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Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal
ISSN : 08531629     EISSN : 08531629     DOI : -
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi Biosfera : A Scientific Journal merupakan peer reviewed jurnal yang diterbitkan oleh Fakultas Biologi Universitas Jenderal Soedirman. Media ini mewadahi hasil-hasil penelitian di bidang biologi tropika yang terbit tiga kali setahun (Januari, Mei, September).
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Articles 296 Documents
KERAGAMAN DAN PREVALENSI NEMATODA PARASIT USUS PADA MONYET EKOR PANJANG (MACACA FASCICULARIS) DI KAWASAN WISATA “MASJID SAKA TUNGGAL” Riwidiharso, Edy; Nasution, Erie Kolya; Triaji, Heru
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 37, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2020.37.1.1136

Abstract

Nematode parasites generally found around the world. Research on intestinal parasitic nematodes in long-tailed monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) has been carried out in Cikakak Village, Banyumas Regency. The aims of the research was to find out the diversity and prevalence of Nematodes parasite on long tail monkey. Survey methods was used in this research with determine the eggs of the nematodes parasite on faeces of 30 adults and 30 adolescence of monkey. The results of the study found five types of intestinal parasitic nematodes classified as " Soil Transmitted Helminths " namely Strongyloides sp. Ascaris sp. Trichuris sp. Ancylostoma sp. Oeshopagustomum sp. The parasitic diversity index value (H ') indicates moderate (moderate) community stability. Parasitic nematodes in adolescent long-tailed monkeys are relatively similar to adult monkeys. The prevalence of long-tailed monkeys infected with parasitic nematodes is quite high at 40.5 ± 13.5. The prevalence of long-tailed monkeys in adolescence is higher than the prevalence of adult long-tailed monkeys, nematode infections in long-tailed monkeys in Cikakak Village are more single infections. It can be concluded that long tail monkey at Cikakak have been infected by Nematodes parasites and this result can be used to population management of long tail monkey at this area.
STUDY ON THE POTENTIALLY HARMFUL BENTHIC DINOFLAGELLATES IN PARI ISLAND, INDONESIA Thoha, Hikmah; Rachman, Arief; Intan, Mariana Destiana Bayu; Usup, Gires
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 37, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2020.37.1.835

Abstract

Information on benthic dinoflagellates in Indonesia is rare since it often neglected in many microalgae researches. Thus, not much information is available about the ecology of benthic dinoflagellates in Indonesia, especially for three important genus, Gambierdiscus, Prorocentrum and Ostreopsis. Sampling were carried three times: in August, October, and December 2013. The sampling was conducted around Pari Island. Bethic Harmful Algal Blooms (B-HABs) were collected in each sampling site using a modified PVC rig with 15x10 cm screen (artificial substrate) which placed at the bottom of the water for 24 hours. Another form of a screen with leaf blade form, 30x5 cm was also deployed in each sampling site and left for 24 hours. In general, the different density of Prorocentrum, Gambierdiscus, and Ostreopsis were observed in various substrates in this research. Temporal variation of those three target genera was also found in this research, from the results so far, Prorocentrum was suggested as the most common benthic dinoflagellates in Pari Island. This genus was found in all substrates during two sampling periods in this study, except in sandy bottom substrate in October 2013. The highest density of Prorocentrum which observed in the screen placed in coral reefs area in October 2013, was 288 cells/100 cm2. The lowest of Prorocentrum density was observed in coral reefs area in October 2013, was 0.53 cells/g of wet weight.
KUALITAS PERAIRAN SITU LEBAKWANGI, BOGOR Isbeanny, Jeanne; Annisa, Syifa; Nurkholidah, Nurkholidah; Izza, Nia Dzirwatul; Zahrah, Pratiwi Amalia; Lathifah, Dhiya; Pamungkas, Ario Putro; Susanti, Nasti; Sugoro, Irawan
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 37, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2020.37.1.733

Abstract

Water pollution that occurs due to various human activities in Situ Lebakwangi's cause of water quality decrease based on Government Regulation Number 82 of 2001 about Water Quality Criteria. The purpose of this research is to know the water quality of Situ Lebakwangi based on physical, chemical, and biological (coliform bacteria) factors. This research was conducted in Situ Lebakwangi, Bogor in January 2015. Physical factor parameters are temperature, dissolved oxygen (DO), pH, total dissolved solids (TDS), electrical conductivity (EC), five days of biological oxygen demand, brightness and light intensity. Research results show that the physical condition of Situ Lebakwangi is conformed with environmental quality standard class II.Temperature of Situ Lebakwangi range is 29,2-30,2 ?C, DO 4,8-6,2 ppm, TDS 53,7-58,7 ppm, BOD5 1,6-3,1 ppm, EC 112-118 mS/cm, and  pH 6,6-8,8. The measurement result shows that total bacteria exceed the environmental quality standard 1,0 x 103CFU/ml, except in the six-station. Pollutant bacteria E. coli was not found in the 6th station. All of the stations can not found pathogenic bacteria Salmonella sp. Coliform bacteria in five and six stations exceeds the environmental quality standard, which is 5,0 x 103. All observed physical factor parameters were in conformable with PP 82 of 2001 about Water Quality Criteria, but for biological parameters (total bacteria and total coliform) were not. Based on these results, aquatic of Situ Lebakwangi can not be used for water recreation facilities, freshwater fish cultivation, livestock, water to irrigate crops, and other uses that require the same water quality.
IDENTIFIKASI KEANEKARAGAMAN POLEN TANAMAN SUMBER PAKAN LEBAH PADA MADU LOKAL DARI 5 DESA DI KABUPATEN BOYOLALI Hidayati, Nurul; Suedy, Sri Widodo Agung; Darmanti, Sri
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 37, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2020.37.1.1073

Abstract

Honey is a natural sugar produced by bees from the nectar of plants or secretions of living parts of plants or excrtions of plant sucking insects on the living parts of plants. Pollen is an important component contained in honey, as a source of protein for bees. The This study aims to determine the diversity of pollen which is a source of bee feed, and knowing the type of honey based on the type and frequency of pollen in honey in 5 villages in Boyolali Regency. The method used for the pollen analysis is acetolysis. The quantitative data of pollen analysis using Excel Software. The results showed the diversity of plant pollen in honey from 5 village in Boyolali is 52 taxa, and the type of honey based on the frequency and types of pollen varies, the village Cerme and Cepogo honey is multifloral honey, Kiringan and Pager Village honey including monofloral honey, and Kemiri Village honey is bifloral honey.
SCREENING TUMBUHAN ALTERNATIF PENGHASIL XANTHORRHIZOL MENGGUNAKAN PENDEKATAN IN-SILICO BERDASARKAN MARKER MATK Rachmatan, Diardy Shauman; Hidayat, Topik
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 37, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2020.37.1.995

Abstract

Xanthorrhizol is a compound that has many uses such as anticancer, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antihyperglycemic, antihypertensive, etc. However, this xanthorrhizol is only found in javanese turmeric (Curcuma zanthorrhiza) where this species only grows well in Indonesia. MatK from the GeneBank NCBI is used to find plants that are closely related to Curcuma zanthorrhiza. Multiple sequence alignment was done using ClustalX 1.83, and phylogenetic analysis was done using PAUP 4.0. The results of the reconstruction of the phylogenetic tree showed that white turmeric (Curcuma zedoaria) was the closest plant related to Curcuma zanthorrhiza. Curcuma zedoaria is a plant commonly found in tropical countries, such as India, Japan and Thailand. In Indonesia Curcuma zedoaria is known as Temu Putih. It is known that the chemical content of Temu Putih rhizome consists of curcuminoids, essential oils, and polysaccharides. Curcuminoid includes: curcumin, demethoxycurcumin, bisdemetoksikurkumin and 1,7-bis (4-hydroxyphenyl) -1,4,6-heptatrien-3-on.  Curcuma zedoaria has rich essential oils: starch, curcumin, arabin, gums, etc. There is also more than ten sesquiterpene from Rhizome of Curcuma zedoaria such as furanodiene, furanodienone, zedorone, curzerenone, curzeone, germacrone, 13-hydroxy germacrone, dihydro-curdione, curcumenone and zedoaronediol. Based on that Curcuma zedoaria doesn?t produce xanthorrhizol naturally, but Curcuma zedoaria has a bioactive substance such as sesquiterpene and its closely related to Curcuma zanthorrhiza, genetic engineering can probably be used to produce xanthorrhizol.
PERBAIKAN HISTOPATOLOGI PANKREAS TIKUS HIPERGLIKEMIA SETELAH PEMBERIAN EKSTRAK ETANOL KULIT BATANG PAKOBA (SYZYGIUM LUZONENSE (MERR.) MERR.) Walean, Mario; Melpin, Rostina; Rondonuwu, Mervina; Pinontoan, Kinzie Feliciano
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 37, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2020.37.1.1210

Abstract

Pakoba as an endemic plant in North Sulawesi has ethnomedical benefits in treating diabetes. The purpose of this study was to determine the histopathological of pancreatic hyperglycemic rats induced by alloxan by the administration of pakoba stem bark ethanol extract (PSBEE). Rats with an average weight of 150-200 gr were divided into 5 treatment groups. Group I as a normal control without alloxan administration then group II alloxan control, group III were treated with glibenclamide 5 mg/kgbw, groups IV and V were treated with PSBEE 150 and 300 mg/kgbw oral gavage. Phytochemical screening results of PSBEE contain a lot of alkaloids, flavonoids, and tannins. A dose of 300 mg/kgbw PSBEE is better in repair pancreatic cells in hyperglycemia rats compared with a dose of 150 mg/kgbw. There needs further research to know the antioxidant activity, the mechanism of the active compound content of the pakoba stem bark as an antihyperglycemic.
ANALISIS VEGETASI PULAU-PULAU KECIL DI KECAMATAN SEKOTONG, KABUPATEN LOMBOK BARAT, NUSA TENGGARA BARAT Hidayat, Fahmi; Aryanti, Nirmala Ayu
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 37, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2020.37.1.1029

Abstract

The rise of tourism development has increased the exploitation of natural resources and the increasing pressure on the environment on small island groups in West Nusa Tenggara, some of which are Gili Nanggu, Gili Sudak, and Gili Tangkong. The lack of attention to natural resources environmental preservation of small islands that are vulnerable to environmental changes, the purpose of the study was to determine the structure, species abundance, and differences in vegetation conditions on these islands. The technique used in vegetation analysis was a purposive sampling method, with a sampling intensity of 5% of each island area. The data obtained in the form of frequency, density, dominance, diversity index, index of important values (IVI), index of evenness, and wealth index, as well as a comparison test. On these islands were found 22 plant species belong to 13 families. The diversity index (H?) of vegetation types in Gili Nanggu, Gili Sudak and Gili Tangkong showed low to moderate categories. Species richness (R1) show a low category. Evenness (E) shows high, medium to low. According to a different test, there was no significant difference between the vegetation conditions in Gili Nanggu, Gili Sudak and Gili Tangkong.
KARAKTERISASI, AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN DAN KOMPONEN BIOAKTIF BULU BABI (DIADEMA SAVIGNYI) DARI PERAIRAN PANTAI TRIKORA TIGA PULAU BINTAN Apriandi, Azwin; Sari Putri, Raja Marwita; Tanjung, Irvan
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 37, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2020.37.1.768

Abstract

Sea urchin is one type of aquatic biota that comes from echinoderms phylum. Biota is very abundant along the beach Trikora Bintan Island. This study aims to characterize and analyze the antioxidant activity and bioactive components contained in the crude extract of hexan and methanol sea urchins. Based on the results of this study, this biota has yield shell, thorn, viscera and gonad that is 42.62%, 18.07%, 27.31% and 12%. The result of extract of crude extract of intact fur with methanol (UMeOH), whole with hexan (UHx), gonad with methanol (GMeOH) and gonad with hexan (GHx) obtained yield of 2.37%, 3.19%, 9.87% and 6.06%. result of bioactive component analysis got 5 kinds of bioactive among them alkaloid, steroid, flavonoid, saponin and phenol hidroquinon. Analysis of antioxidant activity of crude extract of pig bristle with DPPH method obtained results for UMeOH, UHx, GMeOH and GHx is 3003 ppm, 3508 ppm, 1485 ppm dan 1420 ppm.
KADAR FLAVONOID, SENYAWA BIOMARKER ANTIKANKER PADA TUMBUHAN FAMILI ASTERACEAE DARI DAERAH KOPENG KABUPATEN SEMARANG INDONESIA Kristiani, Elizabeth Betty Elok; Kasmiyati, Sri
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 37, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2020.37.1.1058

Abstract

The Asteraceae family plants are reported to have various abilities as drugs. Artemisia belongs to the Asteraceae family has been used as a drug for malaria, and recent developments have been studied for its ability as anticancer agents. Cosmos caudatus, a member of the Asteraceae family that believed by many people for its ability to heal cancer. The aims of this study were to determine the content of quercetin, kaempferol, and artemisinin which is an anticancer biomarker compound in A. annua, A. vulgaris Linn., A. chinese Berg ex Poljakov, and Cosmos caudatus Kunth which grow in Kopeng blood, Semarang Regency, Province Central Java. The plant samples were dried and mashed up. The content of biomarker compounds was determined using using High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). The artemisinin levels in A. annua, A. vulgaris Linn., A. cina Berg Poljakov, and Cosmos caudatus Kunth were 0.2800; 0.3000; 0.1700; and 0.0300% respectively. The kaempferol was detected in the three Artemisia were 0.2987; 0.0013; and 0.0074%. In all four plants, quercetin was only detected in A. annua.
Keanekaragaman Jenis Ikan di Perairan Lebak Jungkal Kecamatan Pampangan Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ilir pada Musim Hujan dan Kemarau Ridho, Mohammad Rasyid; Patriono, Enggar; Haryani, Rita
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 36, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2019.36.1.958

Abstract

The research about fishes diversity in Lebak Jungkal waters in Pampangan District Ogan Komering Ilir Regency in rainy and dry season was conducted on February till July 2013. The aim of this research were to analyzed diversity index and Evenness index of fishes  in Lebak Jungkal in rainy and dry season. Fish samples were collected using purposive random sampling method. The obtained samples were count for species and individual number of each species as a basis for estimating the diversity and evenness indexes. During rainy season, as much as 3,406 fish individuals were caught and were identified into 17 fish species, while a sum of 2,019 individuals were collected in dry season and were placed into 14 fish species. The result of diversity index (H’) categorized intermediet and diversity index (H’) in dry season (0.142-1.754) was lower than rainy season (1.862-2.008). Otherwise, Evenness index (E) in dry season (0.566-0.604) more evenly distributed than rainy season (0.061-0.625). 

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