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INDONESIA
JPT : JURNAL PROTEKSI TANAMAN (JOURNAL OF PLANT PROTECTION)
Published by Universitas Andalas
ISSN : 25800604     EISSN : 26213141     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture, Social,
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 14 Documents
RESPON KUTU PUTIH PEPAYA DAN TANAMAN PEPAYA TERHADAP APLIKASI ASAM SALISILAT octriana, Liza; Putra, Nugroho Susetya; Suputra, Suputra
JPT : JURNAL PROTEKSI TANAMAN (JOURNAL OF PLANT PROTECTION) Vol 3 No 1 (2019): juni 2019
Publisher : Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Faperta Unand

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jpt.3.1.10-17.2019

Abstract

Salicylic acid is one of the elicitor substances that can be used to reduce the level of damage of plants, both by pathogen and herbivore. The application of salicylic acid also affects plant growth and productivity. The impact of the salicylic acid application on a plant varies, such as depending on concentration, mode of application, and plant species. This research aimed to know the effect of different salicylic acid concentrations on mealybug development and papaya growth. The results showed that salicylic acid at concentrations of 100 mg/l slowed mealybug development and suppressed the amount of fecundity. Still, it caused a plant to grow smaller relatively. The application of salicylic acid at a concentration of 50 mg/l was the best treatment because it provided the best growth of papaya plants and suppressed the fecundity of mealybug.
AKTIVITAS AIR REBUSAN BEBERAPA KULIT JERUK (CITRUS SPP) UNTUK MENEKAN PERTUMBUHAN COLLETOTRICHUM GLOEOSPORIOIDES PADA TANAMAN BUAH NAGA SECARA IN VITRO Sulyanti, Eri; Yaherwandi, Yaherwandi; Ulindari, Restu Monika
JPT : JURNAL PROTEKSI TANAMAN (JOURNAL OF PLANT PROTECTION) Vol 3 No 2 (2019): Desember 2019
Publisher : Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Faperta Unand

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jpt.3.2.56-64.2019

Abstract

Colletotrichum gloeosporioides is a pathogenic fungus that attacks dragon fruit plants. This research aimed to obtain effective orange peel decoction in suppressing the growth of C. gloeosporioides that causes anthracnose on dragon fruit plants in vitro. The research was carried out in the Phytopathology Laboratory of the Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Andalas with a Completely Randomized Design, six treatments, and five replications. The treatment was decoction of several orange peels with a concentration of 5 g / 100 ml (Control, kaffir lime skin (Citrus histrix), sweet orange peel (Citrus sinensis), lime peel (Citrus aurantifolia), castard orange peel (Citrus madurensis), and tebukonazol (synthetic pesticides with a recommended dose of 2 g / 100 ml). The data obtained were analyzed by ANOVA and LSD at 5% significance level. The results showed that the decoction of several orange peels could suppress the growth of C. gloeosporioides. The decoction of sweet orange and lime peel were the highest in reducing the colony area, with the effectiveness of suppression were 76.86% and 73.96%, respectively. Sweet orange peel decoction was most effective in reducing the number of conidia (94.58%). The decoctions of sweet orange, lime peel, and musk orange peels can reduce wet weight, dry weight, and inhibit the germinating rate of C. gloeosporioides.
AKTIVITAS INSEKTISIDA EKSTRAK AIR CAMPURAN BUAH PIPER ADUNCUM DAN DAUN TEPHROSIA VOGELII TERHADAP CROCIDOLOMIA PAVONANA FABRICIUS (LEPIDOPTERA: CRAMBIDAE) Afriyanita, Afriyanita; Lina, Eka Candra; Darnetty, Darnetty
JPT : JURNAL PROTEKSI TANAMAN (JOURNAL OF PLANT PROTECTION) Vol 3 No 1 (2019): juni 2019
Publisher : Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Faperta Unand

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Abstract

The botanical insecticide is alternative pest control that is feasible to be developed. The inflorescences extract of Piper aduncum and leaf extract of Tephrosia vogelii are known to have insecticidal activity. The study aimed to determine the effect of a mixture of water extract of P. aduncum inflorescences and T. vogelii leaves on C. pavonana. This test used a completely randomized design (CRD) consisting of 6 treatments (0.0, 2.5, 3.0, 3.5, 4.0 and 5.0%) and 5 replications. Observation parameters were larval mortality, antifeedant effect, larval development time, pupal development time, normal and abnormal pupae, and sex ratio. The mixture of water extract of P. aduncum inflorescences and T. vogelii leaves (2:1) at LC50 (3.19%) was antagonistic and at LC95 (6.07%) was additive. The mixture influenced larval mortality (81.0%), had antifeedant effect (84.5%) and prolonged larval development time 1.71 days on 2nd-3rd instars and 2.4 days on 2nd-4th instars compared to control, but there were no effect on pupal development time, number of abnormal pupae and sex ratio.
Patogenisitas Cendawan Entomopatogen dari Rizosfir Kacang Tanah (Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus) terhadap Hama Penggerek Polong Etiella zinckenella Treitschke (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) Reflinaldon, Reflinaldon; Martinius, Martinius
JPT : JURNAL PROTEKSI TANAMAN (JOURNAL OF PLANT PROTECTION) Vol 1 No 2 (2017): Desember 2017
Publisher : Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Faperta Unand

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jpt.1.2.80-89.2017

Abstract

The objective of this study was to get entomopathogenic fungi isolates of bean plant rhizosphere derived from Nagari Sawah Tangah, District Pariangan, Tanah Datar Regency and to determine their pathogenicity on pod borer E. zinckenella. Isolation method was performed by diluting the soil samples in a serial dilution into 10-3 and cultured in PDA media. Furthermore, the purification was based on the shape and color of the fungus colonies. A total of 16 isolates obtained at the initial stage were selected by testing them against the fifth instar larvae Tenebrio molitor. Results showed that only 4 isolates (STA 1, STA 2.2, STA 5, and STB 3.1) could be further tested against E. zinckenella pod borer using completely randomized design (CRD). The highest pathogenicity isolates was exhibited by STA 1 belonged to Metarhizium genera.
Respon Beberapa Varietas Padi Terhadap Serangan Fusarium fujikuroi Penyebab Penyakit Bakanae Darnetty, Darnetty; Sulyanti, Eri
JPT : JURNAL PROTEKSI TANAMAN (JOURNAL OF PLANT PROTECTION) Vol 1 No 1 (2017): Juni 2017
Publisher : Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Faperta Unand

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Abstract

Fusarium fujikuroi is the cause of bakanae disease in rice plants. Level of bakanae disease attack on some rice cultivation land in West Sumatra, especially in Padang Pariaman district is quite high. One effort to suppress the development of F. fujikuroi is by planting resistant varieties. In this study, 15 rice varieties originating Sumatera Barat were used to be tested for their response to F. fujikuroi attack. The purpose of this study was to obtain the varieties with the low attack rate of F. fujikuroi. Parameters observed were number of dead seeds, number of dead seedlings, number of stunted seedlings, number of seeds showing symptoms of Bakanae and total infected seeds. The results of the study indicated that symptoms of F. fujikuroi attack varied which  were dead seeds, stunting seedlings, dead seedslings and bakanae. The response of rice varieties to  F. fujikuroi attack was different with characterized by different levels of infection rates. Low infection rates were found in Pessel varieties (2.0%), Batang sahalai (15.5%), Cisokan (17.0%), and Batang Lembang (20%). Other varieties showed a high percentage of F. fujikuroi attacks ranging from 20% to 54.5%.
Keanekaragaman Serangga Air di Sawah Konvensional dan Organik di Kota Padang Hamid, Hasmiandy; Martinius, Martinius
JPT : JURNAL PROTEKSI TANAMAN (JOURNAL OF PLANT PROTECTION) Vol 1 No 2 (2017): Desember 2017
Publisher : Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Faperta Unand

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Abstract

Study on diversity of aquatic insects in rice is important to determine the condition of the rice fields. The purpose of this research was to study the community of aquatic insects in two difference cultivations (organic and conventional) and sub districts (Koto Tangah dan Pauh) in Padang City. Purposive random sampling method was used. Samples were collected by using water insect nets and water bottle traps. The results showed that the aquatic insects found in the study site consisted of 5 orders (Coleoptera, Diptera, Ephemeroptera, Hemiptera, Odonata), 16 families, 51 species and 3808 individuals. Aquatic insect populations in organic farming was higher (5 orders, 15 families, 48 species and 3089 individuals) than conventional (4 orders, 9 families, 20 species and 719 individuals). Aquatic insects found were acting as predators (3718 individuals), detrivors (7 individuals), and omnivors (83 individuals). The diversity indexes of aquatic insects on two locations were classified as medium but the diversity in organic cultivation was higher than conventional.
Uji Beberapa Dosis Tepung Daun Gamal (Gliricididia sepium Jacq.) Terhadap Sitophilus oryzae L. Pada Beras Di Penyimpanan Rustam, Rusli; Sutikno, Agus; Laila, Jamiatul
JPT : JURNAL PROTEKSI TANAMAN (JOURNAL OF PLANT PROTECTION) Vol 1 No 1 (2017): Juni 2017
Publisher : Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Faperta Unand

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jpt.1.1.24-33.2017

Abstract

Rice is one of serealea comodity that susceptible with pest storage. One of the pest that often attack the rice in storage is Sitophilus oryzae L. The alternative for control S. oryzae L. as fumigant which enviromentally sound is Gliricidia sepium Jacq. as organic insecticide. This research aims to get the best dose G. sepium Jacq. leaf powder to control S. oryzae L. pest in rice storage. This research conducted at Laboratory of Plant Pest, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Riau, Pekan baru from Mei until Juni 2016. This research arranged experimentally by using Completely Randomized Design consisting of 5 treatments and 4 replications. The treatment consist of 5 dose levels were 0 g/100 g rice, 2 g/100 g rice, 4 g/100 g rice, 6 g/100 g rice and 8 g/100 g rice. The result showed that giving of G. sepium Jacq. leaf powder with dose 8 g/100 g rice causes time of death beginningS. oryzae L. during 31.50 hours after application, lethal time 50 during 282.8 hours after application, total mortality was 70%, amount of generation was 9,75 beetles and  decrease of seed weight?s rice was 1.08%.
Biologi Penghisap Buah Helopeltis sp. (Hemiptera: Miridae) pada Buah Kakao dan Mentimun Nelly, Novri; Khairul, Ujang
JPT : JURNAL PROTEKSI TANAMAN (JOURNAL OF PLANT PROTECTION) Vol 1 No 2 (2017): Desember 2017
Publisher : Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Faperta Unand

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Abstract

This research purposed to study biology of Helopeltis sp. on cocoa and cucumber fruits. Research was done in insect bioecology laboratory using direct observation with 10 replications for each fruit. Parameter observed were copulation (hours), preoviposition time (days), number of eggs, nymphals, and adult periods (days), Oviposition time (days), and post oviposition time (days). The data obtained were analyzed descriptively and compared with t-test. Result of this research showed that Helopeltis sp. could thrive in cacao and cucumber fruits. Adult of Helopeltis sp. longevity in cacao fruits was 16 days and in cucumber fruits was 13 days. The number of eggs product average 10-10.9 eggs/female.
Aktivitas Insektisida Campuran Ekstrak Air Buah Piper aduncum L. (Piperaceae) dan Batang Cymbopogon ciratrus (Dc.) Stapf (Poaceae) Terhadap Larva Crocidolomia pavonana F. (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) Lina, Eka Candra; Supriadi, Adventus; Yunisman, Yunisman; Martinius, Martinius
JPT : JURNAL PROTEKSI TANAMAN (JOURNAL OF PLANT PROTECTION) Vol 1 No 1 (2017): Juni 2017
Publisher : Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Faperta Unand

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Abstract

Crocidolomia pavonana is an important pest in Brassicaceae. Botanical insecticides is pest control alternative  which meet to eco-friendly manajement. This study aims to determine lethal concentration of single  and mixture of water extract of Piper aduncum (Piperaceae) fruit and Cymbopogon cirtatus (Poaceae) stem against Crocidolomia pavonana larvae. The study was conducted in laboratory experiment through preliminary test and advance test using a completely randomized design (CRD). Observations were included to larval mortality, antifeedant effect, and duration of larval development. Bioassay was done against second instar larvae of C. pavonana using leaves immersion method during 48 hours. The results show that LC50 and LC95 value of mixture extract are 2.83% and 5.79% respectively. Based on index combination analysis, P. aduncum and C. citratus mixture extract  were antagonistic at LC50  and additive  at LC95 . Water extract of   P. aduncum and C. citratus were relatively weak to influence feeding activity of C. pavonana larvae (41%). Mixture extract  also extend larval development from second instar to third instar  around 0.24 days and third instar to fourth instar around 0.97 days.
Kemampuan Bakteri Endofit dalam Mengendalikan Penyakit Rebah Kecambah dan Layu Sclerotium (Sclerotium rolfsii) pada Kedelai Marwan, Husda
JPT : JURNAL PROTEKSI TANAMAN (JOURNAL OF PLANT PROTECTION) Vol 1 No 2 (2017): Desember 2017
Publisher : Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Faperta Unand

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Abstract

Endophytic bacteria have potency as candidates of biological control agents to plant disease, because the bacteria as reported to be associated with plant resistance to pathogens. The study aimed to determine the ability of endophytic bacteria to inhibit the growth of Sclerotium rolfsii in vitro, and suppress damping off disease incedence and Sclerotium wilt disease severity on soybean. The ability of endophytic bacteria to inhibit S. rolfsii was carried out on 44 isolates that isolated from soybean, rice and banana. The ability of endophytic bacteria to control damping off disease was carried out on 13 isolates were selected in vitro (BE-CW1, BE-M1, BE-M2, BE-M3, BE-M4, BE-S1, BE-S6, BE-S13, BE-S14, BE -BRRG2, BE-KH1), and also fungicides and two controls (healthy plant and diseased plant). The ability of endophytic bacteria to control Sclerotium wilt was carried out on 6 isolates which showed pressure on damping off disease (BE-M1, BE-M2, BE-M3, BE-M4, BE-CW1, BE-KH2) and 2 controls (healthy plants and diseased plants).The results showed that the thirteen isolates of endophytic bacteria could inhibit mycelial growth and germination S. rolfsii. Soybean seed treatment revealed that dipping the seed in endophytic bacterial isolates suppressed damping off disease incedence with a range of 37.4 to 49.9% and Sclerotium wilt disease severity of 20.1 to 85 % , as well as reduced the mortality of soybean by 26.3 to 84.4 % . BE-KH2 isolate was able to suppress Sclerotium wilt in soybean by 85% and reduce the mortality by 67.5%.

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