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ARKESMAS [Arsip Kesehatan Masyarakat]
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FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEHAMILAN PADA USIA REMAJ DI PUSKESMAS CIPUTAT KOTA TANGERANG SELATAHUN 2014 Sari, Danita
ARKESMAS [Arsip Kesehatan Masyarakat] Vol 1 No 1 (2016)
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ABSTRACTAdolescence pregnancy has a fairly high medical risk, because the reproductive adolescent has not mature enough to perform its function yet. Some of the factors that associated to adolescent pregnancy. Comunity Care Services Adolescent Program (PKPR) is a health care program foradolescents. Ciputat Community Health Center is one of the organizers of the program PKPRlocated in South Tangerang. The number of cases of teenage pregnancy showed an upward trendevery year, so it is necessary to investigate the factors.This study used a cross-sectional design with quantitative and qualitative approaches. Datacollection was conducted using a questionnaire for respondents with open and closed questions.The population in this study were teenagers who visit the PKPR clinic. Samples were teenagers whoutilized the PKPR program at Ciputat Community Health Center as many as 100 people. Statisticalanalysis used were univariate to determine the frequency and percentage distribution of eachvariable, bivariate analysis to see the relationship between each independent and dependentvariable, and multivariate analysis to find the the most significantly associated factors.Thevariables in this study were age, education, employment status, marital status, parental roles, sexeducation, reproductive health knowledge, access to information technology, and PKPR programservices.The results showed that from 100 respondents were mostly adolescents of ? 18 years (73.0%),high school graduation (59.0%), unemployed (72.0%), unmarried (57.0%), having parentalinfluence (58.0%), good sex education (55.0%), reproductive health knowledge of the respondentswas approximately 66.0%, access to information was 79.0%, PKPR program services were 57.0%.Statistical analysis of this study found that there were significant relationship (p <0.05) between age, marital status, knowledge of sex, reproductive health knowledge, access to information, and PKPR program with teenage pregnancy at Ciputat Community Health Center. Whereas, there wereno significant of relationship variables: employment, education and parental influence. Multivariate analysis showed that the associated factors with teenage pregnancy was thePKPR Program with OR 5.840, which means that the respondents who understood PKPR tendednot to be pregnant as many as 5.840 times of those who did not. It was suggested that the CiputatCommunity Health Center improve socialization of PKPR Program for teens, increasing thefrequency of service to more than 3 times a week. Counseling room of PKPR was to be separatedfrom any other service and made as comfortable as possible, so that privacy of the clients wasmaintained. Improving collaboration across sectors were needed to have more schools joined theprogram.ABSTRAKKehamilan pada masa usia remaja mempunyai risiko medis yang cukup tinggi karena pada masa remaja alat reproduksi belum cukup matang untuk melakukan fungsinya. Ada beberapafaktor yang menyebabkan kehamilan pada usia remaja. PKPR (Pelayanan Kesehatan PeduliRemaja) merupakan program layanan kesehatan bagi remaja. Puskesmas Ciputat merupakansalah satu penyelenggara program PKPR yang terletak di Kota Tangerang Selatan. Jumlah kasuskehamilan pada usia remaja menunjukkan kecenderungan yang meningkat setiap tahunnyasehingga perlu dilakukan penelitian untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor penyebabnya.Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross sectional dengan pendekatan kuantitatif dankualitatif. Pengumpulan data dilakukan menggunakan kuesioner dengan pertanyaan terbukadan tertutup. Populasi pada penelitian ini adalah seluruh remaja yang berkunjung di klinikPKPR.Sampel adalah remaja yang memanfaatkan program PKPR di Puskesmas Ciputatsejumlah 100 orang. Uji statistik dilakukan dengan analisis univariat untuk mengetahuidistribusi frekuensi dan persentase dari tiap variabel, analisis bivariat untuk melihat hubunganantara masing-masing variabel independen dan dependen, analisis multivariat untuk mencarifaktor-faktor yang paling berhubungan secara signifikan. Variabel pada penelitian ini adalahumur, pendidikan, status pekerjaan, status perkawinan, peran orang tua, pengetahuan seks,pengetahuan kesehatan reproduksi, akses terhadap media informasi, dan program PKPR.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dari 100 orang responden kebanyakan adalah remajausia <18 tahun (73,0 %), pendidikan SMA (59,0%), tidak bekerja (72,0%), tidak menikah (57,0%),pengaruh orang tua kurang (58,0%), pengetahuan seks baik (55,0%), pengetahuan kesehatanreproduksi kurang (66,0%), akses terhadap informasi baik (79,0%), serta pelayanan programPKPR kurang (57,0%). Setelah dilakukan analisis statistik diketahui bahwa ada hubungan yangsignifikan (p<0,05) antara umur, status pernikahan, pengetahuan terhadap seks, pengetahuankesehatan reproduksi, akses informasi, dan pengetahuan PKPR dengan kehamilan pada usiaremaja di Puskesmas Ciputat. Adapun variabel yang tidak ada hubungan adalah pekerjaan,pendidikan, dan pengaruh orang tua.Hasil analisis multivariat menunjukkan bahwa faktor yang paling berhubungan dengankehamilan pada usia remaja adalah Program PKPR dengan nilai OR 5,840 yang berarti bahwaresponden yang memahami PKPR cenderung untuk tidak hamil 5,840 kali. Disarankan kepadapuskesmas untuk meningkatkan sosialisasi program PKPR kepada remaja, meningkatkanfrekuensi layanan, ruangan konseling PKPR dibuat terpisah dari layanan lainnya dan dibuatsenyaman mungkin agar privasi remaja tetap terjaga, meningkatkan kerjasama lintas sektorkarena hingga saat penelitian ini dibuat masih sangat terbatas sekolah yang sudah bekerja sama. 
HUBUNGAN AKSES PELAYANAN KESEHATAN DENGAN KEMATIAN NEONATAL DINI Suraya, Izza; Meilani, Mira; Mariance, Octavia
ARKESMAS [Arsip Kesehatan Masyarakat] Vol 1 No 1 (2016)
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Infant mortality rate is one of indicator to evaluate health care in one country. Based on Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey in 2007, a number of 93 % pregnant woman had gotAnte Natal Care during their pregnancy and 73 % of them had helped with skilled birth attedancewhen their delivery time. However, early neonatal mortality rate has been decreased in Indonesia.Therefore, this study purpose to analyze the relationship between access to health care and earlyneonatal mortality rate through Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey in year 2007. It isuse cross sectional as its design of the study. With logistic reggresion as an analytical method,this study control its confounding such as gender of babies, birth weight, mother?s age, mother?soccupation status, abortion history, parity, complication during pregancy, place of delivery, wealthindex, and place of living. The result showed thatthere was no significant relationship betweenaccess to health care and early neonatal mortality, the adjusted odds ratio was 0.42 (95 % CI;0.11 ? 1.64). However, early neonatal mortality can be reduced through adequate antenatal careand increasing health facilities during delivery. 
PENGETAHUAN IBU TENTANG PEMBERIAN ASI EKSKLUSIF DI DESA BOJONG, KARANG TENGAH, CIANJUR Asiah, Nur
ARKESMAS [Arsip Kesehatan Masyarakat] Vol 1 No 1 (2016)
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One effort to reduce child mortality and improve maternal health in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in 2015, exclusive breastfeeding needs to be improved. WHO (2009)stated that approximately 15% of the total cases of deaths in children under the age of five indeveloping countries are caused by non-exclusive breastfeeding. The study was conducted in orderto understand the importance of the mother of his baby exclusive breastfeeding. This study wasdescriptive cross-sectional design, the population is mothers who have babies 7 -12 months inKarang Tengah District Bojong village, Cianjur, West Java in 2015 as many as 235 mothers andtotal population sample of 235 people who meet the inclusion criteria, namely mother who havechildren aged 7-24 months and are willing to become respondents, settled in Bojong village ofKarang Tengah District Cianjur, and be a participant in the region tersebut research indicatesthat more respondents had low knowledge (70.6%) of Exclusive breastfeeding. Mothers age mostare in the 20-35 year group (77%), education Mother most in the low category is Not The EndElementary School, Graduate from elementary school and junior high school Graduate (79%).Mother most is Not Working (86%). Thus, efforts are needed to increase knowledge of motherson exclusive breastfeeding through education, training, focus group discussion (FGD) and others.Keywords: Knowledge mother, breastfeeding, exclusive breastfeedingABSTRAKSalah satu upaya mengurangi tingkat kematian anak dan meningkatkan kesehatan ibu dalam pencapaian tujuan Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) 2015, maka pemberian ASIeksklusif perlu ditingkatkan. WHO (2009) menyatakan sekitar 15% dari total kasus kematiananak di bawah usia lima tahun di negara berkembang disebabkan oleh pemberian ASI tidakeksklusif. Penelitian dilakukan agar ibu paham akan pentingnya ASI Ekslusif terhadap bayinya.Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif dengan disain crosssectional, populasi adalah ibu-ibu yangmemiliki bayi 7 ?12 bulan di Desa Bojong Kecamatan Karang Tengah, Kabupaten Cianjur, JawaBarat 2015 sebanyak 235 ibu dan sampel penelitianadalah total populasi berjumlah 235 orangyang memenuhi criteria inklusi yaitu ibu yang memiliki balita yang berusia 7-24 bulan danbersedia jadi responden, menetap di Desa Bojong Kecamatan Karang Tengah Kabupaten Cianjur,dan menjadi peserta posyandu di wilayah tersebut.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa lebihbanyak responden memiliki pengetahuan yang rendah (70,6%) tentang pemberian ASI Eksklusif.umur Ibu yang paling banyak berada di kelompok 20--35 Tahun (77 %), pendidikan Ibu palingbanyak dalam kategori rendah yaitu Tidak Tamat SD, Tamat SD, dan Tamat SMP (79%). Ibupaling banyak adalah Tidak Bekerja (86%).Dengan demikian perlu adanya upaya peningkatan pengetahuan ibu mengenai pemberian ASI eksklusif melalui penyuluhan, pelatihan, focus group discussion (FGD) dan lain-lain.Kata kunci: Pengetahuan ibu, ASI Ekslusif, Pemberian ASI eksklusif
KONTAMINASI BAKTERI ESCHERICIA COLI PADA MAKANAN DAN MINUMAN PENJUAL JAJANAN DI LINGKUNGAN PENDIDIKAN MUHAMMADIYAH LIMAU, JAKARTA SELATAN Rahmani, Nani; Handayani, Sarah
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ABSTRACTBacteria commonly used as an indicator of microbiological food is Escherichia coli (E. coli). Standardization from Ministry of Health requires that E. coli in food should be zero per gram offood. The purpose of this study was to find the E. coli bacterial contamination in food and beverageon food vendors on educational environments Muhammadiyah Limau, South Jakarta Year 2015.This study used an analytical method with cross-sectional study design. To see the relationshipbetween the characteristics handlers, food and beverage handling and sanitation facilities with E.coli bacteria contamination in 37 (total) samples in the area of research. The results of this study showed E. coli contamination in food and beverage snacks in educationalenvironments Muhammadiyah Lemons, South Jakarta. Snack foods which contaminated were 15samples (48,4%) and which were not 16 samples (51,6 %). Contamination on drinks were twosamples (33.3 %) and the amount of 4 samples (66.7 %).Statistical analysis showed that the variables have a relationship of variable storage of food,cooking processing, and sanitary facilities. Variables which unrelated were gender, education,knowledge, behavior, and choice of materials, processing, food and beverage presentation.Multivariate logistic regression analysis proved the material was the most powerful predictor ofsanitation facilities, meaning that poor sanitation increase the risk of E. coli contamination of8.685 (95% CI: 1.376 to 35.968). Health Officer South Jakarta should disseminate the standard of hygiene in collaboration with Fikes UHAMKA to food vendor on food processing to avoid the impact of contamination of E.coli health.ABSTRAKBakteri yang biasa digunakan sebagai indikator mikrobiologis makanan adalah Escherichia coli (E.coli). Keputusan Menteri Kesehatan mensyaratkan bahwa bakteri E. coli dalam makananharus 0 per gram makanan. Tujuan penelitian ini ialah mengetahui kontaminasi bakteri E. colipada makanan dan minuman penjual jajanan di lingkungan pendidikan Muhammadiyah Limau,Jakarta Selatan Tahun 2015. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode yang bersifat analitik dengandesain penelitian cross sectional. Untuk melihat hubungan antara karakteristik penjamah,penanganan makanan dan minuman serta fasilitas sanitasi dengan kontaminasi bakteri E. colidengan 37 (total) pedagang yang berjualan di wilayah penelitian.Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan adanya kontaminasibakteri E. coli pada makanan danminuman jajanan di lingkungan pendidikan Muhammadiyah Limau, Jakarta Selatan. Makananjajanan yang tidak memenuhi syarat berjumlah 15 sampel (48,4%) dan yang memenuhi syaratberjumlah 16 sampel (51,6%). Minuman jajanan yang tidak memenuhi syarat berjumlah 2sampel (33,3%) dan yang memenuhi syarat berjumlah 4 sampel (66,7%). Hasil uji statistik menunjukkan variabel yang memiliki hubungan yaitu variabel penyimpanan makanan dan minuman masak dan fasilitas sanitasi. Variabel yang tidakberhubungan yaitu jenis kelamin, pendidikan, pengetahuan, perilaku serta pemilihan bahan,pengolahan makanan dan minuman, penyajian makanan dan minuman. Analisis multivariatdengan regresi logistik membuktikan bahan prediktor yang paling kuat adalah fasilitas sanitasi,artinya sanitasi yang kurang baik berisiko meningkatkan kontaminasi E.coli 8,685 kali (95% CI:1,376 ? 35,968).Perlu ada sosialisasi yang dilakukan oleh Dinas Kesehatan Jakarta Selatan bekerjasama dengan FIKES UHAMKA kepada pedangan makanan tentang pengolahan makanan agar terhindar dari pencemaran E.coli yang membahayakan kesehatan. 
MEROKOK PINTU MASUK UNTUK PENYALAHGUNAAN NARKOBA JENIS GANJA Astuti, Nurul Huriah
ARKESMAS [Arsip Kesehatan Masyarakat] Vol 1 No 1 (2016)
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ABSTRACTPrevalence of drug abuse among students globally and in Indonesia is quite high One type of commonly abused drug is marijuana. Various studies have shown a strong correlation betweenmarijuana with cigarettes smoking. In fact , the rate of cigarettes smoking in Indonesia is quitehigh. In theory the relationship between smoking and illicit drug, marijuana, showed that from three existing theory: first, the gateway theory (GW); second, the common liability theory (CL),dan route of administration theory (ROA); two theories, GW theory dan ROA theory, suggested alink between smoking and marijuana. From these conditions, it is expected that the various parties,as government, NGOs , community, schools and colleges should move to do a variety of preventionand control of smoking , particularly among school children/students .Keywords: Smoking, drug abuse, marijuanaABSTRAKPrevalensi penyalahgunaan narkobadi kalangan pelajar secara global maupun di Indonesia cukup tinggi. Salah satu jenis narkoba yang biasa disalahgunakan adalah ganja. Berbagaipenelitian menunjukkan ada hubungan yang kuat antara penyalahgunaan narkoba jenis ganjadengan kebiasaan merokok. Padahal, angka merokok pada masyarakat, termasuk pelajar/mahasiswa di Indonesia cukup tinggi. Secara teori hubungan antara kebiasaan merokok dengannarkoba jenis ganja menunjukkan bahwa dari tiga teori yang ada, yaitu teori the gateway(GW), teori the common liability (CL), dan teori route of administration (ROA), dua teori, yaituteori GW dan ROA, menyatakan adanya hubungan kuat antara kebiasaan merokok dengan menyalahgunakan narkoba jenis ganja. Dari kondisi tersebut, diharapkan berbagai pihak dari pemerintah, LSM, masyarakat umum, sampai pihak sekolah dan perguruan tinggi selayaknyabergerak untuk melakukan berbagai upaya pencegahan dan penanggulangan merokok,khususnya di kalangan pelajar/mahasiswa.Kata kunci: merokok, narkoba, ganja
HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN DAN PERCAYA DIRI PADA ORANG DENGAN HIV/AIDS (ODHA) DENGAN KEIKUTSERTAAN PELATIHAN BERKALA KELOMPOK DUKUNGAN SEBAYA Mardhiati, Retno
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ABSTRACTPeople with HIV need support of people in the vicinity. The purpose of this study is to prove the existence of a relationship of knowledge and confidence in people with hiv / aids (PLHIV) with theparticipation of periodic training peer support groups.This study is an observational study witha cross sectional approach. Cluster Sampling method was used in this research. Sampling wasbegun with randomly selecting 10 provinces and then randomly selecting the districts. Provinceswere randomly selected in this study are North Sumatera, West Java, DKI Jakarta, East Java, WestKalimantan, South Sulawesi, Bali, NTB, NTT, and Papua. The number of samples of this study were2015 people with HIV. Questionnaire used as an instrument Quantitative data were analyzed byunivariate and bivariate comparison of proportions for analysis. The results of quatitative studyshowed that people with HIV received training had 3,2 times more confidence than people withHIV did not get training (95% CI 2,723 to 3,935). People with HIV who received training had 9,4times more likely to have better knowledge than people with HIV who did not get training (95%CI 6,430 to 13,869).Keywords : PLWHA, peer group, HIVABSTRAKOdha membutuhkan dukungan orang-orang di sekitarnya. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah membuktikan adanya hubungan pengetahuan dan percaya diri pada orang dengan hiv/aids(odha) dengan keikutsertaan pelatihan berkala kelompok dukungan sebaya. Studi ini adalahstudi observasional dengn pendekatan potong lintang. Metode sampling kluster diterapkan padastudi ini. Pengambilan sampel dimulai dengan melakukan seleksi secara random 10 provinsi di Indonesia dan kemudian dilakukan seleksi random pada kabupaten. Provinsi terpilih adalah Sumatera Utara, Jawa barat, DKI Jakarta, Jawa Timur, Kalimantan Barat, Sulawesi Selatan, Bali,NTB, NTT, dan Papua. Sampel pada penelitian ini adalah 2015 orang dengan HIV. Kuesionerdigunakan sebagai instrumen pada studi yang dianalisis baik secara univariat maupun bivariatdengan membandingkan proporsi pada saat analisis. Hasil studi ini menunjukkan bahwa orangdengan HIV yang menerima pelatihan 3,2 kali lebih percaya diri daripada orang dengan HIVyang tidak mendapatkan training (CI 95% 2,273 ? 3,935). Selain itu, orang dengan HIV yangmenerima pelatihan 9,4 kali lebih baik pengetahuannya daripada orang dengan HIV yang tidakmenerima pelatihan (95% CI 6,430 ? 13,869).Kata kunci: Odha, KDS, HIV
HUBUNGAN FAKTOR INTERNAL DAN FAKTOR EKSTERNAL KARYAWAN DENGAN KELELAHAN KERJA PADA KARYAWAN LAUNDRY GARMENT DI BAGIAN PRODUKSI CV. SINERGIE LAUNDRY JAKARTA BARAT TAHUN 2013 UHAMKA, Sartono; UHAMKA, Martaferry; UHAMKA, Winaresmi
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ABSTRACTAlmost every year as many as 2 million workers died from workplace accidents are caused by work fatigue factors). In Indonesia, every day an average of 414 workplace accidents due to fatigue27.8% is quite high approximately 9.5% or 39 people experiencing disability. Industrial washingjeans is one part of the textile industry and is engaged in the laundering and discoloration. Fatigueoccurs because workers are often faced with a workload that is as diverse as the target resolutionof the work to be timely. Thus the need to know the relationship of internal factors and externalfactors of employees with job burn out of employees in the production of laundry garment LaundryCV Sinergie West Jakarta in 2013. The study was conducted in laundry CV Sinergie located in Jalan Pos Pengumben No. 12 KebonJeruk, West Jakarta. The timing of this study from March 2013 until October 2013. It was startedwith preparing a research proposal to the seminar results. This study used a cross sectional design.The study population was all employees CV Sinergie Laundry in the production of as many as 74people. Determination of the number of samples used saturated sampling method.The analysistechnique used is the analysis of univariate and research bivariat. The results of analysis showed70.6% of employees experience fatigue high category, employees with older age (?35 years)52.7%, long working life (> 5 years) 58.1% , poor nutrition status / underweight 59.5%, 70.3%marital status, mental workload low category 62.2%, smoking 85.1%, 55.4% breakfast habits,the condition of the building uncomfortable 66.2%. There is a relationship between age (pvalue0.000), marital status (pvalue 0.034), mental workload (pvalue 0.036), smoking (pvalue 0,000),breakfast habit (pvalue 0.016), the condition of buildings (pvalue 0,033) with work fatigue. No relationship between tenure (pvalue 0.250), nutritional status / IMT (pvalue 0.798) with work fatigue so that interventions can be expected were the entrepreneur can apply a more ergonomicway of working, doing job rotation more often, not too often provide overtime work and providefor their employees wheeler cart.Keywords: employees, fatigue, occupational risk ABSTRAKHampir setiap tahun sebanyak 2 juta pekerja meninggal dunia karena kecelakaan kerja yang disebabkan oleh faktor kelelahan kerja. Di Indonesia setiap hari rata-rata terjadi 414 kecelakaankerja, 27,8% disebabkan kelelahan yang cukup tinggi dan lebih kurang 9,5% atau 39 orangmengalami cacat. Industri pencucian jeans merupakan salah satu bagian dari industri tekstil dan bergerak di bidang pencucian dan pelunturan warna. Kelelahan terjadi karena pekerja sering dihadapkan pada beban kerja yang beragam seperti target penyelesaian pekerjaan yangharus tepat waktu. Dengan demikian perlu diketahui adanya hubungan faktor internal danfaktor eksternal karyawan dengan kelelahan kerja pada karyawan garment laundry di bagianproduksi CV Sinergie Laundry Jakarta Barat tahun 2013. Penelitian dilakukan di CV Sinergie Laundry yang berada di Jalan Pos Pengumben No. 12Kebon Jeruk Jakarta Barat. Waktu pelaksanaan penelitian ini mulai bulan Maret 2013 sampaidengan bulan Oktober 2013. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode cross sectional. Populasipenelitian adalah seluruh karyawan CV Sinergie Laundry di bagian produksi sebanyak 74orang. Penentuan jumlah sampel menggunakan metode sampling jenuh. Teknik analisis yangdigunakan yaitu analisis univariat dan analisis bivariat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan 70,6%karyawan mengalami kelelahan kategori tinggi, karyawan dengan umur tua (?35 tahun) 52,7%,masa kerja lama (>5 tahun) 58,1%, status gizi kurang baik/kurus 59,5%, status kawin 70,3%,beban kerja mental dengan kategori rendah 62,2%, kebiasaan merokok 85,1%, kebiasaan tidaksarapan 55,4%, dan kondisi bangunan gedung tidak nyaman 66,2%. Terdapat hubungan antaraumur (p-value 0,000), status perkawinan (p-value0,034), beban kerja mental (p-value 0,036),kebiasaan merokok (p-value 0,000), kebiasaan sarapan (p-value 0,016), kondisi bangunangedung (p-value 0,033) dengan kelelahan kerja.Tidak ada hubungan antara masa kerja (p-value0,250), status gizi/IMT (p-value 0,798) dengan kelelahan kerja. Intervensi yang bisa diharapkanadalah pengusaha dapat menerapkan cara kerja yang lebih ergonomis, melakukan rotasi kerjalebih sering, jangan terlalu sering memberikan kerja lembur, dan menyediakan troli berodabagi karyawan.Kata kunci: karyawan, kelelahan, risiko kerja
DUKUNGAN PEROKOK DAN BUKAN PEROKOK TERHADAP KEBIJAKAN PENGENDALIAN TEMBAKAU DI KOTA DENPASAR DAN YOGYAKARTA Mardhiati, Retno; Fatimah, Nisma; Andayani, Novi
ARKESMAS [Arsip Kesehatan Masyarakat] Vol 1 No 2 (2016)
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Introduction. The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), which was initiated by WHO isthe initial movement of protection for people who do not smoke. Support for tobacco control policies inBali and Yogyakarta is given not only by the people of nonsmokers but also by the people who have thesmoking behavior.Methods. This study was a survey poll with sample of 128 respondents from Denpasar and Yogyakarta.Respondents were selected using cluster sampling technique. Data collected by interviewing respondentsaged 15-50 years. The instrument of collecting data was questionnaire. Data collection was conductedfrom May to June 2013. The analysis used comparative of the proportion of smokers and non-smokerssupport for tobacco control policies.Result.: Characteristics of respondents in Denpasar, most of them were not smoking (57.5%) while mostof respondents in the city of Yogyakarta were smoking (54.2%). The comparison in Denpasar showedsupport from smokers (97.1%) and non-smokers (97.8%) were same in supporting the implementation ofthe ban on smoking in public places and bounded workspace. The ban of smoking in public transport andshopping malls were more supported by non-smokers (97.8%) than smokers (79.4%). In Yogyakarta, nonsmokers support the implementation of legislation to ban smoking in public places and boundedworkspace (100%), at shopping centers and public transportation (95.5%). Than smokers in Denpasarand Yogyakarta are provide supporting respectively, 94.1% and 84.6% supporting regulation pictorialwarnings on all tobacco product packaging, 85.3% and 88.5% supporting regulation for warning thedangers of smoking on the outer packaging of cigarettes, 79.4% and 72% support a ban regulationscoloring, logos on cigarette packs, only 44.1% and 53.8% supported a ban on using labels flavors suchas menthol, chocolate and coffee flavor.Conclusions. Support for smoking control regulations given by smoker or non-smoker respondents inDenpasar and Yogyakarta. There should be a continuous effort by planned and provide health educationabout dangers of smoking and exposure of cigarette smoke in all society.
HUBUNGAN KARAKTERISTIK DAN KONSUMSI MAKANAN KARIOGENIK DENGAN KEJADIAN KARIES GIGI PADA SISWA UMUR 1112 TAHUN DI SEKOLAH DASAR NEGERI TERPILIH WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS TAKTAKAN KOTA SERANG Novianus, Cornelis
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Relationships Characteristics and Cariogenic Food Consumption Behavior With Dental Caries Incidence at Students Aged 11?12 Years Selected The State Elementary School In The Puskesmas Taktakan Working Area Serang City 2015Introduction. Dental caries is one of the teeth and mouth disease that many experienced particularly byprimary school children. The incidence of dental caries in children is measured through Decayed,Missing, Filled Teeth (DMFT) index. Dental cariesis closely related to elementary school children in thehabit cariogenic foods consumption. In Serang City, the number of students who suffer from dental carieshighest in the Puskesmas Taktakan working area. Objective. This study aimed to determine the relationship of students characteristics and cariogenic foodconsumption behavior with dental caries incidence. Including characteristics (gender, pocket money,salivary pH), student behavior (knowledge, attitude, cariogenic food consumption, tooth brushing habit,tooth brushing method) Methods. This research was conducted with a quantitative approach to the cross sectional design. The population of the study were students aged 11?12 yers from the State Elementar Scholl in The PuskesmasTaktakan area, Serang City. The sample selected by cluster random sampling techniques were 140students. Results. The variable that have significant relationship with the dental caries incidence are pocketmoney, attitude, cariogenic food consumption, tooth brushing habits, tooth brushing method. Meanwhile,variables that do not have a significant relationship with the dental caries is incidence is knowledge,gender, salivary pH. The most dominant factor is cariogenic food consumption variable associated withthe dental caries incidence.Conclusion. Foods that are cariogenic can damage the students teeth, so students are not eatingcariogenic food and can bring food that is not too sweet and sticky, if students who want to eat sweet andsticky foods should find the right time to eat and immediately brushed teeth because cariogenic foods can become acidic within 20?30 minutes. 
PENGGUNAAN BORAKS PADA SAMPEL BAKSO OLEH PEDAGANG BAKSO DI KECAMATAN KEBAYORAN BARU, JAKARTA SELATAN Linda, Ony; Rachmawati, Erna; Handayani, Sarah
ARKESMAS [Arsip Kesehatan Masyarakat] Vol 1 No 2 (2016)
Publisher : UHAMKA Press

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The Use of Borax on Meatball Samples by Meatballs Traders in Kebayoran Baru Sub Distrik, South Jakarta Introduction. Borax is not an additional food category. Therefore, meatballs containing borax are notsafe for consumption. This study aims to determine borax content in meatballs by meatball traders whosell in the district of Kebayoran Baru, South Jakarta. The study also identified variables related to boraxuse.Methods. The type of this research is quantitative analysis with cross sectional approach. Samples takenin the form of meatballs and traders who make and sell their own meatballs permanently in the DistrictKebayoran Baru. Total samples are 56 people. Data collection was conducted from February to August2015. The results of the measurement of borax content were analyzed in a laboratory. Bivariate analysisuse Chi Square test.Results. The results showed that the positive traders used the borax of 28.6%, low education level(73.2%), knowledgeable (55.4%), long trading had more than 17 years (91.1%), had a positive attitudetoward Borax (62.5%), have good motivation (57.1%), have positive perception on regulation (58,9%),have easy to get borax (53,6%), have influence of weak friend including good (58, 9%). The result of chisquaretest showed that the variables that have statistical correlation with borax usage are education,knowledge, motivation, trader's perception on the regulation, ease of obtaining materials, and guidanceand supervision.Conclusion. This research concludes that knowledge and low education become one of the causes oftraders still use borax in their meatballs. It also was influenced by low coaching and supervision.  

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