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Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS)
Published by Universitas Andalas
ISSN : 23018208     EISSN : 23559500     DOI : -
Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) is a journal published by Andalas Institute of International Studies (ASSIST) which contain research and analytical platform dedicated to a better understanding of International issues and aims to craft the alternatives in International Studies. AJIS focuses on publishing the original research articles related to International Studies, International Development, Internatinal Relations, Global Studies, Global political studies, Global Political Economy, diplomacy, global and local relations and others related topic to International Studies.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 87 Documents
Kebijakan Pertahanan Indonesia 1998-2010 dalam Merespon Dinamika Lingkungan Strategis di Asia Tenggara Sulistyo, Iwan
Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) ANDALAS JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES (AJIS) VOL 3 NO 2
Publisher : International Relations Department, Andalas University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/ajis.3.2.165-191.2014

Abstract

This article aims to analyze the response of Indonesia in an effort to counterbalance the development of military power in Southeast Asia during the 1998-2010 periods. This response is placed on the dimensions of the development policy of Indonesias defense posture. The author uses a case study design. Through analysis of various documents, books, journals, and other sources as well as interviews with several experts in the field of defense and military, the author argues that Indonesias defense posture development policy (land, sea, and air) in response to the military development in the countries of the Southeast Asia region during 1998-2010 period was intended to achieve more deterrent power than building an offensive force. The policy was made in light of the perception that the countries in Southeast Asia had the potential to threaten the security and sovereignty of Indonesia. Meanwhile, Indonesias ability to build up military strength in the upper levels was very limited deterrent. Limited sources of funding and political support as well as weaknesses in analyzing the strategic environment of the region led to the development of the policy could not achieve the level of deterrent and also have not gotten to the pointstrategic stability. Indonesia was plagued by the problems of arms embargo by foreign countries and still has problems in the institutionalization of research and development.
K-pop and J-pop Influences to University Students in Malang, East Java – Indonesia : A Comparative Public Diplomacy Studies Effendi, Tonny Dian
Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) ANDALAS JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES (AJIS) VOL 1 NO 2
Publisher : International Relations Department, Andalas University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/ajis.1.2.182-198.2012

Abstract

This paper discussing the comparison of Korean Pop Culture and Japan Pop Culture to the youth in Malang.One of the important of this research is about public diplomacy using pop culture which creating many fans and lovers. The main purpose of the research is to show how the globalization in culture has influencing the youth in developing country like Indonesia. Malang is one of the city that have many K-Pop lovers and J-Pop lovers. This research is qualitative and using depth interview to get information from the participant as the member of the pop lovers. The result shows that both Korea and Japans government have role on their public diplomacy by using this pop culture. They are often held the events like competition on music, dance and another shape of pop culture. J-pop has more focus on the animation (anime), cartoon (manga) and costume-player (cosplay). Whereas K-pop has more focus on the drama movie and music. From observation to the pop lovers, the J-pop lovers is more creative because they have a challenge, especially for cosplay to create their own costume to the competition. But for K-pop, they are more focused to learn and imitate the dance style of the Korean artist. But, both of them have significant influence to the options for the university students in Department of International Relations, University of Muhammadiyah Malang to choose Japanese and Koreans as their subject as the third language after Bahasa Indonesia and English.
Motif Hubungan Kerjasama Antara KRG (Kurdish Regional Government) Irak Dengan Pemerintah Turki (2013-2016) Jamilah, Maryam
Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) Vol 7, No 1 (2018): ANDALAS JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES (AJIS)
Publisher : International Relations Department, Andalas University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/ajis.7.1.33-44.2018

Abstract

This research aims to analyze motives behind cooperation between KRG (Kurdish Regional Government) and Turkey government by using neorealism perspective of International relations. On neorealism, state as rational actor will try to maintain their existance or to survive in international system of anarchy. Significhant change of KRG and Turkey government relation, which was in bad term bercause of Turkey rejection of KRG as political entity but then they cooperate after AKP (adalet ve Kalkinma Partisi) or Justice and Development Party won the Turkey election in 2002. That is the main focus of this research, the purpose is to formulize  motives behind coopertion between those two entities.The findings of this research is there are two main motives of cooperation between them: first, good relation between them is in order to achieve their own self interest, second, mutual benefit that they get from cooperation is more bigger.Keywords: motives, cooperation, KRG, Turkey, neorelism, interest
Peran Mission for Migrant Workers (MFMW) dalam Advokasi Perlindungan Hak-Hak Buruh Migran Filipina di Hong Kong Wibowo, Agung Setiyo
Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) Vol 4, No 1 (2015): ANDALAS JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES (AJIS) VOL 4 NO 1
Publisher : International Relations Department, Andalas University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/ajis.4.1.48-63.2015

Abstract

Migration has attracted international concern for decades. It challenges receiveing countries due to pressure to balance the need of domestic business and labor market,as well as the obligation to promote and protect the rights of migrant workers. The sending countries have also interest to balance the need of migrants and receiving countries. This research analyzes the role of Mission for Migrant Workers (MFMW)’s advocacy to protect the rights of Filipino migrants in Hong Kong. This paper concluded that the success of advocacy is strongly influenced by both domestic and transnational coalition.Keywords: Filipino migrant, Mision for Migrant Workers, transnationala advocacy network, Hong Kong
Pengaruh Serangan 9/11 terhadap Perkembangan Dinamika Keamanan Internasional Eka Payani, Ni Luh Bayu Purwa
Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) Vol 5, No 1 (2016): ANDALAS JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES (AJIS) VOL 5 NO 1 2016
Publisher : International Relations Department, Andalas University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/ajis.5.1.28-41.2016

Abstract

The 9/11 took place fifteen years ago yet still becoming one of theworst tragedies in American history. This also changed the face ofinternational security. Before terrorist attack became headlines in allinternational news networks, states all over the world still concerned about conventional security where war could only conducted by states. Now, states especially western states need to face the challenge come from non-states threat. To see what changes the terrorist attack in New York brings to international security, here I will explain three major effects. The three effects are based on American Foreign Policy towards terrorism which was adopted by almost countries; the emergence of Global War on Terrorism, Regime Termination in Afghanistan and Iraq, and World Focus on Jihadist Movement by Al-Qaeda and ISIS. By using explainative method, these indicated variables will explain how 9/11 changed the face and the dynamic of international security.Keywords: 9/11, terrorism, international security, regime termination, jihadist movement.
A World without Nuclear Power Emilia, Ranny
Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) Vol 1 No 1
Publisher : International Relations Department, Andalas University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/ajis.1.1.1-19.2012

Abstract

Many people believe a distinct feature of markets is the self-assurance. International system, if not the major, particularly accept this pattern. Communication action obviously plays important role in shaping this pattern. For political leaders who primarily concern with economic growth, the operations in market are used as information to the expanding capital and secure civil industry across national boundaries. Nuclear materials and nuclear weapons are also used to the protection as well as to ensure economies continue growing. The Asian youth leaders can set their own agendas to create substantial change in this area. The process is currently moving. Religious nationalism of the youth is part of this process. However a meaningful change can lose itself unless a significant numbers of the youth give priority to human and humanity objectives. With human intelligence as the major tool the youth can make a difference to the world.  To ensure this the primary units should have capabilities to instinctively understand greatest resources for human wisdom based on multiculturalism and inclusiveness. It can begin from creating security culture among the youth based on its potential historically and locally then share the values to communities in their environment.
Citra dan Kriminalisasi Terhadap Kaum Perempuan di Bosnia, Herzegovina, dan Negara-Negara Tetangga Pada Periode 1992- 1995 Nizmi, Yusnarida Eka
Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) ANDALAS JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES (AJIS) VOL 2 NO 1
Publisher : International Relations Department, Andalas University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/ajis.2.1.50-69.2013

Abstract

Ditinjau dari aspek sejarah, perempuan telah lama menjadi topik pembicaraan dalam kompetisi gender dan rasis, korban sekaligus objektifikasi yang eksotik. Sering dianggap sebagai “penjaga warisan,” perempuan sekaligus menjadi simbol tidak adanya perubahan dalam budaya itu sendiri- statis dan tidak berkembang, serta tidak terbuka pada perubahan. Patologi yang salah mengenai perempuan semakin melekatkan perempuan jauh dari “rasa aman”. Cap korban dilekatkan pada perempuan yang identik dengan cerita-cerita pemaksaan dan pemerkosaan yang menjadi simbol penekanan dan frustrasi kaum perempuan. Sejarah Bosnia-Herzegovina adalah satu satu bahasan dalam kajian politik gender. Hak-hak kaum perempuan terus menerus dipolitisasi, dalam konflik yang berkepanjangan. Upaya pencitraan terhadap perempuan telah dibuat dalam beberapa tahapan kritikal . Masing-masing periode membawa persepsi sesuai dengan pemikiran-pemikiran yang ada pada saat itu. Dan setiap periode pelabelan citra ini, khususnya yang terkait dengan hak-hak kaum perempuan, kerap menemui resistansi dari pihak-pihak tertentu. Citra perempuan, khususnya selama periode perang 1992-1995 di Bosnia, Herzegovina, dan negara-negara tetangga, merefleksikan politik etnonasional dan kepentingan ideologi pada masa itu yang berujung pada hilangnya rasa aman bagi kaum perempuannya.
Dinamika Persenjataan di Asia Tenggara, 2010-2015 Sulistyo, Iwan
Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) Vol 6, No 1 (2017): Andalas Journal of International Studies Vol 6 no 1
Publisher : Department of International Relations, Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/ajis.6.1.17-36.2017

Abstract

States, however, are still the main actors in International Relations. Although the Cold War had formally ended in 1991, as a matter of fact, the military competition still exists, including at the regional level. This article attempts to analyze the arms dynamic in Southeast Asia during the 2010-2015 periods. By using three models – action-reaction model, the domestic structure model, and the technological imperative – simultaneously and analyzing the data published by both the IISS and SIPRI, this study shows that conflict in the South China Sea had been the primary motive of several countries in increasing their military spending and enhancing their military capabilities, both qualities as well as quantities. Several countries accelerating their military strength had been Singapore, Malaysia, Vietnam, the Philippines, Myanmar, Thailand, and Indonesia. However, Singapore had been the leading actor that has significant efforts in strengthening its military power. Relizing the difficulty to identify the actual motives of these several countries enlarging their hard power, the author argues that, within this arms dynamic, there is also a possibility or even the long-term tendency in terms of arms race as long as these major actors that relates directly to the South China Sea territorial conflict are not able carefully to maintain their security dilemma and perceived threats.  Kata Kunci: Arms dynamic, Southeast Asia, military capability
The Strategic Partners and Strategic Competitors between China and United States in the Period of Barack Obama Administration Nugraha, Nur Arif
Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) ANDALAS JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES (AJIS) VOL 4 NO 2
Publisher : International Relations Department, Andalas University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/ajis.4.2.147-160.2015

Abstract

This essay will consider a number of perspectives to determine whether the relationship between China and United States is strategic partnersor strategic competitors. During the Obama administration, the policy toward China oscillates between being strategic partners and strategic competitors since the first time he became President in January 2009 until the present time.  In this essay, I will argue that the relationship between China and the United States should be based on partnership rather than competition considering the strategic position of both countries in the world recently, especially in terms of economic cooperation. However, there is still a sense of competition between them, especially in military sectors. Sometimes, the relationship between them in this sector often brings the tense to their relationship. Keywords: Obama administration, policy, strategic partners, strategic competitors, relationship.
Solving the South China Sea Crisis: A Recommendation for Indonesia Sandy, Kevin Ramadhan
Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) ANDALAS JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES (AJIS) VOL 3 NO 1
Publisher : International Relations Department, Andalas University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/ajis.3.1.34-50.2014

Abstract

The main purpose of this paper is to recommend to Indonesia to maintain its national interest of a unified ASEAN on the South China Sea disputes with four policy recommendations. The failure of the 2012 ASEAN Ministerial Meeting was observed as many analysts as the start of a crack in ASEAN as a regional group. With Cambodia’s acting as China’s proxy in the meeting, ASEAN failed to address the issue and to put it in the Joint Communique, although Vietnam and Philippines have insisted the chair to do so. This event led to the rise of suspicions from ASEAN claimant states towards Cambodia and China’s intention. Furthermore, this becomes a proof that ASEAN could no longer be independent as a regional group as China has increased its economic leverage on Cambodia. At the same time, Philippines and Vietnam have increased their bilateral ties with the United States, hoping to increase their leverage and capability vis-à-vis China. Thus, ASEAN is in an unstable state with high possibility of it to be divided into two blocs with the South China Sea still unresolved. One of Indonesia’s main foreign policy interests is a unified, centralized and independent ASEAN as a regional bloc. President Yudhoyono and Foreign Minister Natalegawa reflected this by underscoring the importance of ASEAN and the need to resolve the dispute as soon as possible before further tension occurred. In this case, Indonesia should try to act as the mediator to solve this issue as a neutral player.

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