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Varia Justicia
ISSN : 19073216     EISSN : 25795198     DOI : -
Core Subject : Social,
Varia Justicia (ISSN 2579-5198) is a peer-reviewed Journal of Legal Studies developed by the Faculty of Law, Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang. This journal publishes biannually (March and October). The scopes of Varia Justicia, but not limited to, are: Constitutional Law, Criminal Law, Civil Law, Islamic Law, Environmental Law, Human Rights, International Law, and also interconnection study with Legal Studies. Varia Justicia has been indexed by Google Scholar, Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ), Sinta, IPI, Worldcat and others.
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Articles 111 Documents
PERAN SERTA MASYARAKAT DALAM PENCEGAHAN DAN PEMBERANTASAN TINDAK PIDANA KORUPSI Kamal, Muhammad; Arifin, Muhammad Yarif
Varia Justicia Vol 15 No 2 (2019): Vol 15 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31603/variajusticia.v15i2.2484

Abstract

The leading cause of corruption in the regions is the enormous power in the hands of the local elite. However, the amount of authority held by the regions is not accompanied by an active control function through oversight institutions that involve the community. This study aims to analyze community involvement in the prevention and eradication of corruption in Indonesia. This research is normative legal research with a doctrinal approach. In a democratic country like Indonesia, community participation is needed in the prevention and eradication of corruption. Public participation in efforts to prevent and eradicate criminal acts of corruption is manifested in the form of data search, acquisition, and provision of data on corruption. In addition, the community has the right to provide advice and opinions responsibly for the prevention and eradication of corruption.
COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT AS THE CORPORATE'S SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY: CASE STUDY OF PT. TIRTA INVESTAMA PLANT SOLOK, INDONESIA Risa, Yulia
Varia Justicia Vol 15 No 2 (2019): Vol 15 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31603/variajusticia.v15i2.2940

Abstract

This study aims to investigate the involvement and implementation of the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) of PT. Tirta Investama Solok Aqua Plant Factory in community empowerment in Solok Regency. The company not only prioritizes the company's financial condition (single bottom line) but also pays attention to the concept of sustainable development and is beneficial for community empowerment, namely the social principles, environmental, and ethical principles (triple bottom line). The approach used in this research is qualitative, with primary data obtained from interviews, observations, and field studies. The data obtained are then analyzed with relevant laws, theories, and expert opinions, while secondary data are obtained from various literature, laws, and regulations. The results showed that in 2014, the implementation of social responsibility at PT. Tirta Investama Danone Aqua is carried out by a non-governmental organization (NGO) of the Indonesian Family Planning Association (PKBI) of West Sumatra Province and the Field Indonesia Foundation. Social responsibility is implemented through social mapping programs, the creation of clean water and sanitation facilities. In the economic field, the activities carried out, namely the school program (sekolah lapangan alpukat), while in the environmental field, PT. Tirta Investama Danone Aqua built the Biodiversity Park (KEHATI) and the Community-Based Total Sanitation Program. Secondly, CSR involvement of PT. Tirta Investama in Community Empowerment is through the Community Based Total Sanitation Program (STBM).
THE THEORY OF POSITIVISM AND THE JUDGES’ SOCIAL JURISPRUDENCE IN INDONESIA Budiono, Arief; Pebriana, Lila Afrida; Rahayu, Sudi; Izziyana, Wafda Vivid
Varia Justicia Vol 15 No 2 (2019): Vol 15 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31603/variajusticia.v15i2.3019

Abstract

Positivism is a branch of philosophy, which is a source of knowledge on positive law which is based on the Constitution applied. The positive law is made by the law-making institution. The laws which have been determined and issued must be complied with by all citizens. It is enforced and it comes with strict sanctions. Judges have a big role in enforcing the aims of the law, which are certainty and justice. Apart from holding on to the formal law (the positive law), the judges also have the capability to see the condition in the field empirically and adjust to it flexibly. Thus, judges may have more flexibility in deciding upon a case and in examining the real data to uphold justice. Such decisions may be followed by other judges, which is called jurisprudence
KONSEP PERLAKUAN KHUSUS DAN BERBEDA SETELAH KONFERENSI BUENOS AIRES DAN DAMPAKNYA BAGI PERIKANAN SKALA KECIL DI INDONESIA Nur, Muhammad; Susanto, M.Hajir
Varia Justicia Vol 15 No 2 (2019): Vol 15 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31603/variajusticia.v15i2.3083

Abstract

The WTO Conference held in Hong Kong in 2005 agreed that subsidies must be immediately abolished by each WTO member country. But the decision was not approved by many countries, especially developing countries and less developed countries, so the concept of Special and Differential Treatment appears. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the extent of this idea's impact on the small-scale fisheries in Indonesia after the Buenos Aires Conference. a normative juridical research method is used by authors that examining library materials and other secondary materials. The author uses the data collection method by the literature study. Documents in the form of primary legal materials, secondary legal materials, and non-legal materials are used in this paper. At the Ministerial Meeting in Buenos Aires in 2017 Special and Differential Treatment Concept was discussed. The result of this study found that regarding of conclusion in the 11th Ministerial Conference in Buenos Aires, Indonesia has a chance to protect their small-scale fisheries interest to continue to provide subsidies in the field of fisheries. However, Indonesia still has a lot of work to be done to develop disciplines of fisheries subsidies within the framework of cooperation at the WTO and prevent the misuse of subsidies provided.
RESPONSIBILITY OF PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA FOR MINORITY BASED ON ICERD: UYGHUR CASE Gunawan, Yordan
Varia Justicia Vol 15 No 2 (2019): Vol 15 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31603/variajusticia.v15i2.3116

Abstract

People?s Republic of China is allegedly committed racial discrimination toward Uyghurs for the last few years. Uyghurs is one of the minority ethnics who live in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR) China. The Chinese government builds re-education camp for Uyghurs and being detained even imprisoned without a proper legal procedure. The research aims to know the implementation of Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD) and the Responsibility to Protect Perspective in Uyghurs case. The study employed normative legal research with Statute Approach and Case Approach. By using qualitative descriptive method, the study elaborated on how China upholds the minority rights through the implementation of ICERD, and how the international law perspective in the context of responsibility to protect Uyghur case is. The result shows that China has not been successfully implementing ICERD toward minority groups because in practice China does racial discrimination toward Uyghurs. Also, China fails to implement the first pillar of Responsibility to Protect (R2P), where China should protect its citizen from any kind of mass atrocity crimes.
The Regulatory Model for Eradication Corruption in Infrastructure Funding Fitriyaningrum, Julyatika; Arifin, Ridwan
Varia Justicia Vol 15 No 1 (2019): Vol 15 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31603/variajusticia.v15i1.2421

Abstract

This study aims to identify the causes and formulate a regulatory model for the eradication of Corruption in regional infrastructure development funds in Indonesia. This research was conducted by examining cases and laws related to Corruption. Some of the causes of corruption in regional development funds are: 1)Historical Factors; 2)Economic Factors; 3)Cultural Factors and 4)Institutional Factors. Although all four factors have been identified, there are still many countries that have not succeeded in eradicating corruption. An extraordinary crime requires extraordinary effort. The Government of Indonesia needs to formulate legislative policies with those manifested in specific deviant provisions. In addition, there are four approaches that are needed, namely legal approach, moralistic-religious approach, socio-cultural approach, and educational approaches. Massive actions must also be taken in various regions to start an anti-corruption measure.
TINJAUAN KRIMINOLOGI TERHADAP TINDAK PIDANA PENIPUAN JUAL BELI ONLINE Susanto, Wahyu Adi; Hendrawati, Heni; Basri, Basri
Varia Justicia Vol 13 No 1 (2017): Vol 13 No. 1 Maret 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31603/variajusticia.v13i1.1864

Abstract

This study discusses the overview of Criminology Crime Against Scams Buy Sell Online. Who in real life is very rife due to the lack of security and surveillance conducted by public authorities, so that many victims of criminal fraud and selling online, supported and easy to commit a criminal act of buying and selling online with a variety of modes available. To resolve the problem it should be known what are the factors that caused the criminal act of buying and selling online in terms of criminology. And how do the efforts of law enforcement officers in dealing with criminal fraud and selling online. Writing of this method normative empirical research that aims to make the data in a systematic, factual, and accurate about the facts and what happens on the field sebenrnya. With a data sekuder and as a source of primary data. Factors that cause the Crime Fraud Buy Sell Online influenced by various factors such as economic factors, environmental factors, social and cultural factors, factors easily commit crimes of fraud and selling online, factor the lack of risk of being caught by
PELAKSANAAN DEPONERING DALAM PERSPEKTIF ASAS EQUALITY BEFORE THE LAW Kurnianto, Diska; Susila, Agna; Kurniaty, Yulia
Varia Justicia Vol 13 No 1 (2017): Vol 13 No. 1 Maret 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

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Abstract

       This study examines and analyzes related criminal cases abuse in the criminal justice system in Indonesia under Law No. 16 of 2004 on the Prosecutor of the Republic Indonesia by closing a criminal case under the Code of Criminal Procedure (Criminal Procedure Code). This research method using a normative juridical approach to law (Statute Approach). Primary legal materials, secondary, and tertiary obtained by the author will be analyzed using analytical techniques interpretation of the law, namely: Content Analysis, which is used as a reference in resolving legal issues that become the object of study.        From the research results to the above method, the authors obtain answers to existing problems that the implementation case abuse accordance with the principles of opportunity in Article 35 letter c of Law Number 16 of 2004 on the Prosecutor of the Republic of Indonesia is still relatively small only be carried out by the Attorney General as the head chief prosecutor Court of the Republic of Indonesia in excluding criminal cases, and the closure of the case can be implemented by all prosecutors as the public prosecutor (prosecutor) without a process of public interest but can only be enforced closure of the case in the interest of law-related problems that menyangkat communities concerned in criminal cases.
PELAKSANAAN POLIGAMI BAGI PNS DI KABUPATEN MAGELANG Agus Ginanjar, Muhammad; Sulistyaningsih, Puji; heniyatun, heniyatun
Varia Justicia Vol 12 No 2 (2016): Vol 12 No. 2 Oktober 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

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Abstract

Undang-undang perkawinan telah mengatur seorang calon suami memungkinkan untuk menikah lebih dari seorang (poligami), hal ini sesuai dengan Pasal 3 ayat (2) dan Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 9 Tahun 1975 azas monogami tidak mutlak. Undang-undang Perkawinan memberikan pembatasan yang cukup berat, yaitu berupa suatu pemenuhan dengan melengkapi syarat-syarat poligami dengan alasan yang tertentu dan izin Pengadilan yang sudah diatur dalam Pasal 3 ayat (2), Pasal 4 dan Pasal 5 Undang-undang Perkawinan jo Pasal 55, 56, 57, 58, 59 KHI dan juga pengaturan bagi seorang Pegawai Negeri Sipil di dalam Pasal 4, 5, 9, dan 10 Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 45 Tahun 1990 yang memungkinkan seseorang pegawai negeri sipil diperbolehkan untuk beristri lebih dari seorang. Berdasarkan hal tersebut maka penulis memandang perlu untuk melakukan penelitian mengenai poligami PNS, yaitu dengan mengambil judul :    “ Pelaksanaan Poligami bagi PNS di Kabupaten Magelang “. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode pendekatan yuridis normatif. Bahan penelitian menggunakan dua jenis data yaitu data primer dan data sekunder. Spesifkasi penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif-analitis. Metode populasi dan sampel yang peneliti gunakan adalah dengan metode Non Random Sampling, dan Purposif Sampling. Alat penelitian meliputi studi kepustakaan dan wawancara terbuka. Metode analisis data penulis menggunakan metode analisis kualitatif. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa prosedur pelaksanaan poligami bagi PNS di kabupaten Magelang pada dasarnya sama seperti prosedur yang dilakukan poligami selain PNS yaitu harus memenuhi syarat alternatif dan syarat kumulatif sesuai dengan peraturan perundang-undangan yang mengatur poligami secara umum adapun perbedaannya adalah adanya syarat tambahan yaitu harus ada ijin dari pejabat yang berwenang di instansi yang terkait. Adapun masalah yang timbul dalam pelaksanaan poligami bagi PNS terutama berkaitan dengan proses permohonan ijin dari pejabat sampai dengan pengadilan yang membutuhkan waktu yang cukup lama. Selain itu masalah yang umum adalah kurangnya kesadaran para istri PNS untuk bisa menerima keinginan suami untuk berpoligami sehingga syarat adanya ijin dari istri sangat sulit untuk di peroleh.  Adapun masalah lain adalah masih minimnya gaji PNS sehingga kemungkinan besar tidak akan mampu memenuhi kebutuhan hidupnya apabila berpoligami. Adapun cara mengatasi masalah yang timbul dalam pelaksanaan poligami bagi PNS adalah hendaknya pemerintah memperketat ijin poligami bagi PNS dan lebih tegas dalam memberi sanksi kepada pelaku poligami yang tidak sesuai dengan peraturan.
PERJANJIAN BOT (BUILD OPERATE AND TRANSFER) ANTARA PT. SEAWORLD INDONESIA DENGAN PT PEMBANGUNAN JAYA ANCOL Tbk Chandra Adcha Mita, Arasina; Heniyatun, Heniyatun
Varia Justicia Vol 11 No 2 (2015): Vol 11 No. 2 Oktober 2015
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

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Abstract

Cooperation Cooperation BOT build operate and transfer (BOT) is a form of cooperation agreements carried out between holders of land rights to the investor which holders of land rights would entitle the investor to erect a building for the duration of the agreement to transfer ownership of the building to holders of land rights after a period ofwake up in order to deliver an end. One form of the agreement made by PT. Jaya Ancol construction with vehicle manager of Sea World for 20 years ended 20 September 2014. This thesis entitled "Agreement Bot (Build Operate And Transfer) between PT.Seaworld Indonesia with PT Building Jaya Ancol Tbk ". The purpose of this study was to determine the problems that arise in the implementation of BOT agreement between PT. Sea Wold Indonesia with PT. Jaya Ancol Tbk development and how its completion. The research method using normative juridical approach. Materials research using primary and secondary data, specifications research using descriptive analytical research, libraries and research tools using interviews, interview techniques and research data analysis method by means of qualitative methods. Based on the research that the differences in perception by each of the parties to cause problems in the BOT agreement. PT. Jaya Ancol development assume that the clause 8 subsection 5 of the Agreement between PT. Development Jaya Ancol Tbk and Sea World considers that the current agreement expires, PT. Sea World Indonesia handing back land and building project to PT. Jaya Ancol Tbk development, including supporting infrastructure and its management rights. The guidelines are used as Sea World Indonesia is clause 8 subsection  6 which states PT. Sea World Indonesia, have a perception extend the management for a maximum of 20 years, and shall notify in writing the Jaya Ancol no later than one year agreement period expires. PT. Sea World is obliged to hand over the building and its assets to PT. Development Jaya Ancol Tbk because the agreement has expired according to the agreement specified in the agreement. The decision of Supreme Court of Supreme Court (MA) concerning a dispute between PT. Development Jaya Ancol Tbk and PT. Sea World Indonesia resulted in the decision that the Supreme Court granted the petition of the Petitioners stating that the extension does not apply immediately or automatic but conditional can be extended with a new agreement that was agreed Petitioner and Respondent Convention Convention.  Respondent punish the Convention to submit the building, including equipment, facilities and other inventory items.

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