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INDONESIA
The South East Asian Journal of Management
Published by Universitas Indonesia
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The South East Asian Journal of Management Aim and Scope The South East Asian Journal of Management (SEAM) aims to present the latest thinking and research that test, extends, or builds management theory and contributes to management practice. Contents of the Journal will be of interest to management teachers, student and researchers as well as to practicing managers and material will be analytical rather than descriptive. Whilst a major focus of the journal is on the Asian countries and management issues connected with it, increasingly, global concerns and conceptual topics will be covered. The Journal does not take a narrow view of business and management and will publish in other disciplines if they contribute significantly to problems considered by managers and researchers. To be published in SEAM, a manuscript must make strong empirical and theoretical contributions and highlight the significance of those contributions to the management field. Thus, preference is given to submissions that test, extend, or build strong theoretical frameworks while empirically examining issues with high importance for management theory and practice.
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Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 13, No 1 (2019): April 2019" : 7 Documents clear
THE IMPACT OF TRAINING ON TURNOVER INTENTION: THE ROLE OF GROWTH NEED STRENGTH AMONG VIETNAMESE FEMALE EMPLOYEES Luu Thi Nguyen; Yinghong Shao
The South East Asian Journal of Management Vol 13, No 1 (2019): April 2019
Publisher : Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Indonesia

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Abstract

Research Aims: Incorporating theories about psychological contracts and job characteristics, this research explores the relationship between different types of training events (i.e. on-the-job versus off-the-job training) and the turnover intention of female employees. Growth Need Strength (GNS) is a personality factor that strengthens this relationship. Design/Methodology/Approach: Empirical evidence for the research was derived from a survey that collected data from 221 female corporate officers in Vietnam, followed by a hierarchical regression. Research Findings: The results suggest that GNS significantly moderates the influence of off-the-job training on turnover intention. With higher levels of GNS, women who participate in more off-the-job training and development activities provided by the company are less likely to consider leaving. This moderating effect, however, does not significantly affect the relationship between on-the-job training and turnover intention. Theoretical Contribution/Originality: The paper investigates on-the-job and off-the-job training and assesses their effects on turnover intention, with emphasis on female employees. Managerial Implications in the Southeast Asian Context: The results provide useful implications for organisational training of professional women in Southeast Asian countries, taking into consideration similarities in culture, social norms and organisational behaviour. Research Limitations and Implications: The research is limited by its sample and by a subjective self-assessment scale.  
INNOVATIVENESS AND COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE AMONG SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE EXPORTERS: EVIDENCE FROM EMERGING MARKETS IN SOUTH EAST ASIA Md Daud Ismail; Syed Shah Alam
The South East Asian Journal of Management Vol 13, No 1 (2019): April 2019
Publisher : Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Indonesia

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Abstract

Research Aims: This study investigates the impact of innovativeness on competitive advantage along with the role of human capital and entrepreneurship orientation as drivers for innovation.   Design/Methodology/Approach: The sample consists of small and medium sized manufacturers in Malaysia. A total of 193 firms participated. Data were collected via mail and drop-off survey and analysed using multiple regression analysis.   Research Findings: The findings indicate that innovativeness significantly and positively influences competitive advantage. The effect of human capital and entrepreneurship orientation on innovativeness is also positive and significant.   Theoretical Contribution/Originality: The findings of this study also have theoretical implications wherein the results lend support to the appropriate role of innovativeness in creating competitive advantage and its role in the human capital and entrepreneurship orientation towards innovativeness.   Managerial Implications in the Southeast Asian context: The present study suggests that small and medium enterprises (SMEs) managers should focus on developing organisational value and capacity to encourage the creation of novel business solutions. These resources are entrepreneurship orientation (EO) and human capital. Successful export ventures, with a background of limited resources, can be achieved by employing incremental internationalisation frameworks.   Research Limitations and Implications: This study bears several limitations. First, most of the samples are businesses owned by the Malay and may not be generalised to other ethnicities such as Chinese or SMEs in other emerging countries. Second, the competitive advantage is contingent on the external environment, and the results may vary when factoring in the effect of the external environment.
LEAN OPERATIONS IMPLEMENTATION AT AN INDONESIAN SHOE PRODUCER Bonny Tofani Antonio; Ratih Dyah Kusumastuti
The South East Asian Journal of Management Vol 13, No 1 (2019): April 2019
Publisher : Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Indonesia

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Abstract

Research Aims: We analyse the impact of lean operations implementation on the performance of an Indonesian shoe producer, identify key success factors of the implementation and propose further improvements to increase company performance   Design/Methodology/Approach: A mix of quantitative and qualitative methods is employed. Comparisons of operational and financial performance before and after implementation are conducted to analyse the program's impact. In-depth interviews with six representatives from the shoe producer and its vendor are conducted to rank the key success factors and gain insights into their lean operations implementation.   Research Findings: The shoe producer experienced a significant increase in performance after implementing lean operations, and the five most important success factors of the implementation were management commitment and involvement, teamwork, communication, cultural-change management and sustainability of improvement activities. The current performance can still be improved by utilising information technology, implementing a Kanban system, providing direct delivery of raw materials and reducing lead times.   Theoretical Contribution/Originality: The paper provides new insights into the challenges faced by the Indonesian shoe producer, especially in its operations and highlights five critical success factors of lean operations implementation.   Managerial Implications in the Southeast Asian Context: Results of the present study can be used by other companies in a similar industry in the region to improve their operations and financial performance.   Research Limitations and Implications: The impact of implementing lean operations with the proposed improvements to the company's costs and revenues has not been studied in detail. 
THE RELATIVE EFFECTS OF ENTREPRENEURIAL CHARACTERISTICS AND GOVERNMENT SUPPORT ON THE INTERNATIONALISATION AND PERFORMANCE OF MALAYSIAN SMES Aida Idris; Mohd Najib Saad
The South East Asian Journal of Management Vol 13, No 1 (2019): April 2019
Publisher : Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Indonesia

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Abstract

 Research Aims: In line with international entrepreneurship theory, this study investigated the effects of entrepreneurial characteristics and government support on small and medium enterprise (SME) internationalisation and performance.    Design/Methodology/Approach: The study focussed on Malaysia as a developing economy; data were gathered from 237 SMEs with international business operations to facilitate the examination of associative relationships among the variables.   Research Findings: Results of structural equation modelling show that government support has a direct positive effect on internationalisation whereas entrepreneurial characteristics do not.   Theoretical Contribution/Originality: Internationalisation is, however, a significant mediator only between government support and firm performance. Nevertheless, the firms' high mean scores in entrepreneurial characteristics suggest the possibility that government support can improve internationalisation only when entrepreneurial characteristics are strong.   Managerial Implications in the Southeast Asian context: From a practical standpoint, the paper has emphasized the significance of government support in helping SMEs overcome their inexperience and size-related disadvantages. However, providing government support through direct state intervention and protectionist practices is not a sustainable strategy for business development in a region which is rapidly exposed to globalization and trade liberalization.   Research Limitations and Implications:  The results suggest a possibility that government support can improve internationalisation only when entrepreneurial characteristics are strong. In other words, instead of being a direct determinant of internationalisation, entrepreneurial traits may be a moderating factor between government support and internationalisation. However, this proposed moderating effect was not tested in the current study and needs to be investigated further in future. 
JOB SATISFACTION, LEADERSHIP STYLES, DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES AND ORGANISATIONAL COMMITMENT AMONG PHARMACISTS IN VIETNAM Dung Tien Luu; Dinh Phi Ho; Nguyen Thi Kim Hiep; Phan Thi Hoi; Duong Thi Phuong Hanh
The South East Asian Journal of Management Vol 13, No 1 (2019): April 2019
Publisher : Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Indonesia

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Abstract

Research Aims: To analyse the organisational commitment of pharmacists in Vietnamese enterprises, incorporating elements such as job satisfaction, leadership style and demographic variables. Design/Methodology/Approach: Based on a primary data sample, collected from 300 pharmacists in professional organisations (universities, hospitals, pharmaceutical companies and drugstore chains), and a structural equation model (SEM). Research Findings: The results show that organisational commitment is significantly dependent on perceived job satisfaction, leadership styles and demographic variables by pharmacists. Predictors of pharmacists' organisational commitment differed significantly. Theoretical Contribution/Originality: This is the first study to consider factors affecting organisational commitment among pharmacists in Vietnamese enterprises. Managerial Implications in the Southeast Asian Context: This study could have potential practical implications in pharmacy management. Human resource management systems in each type of organisation (universities, hospitals, pharmaceutical companies and drugstore chains) must be aware of different predictors that affect the pharmacists' commitment to their respective organisations and devise appropriate managerial standards. Research Limitations and Implications: Earlier research has shown that some control variables, such as age, gender, marital status, number of years in an organisation and level of education, which influence organisational commitments in particular, were not included in the model as direct control variables. Further research should use these control variables in their models to obtain a more complete explanation of organisational commitment among pharmacists in Vietnam. 
CASH HOLDING OR NET DEBT, WHAT IS RELEVANT FOR INDONESIAN FIRMS? Himanshu Joshi
The South East Asian Journal of Management Vol 13, No 1 (2019): April 2019
Publisher : Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Indonesia

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Abstract

Paper investigates the firm level determinants of cash holdings by Indonesian firms. It also examines net debt as substitute measure for cash holding in firm’s financial policies.   Sample comprises of 483 Indonesian companies listed on Indonesia stock exchange. Study finds that firms with robust cash flows, and higher cost of capital hold more cash. Firms holding greater noncash liquid assets have moderate cash holdings. Cash holding is most relevant for financially constrained firms, and growth firms. Net debt appears to be most relevant element for low growth firms. No hedging firms are indifferent about their cash holdings and net debt.
THE IMPACT OF WORK-LIFE BALANCE ON JOB ENGAGEMENT AND TURNOVER INTENTION Nor Siah Jaharuddin; Liyana Nadia Zainol
The South East Asian Journal of Management Vol 13, No 1 (2019): April 2019
Publisher : Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Indonesia

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Abstract

Research Aims: Work-life balance (WLB) and employee engagement are regarded as factors or catalysts with the potential to ensure a firm's continuous growth. Hence, imbalance between work and personal life causes higher stress that might lead to greater turnover intention among employees. As such, employees' ability to achieve WLB with organisational support should lead to higher job engagement, commitment and better job performance. This study examines a holistic view of the link between WLB, job engagement and turnover intention.   Design/Methodology/Approach: Data was gathered using a quantitative study by distributing a questionnaire survey to 213 executive employees in Klang Valley, Malaysia.   Research Findings: Interestingly, the findings revealed a direct relationship between work-life conflicts and job engagement and turnover intention. There is also a significant correlation of job engagement to employees' turnover intention. However, no mediation effect of job engagement is found between WLB and turnover intention. Theoretical Contribution/Originality: This study links all the three variables-WLB, job engagement and turnover intention-in a holistic way. Managerial Implications in the Southeast Asian Context: It is imperative to have WLB practices in organisations to support employees in order to ensure their well-being and thus, increase their engagement and retention. These findings, discovered among executives in Malaysia, provide recommendations to practitioners on this topic, including companies and regulatory bodies.   Research Limitations and Implications: Most of the samples were drawn from the millennial generation; their expectations towards work life intervals might be different from mature adults.

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