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Gedung Kampus 1 Lantai II Laboratorium Anatomi Fakultas Kedokteran (FK) UMSU Jl. Gedung Arca No. 53 Medan-Sumatera Utara , Kode Pos 20217
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INDONESIA
Jurnal Kedokteran Anatomica (Anatomica Medical Journal)
ISSN : -     EISSN : 26145219     DOI : https://doi.org/10.30596/anatomica
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Anatomica Medical Journal (AMJ) ini merupakan jenis jurnal ilmiah berskala nasional dan dipublikasi via online, memiliki e-issn yang terdaftar di PDII-LIPI. Anatomica Medical Journal ini juga terdaftar dalam jurnal Online Journal System (OJS) Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara (UMSU). Ruang Lingkup jurnal ini fokus pada bidang Ilmu Kedokteran dan Ilmu Kesehatan secara umum. AMJ menerima naskah/manuscript artikel dalam meliputi/scope artikel original (original article) dalam bentuk artikel penelitian (research article), tinjauan artikel (article review), laporan kasus (case report) dan tinjauan pustaka (literature review) yang relevan dengan bidang Ilmu Kedokteran dan Ilmu Kesehatan lainnya.
Arjuna Subject : Kedokteran - Anatomi
Articles 42 Documents
HUBUNGAN HIPERURISEMIA DAN GAGAL JANTUNG DENGAN PENURUNAN FRAKSI EJEKSI DI RUMAH SAKIT HAJI MEDAN PADA TAHUN 2016 Siregar, Yulistia Nazlina; Septina, Lita
ANATOMICA MEDICAL JOURNAL | AMJ Vol 3, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30596/anatomica

Abstract

Gagal jantung akut ditandai dengan serangan cepat atau perubahan gejala atau tanda gagal jantung yang mendadak. Hiperurisemia menyebabkan hipertrofi ventrikel kiri yang memengaruhi terjadinya gagal jantung kongestif. Peningkatan kadar asam urat menyebabkan peningkatan produksi reaksi oksigen spesies (ROS). Peningkatan kadar asam urat serum berhubungan dengan hasil yang buruk dan prognosis dalam bentuk peningkatan rawat inap. Jenis penelitian ini adalah analitik observasional dengan pendekatan studi cross-sectional. Subjek penelitian adalah pasien gagal jantung di RS. Haji Medan. Sampel diambil dengan menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Data diperoleh dari rekam medis pasien pada periode 2016. Data diuji dengan menggunakan tes orang, 80 pasien gagal jantung, 57 laki-laki dan 23 wanita. Hiperurisemia secara signifikan lebih tinggi pada gagal jantung pasien dengan fraksi ejeksi berkurang (<40%) dibandingkan pasien dengan fraksi ejeksi> 40%. (p: <0,05). Kadar asam urat serum tinggi bisa menjadi biomarker yang kuat dan valid dari prognosis dan mortalitas gagal jantung pasien dengan fraksi ejeksi berkurang.Kata Kunci: Fraksi Ejeksi, Gagal Jantung, Hiperurisemia THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HYPERURISEMIA AND HEART FAILURE WITH REDUCTION OF EJECTION FRACTIONS IN HAJI MEDAN HOSPITAL IN 2016 Acute heart failure is marked by a fast attack or sudden changes in symptoms or sign of heart failure. Hyperuricemia leads to left ventricular hypertophy that affects the occurrence of congestive heart failure. Increased uric acid level causes increase production of reaction oxygen spesies (ROS). Elevated serum uric acid level werw associated with adverse outcomes and prognosis in the form increased rehospitalization. This type of research is observasional analytic with cross-sectional study approach. The subjects are heart failure patient in RS. Haji Medan.Sample were taken by using purposive sampling technique. The data were obtained from patient medical records in the period of 2016. Data were tested by using person test, 80 heart failure patient, 57 males and 23 females.  Hyperuricemia to be significantly higher in heart failure patient with reduced ejection fraction (<40%) than patient with ejection fraction >40%. (p:<0,05).High serum uric acid level could be a strong and valid biomarker of impaired prognosis and mortality in patient heart failure with reduced ejection fraction.Keywords: Ejection Fraction, Heart Failure, Hyperuricemia
EFEKTIVITAS EKSTRAK SYZYGIUM POLYANTHUM SEBAGAI TERAPI DISLIPIDEMIA Yunanda, Rizca
ANATOMICA MEDICAL JOURNAL | AMJ Vol 3, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30596/anatomica

Abstract

Dyslipidemia is a lipid metabolic disorder characterized by increased total cholesterol, Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triglycerides (TG), or elevated levels of High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. Dyslipidemia is one of the main factors that caused atherosclerosis by coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, and peripheral vascular disease that is incorporated in cardiovascular disease (PKV). Factors that cause dyslipidemia in Indonesia are people who need foods low in fiber and high fat. Mortality from the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2008 obtained 17.3 million deaths in the world caused by cardiovascular disease and will increase to reach 23.3 million deaths by 2030. Traditional therapy is still one option that is still being taken into account in Indonesia. The use of herbal therapy as a therapy for dyslipidemia can be one way out with the use of Syzygium polyanthum or often known as bay leaf. From several studies reported, bay leaf extract has Substance Flavonoids, Tannins, Saponins and Vitamins C, B3, A, and E which in some studies have been linked to studies of fat in the body. Based on this, bay leaf can be a potential alternative for the development of dyslipidemia to reduce mortality from cardiovascular disease.Keywords: dyslipidemia, lipids, Syzygium polyanthum 
EFEKTIFITAS HYPNOBREASTFEEDING PADA IBU MENYUSUI TERHADAP KECUKUPAN ASI PADA BAYI USIA ≤ 3 BULAN DI PRAKTIK MANDIRI BIDAN RISMA DAN PRAKTIK MANDIRI BIDAN SRI ARMILA DELI SERDANG TAHUN 2018 Lubis, Rismahara; Siregar, Yusniar; Irianti, Evi
ANATOMICA MEDICAL JOURNAL | AMJ Vol 3, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30596/anatomica

Abstract

Some of mothers who experiences of obstacles breastfeeding their babies exclusively for 6 months fully and hypnobreastfeeding is one of solution. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of hypnobreastfeeding on mothers keep on the adequacy of breast milk in infant ages 3 months at Independent Midwives Practices ?Risma? and Independent Midwife Practices ?Sri Armila? Deli Serdang in 2018. This research is an experimental Quasi. The sample size is 32 postpartum mothers who exclusively breastfeeding their babies, devided two groups as control and experiment. Data be analized by Kruskal Wallis test with a significance level of 0.05. The result is found significant differences increasing infant weight between control and treatment groups ranging from 1 to 3 ages months. There is a significant difference of urinary frequence between control and treatment group from the first day birthing till 3 months up. Keywords: Hypnobreastfeeding, breastfeeding adequacy, babies aged ?3months 
UJI EFEKTIVITAS ANTIBIOTIK EKSTRAK DAUN KAYU MANIS (CINNAMOMUM BURMANNII) TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN BAKTERI SALMONELLA TYPHI SECARA IN VITRO Safitri, Lestari; Yenita, Yenita
ANATOMICA MEDICAL JOURNAL | AMJ Vol 3, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30596/anatomica

Abstract

IIntroduction: Salmonella typhi is a rod-shaped or bacillus, gram negative, facultative anaerobic, moves with peritric flagella, and it doesn?t produce spores. Salmonella is pathogenic for humans or animals if obtained from the oral route. Cinnamon leaf (Cinnamomum burmannii) has antibiotic effect on bacteria. Flavonnoid, saponin, alkaloid, and tannin on cinnamon leaves is known to inhibit Salmonella typhi bacteria. Methodology: This study used an experimental method. The technique used in measuring antibiotic activity is the method of disk diffusion. Result: The result of the research showed that cinnamon leaf extract (Cinnamomum burmannii) with concentration of 80%, 40%, 20%, and 10% yielded average of clear zone diameter 17,863 mm, 13,692 mm, 10,352 mm, and 9.79 mm. While the diameter of the clear zone of chloramphenicol is 19.72 mm and the aquadest is not obtained clear zone. Conclusion: Cinnamon leaf extract with 80% concentration has the highest clear zone in the treatment groupKeywords: Salmonella typhi, cinnamon leaf extract
PERBANDINGAN EFEKTIVITAS INFUSA DAUN JAMBU BIJI MERAH (PSIDIUM GUAJAVAL) DENGAN TEMEPHOS TERHADAP KEMATIAN LARVA NYAMUK AEDES AEGYPTI Nasution, Bitha Miranda; Isnayanti, Desi
ANATOMICA MEDICAL JOURNAL | AMJ Vol 3, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30596/anatomica

Abstract

Introduction: Aedes aegypti mosquito is the main vector of dengue virus. Aedes aegypti mosquito control efforts one of them by breaking the life of mosquito chain in larval stage that can be eradicated by chemical means that is using temephos, but the use of chemical larvasida can harm society like environmental pollution. The alternative to reducing the loss is by using natural ingredients is red guava leaf infusa ( Psidium guajava L) containing chemicals that can kill the larvae.  Methods: This study uses true experiment post test with cantrol group design. With 3 concentrations of infusa and the sample size was 625 samples in 5 repetitions. Result: The results of the study of red guava leaves infected the highest larval mortality at a concentration of 1.05% with 96% mortality of  the larvae. The results showed that the difference of mortality rate at each concentration of guava leaf infusa was indicated by p value <0,05.Conclusion: Red guava leaf infusa infected infected was use with a concentration of 1.05% as the most effective concentration killed the larvae with 96.0% mortality percentage, but in general the concentration of red guava leaf infected concentration of 1.05% still can not kill the Aedes mosquito larvae 100% aegypti such as temephos.
PROFIL KUMAN PADA PENDERITA OMSK DENGAN KULTUR SWAB DI RS HAJI MEDAN Lubis, Sofi Tamara; Siregar, Siti Masliana; Irma, Fani Ade; Annisa, Annisa
ANATOMICA MEDICAL JOURNAL | AMJ Vol 3, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30596/anatomica

Abstract

Introduction: Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is a chronic inflammation or infection of the middle ear which is indicated by a tympanic membrane perforation and otorrhea occurring over 2 months of repetitive or persistent settling. The aim of this study is to know the the most common bacteria occured in CSOM. Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. The subjects consisted of all CSOM patients in October 2017 to December 2017 period who met inclusion criterias Results: There was 27 patients included in this study which consisted of  21 (77.8%) men and 6 (22.2%) women. The age range of <10 years was 21 (77.8%) subjects. Staphylococcus aureus is the most common bacteria presented in CSOM which was 10 (37%) subjects. Proteus sp was the  most common bacteria presented in the age range of  <10 year.  Conclusion: bacterias identified in CSOM are Proteus sp., Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus, Pseudomonas auregenosa, and Aerobacter.Keywords: bacteria, CSOM, Sthaphylococcus
Gambaran Tingkat Pengetahuan Pegawai Non Medis Mengenai Visum Et Repertum (VER) di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Deli Serdang Lubuk Pakam Kabupaten Deli Serdang Parinduri, Abdul Gafar
ANATOMICA MEDICAL JOURNAL | AMJ Vol 1, No 2 (2018): Anatomica Medical Journal
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Abstract

Abstrak: Visum Et Repertum (VER) mempunyai peran penting dalam perkembangan ilmu dan praktek kedokteran, namun angka dilakukannya VER mulai menurun. Kendala yang sering di hadapi di lapangan oleh penyidik untuk mendapatkan bukti yang lebih jelas dalam mengungkapkan suatu kasus sering menjadi tidak lengkap karena tingkat pengetahuan masyarakat yang masih kurang mengenai VER. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tingkat pengetahuan masyarakat tentang pentingnya VER serta penghambatnya. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian survey dimana disain penelitian berbentuk deskriptif cross sectional. Populasi pada penelitian ini adalah Pegawai Non Medis RSUD Deli Serdang sebanyak 110 orang. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan conscutive sampling. Jumlah sampel yang diambil adalah 63 orang berdasarkan kriteria inklusi. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah kuesioner. Data yang di peroleh diolah dengan SPSS 20 berdasarkan tabel distribusi frekuensi. Tingkat pengetahuan pegawai non medis d RSUD Deli Serdang tentang VER baik sebesar 74,6 %.Kata kunci: pengetahuan, visum et repertum, masyarakat. Description of Non Medical Knowledge about Visum Et Repertum (VER) at General Hospital Regions Deli Serdang Lubuk Pakam Deli Serdang District Abstract: Visum Et Repertum has an important role in the development of science and practice of medicine, but the figures do Visum Et Repertum began to decline. constraints are often in the face in the field by investigators to obtain evidence which reveals more clearly in a case often be incomplete because of the level of public knowledge are still lacking regarding the Visum et Repertum. This study aims to determine the level of public knowledge about the importance Visum Et  Repertumand inhibiting. This study is a survey research design in which the form of a descriptive cross sectional study. Population in this study is the Non Medical Employees some 110 people’s. Sampling techniques using consecutive sampling. The sample’s are 63 people’s based on inclusion criteria. Instrument used was a questionnaire. data that was obtained by SPSS 20 and based on frequencies distribution table. Sub-district level of public knowledge about the knowledge of Non Medical Employees about visum Et Repertum is better of 74.6%.  Keywords: Knowledge, Visum et Repertum, community
Hubungan Penggunaan Tas Jenis Ransel Dengan Kejadian Nyeri Punggung Bawah Pada Siswa Kelas V Sekolah Dasar Muhammadiyah 08 Medan Tahun 2016 Pinem, Alfi Syahri; Sutysna, Hendra
ANATOMICA MEDICAL JOURNAL | AMJ Vol 1, No 1 (2018): Anatomica Medical Journal
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Abstract

Pelajar yang membawa tas ransel paling berat dan lama penggunaan tas ransel mempunyai risiko yang lebih tinggi untuk menderita nyeri punggung bawah. Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui hubungan penggunaan tas jenis ransel dengan kejadian nyeri punggung bawah pada siswa kelas V sekolah dasar Muhammadiyah 08 Medan tahun 2016. Metode: Penelitian ini bersifat analitik deskriptif dengan design cross-sectional. Penentuan jumlah sampel pada penelitian ini menggunakan rumus estimasi proporsi.Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan simple random sampling.Hasil: Dari 106 siswa dijumpai sebanyak 62 siswa (58,5%) mengeluhkan nyeri punggung bawah. Siswa terbanyak yang mengalami nyeri punggung bawah adalah siswa perempuan sebanyak 36 orang  (76,5%). Siswa yang mengalami nyeri punggung bawah terbanyak adalah siswa dengan lama penggunaan tas ransel >30 menit sebanyak 18 siswa (69,2%) dan dengan berat beban tas ransel  > 10% sebanyak 45 siswa (67,2%). Kesimpulan: Terdapat hubungan antara lama penggunaan tas jenis ransel dengan kejadian nyeri punggung bawah pada siswa kelas V  Sekolah Dasar Muhammadiyah 08 Medan dengan nilai signifikansi sebesar 0,031 (p<0,05).Terdapat hubungan antara berat beban tas jenis ransel dengan kejadian nyeri punggung bawah pada siswa kelas V Sekolah Dasar Muhammadiyah 08 Medan dengan nilai signifikansi sebesar 0,018 (p<0,05).Kata Kunci: Nyeri punggung bawah, Berat beban tas ransel, Siswa sekolah dasar.
Pemberian Air Perasan Jeruk Manis (Citrus sinensis) Meningkatkan Kadar LDL Kolesterol Serum. (Studi pada mahasiswa obese FK UMSU) Sari, Ririn Permata; Damayanty, Amelia Eka
ANATOMICA MEDICAL JOURNAL | AMJ Vol 1, No 2 (2018): Anatomica Medical Journal
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

Abstrak: Obesitas lebih rentan memiliki kadar kolesterol yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan berat badannya normal. Peningkatan kadar LDL kolesterol dipengaruhi oleh banyak hal. Faktor asupan merupakan faktor yang dapat disikapi. Jeruk merupakan buah yang mengandung folate, vitamin C, flavon dan hesperidin yang dapat menurunkan kadar LDL kolesterol.Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian air perasan jeruk manis (Citrus sinensis) terhadap kadar LDL pada mahasiswa obes. Jenis penelitian ini bersifat true eksperimental pretest-posttest with control group design pada subjek manusia obes dengan  jumlah sampel 26 orang, dibagi menjadi 2 kelompok yaitu  kelompok kontrol dan kelompok perlakuan . Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan teknik total sampling dan teknik pengelompokan sampel menggunakan random sampling. Nilai rata-rata kadar LDL-kolesterol sebelum perlakuan pada kelompok kontrol adalah 127.15±53.84 mg/dL dan sesudah 140.92±49.59mg/dL, kadar LDL-kolesterol kelompok perlakuan sebelum perlakuan 122.07±21.49mg/dL dan sesudah 134.23±19.66mg/dL. Nilai rata-rata berat badansebelum perlakuan 77.84 ± 11.75 kg dan sesudah perlakuan kelompok kontrol 78.38±11.46 dan kelompok perlakuansebelum perlakuan75.30 ± 11.91 kg dan sesudah perlakuan 75.07±12.49 kg. Simpulan, terdapat peningkatan kadarLDL-kolesterol pada kelompok perlakuan tapi berat badannya menurun. namun secara statistik tidak bermakna secara signifikanKata kunci : jeruk manis (citrus sinensis), LDL-kolesterol, obesitas Sweet Orange Juice (Citrus sinensis) IncreasesLDL Cholesterol Serum Level. (Study on obese students of Faculty of Medicine, UMSU)  Abstract: Obesity often have higher cholesterol levels than normal weight. Increased levels of LDL cholesterol is influenced by many things. Intake is a factor that can be addressed. Orange is a fruit that contains folate, vitamin C, flavones, and hesperidin which can lower LDL cholesterol levels. Aim of this research is to know the effect of orange juice (Citrus sinensis) to LDL level in obese students. This research  is true experimental pretest-posttest with control group design in obest subject with total sample that is 26 people, divided into 2 groups, that is control group and treatment group. Sampling technique used  total sampling technique and grouping technique used random sampling. The mean value of LDL-cholesterol level before treatment in control group was 127.15±53.84 mg/dL and after was 140.92±49.59mg/dL, LDL-cholesterol group treatment group before treatment was 122.07±21.49mg/dL and after was 134.23±19.66mg/dL. The mean value of body weight before treatment and after treatment in control group was 77.84±11.75kgand 78.38±11.46 kg. The mean value of body weight before treatment and after treatment in treatment group was75.30±11.91kg  and 75.07±12.49 kg. Conclusion, there is an increase in serum levels of LDL-cholesterol in treatment group, but The bady weight  decreased.Keywords: orange juice (Citrus sinensis), LDL-cholesterol, obesity
Stres Imobilisasi Kronik Mengganggu Memori Spasial Mencit Putih (Mus musculus) Galur Swiss Webster Jantan Juananda, Desby; Astari, Riezky Valentina
ANATOMICA MEDICAL JOURNAL | AMJ Vol 1, No 1 (2018): Anatomica Medical Journal
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

Long-term exposure to stress may induce structural and functional alterations in the brain and particularly in hippocampus. Several studies have shown that the hippocampus plays an important role in spatial learning and memory. Certain animals can perceive stressors differently depend on stress durations and paradigms. We have designed an investigation to compare the effect of different chronic stress durations, using immobilization tubes, on mice spatial memory ability. Twenty young-adult (10-12 weeks old; 25-35 g) male Swiss Webster mice were randomly assigned into four groups: control (non-stressed) group and groups were exposed to immobilization stress 2 hours/daily (09.00-11.00 am) for 14, 21 and 28 days, respectively. Spatial memory ability was tested by using Morris Water Maze. Data were analyzed with one-way ANOVA (p<0.05). We found that mean escape latency (s) for control, 2h/14 days, 2h/21 days and 2h/28 days groups were 8.49 ± 0.91, 12.40 ± 3.76, 13.73 ± 4.09, and 41.62 ± 21.84, respectively (p<0.05). Post-hoc analysis showed a statistical difference between control and stressed groups (p<0.05), but there was no statistical difference between 2h/21 days and 2h/14 days group (p>0.05). In conclusion, this study showed that chronic immobilization stress had been proven to impair spatial memory ability in mice. Specifically, our findings support the use of 2h/28 days chronic immobilization paradigm as an efficient method to induce spatial memory deficits in mice. Keywords: immobilization stress, Morris Water Maze, spatial memory