point C1 with a measurement depth of 0.29 m with a correction value 0.10 m. The results of the measurement of the waters brightness at Marumasa Beach showed that the brightness value was 100% from all observation points. Marumasa beach characteristics are in the category S = very suitable (highly suitable) to be used as beach tourism (beach bathing).
INDEKS KUALITAS AIR TANAH DISEKITAR TEMPAT PEMBUANGAN AKHIR (TPA) ANTANG KOTA MAKASSAR Ningsih, Restu Oktavia
Jurnal Environmental Science Vol 2, No 2 (2020): April
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS NEGERI MAKASSAR

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (406.127 KB) | DOI: 10.35580/jes.v2i2.13372

Abstract

Kualitas air disuatu wilayah tidak selalu tetap melainkan dapat berubah oleh adanya pencemaran. Kualitas air yang awalnya memenuhi syarat-syarat untuk digunakan dalam suatu kebutuhan seperti untuk air bersih, untuk pertanian, untuk perikanan dan lain-lainnya, pada suatu saat kualitasnya tidak memenuhi syarat lagi. Oleh sebab itu, kualitas perlu dilindungi dari pencemaran. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui : 1) Mengetahui indeks kualitas air tanah di sekitar  Tempat Pembuangan Akhir (TPA) Antang Kota Makassar; 2) Mengetahui apakah air tanah di sekitar Tempat Pembuangan Akhir (TPA) Antang layak digunakan sebagai air bersih. Adapun parameter fisika yang diteliti yaitu suhu, kekeruhan, jumlah padatan terlarut (TDS), Rasa dan Bau. Parameter kimia yang diteliti yakni pH, DO, BOD, Nitrat, Fosfat, Zat Organik. Parameter biologi yang diteliti yakni E-Colli. Metode pengambilan sampel yaitu purposive sampling yang berdasarkan pada penggunaan lahan.      Hasil penelitian menunjukan: bahwa kualitas air pada keenam lokasi pengambilan sampel tidak layak digunakan sebagai sumber air bersih karena tingkat nilai pada masing-masing lokasi yang diperoleh berdasarkan perhitungan kalkulator NSF ? WQI (National Sanitation Foundation ? Water Quality Index )  masih rendah yakni kurang dari 50% yang berarti kualitas air buruk. Hal ini disebabkan oleh jumlah E-Colli tinggi yang dikarenakan jarak sumur yang berdekatan dengan tempat pembuangan sampah
REPRESENTASI ATURAN ADAT DALAM PENGELOLAAN HUTAN MASYARAKAT ADAT AMMATOA SULAWESI SELATAN Syarif, Erman
Jurnal Environmental Science Vol 1, No 1 (2018): Oktober
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS NEGERI MAKASSAR

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (686.483 KB) | DOI: 10.35580/jes.v1i1.7426

Abstract

Pasang is the customary rule of the Ammatoa community in forest management. The objectives of this study are: 1) to identify the role of forests (boronga) for the Ammatoa indigenous people, (2) to identify customary rules in the management of Ammatoa indigenous peoples' forests. This type of research is qualitative using a phenomenology approach. The data sources in this study were Ammatoa (adat chief), Galla Puto (adat leader), Galla Pantama (adat leader), Ammatoa indigenous people, and cultural figures. Data collection is done by observation, interviews, Focus Group Discussion and documentation. Data verification strategy with data triangulation, member checks, and audit trail. The results of the study show that the Ammato?s people in managing forest resources are inseparable from their belief in tide teachings. Forest management is strengthened by the existence of Kasipalli (prohibitions) that should not be carried out in the forest area, namely Ta?bang Kaju (logging), Rao Doang (taking shrimp), Tatta ?Uhe (taking rattan), and Tunu Bani (burning bees). Each of these violations is always accompanied by customary sanctions. Customary sanctions given to forest destroyers who have been identified and captured by the community are divided into 3 parts, namely: Poko babbalak (pangkal cambuk), tangnga babbalak (middle whip), and cappa babbalak (tip of the whip). As for the unknown perpetrators, the Ammatoa performed Attunu Panroli (burning crowbar) and Attunu Passau (burning kemenyang) ceremonies. This form of sanction is a deterrent effect so that the community truly understands the importance of implementing the Pasang and use of forest areas.
PEMANFAATAN LAHAN BEKAS PENGGALIAN TANAH PEMBUATAN BATU BATA UNTUK PERSAWAHAN DI DESA GENTUNGANG KECAMATAN BAJENG BARAT KABUPATEN GOWA Basir, Muhammad Ikbal
Jurnal Environmental Science Vol 1, No 2 (2019): April
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS NEGERI MAKASSAR

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (737.043 KB) | DOI: 10.35580/jes.v1i2.9056

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis study aims to: to determine the physical properties of soil and the chemical properties of soil after extracting bricks to be made into rice fields. The variables used in this study are soil texture, Ph tanh, soil drainage class, effective soil depth, soil CEC, air temperature, rainfall and slope. Sampling in this study using Matching techniques. The results showed that the Gentungang Village can be divided into five (5) land units. Based on these land units, the land suitability for paddy fields is obtained according to the marginal class. Land suitability class for paddy fields in Gentungang Village especially in the sampling area is obtained by two land suitability classes namely S3-nr4 and S3-rc2nr4. Each land suitability class can be repaired according to the heaviest limiting factor, phosphate content, except soil texture cannot be done repair. Soil characteristics in the Gentungang Village are divided into two (2) namely physical and chemical properties. The physical properties include the drainage class is rather slow, the soil texture is moderate to slightly smooth, and the soil depth is> 50 cm. Meanwhile, chemical properties include CEC (> 16 and ? 16), pH H2O (6-7), Nitrogen content (low-medium) and Phosphate content (low-very low).
STUDI KELAYAKAN AIR TANAH UNTUK KEBUTUHAN AIR MINUM DI KELURAHAN ROMANG POLONG KECAMATAN SOMBA OPU KABUPATEN GOWA Destiquama, Destiquama; Hasriyanti, Hasriyanti; Amal, Amal
Jurnal Environmental Science Vol 2, No 1 (2019): Oktober
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS NEGERI MAKASSAR

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (211.562 KB) | DOI: 10.35580/jes.v2i1.12025

Abstract

The quality of ground water for drinking water needs is based on physical, chemical and biological parameters of Romang Polong. The researcher took 5 kinds of water as samples based on land use by applying the Storet method. The water sample was tested in the field and analyzed in the laboratory. The results obtained are compared with the specified based on criteria of water quality which indicated that groundwater in the Romang Polong is suitable to be used as drinking water quality standards at the point 2, 3, and 4. However, at the point 1 and 5 are not feasible to be used as drinking water quality standards. But, it is still feasible to use for household needs such as bathing and washing. It might be happened because the physical, chemical, and biological parameters exceeded the maximum permissible threshold based on the drinking water quality standard according to Minister of Health of the Republic of Indonesia No. 492 / MENKES / PER / IV / 2010.
EVALUASI KESESUAIAN LAHAN UNTUK TANAMAN CENGKEH (EUGENIA AROMATICA L) DI DAS TAKAPALA SUB DAS HULU JENEBERANG KABUPATEN GOWA Iswan, Iswan
Jurnal Environmental Science Vol 2, No 2 (2020): April
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS NEGERI MAKASSAR

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (575.29 KB) | DOI: 10.35580/jes.v2i2.13332

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui: 1) karakteristik lahan di DAS Takapala Sub DAS Hulu Jeneberang Kabupaten Gowa, 2) Tingkat kesesuaian lahan untuk tanaman cengkeh, 3) agihan kesesuaian lahan untuk tanaman cengkeh di DAS Takapala Sub DAS Hulu Jeneberang Kabupaten Gowa. Metode yang digunakan adalah Purposive Sampling dengan teknik analisis data yaitu teknik matching. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: 1) karakteristik lahan di DAS Takapala Sub DAS Hulu Jeneberang yaitu berada pada daerah iklim agak basah; temperatur atau suhu udara berada pada daerah panas/tropis; ketersedian air untuk curah hujan agak basah; ketesedian air untuk bulan kering cukup sesuai; media perakaran untuk drainase tanah baik sampai agak baik; tekstur tanah dari liat sampai lempung berliat; kedalaman efektif dalam; retensi hara untuk KTK tanah sedang sampai tinggi; pH tanah asam hingga agak asam; hara tersedia untuk P2O5 (P tersedia) rendah; potensi mekanisme untuk lereng dari datar, landai, agak landai/miring, curam, dan sangat curam; singkapan batuan tidak ada sampai sedikit. 2) Tingkat kesesuian lahan untuk tanaman cengkeh di DAS Takapala Sub DAS Hulu Jeneberang diperoleh lima sub kelas kesesuaian lahan yaitu S2 cukup sesuai dengan luas 93,95 Ha; S3 - W1 (kelas sesuai marginal dengan faktor pembatas terberat curah hujan) dengan 1022,33 Ha; S3 - S1 (kelas sesuai marginal dengan faktor pembatas terberat lereng) dengan luas 510,66 Ha; S3 - W1s1 (kelas sesuai marginal dengan faktor pembatas terberat curah hujan dan    lereng)  dengan luas 256,49 Ha, dan N1 - S1 (kelas tidak sesuai  untuk saat ini dengan faktor pembatas sangat berat adalah lereng) dengan luas 222,64 Ha. 4)Agihan kesesuaian lahan untuk tanaman cengkeh di DAS Takapala Sub DAS Hulu Jeneberang terbagi menjadi tiga kelas. kelas S2 (cukup sesuai) dengan luas sekitar 93,95 Ha atau 4,41 % dari luas DAS Takapala; kelas S3 (sesuai marginal) dengan luas sekitar 1789,48 atau 84 % dari luas DAS Takapala; dan kelas N1 (tidak sesuai untuk saat ini) dengan luas sekitar 222,64 Ha atau 10,45% dari luas keseluruhan DAS Takapala.
PERSEPSI MASYARAKAT TERHADAP PERUBAHAN BUDAYA DI TANA TORAJA (STUDI KASUS UPACARA RAMBU TUKA’) Rahmad, Abdul
Jurnal Environmental Science Vol 1, No 1 (2018): Oktober
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS NEGERI MAKASSAR

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (462.131 KB) | DOI: 10.35580/jes.v1i1.7347

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to find out: 1) what factors influence the shift in the values of the Rambu Tuka 'ceremony in Toraja, and 2) to find out how the cultural values of Rambu Tuka' in the Toraja are shifted. This study aims to determine what factors influence the shift in the values of the Rambu Tuka 'ceremony in Toraja. Knowing the shift in the cultural values of Rambu Tuka 'in Toraja. The collection of data using the method of observation, interviews and documentation. So that the results of the study show that out of all the results outline the factors that cause cultural changes in Toraja are caused by many factors. Factors that greatly influence the shift in cultural values of tuka signs in tana toraja are; Modern technology, and other cultural influences. So from that it can be concluded that the public perception of the cultural changes that exist in Toraja, is not much different from each respondent's opinion. For the generations of Toraja youth, Let us maintain the culture that has developed in the community such as the Ruka Tuka 'ceremony, so that values contained such as togetherness, help, and cooperation are maintained considering that one of the great potentials for tourism is in the culture of Tana Toraja
PERUBAHAN PERMUKIMAN PENDUDUK KECAMATAN SOMBA OPU KABUPATEN GOWA TAHUN 1993 SAMPAI DENGAN TAHUN 2018 Irnayani, Mayasari
Jurnal Environmental Science Vol 1, No 2 (2019): April
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS NEGERI MAKASSAR

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1310.871 KB) | DOI: 10.35580/jes.v1i2.9060

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis research aims to find out and analyze changes in land area of settlement, land use and settlements turns into a factor that affected it. The method used is the analysis of remote sensing and descriptive analysis. The results showed that extensive settlements in 1993 was 307.03 Ha and in 2018 is 1653.34 Ha. Then it can be inferred the vast increase of land due to land use change shrub, open land, moor/fields, ricefield, and the body of water into the neighborhoods with the factors that affect that is the high rate of population growth amounted to 5.74 percent and affordable land prices as well as the completeness of the infrastructure in Somba Opu.
POLA PERSEBARAN PERMUKIMAN PENDUDUK DI KECAMATAN TALIABU BARAT LAUT KABUPATEN TALIABU Adriansyah, Adriansyah; Musyawarah, Rahma
Jurnal Environmental Science Vol 2, No 1 (2019): Oktober
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS NEGERI MAKASSAR

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (715.857 KB) | DOI: 10.35580/jes.v2i1.12029

Abstract

The formulation of the problem in this study are: 1) What is the pattern of population settlements in Taliabu Barat Northwest District Taliabu District, 2) What are the factors that influence the population settlement patterns in Taliabu Northwest District Taliabu District. The purpose of this study is 1) To describe the population settlement patterns in Taliabu Northwest District, Taliabu Regency. 2) To find out the factors that influence the population settlement patterns in Taliabu Northwest District Taliabu District. This type of research is descriptive qualitative using a case study approach. Data collection techniques are observation, questionnaire, and documentation.Analysis of the pattern of settlement distribution was measured using the analysis of the nearest neighbor (nearest neighbor analysis), namely by calculating the size of the nearest neighbor parameter (T). Based on the results of the research on the Distribution Pattern of Population Settlements in Taliabu Northwest Subdistrict, Taliabu District, the pattern is uniform because the value of T ? 1.4 is the value of T = 2.54 m and patterned to follow the path or linear settlement pattern. Factors of settlement distribution patterns in Taliabu Northwest Subdistrict, Taliabu Regency are influenced by: First the community prefers to establish settlements in the coastal area of 67.3% and close to the road by 56.4%; The two of them mostly use their land as plantation land of 78.2% and agricultural land by 20%; The third source of water comes from the PDAM of 50.9% and is> 31 m at 54.5%; The four availability of natural resources mostly comes from agriculture / plantations, which is 96.4%. 
IDENTIFIKASI DAN PEMETAAN LAHAN KRITIS DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN TEKNOLOGI SISTEM INFORMASI GEOGRAFIS (STUDI KASUS DAS JENERAKIKANG SUB DAS JENEBERANG KABUPATEN GOWA SULAWESI SELATAN Amaliyah, Rezki
Jurnal Environmental Science Vol 2, No 2 (2020): April
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS NEGERI MAKASSAR

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (713.182 KB) | DOI: 10.35580/jes.v2i2.13377

Abstract

AbstrakPenambahan jumlah penduduk mengakibatkan terjadinya peningkatan kebutuhan lahan yang memaksa masyarakat melakukan alih fungsi lahan hutan menjadi lahan pemukiman yang berdampak pada menurunnya kualitas lingkungan sehingga menyebabkan lahan tersebut menjadi kritis. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah: (1) Untuk mengetahui faktor yang mempengaruhi tingkat kekritisan lahan (2) Untuk mengetahui tingkat kekritisan lahan (3) Untuk mengetahui upaya penanggulangan lahan kritis. Objek penelitian ini yaitu Lahan di DAS Jenerakikang. Data primer yang digunakan meliputi data kemiringan lereng, struktur tanah, tekstur tanah, kedalaman efektif tanah, manajemen lahan dan data penggunaan lahan. Data sekunder yang digunakan meliputi data DEM, Citra Landsat-8, data curah hujan, produktivitas lahan. Jenis penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian deskriptif eksploratif dengan metode analisis yang digunakan yaitu metode skoring untuk mengidentifikasi tingkat kekritisan lahan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat 4 faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap tingkat kekritisan lahan yakni topografi, tanah, erosi dan vegetasi. Terdapat 4 kategori lahan kritis yakni tingkat lahan kritis dengan luas 32,02 Ha tingkat lahan agak kritis dengan luas 2.734,1 Ha, tingkat lahan kritis potensial kritis dengan luas 1.088,8 Ha dan tingkat lahan tidak kritis dengan luas 56,229 Ha. Upaya penanggulangan lahan kritis menggunakan metode fisik?mekanik dengan penerapan terasering dan metode biologis/vegetatif dengan penerapan multiple Cropping

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