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INDONESIA
JURNAL GIZI INDONESIA
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
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Articles 128 Documents
HUBUNGAN POLA KONSUMSI MINUMAN BERALKOHOL TERHADAP KEJADIAN HIPERTENSI PADA TENAGA KERJA PARIWISATA DI KELURAHAN LEGIAN Jayanti, I Gusti Ayu Ninik; Wiradnyani, Ni Ketut; Ariyasa, I Gede
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition) Vol 6, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (333.014 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jgi.6.1.65-70

Abstract

Background:  The shift in lifestyle in tourism environment in Legian Village triggers alcohol consumption. Excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages will have an impact on long-term health of one of them increased levels of cortisol in the blood so that the activity of rennin-angiotensin aldesterol system (RAAS) increases and causes blood pressure to rise.Objectives: To determine the correlation between consumption patterns of alcoholic beverage with incidence of tourism labor hypertension in Legian. Methods: Design of crossectional study with sample of 87 tourism worker. Blood pressure measurement using Sphygmomanometer and stethoscope. The consumption pattern of alcoholic beverages is obtained by using the form of SQ-FFQ (Semi Quantitative Food Frequency Qualitiative).Results: The most common type of alcoholic beverage is beer with a percentage of 40.2%. A total of 48.3% of respondents consumed alcoholic beverages with a mild amount and as much as 56.3% of respondents often consumed alcoholic beverages. There was a significant correlation between beverage type and hypertension (rs = 0.433), total consumption and hypertension (rs = 0.566).Conclusion: There was a significant correlation between consumption pattern of alcoholic beverages with incidence of hypertension in tourism labor in Legian Village
KETERSEDIAAN DAN POLA DISTRIBUSI GARAM BERIODIUM DI KABUPATEN JEPARA Widiyatni, Wiwid; Subagio, Hertanto Wahyu; Suhartono, Suhartono
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition) Vol 3, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (263.507 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jgi.3.2.80-85

Abstract

Latar belakang : Konsumsi garam beriodium oleh masyarakat atau Universal Salt Iodization (USI) merupakan program utama penanggulangan GAKI di Indonesia. Ketersediaan dan distribusi garam beriodium sesuai SNI yang belum merata menjadi kendala tercapainya USI di beberapa wilayah Indonesia termasuk Jepara. Jepara merupakan salah satu daerah penghasil garam di Jawa Tengah. Sebagian besar garam dijual keluar daerah sedangkan seluruh kebutuhan garam beriodium disuplai dari luar daerah. Penelitian bertujuan untuk menganalisis ketersediaan, pola distribusi dan tingkat konsumsi garam beriodium di Kabupaten Jepara.Metode : Metode kualitatif digunakan dalam penelitian ini. Informan utama terdiri dari 5 orang anggota tim penanggulangan GAKI dan 11 orang pelaku garam. Informan triangulasi terdiri dari 30 orang ibu hamil di wilayah Pakis Aji. Pengumpulan data melalui observasi, wawancara mendalam, Focus Group Discusion dan telaah dokumen. Analisis data menggunakan content analysis.Hasil : Terdapat 76 merk garam beriodium yang beredar di Jepara, 75 %  mengandung iodium  < 30 ppm. Tingginya peredaran garam ini disebabkan oleh lemahnya law enforcement di Jepara. Pola distribusi yang berbeda mengakibatkan ketersediaan garam beriodium di setiap wilayah juga berbeda. Sebagian besar responden telah mengonsumsi garam beriodium. Persepsi responden gondok merupakan dampak utama GAKI. Garam beriodium tersedia di pasar atau warung dengan harga terjangkau, rasa dan kualitas garam menjadi kendala dalam mengonsumsi garam beriodium sesuai SNI setiap hari.Simpulan : Sebagian besar (75%) garam beriodium yang beredar mengandung iodium < 30 ppm. Terdapat 8-14 merk garam serta penjual garam krosok curah dan kemasan di setiap wilayah. Sebagian besar responden telah mengonsumsi garam beriodium.
ESTIMASI POTENSI KERUGIAN EKONOMI AKIBAT WASTING PADA BALITA DI INDONESIA Renyoet, Brigitte Sarah; Nai, Hildagardis Meliyani Erista
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition) Vol 7, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (191.745 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jgi.7.2.127-132

Abstract

Background: Wasting cases for children under five are currently increasing, the high risk of malnutrition continues to increase so that it has an effect on increasing the prevalence of nutritional problems which results in decreased productivity.Objectives: To estimate the economic potential lost due to wasting in children under five.Methods: Descriptive research, by processing data from various related agencies which are all in the form of secondary data. Calculate using the Konig (1995) formula and a correction factor from Horton's (1999) study. The research activities are carried out starting July 2018 until September 2018.Results: Nationally based on the prevalence of wasting in children under five in 2013 amounting to IDR 1.042 billion - IDR 4.687 billion or 0.01% - 0.06% of the total GDP of Indonesia.Conclusion: The prevalence of high wasting problems can increase the potential for economic losses and affect the economy of a country especially in developing countries and one of them is Indonesia.
SCHOOL FEEDING PROGRAM USING RICE-PEA BEVERAGE IN SOME PRIMARY SCHOOLS: DOES IT HAVE BENEFIT? Satoto, Satoto; Rahfiluddin, Z; Sakti, H
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition) Volume 1. Nomor 1. Desember 2005
Publisher : Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jgi.1.1.

Abstract

ABSTRACT School feeding program is believed to be one effort among others to improve attendance rate, nutritional status and cognitive function of school children, which in turn improve academic performance of them. A study was conducted to evaluate a school feeding program using rice-pea beverage in Bandung, Indonesia. Its objective is to measure effect of the program on attendance rate, nutritional status, cognitive function and academic performance of the children joining the program. A control group design was administered. A number of students of class 3,4 and 5 from schools joining the feeding program were selected as program group, and more or less same number of school children in other schools with similar socio-economic situation were selected as control group. The feeding program was organized for 6 months. Attendance rate was measured by number of absentees, total and due to sickness in one semester. Nutritional status was standardized using WHO-NCHS z-score for weight-for-age (WAZ) and height-for-age (HAZ). Cognitive function was measured by Coloured Progressive Matrices (CPM), and score of Mathematics and Indonesian Language (Bahasa Indonesia) were measured using specific scholastic testings. School and home learning environment, certain food consumption frequencies were collected as covariates. GLM analyses were administered. The study found that after being controlled by some covariates, at the end of the study children in the program group showed better attendance rate, nutritional status, cognitive function and school performance. It is assumed that the improvement was due to better attendance rate as the program attracted the children to attend more days in the schools and due to improvement of food consumption provided by the program and at home. More in-depth, more specific and longer study, administering randomized case-control trial is recommended. Comparison of the use of foodstuffs for the purpose is also interesting to be studied. Permalink : http://ejournal.undip.ac.id/index.php/jgi/article/view/3239
FAKTOR RISIKO STUNTING PADA ANAK UMUR 12-24 BULAN Wellina, Wiwien Fitrie; Kartasurya, Martha Irene; Rahfiludin, M. Zen
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition) Vol 5, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (347.432 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jgi.5.1.55-61

Abstract

Background : In 2013, the prevalence of stunting and severe stunting in Brebes reached 26.9 % and 16.8 %. These prevalences of stunting were higher than the stunting prevlence in Central Java Province (11.0%). This study aimed to determine risk factors of stunting among children aged 12-24 months in Brebes District.Methods: This research was conducted with a case-control design on 77 cases (stunting) and 77 controls (normal) in Brebes Subdistrict. Data on birth weight, birth length, infection history, pesticide exposure were obtained through interviews, using structured questionnaires. The analysis was conducted by calculating Odd Ratios and logistic regressions.Results : Multivariate results showed that the risk factors of stunting in children aged 12-24 months in Brebes  subdistrict were low energy adequacy levels (OR =7.71; 95%CI: 3.63-16.3; p=0.001), low protein adequacy levels (OR=7.65 ; 95%CI:3.67-15.9, p=0.001); low zinc adequacy levels (OR=8.78; 95%CI:3.53-21.5, p=0,001); low birth weight (OR=3.63; 95%CI:1.65-7.96; p=0.002) and high exposure to pesticides (OR=8.48; 95%CI:3.93-18.28; p=0,001). These three variables are contributing to stunting of 45 %. Low compliance of vitamin A capsule consumption, the frequencies of diarrhea respiratory infection were not the risk factors for stunting in this study.Conclusions: The risk factors of stunting among children aged 12-24 months were low energy adequacy levels, low protein adequacy levels, low zinc adequacy levels, low birth weight and high exposure to pesticides. The highest risk was the high pesticide exposure.
PENGARUH KOMBINASI VITAMIN C DAN VITAMIN E TERHADAP KADAR MALONDIALDEHID PLASMA PASIEN DIABETES MELLITUS TIPE 2 Yasin, Yade Kurnia; Kartasurya, Martha Irene; RMD, RA Kisdjamiatun
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition) Vol 4, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (384.546 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jgi.4.1.1-8

Abstract

Background: Malondialdehyde (MDA) levels produced by oxidative stress in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is higher than in non diabetes patients. Vitamin C and E inhibit oxidative stress and MDA production. The purpose of this study was to prove the effects of combined vitamin C and vitamin E on MDA plasma levels in T2DM patients.Methods: This double blind randomized pre post test control group design was carried out on 35 patients with T2DM without complication (age 40-60 yr) in Makassar. The treatment group (n=18) received vitamin C 250 mg/day plus vitamin E 400 IU/day and the control group (n=17) received placebo (seaweed powder 250 mg), for six weeks. Vitamin C was consumed before meal and vitamin E after meal. MDA levels were measured before and after supplementation by using TBARs method. Food intake and activity were derived from 24-hour recall method.Results: There was no different on MDA levels at baseline (p=0.151). At the end of the study, MDA levels increased in control group (5.8±2.74 to 7.2±3.00 nmol/ml; p=0.044) but not in the treatment group (7.2±2.88 to 7.7±2.02 nmol/ml; p=0.490). There was no difference in MDA alteration between the goups (p=0.316). There was no different in MDA levels at the end of the study (p=0.061) and confirmed after controlling the confounding variables: vitamin E intake and fasting blood glucose (p=0.809). Conclusion: Combined vitamin C 250 mg and vitamin E 400 IU for 6 weeks did not reduce MDA levels, but inhibit MDA production in T2DM patients.
EFEK SUPLEMENTASI β-CAROTENE TERHADAP KOLESTEROL TOTAL, TRIGLISERIDA DAN MALONDIALDEHID PADA TIKUS SPRAGUE DAWLEY YANG DIABET Ermawati, Devi; Rachmawati, Banundari; Widyastiti, Nyoman Suci
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition) Vol 2, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (392.108 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jgi.2.2.47-52

Abstract

Background : diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with increased total cholesterol and triglyceride, also well characterized by increased malondialdehyde production. ?-carotene has antioxidant activity, glycemic and lipid control. Objective : to analyze the effect of ?-carotene on total cholesterol, triglyceride and MDA on diabetic Rattus norvegicus sprague dawley. Methods : thirty rats were randomly divided into 5 groups : 1 (STZ), 2 (STZ+?-carotene 1 mg/kg BW), 3 (STZ+?-carotene 10 mg/kg BW), 4 (STZ+?-carotene 20 mg/kg BW), 5 (normal). Streptozotocin induced intraperitoneal 40 mg/kg BW. ?-carotene was given by nasogastric tube on alternate days within thirty days. Blood glucose level was measured by GOD-PAP, total cholesterol by CHOD-PAP, triglyceride by GPO and MDA by ELISA with TBARS methods. Hypothesis test used one way anova then followed by post hoc bonferroni to analyze the efficient dose effect. Results : there was a significant difference of total cholesterol (p=0.002) after ?-carotene 10 mg/kg BW supplementation on alternate days within 30 days orally. ?-carotene 10 mg/kg BW was the most efficient dose to lowering total cholesterol. There were significant differences of triglyceride (p=0.0001) and MDA (p=0.0001) after ?-carotene 1, mg/kg BW, 10 mg/kg BW and 20 mg/kg BW supplementation on alternate days within 30 days orally. ?-carotene 10 mg/kg BW was the most efficient dose to lowering triglyceride, while 20 mg/kg BW to lowering MDA. Conclusion : ?-carotene 10 mg/kg BW is the most efficient dose to lowering total cholesterol and triglyceride. ?-carotene 20 mg/kg BW is the most efficient dose to lowering MDA.
PENGARUH YOGHURT DAN SOYGHURT KAYU MANIS (CINNAMOMUM BURMANNII) TERHADAP KADAR GLUKOSA DARAH, INSULIN SERUM, DAN MALONDIALDEHYDE TIKUS PRA SINDROM METABOLIK Rustanti, Ninik; Nafsih, Vifin Zakiahtin; Avisha, Rosita Nur; Kurniawati, Dewi Marfu?ah; Purwanti, Rachma; Nissa, Choirun; Wijayanti, Hartanti Sandi; Afifah, Diana Nur
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition) Vol 8, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (577.153 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jgi.8.1.60-68

Abstract

Background: Pre metabolic syndrome is characterized by two of five risk factors: central obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and increased fasting blood glucose. Cinnamon yogurt and soygurt contain antioxidants and fiber which can improve insulin sensitivity and blood glucose homeostasis and prevent cell damage in pre-metabolic syndrome conditionsObjective: This study aimed to determine the effect of cinnamon yogurt and soygurt on fasting blood glucose (FBG), serum insulin, and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in pre-metabolic syndrome rats.Method: This study was an experimental study with a pre and post-test control group design. The subjects were 15 male Sprague Dawley rats which were divided into 5 normal control mice (K) and 10 pre metabolic syndrome mice with a diet high in fat and fructose for group P1 (yogurt) and P2 (soygurt) each of 5 mice. The yogurt and soygurt were given as much as 3.4 ml / g BW for 28 days. FBG levels were measured by the GOD-PAP method, while serum insulin and MDA levels were by the ELISA method. Different tests before and after treatment using Paired t-test or Wilcoxon. The difference tests between groups using the One-Way ANOVA test or Kruskal Wallis.Results: There were no differences in FBG and MDA levels between groups after intervention (p> 0.05). The highest percentage reduction in FBG in the P2 (-11.59%), then P1 (-4.06%). The decrease in MDA levels in group P1 = 19.17%, and P2 = 15.44% lower than K = 24.43%. After the intervention, the insulin level in group P2 (0.46 ng / ml) was significantly higher than P1 (0.318 ng/ml), but both were not different from K (0.384 ng / ml).Conclusion: There was no significant effect on the administration of cinnamon yogurt and soygurt to FBG, serum insulin, and MDA levels.
SENSITIVITAS DAN SPESIFISITAS FOOD CONSUMPTION SCORE DALAM MENGIDENTIFIKASI RAWAN PANGAN DENGAN PARAMETER STATUS GIZI BALITA Firna, Aklesta Leni; Bambang, Azis Nur; Afifah, Diana Nur
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition) Vol 6, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (456.018 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jgi.6.2.102-108

Abstract

Background : Food consumption score (FCS) was one of indicators to measure the food insecurity that included some elements from food access and food consumption, but the sensitivity was different in each area so it was needed to do the sensitivity and specificity tests with the high precision and accuracy of parameter. Objectives : To do the sensitivity and specificity test of food consumption score to identify the food insecurity with parameter status of toddlers? nutrition anthropometrically. Methods : Cross sectional study with total subjects 517 toddlers. Status of toddlers? nutrition was counted according to zscore WHZ, WAZ, and HAZ. The FCS score was counted according to WFP formula.  Results : Sensitivity (Se) and specificity (Sp) FCS test with parameter of WHZ, WAZ, HAZ as followed Se=0 Sp=  ? 90%. Conclusion: The cut-off point of FCS that was set by WFP was non-sensitive in identifying the food insecurity with parameter status of toddlers? nutrition.
FAKTOR AGEN, PEJAMU, DAN LINGKUNGAN KEJADIAN OBESITAS PADA ANAK USIA 5-6 TAHUN Pavilianingtyas, Astuti
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition) Vol 5, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (461.309 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jgi.5.2.105-111

Abstract

Background: The prevalence of obesity on children is significantly increasing in both of developing and developed countries and has negative impacts on their growth and development. The purpose of this study was to explain the factors that may influence obesity on children aged 5-6 years.Methode: The case-control study conducted from November 2016 ? February 2017 in 7 Kindergartens and Elementary Schools in Tlogosari Kulon Village, Semarang to 88 students and their mother as respondents. The sampling method was proporsionate simple random sampling. The data collected using structured interview, questionnaires and supported by in-depth interview. Statistical analysis was conducted using multiple regression logistic method by SPSS 13.0.Results: The results of the study proved that frequency of fast food consumption ? 3 times per week (OR 3,8; 95%CI 1,316-11,161)[1], duration of screen time > 2 hours per day (OR 5,9; 95%CI 1,422-24,628), having minimum one obesity parent (OR 3,8; 95%CI 1,197-11,907) as the risk factors of obesity on children aged 5-6 years. Children aged 5-6 years who have ethnic background as Javanesse (OR 0,03; 95%CI 0,002-0,547) and mother with low-level education (OR 0,18; 95%CI 0,035-0,95) proved as protective factors of obesity.Conclusion: The obesity on children age 5-6 years was influenced by frequency of fast food consumption, duration of screen time, parent?s obesity, ethnic background and education level of mother. The influence of screen time and ethnic background on obesity in children need to extend as future epidemiological study.

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