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Dr. Ir. Dyah Rini Indriyanti
Contact Email
biosaintifika@mail.unnes.ac.id
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biosaintifika@mail.unnes.ac.id
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Kota semarang,
Jawa tengah
INDONESIA
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education
ISSN : 2085191X     EISSN : 23387610     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture,
Biosaintifika Journal of Biology & Biology Education, an electronic international journal, provides a forum for publishing the original research articles, review articles from contributors, and the novel technology news related to biological research and biological education.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 409 Documents
The Effectiveness of Plastic Mulch for Maintaining the Potato Farmland in Dieng Plateau Using Soil Biological Quality Index Agustina, Dian; Tarwotjo, Udi; Rahadian, Rully
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 11, No 1 (2019): April 2019
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v11i1.17804

Abstract

Dieng farmers apply plastic mulch to reduce erosion and to prevent the loss of nutrients. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of plastic mulch in maintaining the quality of potato farmland using the Soil Biological Quality Index (QBS-ar) based on the existence of microarthropods. Soil sampling was conducted in six different locations, i.e., flat area with mulch, sloped area with mulch, the flat area without mulch, sloped area without mulch, flat forest area, and sloped forest area. Microarthropods were obtained from soil samples using a Berlese Funnel method. Soil quality was analyzed using QBS-ar index which was calculated based on Eco-morphological Index (EMI). The results showed that the value of QBS-ar index in potato farmland with the use of plastic mulch was much higher than in farmland without plastic mulch in bothflat and sloped area. Compared to the soil in the forest area, the value of QBS-ar index in farmland with the use of plastic mulch, especially in the flat area, was relatively similar. Hence, the use of plastic mulch for potato cultivation in the hilly area is effective in maintaining soil quality. This finding would be beneficial for developing a soil conservation strategy to achieve sustainable agriculture in Dieng agricultural area.
Biodiversity and Potential Use of Macro Algae in Pesisir Barat Lampung Asih, Triana; Khayuridlo, Muhammad; Noor, Rasuane; Muhfahroyin, Muhfahroyin
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 11, No 1 (2019): April 2019
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1810.624 KB) | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v11i1.16532

Abstract

Pesisir Barat Regency in Lampung has abundant marine biological wealth that has not been widely known and utilized by the community, one of them is macro algae. The objectives of the research were to identify the types of macro algae and to explains the potential use of macro algae in the Pesisir Barat Lampung Region. The study used cruise method. The findings were identified by experts to validate the results of classification, morphology, and qualitative studies regarding the potential use and benefits of macro algae. From the results of this study, 15 species of macro algae were found on Tanjung Setia Beach included; 3 species of green algae (Chlorophyta) consist of  Halimeda opuntia L., Caulerpa racemosa F., Ulva lactuca L .; 7 species of brown algae (Phaeophyta) consist of  Padina pavonica L., Padina australis H., Sargassum vulgare C.A., Sargassum polycystum C.A., Turbinaria ornata J.A., Turbinaria ornata J.A., Fucus vesiculosus L.; and 5 species of red algae (Rhodophyta), consist of  Corallina officinalis L., Gigartina pistilla S., Gigartina disticha S., Gracilaria verrucosa, H., Rhodymenia pseudopalmat J.V.L.The benefits of this research for society to provide insight into the potential use of macro algae which can be utilized in many fields. For students, provide information on the biodiversity of macro algae in the sea.
Toxicity of Miana Leaf (Coleus blumei) Extract Against Houseflies (Musca domestica) Surahmaida, Surahmaida; Umarudin, Umarudin
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 11, No 2 (2019): August 2019
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (469.62 KB) | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v11i2.19402

Abstract

Houseflies (Musca domestica) is an disease-carrying insect  that plays an important role in the spread of disease in humans and animals. One way to control houseflies is using Miana leaves (Coleus blumei) as botanical pesticide. The purpose of this study was to determine the chemical compounds contained in Miana leaf as well as determine the optimal concentration of Miana leaf extract in causing knockdown effect in houseflies. Miana leaf fine powder was soaked with methanol (maceration) for 3 days followed byphytochemical screening (chemical reagents and Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrophotometry (GCMS) and anti-houseflies toxicity tests. Testing of methanolic extract of Miana leaves was made in the form of spray using the knockdown method at concentrations of 5%, 10%, 20%, 30% and 40% and observed in 5, 10 and 15 minutes. The results of phytochemical screening with chemical reagents showed that the extract contained alkaloids, tannins, flavonoids, saponins and terpenoids; while the results of GCMS analysis showed 8 bioactive compounds. The results of the study revealed that at a concentration of 30% and 40%, methanolic extract of Miana leaves could result in a knockdown effect that was accompanied by death with a percentage value of 100% in the first 5 minutes of observation. This research shows that methanolic extract of Miana leaves can be used as an alternative to botanical pesticides in controlling houseflies (Musca domestica).
Geochronology of Cadmium (Cd), Cuprum (Cu), and Arsenics (As) in Annual Band of Coral Porites lutea at Pantai Kondang Merak, Malang Luthfi, Oktiyas Muzaky; Rijatmoko, Sigit; Isdianto, Andik; Setyohadi, Daduk; Jauhari, Alfan; Lubis, Ali Arman
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 11, No 2 (2019): August 2019
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (553.663 KB) | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v11i2.19991

Abstract

Coral reef is a massive natural building block that mainly composed of hard coral. In ecological view coral reef is the center of biological activity for shelter, foraging and feeding place. Porites lutea is a common coral in reef flat area such as in Pantai Kondang Merak. This coral can form a massive with hillocky colony surface and has a slow linear extension rate, that made this coral has long longevity. The annual growth band of coral skeleton provide information of pollutants in the coastal extending back over several years ago due to ability of coral aragonite traped trace metal from environment. The aim of this research was to determine the concentration of trace metals of Cd, Cu and As along with the coral annual banding. The heavy metals detection was performed using ICP-OES (iCAP 7400 Series). The concentration of Cd, Cu and As in sample 1 (KM1) were 2.236 mg/kg, 9.726 mg/kg, and 2.474 mg/kg, while sample 2 (KM2) were 1.989 mg/kg, 19.157 mg/kg, and 2,064 mg/kg respectively. Two ways mechanism of trace metals to be trapped in the coral skeleton are by direct mechanism when trace metals in a form dissolved ion that were uptaken by coral then stored into coral skeleton and by indirect mechanism when particulate metals ingested by plankton then eaten by coral through coral tissue. The tracing of heavy metal in coral is provided important information of environment condition of the sea from 2009 - 2015 that may be used for authority decision regarding pollutant ambient in the sea environment.
Histological Study of White Rats Kidney Following The Consumption of Obat Pahit From Riau Archipelago Fitmawati, Fitmawati; Saputra, Agus; Titrawani, Titrawani; Juliantari, Erwina; Kusumo, Awal Prichatin
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 11, No 2 (2019): August 2019
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (619.812 KB) | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v11i2.15065

Abstract

Obat Pahit from Lingga Malay ethnic is a traditional medicine which has believed by the local people to maintain the body stamina (immunomodulators and antioxidants). This study aimed to investigate the effect of Obat Pahit Potion on kidney histological structure of white male rats (Rattus norvegicus). This research was an experimental study with a Randomized Complete Block Design consisted of 15 treatments and 3 replications. The experiment groups consisted of control groups (Stimuno, distilled water, and CMC-Na 1%) and three treatment groups of Obat Pahit Potion (Kalan, SP4, Linau) with 4 different dosages. The samples of a kidney of white rats were prepared for histological observation using paraffin method and Hematoxylin-Eosin staining. The results of this study showed that three kinds of Obat Pahit with four different dosages showed the expansion of glomerular cells on kidney tissue. Damage that occurs in the kidneys is still in small amounts and normal range which is less than 25%. The results of this study provide information for the society that the consumption of Obat Pahit Potion will not cause toxicity effect on the kidney.
DNA Barcoding: A Study of Guppy Fish (Poecilia reticulata) in East Java, Indonesia Hariyanto, Sucipto; Adro’i, Hasan; Ali, Mahrus; Irawan, Bambang
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 11, No 2 (2019): August 2019
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (870.898 KB) | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v11i2.20222

Abstract

Poecilia reticulata is a freshwater fish from the northeastern part of South America and spread widely to various countries in Asia and other continents. However, research about P. reticulate is limited even though it is a well-known fish species in Indonesia. The purpose of study was to identify the fish species of P. reticulata through DNA barcoding using the COI gene to determine the phylogenetic relationships among fish populations in East Java, Indonesia. In a present study, there were eight samples of P. reticulata from four different freshwater locations in East Java. Extraction, amplification, and sequencing of DNA samples were conducted to obtain the genetic data and construct a phylogenetic tree based on DNA sequences. The COI gene is the most popular markers to study genetic populations and phylogeography among the animal kingdom. Our phylogenetic reconstruction showed a clear that there were two groups of P. reticulata. The first group was obtain through species from East Java, Sukabumi, West Java (KU692776.1), Dominican Republic, Pandeglang, Banten and Myanmar. The second group was P. reticulata from southern Africa, Brazil, and Sukabumi, West Java (KU692775.1). The result of this study indicate that the guppy fish in East Java identic with P. reticulata from West Java (KU692776.1), which a widely used in classification based on evolutionary relationships. The findings of this study have important implication for the development of advance research about adaptation, phylogeny, and evolution of fish, especially of guppy fish.
Potency of Brown Sugar as a Nectar Substitute for Trichoglossus haematodus in Captivity Prijono, Siti Nuramaliati; Rachmatika, Rini
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 11, No 2 (2019): August 2019
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (422.868 KB) | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v11i2.18730

Abstract

Trichoglossus haematodus (Linnaeus, 1771) is nectarivorous bird that feed on nectar as a source of carbohydrate. In captivity, it is not practical to provide a continued diet of nectar  from the flowers. Therefore, this study aimed to find other carbohydrate sources such as brown sugar as substitute nectar for T. haematodus. Twelve wild T. haematodus in four cages offered five types different brown sugar solution with different concentrations. Since brown sugar has low protein content, therefore the birds also  offered commercial baby biscuit  to meet the protein requirement.  The results showed that the birds like to consume all types of brown sugar solution with sugar concentration up to 40% . However, the siwalan brown sugar solution was the most favored by the bird. over the other type of brown sugar solutions (aren, coconut, sugar cane and regular commercial “palm” brown sugar).  Furthermore, the result showed that the birds prefer commercial baby biscuit was soaked in the brown sugar solution with concentration 20%. This study provides the information that the brown sugar solution based diet has potency as  an alternative carbohydrate source  to substitute nectar  for T. haematodus in captivity which  is more practical and can increase the survival rate in birds. 
ANTHRACNOSE DISEASE ON VEGETABLES CROPS IN SERANG VILLAGE, DISTRICT OF KARANGREJA, PURBALINGGA REGENCY Sucianto, Eddy Tri; Abbas, Muachiroh; Purwati, Endang Sri
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 12, No 1 (2020): April 2020 Article-in-Press
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v12i1.21818

Abstract

Various vegetables are widely cultivated in Serang Village, District of Karangreja, Purbalingga Regency. This village is located at 1350 above sea level. Vegetable productions in Serang are often constrained by the presence of diseases caused by pathogenic fungi Colletotrichum sp. called anthracnose. However, there was no data regarding anthracnose attack in vegetable crops in Serang. This study aimed to find out the types of vegetable that were attacked by anthracnose disease as well as the intensity of the attack in a vegetable crops in Serang Village, Karangreja District, Purbalingga Regency. Vegetables with anthracnose were purposively selected from 10 different locations. The anthracnose disease was identified based on their symptoms and analyzed descriptively. The results showed that five different vegetable crops suffer from anthracnose, and the intensity of anthracnose ranges from 32% up to 52%. Those intensity percentages indicate that large part of vegetable crops in Serang Village was attacked by anthracnose and possibly cause a significant decrease in vegetable production in that village. Our results provide the first scientific data about anthracnose attack in Serang Village. The data is essential for the management of vegetable crops in Serang Village.
ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF ACTINOMYCETES ASSOCIATED WITH MOSS ON THE SURFACE OF THE BOROBUDUR TEMPLE STONE Putri, Ade Lia; Purbani, Debora Christin; Kanti, Atit; Kusmiati, Mia; Habibi, Moh
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 12, No 1 (2020): April 2020 Article-in-Press
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v12i1.20334

Abstract

Mosses growing on the surface of the Borobudur Temple will affect the aesthetic value of the temple. Interaction between moss and actinomycetes may trigger the growth of moss that can cause an increase in biodeterioration of stone. The purpose of this study was to isolate and identify the actinomycetes associated with moss on the surface of decayed stone of Borobudur Temple as well to assess their ability for phosphate solubilizing. Actinomycetes were isolated using serial dilution method and were identified based on 16S rRNA gene sequences. A total of 37 actinomycetes were isolated from three sampling sites. The isolates found belong to five genera (Gordonia, Microbacterium, Micromonospora, Nocardia, and Streptomyces) and distributed among four families (Microbacteriaceae, Micromonosporaceae, Nocardiaceae, and Streptomycetaceae). Isolates of actinomycetes composed of 19 Streptomyces Group and 18 Rare Actinomycetes Group. Nineteen isolates (51.35%) were identified as genus Streptomyces. Seventeen isolates (45.94%) showed abilities to release soluble phosphate and most of the isolates belong to the genus Streptomyces. The isolates have been collected will be deposited to Indonesian Culture Collection (InaCC) to enrich the collection of actinomycetes from ancient stone in Indonesia and will be used as a source of reference material research, taxonomic, or as source for further study.
CYTOTOXICITY AND ANTIPROLIFERATION OF PHYCOCYANIN FROM SPIRULINA PLATENSIS EXTRACT ON WIDR COLON CANCER CELL LINE Putri, Ajeng Kurniasari; Dimarti, Safira Chairani; Yuniati, Renni; Susilaningsih, Neni
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 12, No 1 (2020): April 2020 Article-in-Press
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v12i1.22881

Abstract

Phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis extract has anticancer activity against various types of cancer cell cultures. However study about its effect on colon cancer cell lines, especially the WiDr, has not been reported before. This study aimed to reveal the anticancer activity of phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis extract on WiDr cells. The research was an in vitro experimental study, with the investigation on cytotoxicity also antiproliferation as the anticancer parameters. Both cytotoxicity and antiproliferation test was conducted through MTT assay to observe the visualization and inhibition of proliferation of different concentrations of phycocyanin in several incubation times on the WiDr colon cancer cell line. The obtained data were then processed statistically with the Two Way ANOVA test at a significance value of p <0.05 and followed with the Post Hoc test since there were significant differences. Based on the results, it could be postulated that phycocyanin extracted from freshwater Spirulina platensis was classified as non-toxic (IC50 of 855 µg/ml). Consequently, it is less potential to be used as the treatment for colon cancer. However, phycocyanin could inhibit the proliferation of the WiDr cell for approximately 47.4%, specifically at the concentration of 1710 µg/ml for 72 hours. It could be concluded that freshwater phycocyanin is less effective as an anticancer substance. The benefit of this study is to provide the new scientific evidence of the contrary results of freshwater phycocyanin activity from Spirulina platensis as an anticancer agent of colon cancer.

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