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INDONESIA
Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syir'ah
ISSN : 16934202     EISSN : 25280368     DOI : -
Core Subject : Education, Social,
Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syir'ah, with registered number ISSN 1693-4202 (Print), ISSN 2528-0368 (Online) is a peer-reviewed journal published twice a year in June and December by Faculty of Sharia, State Islamic Institute of Religious Affairs (IAIN) Manado. Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syir'ah is a Communication Media between Sharia and Law Scholars (Law, Islamic Law, Sharia Economic Law and Social Society). Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syir'ah invites enthusiasts and experts in Islamic Law and Legal Sciences to write or disseminate research results relating to Sharia and Law issues.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 206 Documents
THE INFLATION AND POVERTY IN INDONESIA: CONSEQUENCE OF USURY? Iskandar, Azwar; Possumah, Bayu Taufiq; Aqbar, Khaerul
Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syir'ah Vol 17, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (550.822 KB) | DOI: 10.30984/jis.v17i2.918

Abstract

This research was conducted to analyze the influence and correlation of interest rates as one form of the implementation of usury practices on inflation and poverty in Indonesia. This study uses secondary data from the publication of the Central Statistics Agency (BPS) and Bank Indonesia for the period 2005-2018. This study uses Simple Linear Regression Analysis Techniques and Pearson Correlation Techniques. The results showed that interest rates as one form of the implementation of usury practices had an effect and had a positive and significant correlation to inflation in Indonesia. The practice of ribawi actually will bring a negative impact on the economy of the people in Indonesia in the form of an increase in the level of inflation in society. Measures of monetary policy intervention in maintaining price stability and inflation in society have not shown a positive impact. Also, the results of the study showed that interest rate policy also had a positive influence and correlation on the increase in the poverty depth index. That is, when interest rates are set to rise, the poverty depth index in the community also tends to go up or get worse. The findings of this study reinforce the legitimacy of the word of Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala in the Qur'an and the Hadith related to the prohibition of usury practices that can lead to injustice, wrongdoing, and economic destruction of the people.
THE STATUS AND RIGHTS OF AN ILLEGITIMATE CHILD ACCORDING TO MAZHAB ASY-SYAFI'I PERSPECTIVE ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF ISLAMIC FAMILY LAW IN INDONESIA Sandimula, Nur Shadiq
Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syir'ah Vol 17, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (461.374 KB) | DOI: 10.30984/jis.v17i2.952

Abstract

The problem of free social interaction brings a grave danger to society which is involved the sexual act out of wedlock which is known as fornication (zina) and causes a harming impact on their offspring psychologically, socially and religiously in the society. This paper is trying to analyze the perspective of an order of Shafi'i on the statuses and the rights of an illegitimate child. Based on library research, this research used a descriptive analysis method to derive the data and information from primary classical textbooks of mazhab Shafi'i. The result of this research shows that according to mazhab Shafi'i, a child who was born under six months after intercourse with her legal husband is believed to be an illegitimate child of another man. The children are not related to his/her biological father and the status of the child for his / her father is an ajnabiyya (non-mahram). If the child is a girl, her biological father is fully permissible to marry her. In the conclusion, the child is not related to his / her biological father and does not have any rights from his/her biological father whether a right to receive household expenses, a guardianship for marriage, and rights of inheritance.
CELEBRATING SHARIA INDONESIA: ISLAMIC HARMONY AND PANCASILA IN THE VISION OF INDONESIAN NATIONALITY Lufaefi, Lufaefi
Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syir'ah Vol 17, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (264.374 KB) | DOI: 10.30984/jis.v17i2.951

Abstract

This article discusses and offers at the same time the issue of formalizing Islamic law in Indonesia. It started with a debate about the ideals of the formalization of Islamic law, which never ended. The debate about this has led to at least two significant views, namely fundamentalism and secularism. The first group believes that Islam is a religion that prepares solutions to all problems. In the context of Indonesians, such rules override local state laws, such as the 1945 Constitution and the Pancasila ideology. Meanwhile, the second group tried to give up religion in answering modern problems. This article uses a qualitative method, and two knives of analysis, namely socio-historical and maq??id of the Koran. This paper proves that the ideology of the State of Indonesia, namely Pancasila, contains substantive sharia values. The values of Islamic law are contained in every principle and are following the vision of Indonesian nationhood as a nation that harmonizes between Islam and nationality. These values are relevant to the values that exist in the country of Medina as the first country formed by the Prophet Muhammad. With the values of Islamic law in the Pancasila, Indonesia is worth mentioning as a sharia country.
RISK ANALYSIS OF ISLAMIC BANKING FINANCING BUSINESS IN INDONESIA 2014-2018 Firmansyah, Herlan; Athoillah, Mohamad Anton
Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syir'ah Vol 17, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30984/jis.v17i2.957

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to analyze business risk in Islamic banking financing in Indonesia. The method used in this study is a qualitative research method with a descriptive approach. The data used in this study are secondary data sourced from Sharia Banking Statistics (SBS). The conclusions of this article are ten business risks that must be managed by Islamic banks in carrying out their functions, namely financing risk, market risk, liquidity risk, operational risk, legal risk, reputation risk, strategic risk, compliance risk, yield risk, yield risk, and investment risk. Four business risks affect the profitability of Sharia Commercial Banks (BUS) in Indonesia, namely financing risk as measured by NPF, the rupiah exchange rate measures market risk against the USD and inflation, return NCD measures risk on total deposits and investment risk measured by the percentage potential loss profit-sharing financing for mudharabah and musyarakah investment portfolios.
MASLAHAH REVIEW OF THE DOWRY (MARRIAGE COST) BUGIS-MAKASSAR COMMUNITY Sudirman, Sudirman; Samin, Sabri; Aidid, Hasyim; Talli, Abd. Halim Talli
Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syir'ah Vol 17, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30984/jis.v17i2.874

Abstract

The study examines the review of maslahah of uang panaik (bride price) in Bugis Makassar community. This study method used a descriptive qualitative approach that describes the phenomenon in Bugis Makassar's society. The results of the study indicated that uang panaik is a custom or ?urf in Bugis Makassar community that is implemented at every wedding reception. Previous Islamic jurists have built and developed the Maslahah theory which concludes that all rules in Islam were benefit-oriented. There were three levels of maslahah theory, namely maslahah daruriyyah, maslahah hajiyyah, and maslahah tahsiniyah. Uang panaik was more inclined to maslahah hajjiyyah because it was a necessity in every marriage in Bugis Makassar community.
MORAL AND SPIRITUAL GUIDANCE ON PRISONERS (CASE STUDY AT CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION CLASS IIA PEKANBARU) Irfan, Try Wiganda; Hasrul, Hasrul; Isnarmi, Isnarmi
Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syir'ah Vol 17, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (603.833 KB) | DOI: 10.30984/jis.v17i2.927

Abstract

This study discusses the process of moral and spiritual coaching in correctional institution class IIA Pekanbaru. The purpose of the research is to know and analyze the form of implementation of moral and spiritual coaching in Correctional Institution class IIA Pekanbaru. This research has a descriptive method with a qualitative approach. Data collection techniques are through interviews, documentation, and observation of officials, prison officers, Dai, and priests and convicts. The results showed that the form of moral and spiritual coaching in inmates in the prison class IIA Pekanbaru is preaching (da?wah). Da?wah and imprisonment have the same role as the moral and spiritual coaching in order to form the whole person and restore human rights to socialize with the community.
HAK ASASI MANUSIA (HAM) DALAM ISLAM Mau, Dahlia Halia
Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syirah Vol 1, No 1 (2003)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (147.871 KB) | DOI: 10.30984/as.v1i1.181

Abstract

Masalah Hak Asasi Manuisa(HAM) pada saat ini sudah ber-kembang sedemikian rupa. Mesikpun dalam pembi-caraan sehari-hari term HAM sering diucapkan secara umum, tetapi dalam kenyataannya dapat diklasifikasikan da-lam berbagai bidang kehidupan. Oleh karena itu nilai-nilai HAM yang terdapat dalam setiap bidang kehidupan harus men-dapat perlindungan oleh hukum, me lalui penegakan hkum itu sendiri. Pada sisi lain secara factual telah terbukti bahwa risalah Islam sej ak awalnya telah memasukkan aturan HAM dalam ajaran-ajaran dasarnya yang dapat ditemukan pada sumber-sumber ajaran-nya. Islam mampu menyodorkan langkah-langkah implementatif actual HAM dan usaha-usaha preventif terhadap berbagai pe-langgaran yang dilakukan negara-negara tertentu. Dan sebenarnya ajaran Islam mampu menjawab isu-isu HAM masa kini atau akan datang. Tulisan ini akan melacak konsep HAM dalam Islam.
KARAKTERISTIK HUKUM ISLAM (KONSEP DAN IMPLEMENTASINYA) Mauluddin, Syaban
Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syirah Vol 2, No 1 (2004)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (147.693 KB) | DOI: 10.30984/as.v2i1.218

Abstract

Hukum Islam adalah hukum yang berwatak, ia mempunyai karakter­istik yang berbeda dengan ilmu hukum lainnya, Karakter tersebut merupakan ketentuan-ketentuan yang tidak berubah-ubah, yaitu dimana hukum Islam bersifat takamul (sempurna), wasatiyah (seimbang, harmonis), harakah (bergerak dan berkembang sesuai dengan perkembangan zaman). AI-Quran memperkenalkan satu konsepsi hukum yang bersifat integra1, Di dalamnya terpadu antara Sunatullah dengan Sunnah. Sebagaimana terpadu antara aqidah dan moral, terpadu­nya dengan hukum dalam rumus­an yang diajarkan al-Quran. Dengan sifatnya yang demikian, maka hukum Islam memiliki kekuatan sendiri yang tidak tergantung pada adanya sesuatu kekuasaan sebagai kekuatan pemaksa dari luar hukum tersebut.
PROBLEMATIKA ARAH KIBLAT Suleman, Frangky
Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syirah Vol 9, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (242.955 KB) | DOI: 10.30984/as.v9i1.17

Abstract

Permasalahan kiblat tiada lain adalah masalah arah, yakni arah ka’bah ke Makkah. Arah ka’bah ini dapat ditentukan dari setiap titik atau tempat di permukaan bumi ini dengan melakukan perhitungan dan pengukuran. Oleh sebab itu perhitungan arah kiblat pada dasarnya adalah perhitungan untuk mengetahui guna menetapkan ke arah mana ka’bah di Makkah itu dilihat dari suatu tempat di permukaan bumi ini sehingga semua gerakan orang yang sedang melaksanakan salat, baik ketika berdiri, ruku’, maupun sujudnya selalu berimpit dengan arah yang menuju ka’bah.
Prospek Bank Syariah Pasca Undang-Undang Nomor 10 Tahun 1998 Tentang Perubahan Undang-Undang Nomor 7 Tahun 1992 Tentang Perbankan Ismail, Ismail
Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syirah Vol 3, No 1 (2005)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (63.576 KB) | DOI: 10.30984/as.v3i1.265

Abstract

Sejak diundangkannya undang-undang Nomor 10 Tahun 1998 tersebut, maka pemerintah dalam hal ini bank Indonesia menggunakan dual sistem perbankan, yaitu perbankan dengan sistem bunga yang di anut oleh perbankan konvensional dan perbankan dengan sistem bagi hasil.dengan demikian perbankan konvensional dapat membuka layanan perbankan dengan sistem bagi hasil. Kinerja ini semakin nyata ketika badai krisis ekonomi melanda indonesia. Ketika perbankan konvensional banyak yeng terpuruk, perbankan syariah relatif dapat bertahan bahkan menunjukkan perkembangan. Data menunjukkan bahwa pada akhir 1996, jumlah keseluruhan kantor, baik kantor pusat, kantor cabang, kantor capem, maupun kantor kas, yaitu 41 kantor. Bulan januari 2003, jumlahnya telah menjadi 116 kantor. Ini membuktikan bahwa secara konseptual, perbankan syariah memang sesuai dengan tuntunan perkembangan zaman serta sudah menjadi kewajiban sejarahnya untuk lahir dan berkembang menjadi sistem perbankan alternatif yang sesuai dengan fitrah hidup manusia. Walapun demikian, kesempurnaan konsep yang berdasarkan konsep ilahiah ini tetap terus harus disesuaikan dengan tuntutan zaman agar tetap dapat diterapkan dalam kehidupan bisnis yang nyata. Berangkat dari pemikiran itulah diperlukan alternatif-alternatif pemikiran yang dapat menyempurnakan konsep pengembangan perbankan syariah dimasa depan. Tantangan pertama yang berada di depan mata adalah mampukah perbankan syariah memerankan fungsi intermediasi secara baik sehingga segera dapat menggerakkan sektor ril. Tantangan kedua adalah mampukah perbankan syariah berkembang di habitatnya yang subur’(negeri dengan penduduk muslim terbesar di dunia) serta menjadi contoh sukses bagi negara-negara lain dalam mengembangkan perbankan syariah. Tantangan ketiga, dimasa depan perbankan syariah harus mampu menjadi rahmatan lil alamin.

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