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FITRAH:Jurnal Kajian Ilmu-ilmu Keislaman
ISSN : 24426997     EISSN : 24602345     DOI : -
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 96 Documents
APLIKASI MURABAHAH DALAM PERBANKAN SYARIAH LUBIS, AMINAH
FITRAH:Jurnal Kajian Ilmu-ilmu Keislaman Vol 2, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : IAIN Padangsidimpuan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (592.846 KB) | DOI: 10.24952/fitrah.v2i2.531

Abstract

Salah satu skim fikih yang populer diterapkan dalam perbankan syariah adalah skim jual beli Murabahah. Murabahah dalam perbankan syariah didefinisikan sebagai pembiayaan yang berbentuk jual beli antara bank dan nasabah dengan cara pembayaran angsuran. Dalam perbankan syariah, ada dua bentuk murabahah yang umumnya dipraktekkan, yakni murabahah modal kerja dan murabahah investasi. Namun, Setiap perbankan Islam mempunyai bentuk jual beli murabahah yang beraneka ragam baik itu murabahah internal, dimana pihak bank membeli barang dan komoditinya dari pasar dalam negri ataupun murabahah eksternal, dimana pihak bank membeli barang dan komoditinya dari luar negri (Import). Praktek murabahah ini sampai kepada delapan bentuk yang mana setiap bank memiliki bentuk yang berbeda dengan bank lain. Penerapan sistem murabahah pada bank-bank Islam pasti memberikan dampak positif  kepada semua pihak yang terkait, baik pihak bank begitu juga dengan pihak nasabah. Akan tetapi dalam praktek operasionalnya sering terjadi beberapa penyimpangan yang biasanya dilakukan oleh oknum pegawai pada beberapa Bank Islam.
PENGEMBANGAN PENDIDIKAN ISLAM DENGAN IMPLIKASI TEKNOLOGI PENDIDIKAN Hasibuan, Nasruddin
FITRAH:Jurnal Kajian Ilmu-ilmu Keislaman Vol 1, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : IAIN Padangsidimpuan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (394.597 KB) | DOI: 10.24952/fitrah.v1i2.313

Abstract

Abstract: This paper aims to determine how the development of Islamic education with implications for educational technology. Writing method uses library research methods. From the discussion, it can be concluded that the development of modern technology or information technology spur a new way of life, of life begins to come to an end, this life is known as e-life, meaning of life has been influenced by a variety of electronic needs. Key Words: Islamic Education, and Education Technology.Abstrak: Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana perkembangan pendidikan Islam dengan implikasi teknologi pendidikan. Metode penulisan menggunakan metode diskusi pustaka. Dari diskusi, dapat disimpulkan bahwa perkembangan teknologi modern atau teknologi informasi memacu suatu cara baru dalam kehidupan, dari dimulainya kehidupan sampai berakhir, kehidupan ini dikenal sebagai elektronik kehidupan, makna hidup telah dipengaruhi oleh berbagai kebutuhan elektronik. Kata Kunci: Pendidikan Islam, dan Teknologi Pendidikan.
STUDI TENTANG PERADILAN SESAT (rechterlijke dwaling) DAN HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN MEMUDARNYA KEPERCAYAAN MASYARAKAT TERHADAP HUKUM Al Amin Siregar, Rahmat Efendy
FITRAH:Jurnal Kajian Ilmu-ilmu Keislaman Vol 8, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : IAIN Padangsidimpuan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (452.65 KB) | DOI: 10.24952/fitrah.v8i1.336

Abstract

Abstract: Finding the material truth is the purpose of proof in criminal procedural law . No provision restricting the evidence the trial court in an effort to seek and maintain the truth , either by the judge , the prosecutor , the defendant and counsel , all bound by the rules and procedures , as well as the assessment of evidence is determined by the law . Perverted justice happens indicate the legal apparatus has not been able to carry out its duties and responsibilities in a professional manner . Implications of justice perverted very detrimental to the innocent victims and make the people do not trust and respect the law.Keywords:, rechterlijke dwaling, supreme court Abstrak : Menemukan kebenaran materiil adalah tujuan pembuktian dalam hukum acara pidana. Tidak ada ketentuan yang membatasi bukti sidang pengadilan dalam upaya untuk mencari dan mempertahankan kebenaran, baik oleh hakim, jaksa, terdakwa dan penasihat, semua terikat oleh aturan dan prosedur, serta penilaian bukti ditentukan oleh hukum. Memutar balikkan keadilan terjadi mengindikasikan aparat hukum belum mampu melaksanakan tugas dan tanggung jawabnya secara profesional. Implikasi keadilan sesat sangat merugikan para korban tak berdosa dan membuat orang tidak percaya dan menghormati hukum.Kata Kunci : Peradilan Sesat,  Mahkamah Agung
ENLIGHTENING ISLAMIC PREACHING: Study on Da`wah of Muhammadiyah in The Contemporary Era TAMPUBOLON, ICHWANSYAH
FITRAH:Jurnal Kajian Ilmu-ilmu Keislaman Vol 2, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : IAIN Padangsidimpuan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (260.089 KB) | DOI: 10.24952/fitrah.v2i2.472

Abstract

The Enlightening Islamic preaching is a new model of da`wah of Muhammadiyah in the contemporary era. Conceptually, in the one side, the Enlightening Islamic preaching can be comprehended as a creative and innovative thought of da`wah. It efforts to integrate interconnectively some dimensions of Islamic principles with Indonesian local wisdoms and universal humanity values in order to reconstruct a new formulation of da`wah.  And, in the other side, it’s also can be seemed as a very progressive and significant movement of da`wah  because it attempts to find the real and smart solutions to some problems of Islamic societies and humanities,  especially in the context of modernization of Indonesian peoples
PEMIKIRAN USHUL FIKIH AL-GHAZÂLÎ TENTANG AL-MASLAHAH AL-MURSALAH (Studi Eksplorasi terhadap Kitab al-Mustashfâ min ‘Ilmi al-Ushûl Karya Al-Ghazâlî) Azwar, Zainal
FITRAH:Jurnal Kajian Ilmu-ilmu Keislaman Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : IAIN Padangsidimpuan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (753.191 KB) | DOI: 10.24952/fitrah.v1i1.327

Abstract

Abstract: Imam al-Ghazali is one of the Shafii’s ushul fiqh figures. As a scholar of fiqh Shafii fiqh, in substance, he has thought of usul fiqh which is in line with the thinking of fiqh imam, al-Shafii. However, in some aspects, he just has a different view, even opposite sect priest; as among about the hujjah of al-Maslahah al-mursalah as a proposition of law. So in this article, will be discussed in depth of thought usul fiqh al-Ghazali about al-Maslahah al-mursalah. The main question that will be answered in this paper is how to shape the thinking of usul fiqh al-Ghazali about al-Maslahah al-mursalah? To find the answer, the authors conducted in-depth study of the book of al-Mustashfâ min Ilmi al-Usul Al-Ghazalis works and other books as sources of supporting data. After reviewing critically and analytically, it can be concluded that according to Al-Ghazali, al Maslahah al mursalah can be used as proof to the requirements of the following requirements; 1. Al Maslahah it in line with the types of actions Personality / establishment of Islamic law. 2. Al Maslahah it should be al maslahah al Daruriyah or hajjiyah who occupies a position dharuriyah. Keyword: al-Maslahah al-Mursalah, Imam Al-Ghazali, Ushul Fiqh. Abstrak: Imam al-Ghazali adalah salah satu tokoh Syafii ushul fiqh. Sebagai seorang sarjana fiqh Syafii fiqh, secara substansi, dia telah memikirkan ushul fiqh yang sejalan dengan pemikiran imam fiqh al-Syafii. Namun, dalam beberapa aspek, ia hanya memiliki pandangan yang berbeda, bahkan berlawanan imam mazhab; sebagai salah tentang hujjah al-Maslahah al-mursalah sebagai dalil hukum. Jadi dalam artikel ini, akan dibahas secara mendalam pemikiran ushul fiqh al-Ghazali tentang al-Maslahah al-mursalah. Pertanyaan utama yang akan dijawab dalam makalah ini adalah bagaimana bentuk pemikiran ushul fiqh al-Ghazali tentang al-Maslahah al-mursalah? Untuk menemukan jawabannya, penulis melakukan penelitian secara mendalam tentang kitab al-Mustashfâ min karya Ilmi al-Ushul Al-Ghazali dan buku lainnya sebagai sumber data pendukung. Setelah meninjau secara kritis dan analitis, dapat disimpulkan bahwa menurut Al-Ghazali: 1. al Maslahah al mursalah dapat digunakan sebagai bukti untuk persyaratan persyaratan sebagai berikut. Al Maslahah itu sejalan dengan jenis tindakan syara pembentukan hukum Islam. 2. Al Maslahah itu harus al maslahah al Daruriyyat al Hajjah yang menempati posisi dharuriyat. Kata Kunci: al-Maslahah al-Mursalah, Imam Al-Ghazali, Ushul Fiqh
ANALISIS BUDAYA HUKUM DAN DIMENSI HUKUM JAKSA DAN ADVOKAD HALOMOAN, PUTRA
FITRAH:Jurnal Kajian Ilmu-ilmu Keislaman Vol 3, No 2 (2017): 7 Articles, Pages 227-352
Publisher : IAIN Padangsidimpuan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (571.166 KB) | DOI: 10.24952/fitrah.v3i2.773

Abstract

This article is about an analysis of cultural law in dimension for legal profession about the prosecutor and advocacy. The dimension of law in a prosecutor in accordance with applicable regulations. Indonesian Prosecutors Institution is Government Institution which is implementing the state power in the field of prosecutions and authorizes another based on undang-undang, it has the authorities in law enforcement and justice. Referring to Undang-undang number 16 on the year 2004 about the Indonesian prosecutors' institution, it is as one law enforcement agencies that are required to have a greater role in enforcing the rule of law, protection of general interest, upholding human rights, and eradicating corruption, collusion, and nepotism. Then, an Advocate is free, independent, and responsible profession in enforcing a law, so it should be guaranteed and protected by the state through Undang-undang by the implementation of maintaining the supremacy of justice. An Indonesian advocate must be able to aware of the need to give and legal aid for those who need it in non-discrimination without seeing the differences of religion, trust, tribes, political beliefs, and social position
ETHICAL PROBLEMS RELATED TO LANGUAGE PRACTICE IN ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE PURBA, HAPPY SRI REZEKI
FITRAH:Jurnal Kajian Ilmu-ilmu Keislaman Vol 3, No 1 (2017): 11 Articles, Pages 1-226
Publisher : IAIN Padangsidimpuan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (761.093 KB) | DOI: 10.24952/fitrah.v3i1.631

Abstract

In this recent year, the problems that related to Ethical aspect increased significantly including in Language Practice. But ethical aspects are not always clear cut; there are many grey areas that need to be threaded with care by organ religions approach. The writer believes that it is important to understand the ethical problem related to language from Islamic Perspective. Because Islam is the truly faith that can answer all of human’s problem. This article aims, first, to identify and classify ethical problems related to language practices and second, to explain the Islamic perspective of ethic including in language practice. The theory of ethics in general and in Islamic perspective also appeared to support the content of this article. Furthermore, the writer hopes that this article can be useful for people who want to study about language practice and ethical problem in Islamic perspective especially
KEBIASAAN (`ADAH) DALAM PERPEKTIF HUKUM ISLAM Siregar, Ramadhan Syahmedi
FITRAH:Jurnal Kajian Ilmu-ilmu Keislaman Vol 1, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : IAIN Padangsidimpuan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (637.793 KB) | DOI: 10.24952/fitrah.v1i2.318

Abstract

Abstract: Islamic law looked a habit (`adah) is a very important part for the development of Islamic law. Since applying toxicity is an urgent sub of worship in Islam. One thing that is not realized, that the habit can form a significant legal and able to answer the question of life and human life as well as a spectacular rituals and in line with local preferences.Keywords: Habits (`adat), Law, Islam, Worship. Abstrak: Hukum Islam memandang suatu kebiasaan (`adah) merupakan bagian yang amat penting bagi perkembangan hukum Islam. Karena mengaplikasikan kebisaan adalah satu sub dari ibadah yang urgen dalam Islam. Suatu hal yang tidak disadari, bahwa kebiasaan dapat membentuk sebuah hukum yang signifikan dan mampu menjawab persoalan hidup dan kehidupan manusia sekaligus menjadi ritual ibadah yang spektakuler dan searah dengan keinginan masyarakat setempat.Kata Kunci: Kebiasaan (`adah), Hukum, Islam, Ibadah.
Akulturasi Budaya Islam – Kristen dalam Meujudkan Kerukunan AG, Hamdani
FITRAH:Jurnal Kajian Ilmu-ilmu Keislaman Vol 2, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : IAIN Padangsidimpuan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (271.765 KB) | DOI: 10.24952/fitrah.v2i2.476

Abstract

Acculturation is a process of change (integration) between culture and psychology as a result of relationship of two or more cultural groups within the members of their culture. Acculturation allows the birth of a new cultural diversity that can be accepted by all members of multiethnic communities, not least the cultural heritage of certain ethnic, creativity or initiative outcomes and culture coming from the outside. Acculturation is able to knit the harmonization of social and religious harmony among multireligious society, based on mutual respect and respecting others. Because of acculturation integrate all cultural subcultures such as customs, traditions, language, art, values and norms, education and livelihood, except the matter of aqidah (faith) that impossible to be acculturated. Subdistrict Community Besitang, Langkat, and North Sumatra comprising Malays, Javanese, Acehnese and Minangkabau Muslim and Karo and Batak Christians have managed to reach the level of the most successful acculturation. Muslim and Christian leaders, as well Muspika Harmony Forum (FKUB) highly committed local creating a harmonious atmosphere and religious harmony in the community, through the cultural approach to all ethnic groups. This proved able to create a safe atmosphere, peace, and harmony without social conflict in the middle of the multiethnic and multireligious society.
KAJIAN SOSIOLOGIS TENTANG PENGARUH SISTEM SOSIAL BUDAYA DALAM KEHIDUPAN BERMASYARAKAT Fata, Nahriyah
FITRAH:Jurnal Kajian Ilmu-ilmu Keislaman Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : IAIN Padangsidimpuan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (430.683 KB) | DOI: 10.24952/fitrah.v1i1.332

Abstract

Abstract: Focus of study in this simple inscription about various sosial environment which can effect the grouth of motivation and success of studies in children and adolescents, both of them can get effect easily from Sosial environment where they are growth. Basically, there are effects which support and hamper and both of them will be discussed by explaining the role that is expected of environment which are revealed in the behaviour patterns of individual. As for the environment are the focus of this paper are family, Friend, School which will be explained by sociological approach especially the concept about the role children’s interaction and adolecents with their environments. Sometimes because of parents’ bussiness or lack of knowledge and limitation time for gathering with children and adolescents’ it caused the role of this environment tends to ignored. So, through this simple inscription is expected focus introduction that environment gives direction for educators/ teachers and minimalized the negative effect or something which can humper motivating their successful in studying .Keywords: Environment, Sociology. Abstrak: Fokus kajian dalam tulisan sederhana ini tentang berbagai lingkungan sosial yang dapat mempengaruhi pertumbuhan motivasi dan keberhasilan studi pada anak-anak dan remaja, keduanya bisa mendapatkan efek dengan mudah dari lingkungan Sosial di mana mereka tumbuh. Pada dasarnya, ada efek yang mendukung dan menghambat dan keduanya akan dibahas dengan menjelaskan peran yang diharapkan dari lingkungan yang terungkap dalam pola perilaku individu. Adapun lingkungan adalah fokus dari makalah ini keluarga, teman, sekolah yang akan dijelaskan dengan pendekatan sosiologis terutama konsep tentang interaksi dan remaja anak-anak peran dengan lingkungan mereka. Kadang-kadang karena bisnis atau kurangnya pengetahuan dan keterbatasan waktu untuk berkumpul dengan anak-anak dan remaja orang tua itu disebabkan peran lingkungan ini cenderung diabaikan. Jadi, melalui tulisan sederhana ini diharapkan pengenalan fokus bahwa lingkungan memberikan arah bagi pendidik / guru dan meminimalkan efek negatif atau sesuatu yang dapat humper memotivasi sukses mereka dalam belajar.Kata Kunci: Lingkungan, Sosiologi

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