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Paradigma, Jurnal Kajian Budaya
Published by Universitas Indonesia
ISSN : 20876017     EISSN : 25030868     DOI : -
Jurnal ini menerima artikel asli mengenai berbagai masalah penting dalam ilmu pengetahuan budaya, yang mencakup tetapi tidak terbatas pada filsafat, ilmu susastra, arkeologi, antropologi, linguistik, sejarah, cultural studies, filologi, seni, ilmu perpustakaan dan informasi yang berfokus pada pengkajian dan penelitian Indonesia. Paradigma, Jurnal Kajian Budaya berupaya memuat campuran seimbang artikel mengenai penelitian teoretis atau empiris yang berkualitas tinggi, studi kasus, tinjauan pustaka, kajian komparatif, dan makalah eksporatoris. Semua naskah yang diterima akan diterbitkan baik dalam jaringan maupun tercetak.
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Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 5, No 2 (2015)" : 8 Documents clear
Penokohan dalam Twelve Years A Slave: Pesan Solidaritas Melawan Perbudakan Hutapea, Rizky Utami
Paradigma, Jurnal Kajian Budaya Vol 5, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Pengetahuan Budaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (879.098 KB) | DOI: 10.17510/paradigma.v5i2.56

Abstract

Prejudice and discrimination at the time of slavery is one of the significant factors that constructs racism against African-Americans until today. This journal will discuss about prejudice and discrimination at the time of slavery which is reflected in the characterizations of the black characters and the white characters in Twelve Years A Slave. The analysis method of this juronal is by colaborating close reading with prejudice theory of Pettigrew (1982) and Healey (1998). The characterizations that are shown in the slave narrative Twelve Years A Slave are very diverse and do not stereotyping the characterizations based on the color of their skin. Solomon as the author and narrator criticizes slavery in not racist way. He tends to criticize the system of slavery without blaming the white race. The diversity of characterizations reflected a message of solidarity to fight against slavery.
Moralitas Jawa dalam Wayang Kulit Purwa: Tinjauan pada Lakon Laire Semar Darmoko, Darmoko
Paradigma, Jurnal Kajian Budaya Vol 5, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Pengetahuan Budaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3022.435 KB) | DOI: 10.17510/paradigma.v5i2.52

Abstract

The Javanese leather puppet use myths about the gods, prophets, spirits, and people of the ancient time, besides the texts of Lokapala, Arjunasasrabahu, Ramayana, and Mahabarata to teach prudence and to enable men to respond to the happenings of their natural life, or “daya-daya kekuatan alam” (van Peursen, 1989: 37). These myths contain the moral philosophy about the relation of men with other men, with nature, and with God, determined by a pattern of thought which orients itself toward the principles of harmony and balance. The paper highlights the story of the birth of Semar, or Laire [in English: la-ee-ray} Semar, which shows how the Javanese morality was constructed and power in the Javanese conception implemented. Semar, god in human form, reveals the essence of power a king should have, and teaches that power is a godly characteristic used to enhance goodness. This concept is against the belief that power is ruthlessness and domineering that is hidden in good-look, princely manner and power. His ugly looking reflects the importance of inner strength which is generous and kind, over handsome outward look, but has a mean heart As an expression of arts, the puppeteers hold an important role to distribute the stories that have philosophical meaning to the audience when the leather puppet show was conducted. A puppeteer, after all, carries a holy role.
Woman as A Dirty Machine: A Question Of Objectification On E.E. Cummings Pratiwi, Titis
Paradigma, Jurnal Kajian Budaya Vol 5, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Pengetahuan Budaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (768.35 KB) | DOI: 10.17510/paradigma.v5i2.57

Abstract

The pervasiveness of female objectification in the treatment of women by men has been called out as a manifestation of gender hierarchy and domination. This research analyzed the figurative languages used in E.E. Cummings’ poem first she like a piece of ill-oiled to identify his treatment of women seen through the illustration of the persona’s actions, thoughts and feelings. Dynamics of the personas’ sexual relationships are then identified to analyze how aspects of objectification appear in the relation between men and women. In order to reinforce the notion of objectification, dehumanization as its extension is utilized as a supporting theory. It is found that practices of female objectification occur in the poem with varying degrees of intensity and ways that it is conducted. However, the objectification is concealed by the poem’s presentation of women as a sexually liberated being, yet in practice, her sexuality is still being objectified. The objectification extends up to the conduct of dehumanization which reduces the women into a dirty mechanical object.
Isu Tubuh Perempuan dalam Post terkait NoBra Day Melalui Sudut Pandang Feminisme Posmodern Nonga Putri, Margarita Febrica
Paradigma, Jurnal Kajian Budaya Vol 5, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Pengetahuan Budaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (816.509 KB) | DOI: 10.17510/paradigma.v5i2.53

Abstract

Woman’s body is an issue in No Bra Day movement in the social media, basically, mobilizes female netizens to fight breast cancer together by taking off their bras for a day. As it started globally on October 13th, 2013, this movement attracts pro and contra reaction. The responses are linked by the use of related hash tags. As exposing women’s body to the public sphere considered as uncommon, this movement is oftentimes underestimated. On the contrary, this movement brings a new meaning on woman’s body. This encoded meaning cannot be absorbed thoroughly by the female netizens because of the patriarchal construction. The achieved meaning cannot be one hundred percent as it aims to. Furthermore, the decoded meaning still shows the affirmation to patriarchal order. As a media product, the reception theory of Stuart Hall and postmodern feminism of Luce Irigaray are used to examine the new meaning interpreted and reflected in the responses, which also show the affirmation or even internalization to the patriarchal order.
The Sense of Loss in Jean Rhy’s Voyage in The Dark: The Absence of Mother and Imagined Black Identity Rarastesa, Zita
Paradigma, Jurnal Kajian Budaya Vol 5, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Pengetahuan Budaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (619.133 KB) | DOI: 10.17510/paradigma.v5i2.58

Abstract

The sense of loss of a mother leads Anna Morgan to her imagined black identity. Being a Creole from Dominica, Morgan is alienated both in her home country and in London. Du Bois’s notion of double consciousness substantiates Morgan’s sense of alienation. The racial issue here is not only socially constructed, but it is also personally constructed, as Morgan does not consider England as her homeland although she is as white as English people. people. The character is struggling from identity conflict, as she internalizes the impact of the British colonialization to the black people in Dominica. She feels more black than white because of the image of blackness that she creates from the image of her mother and black women in general, as nurturing, warm and domestic. In addition to that, the geographic location contributes to Morgan’s sense of loss.
Supremasi Kulit Putih di Balik Kemenangan Orang Kulit Hitam dalam Film Django Unchained (2012): Sebuah Kritik terhadap Ideologi Post-Racial di Amerika Septiadi R., Rendy
Paradigma, Jurnal Kajian Budaya Vol 5, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Pengetahuan Budaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (671.576 KB) | DOI: 10.17510/paradigma.v5i2.54

Abstract

The writing examines how the process of maintaining the ideology of white supremacy and how Django’s character is constructed as a subject in planting white ideology in the movie Django Unchained (2012) based on the analysis of Django’s relationship with other characters. The appearance of the movie during the state of post-racial society in America can be seen as a form of criticism of the ideology, and the movie will be analyzed to deconstruct it. The approaches used in this thesis are Stuart Hall’s interpretation of Gramci’s hegemony in the context of racial. This study aims to look at the process of hegemony to maintain white supremacy and clarify the status of the controller and the controlled. Moreover, analysis of the characters’ relationship becomes important because Django’s relationship with the other white characters represent minority and majority group relations. With the results of this study, the movie Django Unchained is a medium to build and maintain the hegemony of white supremacy.
Konflik Internal Multikulturalisme dalam Film Good Bye Lennin! Nurfaidah, Resti
Paradigma, Jurnal Kajian Budaya Vol 5, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Pengetahuan Budaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1184.145 KB) | DOI: 10.17510/paradigma.v5i2.55

Abstract

Germany is one of several countries in the world that has ever been upside-down in historical experience. A long history proved that Germany was used to be a union. But unfortunately it had split based on ideological differences. Though was originating from same ancestors, language, culture, it was fallen into an extreme internal multicultural conflict as proved by the establishment of the wall. During these period, a long history of human relations in both German were well recorded. Besides, it was taken as insprirations in many literary or artistic works, including films. One of the films telling the period between pre and post reunification is Wolfgang Becker’s Good Bye Lennin! (2003). This study focuses on the internal multicultural conflict founded in a country which has the same culture split by different integral ideology--later by its reunion. Based on several concepts of multiculturalism, the result of this study indicates that figures of the film have internal multiculturalisme conflict that raise multicultural shocks and resistances in the change of Germany political situation.
Ketika Pers Bicara Korupsi: Analisis Tajuk Rencana Harian Pedoman pada Awal Orde Baru 1969 – 1974 Padiatra, Aditia Muara
Paradigma, Jurnal Kajian Budaya Vol 5, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Pengetahuan Budaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (709.914 KB) | DOI: 10.17510/paradigma.v5i2.51

Abstract

This article discusses the role of the press in uncovering cases of corruption, using the editorial of Pedoman daily newspaper in the early years of the New Order period 1969-1974. The newspaper was eventually prohibited to publish because of its stand to oppose the authoritarian Soekarno government. At the time of president Soeharto’s New Order, the newspaper was allowed to run again, but was officially banned in January 1974 because of the publication of the students’ demonstration in the Malari or Malapetaka Lima Belas Januari opposing the government welcoming the Japanese companies operating in Indonesia. At both the Soekarno and Soeharto governments, Rosihan Anwar was the chief editor of Pedoman. The content analysis will also refer to Indonesia Raya newspaper, which like Pedoman, was suppressed not to criticize the government. The newspaper was no longer free to express its opinion after the graft case in three key offices, Bulog (the National Logistics Agency), Pertamina (the state-owned national oil company), Bea Cukai (the Directorate General of Customs and Excise), and the police force, were exposed. The press was finally co-opted with the government rules.

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