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International Journal of Applied Sciences in Tourism and Events
Published by Politeknik Negeri Bali
ISSN : 25805584     EISSN : 25805592     DOI : -
Core Subject : Humanities, Art,
International Journal of Applied Sciences in Tourism and Events (IJASTE) is an electronic international journal publishing a variety of issues related to tourism including applied sciences in tourism and events, arts and entertainment, socio-culture, language and communication, economy, business, entrepreneurship, technology and infrastructure, and other related issues. It is published by the Center of Research and Community Service of Politeknik Negeri Bali, biannually (June and December since 2017) and publishes articles (empirical report, literature review, and case report) written in English.
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Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 1 No 1 (2017): June 2017" : 8 Documents clear
THE IMPACTS OF BALINESE WOMEN WORKING IN CRUISE SHIP Darma Oka, I Made; Pugra, I Wayan
Jurnal Internasional Ilmu Pengetahuan Terapan bidang Pariwisata dan Events Vol 1 No 1 (2017): June 2017
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (P3M) Politeknik Negeri Bali

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (302.625 KB) | DOI: 10.31940/ijaste.v1i1.184

Abstract

The participation rate of Balinese labor in cruise ships over the last years has dramatically increased. The growth of Balinese labor who works on cruise ships in the past four years reached more than 18 percent. This fact seems unique since working there does not only attract Balinese men as happened in the past but also the women. It is happening because they have been prepared themselves in accordance to the competencies and qualifications needed in cruise ships. The present study aimed to analyze the impacts of Balinese women works on cruise ships overview from economic and socio-cultural perspective. The research subjects were Balinese women who used to or were still working in the cruise ships. This research used qualitative data. The collected data started from one Balinese women having experience in the cruise ships and then spread to the other workers. To answer the research questions, data collection was conducted through observation and deep interviews. The data were analyzed by qualitative analysis. The impact of Balinese women working in cruise ships was overviewed from economic and socio-cultural perspectives. The economic perspective likes: Balinese women working in cruise ships able to improve the family economy, and employment for the community directly or indirectly in the cruise ships. The socio-cultural perspective likes: by working in cruise ships able to motivate the other Balinese women to works on cruise ships, with working in cruise ships can open the horizons and the way of thinking society, increase the personal discipline, and then improve the science and technology in tourism especially at cruises, and growth the awareness to conserve the cultural after seeing the variety of cultures in the word
BALINESE CULTURE AND REPEAT VISITORS TO BALI Sutama, I Ketut; Mudana, I Gede; Astawa, I Ketut
Jurnal Internasional Ilmu Pengetahuan Terapan bidang Pariwisata dan Events Vol 1 No 1 (2017): June 2017
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (P3M) Politeknik Negeri Bali

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (362.843 KB) | DOI: 10.31940/ijaste.v1i1.536

Abstract

The intention to revisit a destination usually happens during tourists’ first visit. The decision begins when tourists’ expectations meet the reality in the destination visited, moreover it exceeds the expectations. The main purpose of tourists visit a destination is one of the following: holiday, visiting friends and relatives (VFR), business, education, sports and health, but it may be a combination of them, such as holiday and VFR, holiday and business, etc. In terms of holiday it may include relax, learn and enjoy arts and culture, enjoy nature beauty, and honeymoon. The purpose of this study was to know how Balinese culture affect international tourists revisit Bali. Since Bali is known as cultural tourist destination it is worth to know more deeply. In regard with this study it was found that the number of visit by international repeating-tourists to Bali was as follows: 6 to 9 visits (28%), more than 25 visits (25%), 3 to 5 visits (25%), 14 to 17 visits (10%), 18 to 21 visits (7%), and 10 to 13 visits (5%). Three most reasons repeaters revisited Bali were friendly people, ‘love Bali’, and the charm of Bali. Their reasons were influenced by a number of factors including holiday (65%), followed by business (22.5%), VFR (7.5%), and others (5%). From this fact it may say that Bali is still considered best destination for holiday. Nine most preferable activities done by revisiting international tourists during in Bali were relax (15%), interact with local people (14%), beach activities (13%), adventure activities (11%), sightseeing (10%), learning local culture (9%), attending temple ceremony (8%), enjoying night life (7%), and business (6%). In terms of revisiting behavior, connection with a visited destination is considered significant by experts. Connection in this case may be tangible and intangible. Tangible connection may include business and social networks, while intangible connection is seen through psychological aspect. In this study attachment theory was used to examine the connection between repeaters and Bali as a tourist destination. It was found that most repeaters had strong connection to Bali, mostly affected by friendly people of Bali (social connection), uniqueness of culture (cultural connection), and natural beauty or the charm of Bali (place connection). Further study is important to conduct to know more about how each connection influence each other.
MATERIALITY AND SPIRITUALITY IN BALI TOURISM: AN ETHICAL REFLECTION ON THE TRI-HITA-KARANA Suamba, Ida Bagus Putu; Sutama, I Ketut
Jurnal Internasional Ilmu Pengetahuan Terapan bidang Pariwisata dan Events Vol 1 No 1 (2017): June 2017
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (P3M) Politeknik Negeri Bali

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (332.653 KB) | DOI: 10.31940/ijaste.v1i1.189

Abstract

This paper aims at finding out ethical drawbacks the concept Tri-hita-karana has in its pragmatic level and offer an insight of critical analysis of ethical values. Tri-hita-karana has been seen as the foundation on which Bali Tourism developed to its full range. The methods of study used are library and field researches focusing on the ontological, axiological, and pragmatic levels in Bali tourism. It has found that the significant gain in the field of materiality, spirituality tends to be marginalised and vice-versa. This has further impact on life of Balinese. Imbalance of relationships exists between human beings and their fellows, human beings and nature, and human beings and divinity. Nevertheless, both domains are required in life, and any of these is absent, life is just impossible since life is the permutation of them in complex ways.  Materiality gains seem to bring Balinese away from spirituality vis-a-vis religion in its right sense.  Of the ethical perspective, the Tri-hita-karana as the philosophical foundation of tourism in Bali provides ideas/thoughts that can be used to  minimalize the gaps because it does not lay down ethical outlook as how to cope with the gaps.  The relationship amongst those elements involved is basically a matter of ethics as philosophy of moral, and hence ethical consideration is required in designing as well as in implementing policy in tourism. Critical ideas are required for not only of metaphysical perspective but also of ethical values and pragmatic practices.  Bali tourism tends to dehumanize Balinese if not immediate ethical considerations of Tri-hita-karana are taken into account in pragmatic levels. Development and sustainability of Bali Tourism should be based on Balinese cultural spirit and values; looking it from its inner strengths.
EFFICIENCY IN THE PURCHASE OF FOOD AND BEVERAGES IN OPERATION OF STAR HOTELS IN BALI Astawa, I Putu; Mertha Astawa, I Putu; Wiwiek Ary Susyarini, Ni Putu
Jurnal Internasional Ilmu Pengetahuan Terapan bidang Pariwisata dan Events Vol 1 No 1 (2017): June 2017
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (P3M) Politeknik Negeri Bali

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (322.084 KB) | DOI: 10.31940/ijaste.v1i1.429

Abstract

The research aims to calculate efficiency in the purchase of food and beverages in star hotels in Bali. Ten five stars hotels receiving award as the best hotel from Trivadvesor in 2016 are chosen as research sample. Data are collected through questionnaire given to purchasing department. Data are analyzed using descriptive statistical analysis and economical order quantity (EOQ) analysis. Research result indicates that the system and process for the purchase of food & beverage in stars hotels in Bali covered contract system for purchasing of perishable foods such as vegetables; daily or monthly system to give freedom to hotels to buy required goods; standing order was used to order certain types of foods supplied by certain supplier; and cash purchase was used to buy food or beverages in small amount. The purchasing process in the hotel uses contract system and the level of efficiency could be improved using EOQ in purchasing. The purchasing of budgeted food and beverages will facilitate the purchase operation; however, it will be better if it includes the existing economic approach calculation in order to increase hotel’s performance. The use of EOQ method could reduce storage cost at the hotels. In the future, hotels should put more attention on such cost as storage cost and cost of order.
CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY PROGRAMME AS PART OF COMPLEMENTARY RELATIONSHIP IN HOTELS’ NETWORK: THE CASE OF HOTEL INDUSTRY IN BALI, INDONESIA Kusuma Dewi, I Nyoman Indah; Mataram, I Gusti Agung Bagus
Jurnal Internasional Ilmu Pengetahuan Terapan bidang Pariwisata dan Events Vol 1 No 1 (2017): June 2017
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (P3M) Politeknik Negeri Bali

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (415.69 KB) | DOI: 10.31940/ijaste.v1i1.177

Abstract

Corporate Social Responsibility (hereinafter is referred to CSR) Programme has gained more interest from the hotel management since the increasing awareness of the customer to the notion of green hotel. CSR programme is considered as a part of complementary relationship in the hotels‟ network which is a non-business relationship. The purpose of this study is to discuss the implementation, maintenance and benefits of CSR programme in hotels’ network since there is limited number of studies that concern about exploring and understanding this topic from the network theory and business-to-business perspective. Thus the research questions include: (1) what are the reasons of hotels establishing CSR programme as part of their network of business relationship? (2) How do the implementation of CSR programme as a complementary relationship in hotels’ network? (3) What are the network elements (actors, activities and resources shared) involved in this network? (4) How do hotels nurture their CSR programme? (5) What are the benefits of hotels establishing CSR programme? This research is an exploratory research based on the interpretivist paradigm as the underlying paradigm. The inductive approach rather than deductive approach is implemented as the most appropriate research approach. The research strategy is multiple-case study since its enable the researcher to be close to the research objects and provide rich description of the phenomenon. The unit analysis or phenomenon in this study is CSR programme as part of complementary relationship in hotels‟ network. Nine hotels and their complementary organizations were selected as the cases; therefore, eighteen organizations were included. The top and middle level management participated in this study. Data was collected by utilizing the face-to-face semi-structured interview, direct observation and documentation review. Data has been analyzed through three concurrent flows of analyzing qualitative data: data reduction; data display; and conclusion drawing and verification. The finding confirms that there is an increasing awareness of hotel practitioners regarding the importance of establishing and nurturing CSR programme as the concurrent consequences of increasing customers’ awareness to the environment and community involvement. This might leads to the hotels’ competitive advantage. The main contribution of this study is to enhance the network analysis literature particularly its implementation in the hotel industry.
TUMPEK WARIGA AS AN ECOLOGY BASED LOCAL GENIUS IN SUPPORTING SUSTAINABLE TOURISM (CASE STUDY OF PLAGA VILLAGE, BADUNG, BALI) Narottama, Narrarya; Suarja, I Ketut; Lestari, Denok
Jurnal Internasional Ilmu Pengetahuan Terapan bidang Pariwisata dan Events Vol 1 No 1 (2017): June 2017
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (P3M) Politeknik Negeri Bali

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (442.253 KB) | DOI: 10.31940/ijaste.v1i1.523

Abstract

As an international tourist destination, Bali has always been a main target of modern capitalists, both domestic and international. Massive construction of tourism facilities occurred in Bali, which directly affects and threatens the environment and changing social patterns of local communities. It is an irony, because Bali’s tourism relies on environment sustainability, natural landscapes and it’s unique cultural richness. Tumpek Wariga is one of the Balinese’s local genius, particularly in the context of maintaining harmony with all creatures, nature and environment, in form of cultural activitiesor Hindu rituals. These activities are summarized in Bali sublime philosophy which is recognized by UNESCO, namely the Tri Hita Karana. In various region of Bali, Tumpek Wariga is also called Tumpek Pengarah, Tumpek Uduh and Tumpek Bubuh. In this ceremony, the offerings are dedicated to the presence of Ida Sang Hyang Widhi (The Almighty God) in His manifestation as Lord Sangkara (Lord Shiva), the ruler of vegetation and environment in Balinese tradition. The purpose of this study was to assess the ultimate meaning and the implementation of Tumpek Wariga as a Balinese local genius in supporting ecological-based sustainable tourism in Bali. This case study took place in Plaga Village, which is one of the tourist villages developed by the government of Badung regency. This research uses qualitative approach, with data collection methods such as observation, in-depth interview and literature study. Hopefully, this research can be beneficial to all stakeholders and academics of tourism, especially in studies of Balinese local genius, as well as a new reference for the development of ecological based sustainable tourism in Bali.
INCREASING STUDENTS’ ENTREPRENEURSHIP AWARENESS THROUGH COLLEGE TOURISM BUSINESS INCUBATORS Sutama, I Ketut; Pasek, I Ketut; Mudana, I Gede
Jurnal Internasional Ilmu Pengetahuan Terapan bidang Pariwisata dan Events Vol 1 No 1 (2017): June 2017
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (P3M) Politeknik Negeri Bali

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (303.885 KB) | DOI: 10.31940/ijaste.v1i1.180

Abstract

The aim of the study is to search the entrepreneurial potency of students of Politeknik Negeri Bali (State Polytechnic of Bali). By knowing such a potential, the development of tourism business incubator within the college will be significant. Instead of giving theoretical and practical benefits in terms of teaching and learning for the subject of entrepreneurship, the existence of the incubator will prove that the institution also plays the role in creating job opportunity. In terms of teaching and learning process the result of the study will give support to the subject of entrepreneurship, for instance in production of updated teaching material and method. On the other hand, regarding job creations, institutional incubator business will give wider chance to students and fresh graduates to train themselves to create and practice business. To get view on the potency of entrepreneurship of the students, a number of 91 fourth semester students were chosen as research samples. Questionnaires were distributed to them, then analyzed using descriptive method. Three indicators of entrepreneurship, such as innovation, proactive, and risk acceptance, also indicator of the potency of business in tourism area were utilized to count means. It was found the value of 3.6. It means that between 1 to 5 of choice scale, the value of 3.6 is significant enough to indicate that the students have good potency for entrepreneurship. If it is developed seriously, they will be able to build their own business upon graduate. Such a data is significant enough as an indicator for further research at the second year, dealing with the development of business incubator in tourism area.
ECOTOURISM BUSINESS COMPETENCE IN CREATING COMMUNITY INCOME Irianto, Ketut; Aryaningsih, Ni Nyoman; Masih, Ni Ketut; Bagiada, Made
Jurnal Internasional Ilmu Pengetahuan Terapan bidang Pariwisata dan Events Vol 1 No 1 (2017): June 2017
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (P3M) Politeknik Negeri Bali

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (328.113 KB) | DOI: 10.31940/ijaste.v1i1.525

Abstract

The economic development of a region is determined by the increase of contribution of economic sector activity. The tourism sector is one of the economic sectors that has an important role in and is able to grow the regional economy. Sustainability of the tourism sector of the economy can not be separated from the role of environmental resources as tourism attractions (objects). This study is to analyze ecotourism business competence in creating income of community. The study is designed in a descriptive-quantitative way. The collection of data used is observation and interview. The data used is descriptive-quantitative in order to determine and analyze the ecotourism business competence and its impact on improving income of community. The results show that the strategy to achieve an income community must be supported by having business competence based on ecotourism. Business competence is dominated by social competence in creating people’s income in the tourism sector, yet less attention to other competencies. Ecotourism development is done by building the overall business competence and network of cooperation between the parties concerned.

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