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Linguistics and Elt Journal
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Core Subject : Education,
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Articles 56 Documents
The Analysis of Educational and Cultural Values of "Boho Oi Ndeu" in Wedding Ceremony of Bimanese at Rabakodo Village Asbah, Asbah
Linguistics and ELT Journal Vol 5, No 1 (2017): June
Publisher : Muhammadiyah University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (204.979 KB) | DOI: 10.31764/leltj.v9i1.738

Abstract

BohoOiNdeuis wedding ceremony to the bride and groom using coconut milk and water flowers inserted into the pottery(RoaBou), two bridal wear woven and tied using white thread(EroLanta)to the position of the body facing the Qiblah. It is intended that both partners in the wedding bond remain strong and lasting. The aim of this study to investigate Educational and Cultural values Boho Oi Ndeu in the wedding ceremony of Bimanese at Rabakodo village Bima Regency. The method of this study is a qualitative method and the data was collected used observation to informant, interviews informant to examine ceremony of Boho Oi Ndeu, and documentation to take pictures from an informant by using interviews and took videos while the ceremony of Boho Oi Ndeu was running. The results of this study showed that the Cultural values of the traditions of Boho Oi Ndeu performed by the ceremony are expected that the bride and groom would be lived in a harmonious family, happy, safe and peaceful. The Educational values during the ceremony of Boho Oi Ndeu get from a tool used by the nanny to bathe the bride and groom that consists of pottery, sarong, candles and white thread.
Semantic Change Analysis on Film “the King’s Speech” Hidayati, Hidayati; Ilham, Ilham
Linguistics and ELT Journal Vol 6, No 2 (2018): December
Publisher : Muhammadiyah University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (155.725 KB) | DOI: 10.31764/leltj.v12i2.747

Abstract

Semantic Change is the meaning of a word can indeed change through its use in a metaphor, and it is often mentioned as one of the significant factors in semantic change. Based on the types of semantic change, they are divided into four types namely generalization, specialization, pejoration and amelioration. This research aims to analyze semantic change by characters on the film The King’s Speech written by David Seidler to find the types of semantic change by using qualitative research, and the data were collected through the film script especially from the characters in the film. Based on the findings of the study, the researcher found two semantic change such as the semantic change of generalization reaches the highest number with 10 data (62.5%). It implies that the characters in the film gave the words which were containing the meaning of a word is broadening to include new concepts. The range of its meaning increases so that the word can be used in various contexts with a broader meaning than its neutral one. The semantic change of specialization with 6 data (37.5%). It implies that the characters in the film gave the words which were containing the meaning of the word is narrowed into the same class. The range of its meaning is decreased, and word can be used only in fewer contexts than before.
An Analysis of Students' Ability in Distinguishing Lexical and Structural Ambiguity in English Sentences at Second Grade of SMA 1 Labuapi in the Academic Year 2016-2017 Irwandi, Irwandi
Linguistics and ELT Journal Vol 5, No 1 (2017): June
Publisher : Muhammadiyah University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (152.806 KB) | DOI: 10.31764/leltj.v9i1.733

Abstract

Ambiguity is the property of having two or more distinct meanings or interpretations. Sometimes we found many ambiguities sentences when we are reading or listen to the English sentences. A word or sentence is ambiguous if it can be interpreted in more than one way. The problem stated in this study is: How is the students’ ability in distinguishing lexical and structural ambiguity in English sentences? The purpose of this study is to investigate the students’ ability in distinguishing lexical and structural ambiguity in English sentences at second grade of SMAN 1 Labuapi in academic year 2016/2017. This study used a descriptive qualitative approach. The writer used purposive sampling for taking the sample, namely class IPA 2 which consists of 22 students. The data were collected by a gap-filling test for lexical ambiguity word class of noun and label for structural ambiguity. The results of the research demonstrate that the students of SMAN 1 Labuapi were categorized into a very poor with the average score was 4.450. The writer illustrates the analysis result in the percentage of all test’s items in simple sentences, there were 890 ambiguous words and phrase. Lexical ambiguity involves noun (150) and structural ambiguity involve noun phrase (30). Finally, based on the research findings, the writer concluded that more than a half of students at the second grade of SMAN 1 Labuapi had very poor abilities in distinguishing lexical and structural ambiguity in English sentences.
A Conversational Analysis of Grice’s Maxims Theories on Cooperative Principles at Undergraduate English Students Hidayati, Hidayati; Lukman, Lukman
Linguistics and ELT Journal Vol 6, No 1 (2018): June
Publisher : Muhammadiyah University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (172.018 KB) | DOI: 10.31764/leltj.v11i1.742

Abstract

This study was aimed to analyze students’ conversation based on Grice’s maxim theory at the English department of  Muhammadiyah University of Mataram. The method of this research was qualitative. The result of this research showed that students were followed the maxim of quantity is 60 utterances, followed the maxim of quality is 16 utterances, followed the maxim of relevant is 24 utterances, and followed the maxim of manner is 6 utterances. Violated maxim of quantity is 47 utterances, violated maxim of quality is 27 utterances, violated maxim of relevant is 50 utterances and violated manner is 89 utterances. Violated maxims often happen than followed the maxims, total of violated whole the maxims are 213 and total of followed whole the maxims are 106 because the speaker and participants are come from different cultures, using informal language and their purpose in communication to maintain their social harmony.
Improving Students’ Reading Skill Through Think-Pair-Share (TPS) Technique Hudri, Muhammad; Irwandi, Irwandi
Linguistics and ELT Journal Vol 6, No 2 (2018): December
Publisher : Muhammadiyah University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (171.722 KB) | DOI: 10.31764/leltj.v12i2.746

Abstract

This study aims at investigating how the Think-Pair-Share (TPS) technique can improve the students’ reading skill at the English Language Department, FKIP, Muhammadiyah University of Mataram. The problem found in the fourth-semester students is that they have low ability in comprehending the text. The TPS technique is offered by the researcher to solve the problem. Later on, the design of this research was classroom action research adopted from Kemmis & McTaggart which goes through a cycle that consists of four stages namely planning, acting, observing, and reflecting. At the cycle 1, the students failed to meet the criteria of success because only 14 (fourteen) out of 30 (thirty) or 47% students who got the minimum passing grade 75 (seventy-five) and the average score was 67. It meant that the study must be continued to the next cycle. At last, in the cycle 2 met the criteria of success in which 67% students or 20 (twenty) out of 30 (thirty) students met the minimum passing grade 75 and the average score was 72. Beside gaining improvement in the reading score, the students also seemed enthusiastic in thinking, pairing and sharing their ideas. They stated that this technique could encourage and motivate them in thinking, exploring and sharing their opinion and ideas. This technique is also good to enhance cooperation with other people. Finally, TPS technique also able to increase the students’ confidence to share their ideas in front of many people.
The Students' Ability in Writing English Exposition Texts: Descriptive Study at the Second Grade of Senior High School of Hangtuah 3 Mataram in Academic Year 2016-2017 Muslimin, Muslimin
Linguistics and ELT Journal Vol 5, No 1 (2017): June
Publisher : Muhammadiyah University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (206.593 KB) | DOI: 10.31764/leltj.v9i1.737

Abstract

The population of this research was the second-grade students of SMA 3 Hangtuah Mataram in academic year 2015/2016 which consist of 2 classes. It means that all of the population was 30 students and this population makes sample 30 students’. The thesis aimed to find out the student’s ability in writing English exposition text: descriptive study at the second grade of senior high school of Hangtuah 3 Mataram in academic year 2015/2016. The researcher took 30 students of the second years' students of Hangtuah 3 Mataram to be respondents/sample, the population only two classes consists of 30 students. In collecting data, the researcher used a writing test. The students were asked to make a paragraph in exposition text. The data analysis, the students score was found that student’s ability in writing English exposition text as good in 2 class (30 students), in this case, in class 2 there are no students got excellent , 20 students got good level (67%), 8 students got very good criteria (26%), and 2 students got fairly good criteria (7%). Based on the result above it can be concluded that the students' ability in writing English exposition text 20 students “good” criteria or 67%.
The Use of Testing, Demonstrating, Practicing, and Revising (TDPR) Technique to Improve Students' Ability in Pronouncing Plosive Consonants Rahmaniah, Rima
Linguistics and ELT Journal Vol 5, No 1 (2017): June
Publisher : Muhammadiyah University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (243.732 KB) | DOI: 10.31764/leltj.v9i1.732

Abstract

Testing, Demonstrating, Practicing and Revising (TDPR) technique is a technique which includes testing, demonstrating, practicing and revising activities to know and improve the students’ pronunciation ability. Deriving from the importance of pronunciation, the main purpose of the current study is to investigate the use of Testing, Demonstrating, Practicing and Revising (TDPR) technique to improve the students’ ability in pronouncing plosive consonants. Based on the purpose of the study, a series of classroom activities with TDPR technique was done. In gathering the data, the researcher applied a quasi-experimental research method. Pre-test and post-test were distributed to 72 students of SMKN 1 Praya Tengah. The result of the study has revealed that there was a significant difference between the mean of pre-test and the post-test, t-test 5.10 ˃ t-table 1.994, it means that the null hypothesis (Ho) is rejected meanwhile alternative hypothesis (Ha) is accepted. It proved that the TDPR technique can improve students’ ability in pronouncing plosive consonants.
An Analysis of Illocutionary Acts of Hillary Clinton’s Concession Speech to Donald Trump in Presidential Election Hudri, Muhammad; Irwandi, irwandi
Linguistics and ELT Journal Vol 6, No 1 (2018): June
Publisher : Muhammadiyah University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (178.567 KB) | DOI: 10.31764/leltj.v11i1.741

Abstract

Illocutionary Acts is what the speaker wants to achieve by uttering something, and illocutionary acts is an utterance which has a particular conventional force. About this, illocutionary acts in Hillary Clinton’s speech is interesting to be analyzed. The purpose of this research is to analyze the types of illocutionary acts found in Hillary Clinton’s concession speech to Donald Trump. The writer used descriptive qualitative research. The main research instrument was the writer herself supported by the data analysis sheet. The data analysis was performed by categorizing the data based on Searle’s categorization of speech acts (2005) which include assertive, directives, commissives, expressive and declarative speech acts. Each category was thoroughly observed to find the answer of the research questions. The final step was presenting the data and making a conclusion in reference to the findings of the research. The research findings show that the types of illocutionary acts found in Hillary Clinton’s concession speech to Donald Trump consist of assertives, directives, commissives, expressives and declaratives. Assertions have the highest frequency of occurrence 13 types (36.1%). It is followed by directives, commissives, expressives and declaratives which occur 9 types (25%), 3 types (8.3%), 9 types (25%) and 2 types (5.6%) respectively. The dominant illocutionary acts in Hillary Clinton’s speech are assertives. Assertation showed the highest frequency of assertives. So, the total of data were 36 types of illocutionary acts founds in Hillary Clinton’s concession speech to Donald Trump.
The Use of Picture in Teaching Degrees of Comparison Lukman, Lukman; Ilham, Ilham
Linguistics and ELT Journal Vol 6, No 2 (2018): December
Publisher : Muhammadiyah University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (317.808 KB) | DOI: 10.31764/leltj.v12i2.750

Abstract

The objective of this quantitative study is to investigate whether there any influence of using a picture in teaching degree of comparison or not and to know the students’ responses at the second year students of SMP Negeri 9 Mataram in academic year 2014/2015. The population of this study was taken from all the second year students. The writer chose two classes to compare by using the technique of taken sample “cluster random sampling.” The first class as the experimental class (A class) was taught by the degree of comparison through pictures. The second class as a control class ( B class) was taught without pictures. While 34 students of the experimental group and 34 students of the control group. This study used an experimental study with a quantitative method — the data collected procedure by test and questionnaire. The writer gave the pre_test, the treatment, the post_test, and the questionnaire. After collecting and calculating the data, the writer found out that the experimental class gains a high score than the control class. Based on the result, the means scores of A class was 25 while the B class was 16. Moreover it was found that the value of t_test was higher than t_table, where t_test 2, 5 ≤ t_table = 2, 0 (0, 5% or 95%). The finding showed that there any influence of using the picture in teaching comparison degrees. The picture increases students’ responses to learning degree of comparison the class and also given good influence concerning students’ skill in mastering the subject of comparison degrees. It showed by students’ responses of the data from the questionnaire that more than half of students answer yes with percentage was 73%. It means that the picture has a great contribution for students in learning comparison degrees. Therefore, it can be concluded that Ha is accepted and H0 is rejected.
Speech Acts Analysis on Teaching and Learning Process Used by the Teacher in MAN 2 Mataram in Academic Year 2016-2017 Isnaini, Yulia
Linguistics and ELT Journal Vol 5, No 1 (2017): June
Publisher : Muhammadiyah University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (209.106 KB) | DOI: 10.31764/leltj.v9i1.736

Abstract

This study was aimed at finding out Speech Acts Analysis on Teaching andLearning Process used by the Teacher in MAN 2 Mataram in Academic year 2016/2017. The method of this research is qualitative research The data of this research were the utterances performed by the Teachers of MAN 2 Mataram. The research instrument was the researcher himself. Participant is the subject from which the data obtained (Arikunto, 2010: 172)The Researcher’s participant actively classification speech act by the Teachers on teaching and learning process.T he instrument of data by using video camera and observation. To analyze the data Based on Louis (2005:181). This study used observation and video recording as an instrument of data collection, the researcher applied coding system. In this research, there are two validity principles applied by the researcher. The results of the research show that there are three classifications of speech act performed by the Teachers in the aching and learning process . The results of the research show that there are three classification of speech act performed by the Teachers in the aching and learning process. they are 4 data of locutionary act , 30 data of Illucotionary act, 7 data of Perlocutionary act . So the total of data were 41 data of speech act are used By the Teachers in MAN 2 Mataram.