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Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan
ISSN : 25415166     EISSN : 25415174     DOI : 10.21082
Core Subject : Agriculture,
Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan merupakan publikasi yang memuat makalah ilmiah primer hasil penelitian tanaman pangan (padi dan palawija). Redaksi menerima makalah dari peneliti Puslitbang Tanaman Pangan, Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian (BPTP), maupun perguruan tinggi. Makalah yang dikirimkan hendaknya sudah mendapat persetujuan dari pimpinan instansi masing-masing. Ketentuan penulisan makalah untuk dapat dimuat di jurnal ini tertera dalam "Author Guidelines/Petunjuk bagi Penulis" di halaman terakhir Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian.
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Articles 227 Documents
Ultrafine bubble water Pengaruhnya dalam Pematahan Dormansi Benih Padi Iswara, Vidya; Setiawan, Asep; Setiawan, Asep; Palupi, Endah R.; Palupi, Endah R.; Purwanto, Y. Aris; Purwanto, Y. Aris
Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan Vol 2, No 3 (2018): DESEMBER 2018
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/jpptp.v2n3.2018.p137-143

Abstract

The method for dormancy breaking could be developed by the usefull of nano bubbles technology, like ultrafine bubble water (UFB). The research aims to identify the effectivity of UFB water for dormancy breaking of rice seed. This research was arranged in a Completely Randomyzed Design with four replications and nine level treatments, i.e. control, aquadest, KNO3, UFB, and UFB 20 soaking for 24 and 48 hour, respectively. Rice seed without soaking showed the ABA content was 14.3%, aquadest, KNO3, UFB soaking for 24 hour about 10.1-11.5%, while for 48 hour about 8.9-9.9%. The maximum growth potential (MGP), more than 80% was obtained on dormancy breaking by KNO3, UFB, and UFB20 soaking for 48 hour, and UFB20 soaking for 24 hour. Aquadest soaking showed there is a increasing of MGP (less than 60%), however did not significant, as well as by 24 or 48 hour. KNO3 soaking, its dormancy breaking showed the MGP less than 80%, if the soaking less than 48 hour. The chemical scarification for dormancy breaking by KNO3, UFB, and UFB20 for 48 hour showed the radicle emergence more than 80%. The lowest radicle emergence was obtained on aquadest soaking for 24 hour, and followed by without soaking, KNO3 soaking, UFB soaking, and UFB20 soaking for 24 hour.
Kesesuaian Ketinggian Tempat terhadap Penerapan Sistem Tanam Legowo untuk Peningkatan Produksi Padi Agustiani, Nurwulan; Sujinah, Sujinah; Sujinah, Sujinah; Hikmah, Zaqia M.; Hikmah, Zaqia M.
Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan Vol 2, No 3 (2018): DESEMBER 2018
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/jpptp.v2n3.2018.p145-153

Abstract

This research was to obtain information of rice planting system technology based on altitude and type of varieties that correlated with high productivity. The experiment was conducted at dry season 2016 in three districts, Bandung, Subang, and Indramayu representing the high, mid and low altitudes. Experiment was arranged in split plot with 6 replications. The main plot was variety representing 2 type of variety, i.e (1) Inbred Inpari 32 and (2) Hybrid Hipa 18. The sub plot was planting system : (1) tegel (25x25 cm), (2) legowo 2:1 (25x12,5x50 cm), and (3) legowo 4:1 type 2 (25x12,5x50 cm). The result showed that growth and yield were very specific to pattern of planting system and type of variety. The interaction between location and planting system significantly to tiller number, leaf area, biomass, growth rate, and nett assimilation. In general, application of legowo planting system provided a higher yield than square planting system (tegel). In addition, increased production with application of legowo planting system suitable in upland for both Inpari 32 and Hipa 18. Otherwise, its application in midle and lowland not significant increased yield.
Ketersediaan Kedelai Berdasarkan Peramalan Produksinya dan Beberapa Kendala serta Permasalahannya di Indonesia Nugraha, Dedi; Wardana, I Putu; Wardana, I Putu; Adnyana, Made Oka; Adnyana, Made Oka
Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan Vol 2, No 3 (2018): DESEMBER 2018
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/jpptp.v2n3.2018.p155-163

Abstract

Soybean take importance role as source of legumes protein for Indonesian people’s because has lower price compared with other source of protein. Soybean demand contiunously increase because population growth and development of foodindustry’s, while production growth is slowly declining (leveling off) campared to it’s demand. Soybean production’s in 2013 only 0,78 million ton, while it’s demand is 2,9 millions ton, so need import about 2.12 million tons to meet the demand. This study aims to establish a model for predicting soybean production in relationship with constraint and it’s problem as a factor of its boundary. This study used the technique of forecasting with using time series data. Best model selected will be used to estimate soybeanproduction’s. Selection of the best model using criteria Mean Absolute Percent Error (MAPE), Root Mean Square Error (RMSE), and Akaike Information Criteria (AIC). Best model selected is ARIMA (1,1,1). Based on result of forcasting, number of soybean production’s on 2022 is 0,994 million tons. Though has productivity with increasing trend, but it’s not significant, so the production still low compared to it’s demand. Generally, decline of production caused by reduction of harvest area as one of less competitive crop compared with other secondary crops (palawija), and high biotic and abiotic pressure.
Indeks Toleran dan Evaluasi Karakter Seleksi Jagung Hibrida terhadap Pemupukan N Rendah HERAWATI, HERAWATI; Efendi, Roy; Azrai, M.
Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan Vol 2, No 3 (2018): DESEMBER 2018
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/jpptp.v2n3.2018.p173-180

Abstract

The hybrid maize that  tolerant low N is one of technology to resolve of N limitation for growth and production of maize. Therefore, tolerance index analysis and evaluation of the hybrid maize’s character which tolerant low N need to be done. This study aimed to know the genotype of hybrid maize that are tolerant low N and characters that can be used as selection indicator to low N.  Research conducted at the Experimental Farm of ICERI, Maros from June until November 2014. This research was arranged in split plot design with three replication. The main plot was nitrogen fertilizer which consists three levels ie 0 kg N/ha, 100 kg N/ha (low N fertilization dosage) dan 200 kg N/ha (dosage of normal N fertilization). The subplot were 56 hybrid maize genotypes. There are four check varieties ie P-27, NK-33,  Bisi-2, and Bima-3. The results showed that HLN 32 had the highest grain yield on low N (10,02t/ha). Genotypes of hybrid maize that tolerant low N were HLN03, HLN17, HLN18, HLN24, HLN25,  HLN32, HLN35, HLN39, HLN46, and HLN47. The plant height, ear height position, steam diameter, leaf width, leaf area, age of male flowering, age of female flowering, leaf chlorophyll at age 80 after planting, leaf senescence, percentage of normal cobs, percentage of abnormal cobs, ear height, ear diameter, number of kernels per row, number of kernels per cob, and shelling percentage. Characters that have direct influence to grain yield were shelling percentage, percentage of abnormal cobs, ear height, ear diameter, and leaf area.
Karakteristik Fisiko-kimia Varietas Beras Khusus untuk Pangan Inovatif Purwani, Endang Yuli; Wardana, I Putu
Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan Vol 2, No 3 (2018): DESEMBER 2018
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/jpptp.v2n3.2018.p165-172

Abstract

Beberapa varietas padi telah dibudidayakan di Indonesia tetapi beberapa diimpor untuk memenuhi permintaan khusus konsumen. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengevaluasi karakteristik beras khusus untuk permintaan tertentu. Butir padi diperoleh dari petani di dataran rendah irigasi Cianjur. Ciri-ciri gabah adalah: kandungan amilosa tinggi (Cisokan, Inpari 17, Inpara 4), aromatik (Basmati), japonica (Tarabas), dan ketan (Lusi dan Grendel). Butir dianalisis dengan tingkat penggilingan, fisikokimia, dan karakteristik glikemik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa semua varietas padi dimasukkan ke dalam ukuran sedang dengan permukaan 8,30-10,35 mm2. Tingkat penggilingan bervariasi seperti yang ditunjukkan oleh kadar beras kepala berkisar 49-96%. Karakteristik pastining berbeda sangat nyata antar varietas. Cisokan dan Basmati dengan kandungan amilosa yang sebanding memiliki perbedaan signifikan dari karakteristik pasta dan termal. Indeks glikemik Inpara 4 lebih rendah dari standar glukosa. Butir beras dengan tingkat penggilingan yang lebih rendah berpotensi lebih baik untuk diproses lebih lanjut untuk menghasilkan makanan yang inovatif.
INTERVENSI PEMUPUKAN DAN MIKROBA TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN, PRODUKSI, DAN MUTU BENIH PADI IPB 3S DI LAHAN RAWA LEBAK Wijaya, Aldi Kamal; Surahman, Memen; Qadir, Abdul; Giyanto, Giyanto
Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan Vol 3, No 3 (2019): DESEMBER 2019
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/jpptp.v3n3.2019.p117-124

Abstract

Swamp land ecology is a potential land to increase the crop production, especially rice. The research was aimed to increase the production and seed quality of IPB 3S rice variety in swamp land ecology. The research was arranged in Factorial Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. The first factor was dose of Zinc, consist of 0 kg ha-1, 15 kg ha-1, 30 kg ha-1, and 45 kg ha-1. The second factor was seed treatment by probiotic microbial, consist of control, Bacillus sp, Bacillus sp (+), Chromobacterium sp, Chromobacterium sp (+). Zinc fertilization couldn?t increase the yield characters and seed quality of IPB 3S rice variety. Microbia fertilization could increase the highest yield characters (plant height, tillers, productive tillers, panicle length, weiht per plant, and seed weight per grove), and Bacillus microbial increased the seed quality (Vigor index). Interaction of zinc fertilization (15 kg ha-1) and Chromobacterium increased the yield characters (flag leaf length, panicle length, and seed weight per grove), and the interaction of zink fertilization (30 kg ha-1) and Bacillus increased seed quality (vigour index).
ESTIMASI NILAI DAYA GABUNG INBRIDA JAGUNG MENGGUNAKAN METODE LINE X TESTER Priyanto, Slamet Bambang; Makkulawu, Andi Takdir`; Iriany, R Neni
Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan Vol 3, No 2 (2019): AGUSTUS 2019
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/jpptp.v3n2.2019.p83-90

Abstract

Informasi tentang daya gabung sangat penting dalam perakitan jagung hibrida. Salah satu metode pendugaan daya gabung adalah metode line x tester. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui daya gabung umum (DGU) dan daya gabung khusus (DGK) galur jagung. Percobaan dilaksanakan di Kebun Percobaan Bajeng Sulawesi Selatan pada bulan Agustus sampai November 2016. Bahan genetik yang digunakan adalah 60 hibrida hasil persilangan 30 galur S7 (G682-G711) dengan dua tester MR 14 dan N79. Perlakuan disusun dalam rancangan acak kelompok (RAK) dengan tiga ulangan. Karakter yang diamati adalah tinggi tanaman, tinggi letak tongkol, rendemen, kadar air, panjang dan diameter tongkol, jumlah baris per tongkol, jumlah biji per baris, bobot 1,000 biji, dan hasil biji pada kadar air 15%. Estimasi efek DGU line, DGU tester, dan DGK menggunakan perangkat lunak AGD-R (Analysis of Genetic Designs in R) Version 3.0. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa galur yang memiliki nilai DGU positif dan nyata pada karakter hasil biji adalah G682, G686, G695 dan G704. Nilai DGK positif dan nyata pada karakter hasil biji hanya terdapat pada satu pasangan persilangan yaitu G685 x N79. Kata kunci: daya gabung, jagung hibrida, metode line x tester
PRODUKSI BIOETANOL RATUN PERTAMA SORGUM MANIS VARIETAS SUPER-1 PADA PERBEDAAN JUMLAH TUNAS DAN UMUR PANEN TANAMAN PRIMER Da Rato, Yoseph Yakob; Syaiful, Syatrianty A; Riadi, Muhammad; Pabendon, Marcia B.
Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan Vol 3, No 3 (2019): DESEMBER 2019
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/jpptp.v3n3.2019.p159-164

Abstract

The research is aimed at discovering the influence of harvesting time of primary plant and buds number on the growth and production of Ratoon Super-1 Sweet Sorghum. The research was held at Cereal Crops Research Institute (Balitsereal) in Maros, South Sulawesi, from September 2017 to January 2018. It used ratoon plants from previous research that planted using super-1 sorghum variety seeds. This research was arranged based on split-plot-design with three replications. Main plot was numbers of ratoon buds (T) after harvesting the primary plants i.e : 1 (one) ratoon buds (T1), 2 (two) ratoon buds (T2), 3 (three) ratoon buds (T3), 4 (four) ratoon buds (T4) and 5 (five) ratoon buds (T5), while sub plot was harvesting time of primary plants i.e : 102 DAP (P1), 109 DAP (P2), 116 DAP (P3) and 123 DAP (P4). Every treatment combination repeated three (3) times to form 60 experimental plots. Interaction of ratoon with 3 buds and harvest of primary plant at 123 DAP reached the largest stem diameter (15,14 mm), the heaviest total biomass (28,43 tons/ha) and stem biomass (20,75 tons/ha), the highest juice volume (1274,33 L/ha) and the highest 90% ethanol content (415,00 L/ha).
ADAPTASI DAN KERAGAAN HASIL VARIETAS UNGGUL PADI DI LAHAN RAWA WILAYAH PERBATASAN KALIMANTAN BARAT Koesrini, Koesrini; Alwi, Muhammad; Saleh, Muhammad
Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan Vol 3, No 2 (2019): AGUSTUS 2019
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/jpptp.v3n2.2019.p53-59

Abstract

Farmers cultivated rice once a year during the rainy season uses Cilosari variety with low yield (2.35 t/ha) in Matang Danau Village, Paloh Sub District, Sambas District, West Kalimantan Province. Increasing cropping index could be done by water pumping in dry season planting and using high yield adaptable varieties. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the adaptability and performance yield of highly rice variety in swamp lands West Kalimantan Border Area. The field experiment was carried out in Matang Danau village, Paloh Sub District, Sambas District, West Kalimantan Province, in the dry season from Maret to July 2018 and in the wet season from Oktober 2018 to February 2019. The research was arranged in randomized completely block design, with 3 replicates. The varieties tested, i.e., Inpara 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, Inpari 32, and check varieties Margasari and Cilosari. The results of the varieties adaptation test showed that there were differences in adaptation of varieties tested in swamps. Based on the results of the Inpara 1 variety, the highest yield was 6.6 t/ha, while the other varieties produced between 3.98-5.90 t/ha. The highest increasing yield compared to the varieties Margasari and Cilosari, i.e. Inpara 1. The increasing yield of rice in rainy season planting was higher 89,4% than that of the dry season.
PENGARUH INSEKTISIDA TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN ADAPTASI WERENG BATANG COKELAT (NILAPARVATA LUGENS STAL) PADA PADI VARIETAS TAHAN Iswanto, Eko Hari
Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan Vol 3, No 3 (2019): DESEMBER 2019
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/jpptp.v3n3.2019.p125-133

Abstract

Effect of Insecticides to Brown Planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens Stal) Adaptation on Resistant Rice Varieties. Brown planthopper (BPH) (Hemiptera: Delpachidae) is one of major pests on rice cultivation in Indonesia. Resistant rice varieties and insecticides are commonly used by farmers in BPH management. But, BPH can rapidly adapt on long-term planted varieties and insecticide. The aim of research was to study the ability of insecticide resistance BPH in adaptation on resistant rice varieties. This study was conducted at Indonesian Center for Rice Research from October 2018 to June 2019. BPH?s were collected from farmer field and reared for 6th generation. BPH?s were divided into four insecticide population. BPH population sprayed each generation by BPMC (BPMC-BPH), imidacloprid (imidacloprid-BPH), pymetrozine (pymetrozine-BPH), and unsprayed (Control-BPH). In first generation, insecticide resistance conducted to obtain baseline data of BPH resistance to imidacloprid, BPMC and pymetrozine. On 6th generation, insecticide resistance test repeated to each population. Four BPH population were tested for the survival rate, fecundity, amount of honeydew, and  rice varieties reaction. Result showed that Field population 1st generation were  resistance to BPMC and imidacloprid with Resistance Factor (RF) 4.1 and 13.5-fold, respectively, while to pymetrozine was indicate resistance (RF 3.7-fold). In 6th generation, LC50 all insecticide population were increased, while in Control-BPH were decreased. Inpari 13 still effective againts BPH in all test results. Insecticide resistance-BPH tend to lower adaptation on resistant variety than insecticide susceptible-BPH.

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