cover
Contact Name
-
Contact Email
-
Phone
-
Journal Mail Official
-
Editorial Address
-
Location
Kota semarang,
Jawa tengah
INDONESIA
International Journal of Science and Engineering (IJSE)
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
ISSN : -     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Engineering,
The scope of journal covers all area in the application on chemical, physical, mathematical, biological, agricultural, corrossion, and computer science to solve the engineering problems.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 3, No 1 (2012)" : 10 Documents clear
The Characteristic of Heat Pump Dehumidifier Drier in the Drying of Red Chili (Capsium annum L) Marnoto, Tjukup; Sulistyowati, Endang; Mahreni, Mahreni; Syahri, M.
International Journal of Science and Engineering Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (324.017 KB) | DOI: 10.12777/ijse.3.1.22-25

Abstract

Preservation of agricultural products have a very important to avoid the dropped of selling price when the harvest season arrives. Agricultural products are perishable because of high water content approximately 80 % which if the moisture content above 10% encourages proliferation of spoilage microorganisms in the material and cause the short shelf life. One way that has been done to preserve agricultural products such as red chili is dried using direct sunlight. Weakness of the sun drying can not reduce the water content to below 10% so spoilage microorganisms can live and breed, cause the short self life. Drying using Heat Pump Humidification Technology (HPD) is one solution to overcome the disadvantages of the direct sun drying. HPD can reduce the moisture content up to or below 10% will increase the self life and make easier to crush and to produce a chili powder. The purpose of this study to determine the appropriate mathematical model of the drying phenomena. The constant of the model equations are determined by Sum Square Error (SSE). Before being dried chilies dipped in hot water to remove the wax. PHD is used as an air dehumidifier that circulate in the dryer. Humidity difference causes the displacement of water from the chilies to dry air and lower the moisture content of chili. Moisture content of chili every 5 minutes is analyzed using gravimetric method. The results showed that the texture of the chili is very fragile with a moisture content of less than 10% and in the best conditions, the moisture content of chili is 6:35 wt%. From the research found that the appropriate model is Lewis model and the constant of the models obtained (k = 0.0056). Due to the moisture content of the product below 10 wt%, PHD can be considered as an agricultural product dryer. Keywords — Chili, drying, heat pump, hpd
Editorial (aims and scope, table of content, editorial board, preface) support, editor
International Journal of Science and Engineering Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (59.092 KB) | DOI: 10.12777/ijse.3.1.i-iv

Abstract

This section contains aims and scope, table of content, editorial board, and preface
The Effects of Amofer Palm Oil Waste-based Complete Feed to Blood Profiles and Liver Function on Local Sheep Mayulu, Hamdi; Sunarso, S; Imam Sutrisno, C.; Sumarsono, S
International Journal of Science and Engineering Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (113.918 KB) | DOI: 10.12777/ijse.3.1.17-21

Abstract

Amoniation-Fermentation (amofer) technology should be conducted in order to improve the low quality of by product produced from palm oil plantations and mills (palm oil waste) which is used for constituent of feed ingredients in complete feed (CF). This technology also reforms the feed material into edible form. Before broadly applicable, it must be ensured that the feed does not have toxic effects on livestock. This research was peformed to evaluate the effects of amofer palm oil waste-based CF to blood profile and liver function on local sheep. Completely Randomly Design (CRD) was used with 4 treaments and 4 replications. The observed variables were the levels of hemoglobin, hematocrit, blood glucose, ALT and AST was analyzed by ANOVA. The average value of blood glucose levels at T1= 80.68 mg/dl, T2=79.08 mg/dl, T3=81.18 mg/dl and T4=73.70 mg/dl. The average value of hemoglobin levels at T1=10.80 g/dl, T2=10.30 g/dl, T3=11.23 g/dl and T4=10.25 g/dl. The average value of hematocrit levels at T1=31.00%, T2=31.00%, T3=33.75% and T4=30%. The average value of ALT levels at T1=17.90 ml, T2=13.83 ml, T3=18.75 ml and, T4=13.40 ml. The average value of AST level at T1=106.20 ml, T2=88.98 ml, T3=104.40 ml and T4=91.25 ml. There was no significant difference among four treatments (p>0.05). The administration CF did not cause hematological disorders which showed by the blood profiles and liver function were in normal range, so that suggested the CF was appropriate and safe for local sheep. [Keywords––amofer, complete feed, hemoglobin, hematocrit, glucose, liver function]
Methane Emission from Digestion of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) in a Thermophilic Anaerobic Reactor Irvan, I; Trisakti, Bambang; Wongistani, Vivian; Tomiuchi, Yoshimasa
International Journal of Science and Engineering Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (318.159 KB) | DOI: 10.12777/ijse.3.1.32-35

Abstract

As the issue of global warming draws increasing concern, many studies to reduce CO2 and CH4 gases (greenhouse gases, GHG) have been implemented in several countries, including in Indonesia. Considering that Indonesia has a huge numbers of palm oil mills, no doubt if their waste water treatment as one of the major sources in GHG.  This paper presents the results from a research project between Metawater Co., Ltd.-Japan and University of Sumatera Utara-Indonesia. The objective of the research is to study the methane emission of thermophilic fermentation in the treatment of palm oil mill effluent (POME) on a laboratory scale. Anaerobic digestion was performed in two-litre water jacketed biodigester type continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) and operated at a thermophilic temperature (55 oC). As raw material, a real liquid waste (POME) from palm oil mill was used. Fresh POME was obtained from seeding pond of PTPN II waste water treatment facility which has concentration of 39.7 g of VS/L and COD value of 59,000 mg/L. To gain precise results, complete recording and reliable equipment of reactor was employed. As the experimental results, for hydraulic retention time (HRT) 8 days, VS decomposition rate of 63.5% and gas generation of 6.05-9.82 L/day were obtained, while for HRT 6 and 4 days, VS decomposition rate of 61.2, 53.3% and gas generation of  6.93-8.94  and  13.95-16.14 L/day were obtained respectively. Keywords—methane (CH4), palm oil mill effluent (POME), anaerobic digestion, thermophilic, green house gases (GHG)
On the New Algorithm of Testing and Comparing Size Corrected Powers for Testing Multivariate Normality Rani Dey, Sima; Majumder, A.K.
International Journal of Science and Engineering Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (157.885 KB) | DOI: 10.12777/ijse.3.1.8-12

Abstract

Parametric models are mainly based on univariate or multivariate normality assumptions. Uniformly most powerful (UMP) test is not available to test multivariate normality. In such a situation, optimal test can be used. But, a very few literature is available on the size corrected power comparison of different multivariate normality tests. In this paper, we propose an algorithm to compare the size corrected powers for testing univariate or multivariate normality. The algorithm can be applied to any existing univariate and multivariate tests, which is the most attractive feature of the proposed new algorithm. We also propose a Cholesky decomposition of the variance-covariance matrix based test, which is simpler than the existing test. Our Monte Carlo simulation study indicates that our proposed and existing tests perform equally in terms of power properties. Keywords— Cholesky decomposition, UMP test, Optimal test, Monte Carlo.
Back Cover Section support, editor
International Journal of Science and Engineering Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (45.03 KB) | DOI: 10.12777/ijse.3.1.40-41

Abstract

This cection contain instruction for Authors
The Effect of King Grass Silage on the Nitrogen Balance and Hematological Profile of Ettawa Grade Male Goat Sunarso, S.
International Journal of Science and Engineering Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (51.734 KB) | DOI: 10.12777/ijse.3.1.13-16

Abstract

The aims of this research was to study the nutritional value of ensiled King Grass (Pennisetum purpuphoides) to be applied for goat. Twelve Ettawa grade male (PE), + 10 months old, and with average body weight of 19.45 + 3.03 kg were used to determine the voluntary intake, balance nitrogen and their hematological profile. All of the animals were randomly allotted at individual pens. Data were analyzed statistically using analysis of variance, based on completely randomized design arrangement with four treatments (level of King Grass silage) and three replicates. Treatment means were compared using Duncan multiple range test. The result showed that increasing level of King Grass silage within ration significantly increased the average dry matter (DM) intake per metabolic body weight. In fact, the daily DM intake, nitrogen balance, blood hemoglobin and blood hematocrit of the experimental animals were not affected by level of King Grass silage feed. Experiment had no bad effect on healthy condition of the treated goat, so it implies that conserving grass as silage and then feeding grass silage to goat might be implemented by farmers to secure the continuous supply of green forage to keep the goat production sustainability all year round. [Keywords: silage, nitrogen balance, haemoglobin, haematocryt, goat]
The Effect of Clenbuterol on Growth Performance of Growing Male Pig Sukarya Dilaga, Wayan
International Journal of Science and Engineering Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (121.814 KB) | DOI: 10.12777/ijse.3.1.36-39

Abstract

This research was aimed to determine the response of growth performance of growing male pig fed various levels of clenbuterol. The experiment was conducted using 2 x 3 factorial completely randomized design 4 times repetition. The first factor is the type of pig (L = K = local pigs and imported pig, while the second factor is the level of clenbuterol (T0 = 0 mg / kg of feed; T1 = 0.20 mh / kg of feed and T2 = 0.40 mg / kg of feed). The were 24 male grower pigs consist of 12 local pigs and 12 imported pigs with initial body weight 28.27 kg ± 52.5. Pigs kept in individual cages for 6 weeks which is 2-week adaptation period and 4 weeks for data retrieval, with the same kind of feed consist of 27.8% bran, 55.5% and 16.7% corn concentrate. Pigs are feed 2 times a day based on their growth phase. Water was provided by ad libitum method. Variables measured were body weight gain, feed intake and feed conversion. The data obtained were analysed by range test followed by orthogonal polynomials. The results shows that clenbuterol were able to increase body weight gain, decreasing feed consumption and feed conversion. Local pig show a higher feed intake and body weight gain than imported pig, but lower feed conversion than imported pig. Statistical analysis showed no real difference for all variables. Keywords— clenbuterol, body weight gain, feed consumption, feed conversion
Studying the Behaviour of Model of Mirror Neuron System in Case of Autism Anirban, Shikha; Hanif Ali, Mohammad
International Journal of Science and Engineering Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1649.637 KB) | DOI: 10.12777/ijse.3.1.1-7

Abstract

Several experiment done by the researchers conducted that autism is caused by the dysfunctional mirror neuron system and the dysfunctions of mirror neuron system is proportional to the symptom severity of autism. In the present work those experiments were studied as well as studying a model of mirror neuron system called MNS2 developed by a research group. This research examined the behavior of the model in case of autism and compared the result with those studies conducting dysfunctions of mirror neuron system in autism. To perform this, a neural network employing the model was developed which recognized the three types of grasping (faster, normal and slower). The network was implemented with back propagation through time learning algorithm. The whole grasping process was divided into 30 time steps and different hand and object states at each time step was used as the input of the network. Normally the network successfully recognized all of the three types of grasps. The network required more times as the number of inactive neurons increased. And in case of maximum inactive neurons of the mirror neuron system the network became unable to recognize the types of grasp. As the time to recognize the types of grasp is proportional to the number of inactive neurons, the experiment result supports the hypothesis that dysfunctions of MNS is proportional to the symptom severity of autism. Keywords— Autism, MNS, mirror neuron, neural network, BPTT
Effect of complete feed starch banana weevil pea stone on the beans goats system in vivo against carcass weight and carcass part Aswandi, A.; Sutrisno, C. I.; Arifin, M.; Achmadi, Joelal
International Journal of Science and Engineering Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (110.451 KB) | DOI: 10.12777/ijse.3.1.26-31

Abstract

The objective of this research is to study the value of benefits in favor of complete feed production performance and carcass weight of any part of the carcass part-goat nuts. The design used in this study. Random Draft Complete. The material used in this study of 12 male goats Nuts averaging initial body weight (15.58 ± 2.601 kg) with a CV: 16.69%, age 10-15 months. At the end of the study 12 goats to know the weight of nuts cut carcass and parts of the carcass. Results of analysis of variance showed that treatment of complete feed on a significantly different (P <0.05) on carcass weight produced goat nuts. Results of analysis of variance showed that treatment of complete feed on a significantly different (P <0.05) against the weight of all the parts ice nuts goat carcass neck, shoulder, breast, leg chump on, ribs, loin, fore shank and the weight of the flank. CF0 and CF3 treatment effects did not provide a very real difference to the weight of carcass parts, but the weight of the carcass are treated CF3 higher than the CF0. This is in line with the expressed [Keywords—  banana weevil stone, complete feed  goat bean]

Page 1 of 1 | Total Record : 10