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INDONESIA
Jurnal Agroforestri Indonesia
ISSN : 23556366     EISSN : 26559595     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture,
Jurnal Agroforestri Indonesia memuat karya tulis ilmiah (KTI) yang berasal dari penelitian, pengembangan, dan kajian bidang agroforestri, maupun bidang kehutanan - pertanian yang terkait. Jurnal Agroforestri Indonesia direncanakan terbit dua kali dalam setahun yaitu bulan Juli dan Desember.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 17 Documents
Productivity and Quality of Three Varieties of Ginger on Many Light Intensity Levels Under Stand of Pine Gunawan, Gunawan -; Rohandi, Asep
Jurnal Agroforestri Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Balai Litbang Teknologi Agroforestry, Ciamis

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Abstract

The amount of medicinal plants needs and limitations of agricultural land to its development can be overcome through the use of land under forest stands by applying patterns of agroforestry. This study aimed to assess the effect of different varieties and shade stands of pine (P. merkusii) on the productivity and quality of ginger. The design used was a split plot design consisting of 3 replicates and using an area of 100 m2 for each plot at a spacing of 50 x 50 cm. The main plot in the form of light intensity that is 50-58% (age class I), 68-77% (age class II) and 87-92% (poor increment), whereas varieties of ginger is the subplot includes a small white ginger (emprit), large white ginger (gajah) and red ginger. The results showed that the light intensity does not significantly affect the parameters : percentage of growth, content of moisture, volatile oil, fiber, starch and ash. The light intensity significantly affected the high growth in the five months after planting and heavy rhizomes. Varieties of ginger has significant effect on the percentage of growth, high growth and rhizome weight, but did not significantly affect the analysis of chemical ingredients. Average yield of each variety of ginger is 5.54 tons/ha for small white ginger, 8.38 tons/ha for the large white ginger and 6.7 ton /ha for red ginger.
The analysis of Sap Water Yield and Palm Sugar (Arenga pinnata Merr.) Quality in Tasikmalaya District Natawijaya, Dedi; Suhartono, Suhartono; Undang, Undang
Jurnal Agroforestri Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Balai Litbang Teknologi Agroforestry, Ciamis

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Abstract

Development of high quality palm tree is needed for fulfilling the raw material of palm sugar and other products based on palm tree. This study aims to analyze the sap water yield and palm sugar quality in Tasikmalaya District. The method used in this study was survey and direct measurement of water content, pH, colour, texture, smell, taste, and performance. The geographical indication approach was used to determine the location of the study. The result showed that the average of sap water for palm sugar was 14.13% or 1 kg palm sugar equivalent to 7 litre of sap water, meanwhile 1 kg palm sugar powder equivalent to 7.6 litre of sap water (13.07%). The water content of palm sugar and palm sugar powder were 3.5% and 2.2% respectively
Germination of Jamblang (Syzygium Cumini) Seeds on Three Treatments of Pre-Germination And Sowing Media Sudomo, Aris; Swestiani, Dila
Jurnal Agroforestri Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Balai Litbang Teknologi Agroforestry, Ciamis

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Abstract

Generative propagation was needed as one of efforts in developing jamblang as a medicinal plant. This study aims to improve the percentage and germination rate of jamblang seeds through pre-germination and sowing media treatments. The combination of treatments were (1) soil (T) x water (AB), (2) soil (T) x coconut water (AK), (3) soil (T) x control (without soaking treatment) (K), (4) sand (P) x water (AB), (5) sand (P) x coconut water (AK), (6) sand (P) x control (K), (7) mixed soil-sand (TP) x water (AB), (8) mixed soil-sand (TP) x water (AB), and (9) mixed soil-sand (TP) x control (K). The results revealed that the treatments of sowing seeds with mixed media soil + sand and pre-germination treatments by soaking the seeds for 12 hours in coconut water gave the highest percentage (70%) and germination rate (4.96%). Percentage of germination more than 50% only can be reached by the seeds that sowed on mixed soil + sand with pre-germination treatments soaked in coconut water for 12 hours and in water for 12 hours. The improvement in the percentage and germination rate of jamblang were achieved by using mixed sowing media soil + sand and pre-germination treatment by soaking in coconut water.
Socio and Institutional Conditions of Farmers of the Private Forest in Tasikmalaya District Diniyati, Dian
Jurnal Agroforestri Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Balai Litbang Teknologi Agroforestry, Ciamis

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Abstract

Socio and institutional conditions may affect the private forest development in Tasikmalaya District. This research was conducted in Tanjungkerta, Sepatnunggal, and Karyabakti villages from March to July 2011. The aim of the research was to identify the socio and institution conditions of farmers. The numbers of respondents involved were 60 persons.  Data were collected by implementing interview technique which was supported by questionnaires. The data consisted of the condition of social and the institution of farmers.  The data were analyzed by using Dependency Ratio (DR), Labour Force Participation Rate (TPK), and Dependency Rate of the farmers toward forest business (RK).  The result showed that the condition of social of farmers were characterized by age, sex, education, tribe, religion, marriage status, status in family, and family dependent. The values of DR and TPK toward private forest business were categorized as low, meanwhile the value of RK in Tanjungkerta, Sepatnunggal and Karyabakti Villages were 12.50 %, 16.42 % and 19.02 % respectively.  The institutions available at research location were grouped into three groups i.e. 1) economic institution (cooperation and regular social gathering), 2) social institution (farmer group, farmer group union and recitation) and 3) mutual cooperation.
Access and Control of Farm Households in the Management of Private Forest Resources Fauziyah, Eva
Jurnal Agroforestri Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Balai Litbang Teknologi Agroforestry, Ciamis

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Abstract

Differences in access of natural resources between men and women is one of the causes of gender unequality.  This condition may have an impact on the lack of control, benefit, and participation of women on farming activities.  This study aims to analyze the gender relation pattern in private forest management in Banyumas and Banjarnegara Districts..  Data were collected by using questionnaire, interview with farmer (men and women) and farmer groups with Socio Economic and Gender Analysis (SEAGA) instrument. Total respondents were 64 private forest farmers who were randomly selected. Data were analzsed by tabulation, percentage dan Equality adn Equity Index (EEI). The results showed that acces in private forest management were dominated by men  e.g acces on land, crops cultivated, education, training, extension services, capital, credit, equipment, nursery, fertilization, cropping pattern, and pest and disease control. In contrary, women were more dominant in  post harvest processing, and marketing activities. In Banyumas District, women control were dominant in marketing, while in Banjarnegara Distric, there was no dominance in both resources and stage activities but  access and control were  undertaken jointly between men and women in crops cultivation, watering, fertilization and marketing.The pattern of gender relations in general was more dominant both in terms of resources and the stages activies of private forest as indicated by EEI value tha is less than 0,5.
The Diversity of Soil Macrofauna on Agroforestry Teak (Tectona grandis) and Polynesian Arrowroot (Tacca leontopetaloides Winara, Aji
Jurnal Agroforestri Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Balai Litbang Teknologi Agroforestry, Ciamis

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Teak and polynesian arrowroot is a new pattern of agroforestry to support food security of communities around forests in coastal areas. The presence of polynesian arrowroot under teak stands is not only expected to be food sources but also to provide ecological benefits for biodiversity, especially soil macrofauna. The study aims is to determine the diversity of soil macrofauna in teak and polynesia arrowroot agroforestry patterns. The study was conducted in Garut Regency in April 2017. The method used in this study was monolithic technique and analyzed by calculating diversity and richness index. The object was an agroforestry demonstration plot with three polynesia arrowroot spacings under 7-years-old teak stand and monoculture teak. The results showed that there were 5 soil macrofaunas in teak and polynesian arrowroot agroforestry which are from five families and five orders. The dominance order was coleoptera with Important Value Index (IVI) = 133.93% -157.78% and opisthophora with IVI = 103.51%. The diversity and richness of soil macrofauna in teak and polynesian arrowroot agroforestry patterns is low (H = 0.28-0.55; R = 0.87-1.48). Although agroforestry cultivation is carried out intensively, there is no difference in the diversity of soil macrofauna when compared to teak monoculture.
ANALYSIS OF BENEFITS OF WOOD PRODUCTS IN SOCIAL FORESTRY PROGRAM IN PERUM PERHUTANI Widiyanto, Ary
Jurnal Agroforestri Indonesia Vol 2, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Balai Litbang Teknologi Agroforestry, Ciamis

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20886/jai.2019.2.2.103-113

Abstract

The share of timber is part of the attractiveness to the community in the Community Based Forest Management (CBFM) program. Timbers such as teak and pine were considered a source of long-term income or as a savings (pensions). This paper aims to provide an overview of the benefits that the community will receive from the timber when the harvest implemented. This research was conducted by two methods, the first is interviews with Perhutani staff to obtain data on the number and period of thinning and harvest time for teak and pine. The second is literature study to get data about memorandum of cooperation agreement (PKS / NPK) between Perhutani and society. The results show that the share of timber listed in the cooperation agreement between Perhutani and the community (farmers)can be categorized as profit sharing because the wood income received by farmers is net after deducting the expenses. Under normal conditions, assuming the correction factor 1 and the increase in the selling price of woods equal to the value of inflation, the revenue share of wood that will be received by pine farmers in the 30th year is around Rp 24.937.500. While the share of wood that will be accepted by teak farmers in the 40th year is around Rp 130.100.000.
KARBON TERSIMPAN DALAM PRODUK KAYU SENGON MENGGUNAKAN BEBERAPA MODEL OKSIDASI Indrajaya, Yonky
Jurnal Agroforestri Indonesia Vol 2, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Balai Litbang Teknologi Agroforestry, Ciamis

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20886/jai.2019.2.2.91-102

Abstract

Harvested wood product is one of the carbon pools that need to be considered in calculating carbon emission related to forestry sector. There are several models of wood product retirement based on scientific based experiment: linear, logistic, and exponential. The application of these models in wood product pool calculation may result in different amount of carbon stored in wood product, and hence may result in different management regime of a plantation forest. This paper aims to analyze how different models of wood product oxidation result in different amount of carbon stored in sengon wood product and may cause different optimal management of sengon plantation. The models used in this paper include linear (VCS model), exponential (Winjum), and logistic (Miner et al model.). The focus of the paper is only for long term wood product that is oxidized until 100 years. The results of the study show that the lowest greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions from end use wood product of sengon are those estimated by linear, logistic, and exponential respectively.
PRODUKTIVITAS KAKAO DAN KEANEKARAGAMAN TANAMAN DALAM BERBAGAI SISTEM AGROFORESTRY BERBASIS KAKAO DI KABUPATEN PASAMAN SUMATERA BARAT Lia, Sumilia
Jurnal Agroforestri Indonesia Vol 2, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Balai Litbang Teknologi Agroforestry, Ciamis

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20886/jai.2019.2.2.51-62

Abstract

Di Sumatera, Kakao pada umumnya dikelola petani melaui pendekatan sistem agroforestri dengan berbagai jenis tanaman pelindung. Namun belakangan ini banyak petani yang beralih ke sistem monokultur dengan menebang pohon pelindung agar produksi kakao meningkat. Hasil penelitian ini menjawab hipotesis bahwa produktivitas kakao yang dikelola secara agroforestri sederhana memberikan hasil yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan non agroforestri dan agroforestri komplek. Penilitian dilaksanakan di Sontang, Kabupaten Pasaman, Sumatera Barat dari bulan Juli sampai dengan November 2018. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk membandingkan produksi kakao dan keanekaragaman tanaman dalam berbagai sistem pengelolaan kebun. Penelitian dilakukan pada 36 kebun kakao dengan membuat plot berukuran 20m x 20m di setiap kebun. Data produksi diambil selama 6 kali pada plot yang sudah ditentukan. Keanekaragaman dihitung dengan mengidentifikasi semua spesies tanaman di dalam kebun kakao. Produksi kakao paling tinggi dihasilkan pada sistem agroforestri sederhana (596 kg/ha) di ikuti dengan sistem non agroforestri (400 kg/ha) dan agroforestri komplek (397 kg/ha). Dari hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa sistem pengelolaan kebun secara agroforestri sederhana memberikan produksi dan tingkat keanekaragaman tanaman bermanfaat yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan kedua sistem yang lainnya, sehingga sistem ini dapat direkomendasikan kepada petani kakao sebagai acuan dalam pengelolaan kebun kakao secara berkelanjutan.
PARTISIPASI MASYARAKAT DALAM PEMBANGUNAN DEMPLOT AGROFORESTRI JAMBLANG (SYZYGIUM CUMINI LINN) (COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN THE DEVELOPMENT DEMPLOT AGROFORESTRY OF JAMBLANG (SYZYGIUM CUMINI LINN)) palmolina, maria
Jurnal Agroforestri Indonesia Vol 2, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Balai Litbang Teknologi Agroforestry, Ciamis

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20886/jai.2019.2.2.113-125

Abstract

ABSTRACT The purpose of thus studied to described the participation of the community around the development demplot agroforestry of Jamblang especially farmers involved in the the development demplot agroforestry of Jamblang. for further, could be used as material for consideration of the implementation of other forestry developments. The method used was a descriptive research method with a qualitative approach. The research was carried out from 2015 to 2019. The results of the study showed that the process of the development demplot agroforestry of Jamblang did not run partially, but was an integrated unit between community participation and the construction of the the development demplot agroforestry of Jamblang; from the start of activities (planning), implementation, supervision / evaluation, to beneficiaries. Both looked at each other as actors and beneficiaries of development.ABSTRAK Tujuan dari kajian ini adalah menggambarkan partisipasi masyarakat sekitar demplot agroforestri tanaman obat berbasis jamblang khususnya para petani yang terlibat dalam pembangunan demplot. Untuk selanjutnya dapat dijadikan sebagai bahan pertimbangan pelaksanaan pembangunan kehutanan lainnya. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode penelitian deskriptif dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Pelaksanaan penelitian dilakukan mulai tahun 2015 hingga tahun 2019. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahwa proses pembangunan demplot AF Jamblang tidak berjalan secara parsial, tapi merupakan satu kesatuan terpadu antara partisipasi masyarakat dan pembangunan demplot AF Jamblang; sedari awal kegiatan (perencanaan), pelaksanaan, pengawasan/evaluasi, hingga penerima manfaat. Keduanya saling memandang sebagai pelaku dan penerima manfaat pembangunan. 

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