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Journal of Tropical Crop Science
ISSN : 23560169     EISSN : 23560177     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture,
Journal of Tropical Crop Science is an international journal publishing research related to tropical crops. Articles in the journal focus on in-vivo and in-vitro production and production environment, breeding, seed technology, physiology, postharvest, pest and pathology of cereals, vegetables, fruits, ornamentals, medicinal and plantation crops; soil, landscape, turf and agro ecology management under tropical conditions.
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Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 6 No 02 (2019): Journal of Tropical Crop Science" : 9 Documents clear
Leaf Production Responses of Lampeni (Ardisia humilis Vahl.) to Types and Rates of Manure Application Aziz, Sandra Arifin; Wardani, Eska Ayu
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 6 No 02 (2019): Journal of Tropical Crop Science
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Crop Science

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Abstract

Ardisia humilis (Myrsinaceae), known as Lampeni (in Indonesia), is part of the wild flora in Southeast Asia and is known as a weed in some countries. The leaf has medicinal properties for some diseases.  The leaves and fruit of this plant are believed to be a treatment for tuberculosis, lung disease, hepatitis, chronic bronchitis, and menstrual irregularities in women. Research into the cultivation of Lampeni is needed to support its usage in Indonesia. The objectives of the research reported here were to find the types and rates of manure to promote leaf production. An experiment was carried out at IPB Experimental Station, Cikarawang Dramaga, Bogor, Indonesia, from December to June 2016. The experiment was laid out in a split plot design with manure types (chicken and cow manure) as main plots and application rates (0, 5, 10, and 15 t ha-1) as sub-plots. The results of the experiment showed that vegetative growth increased with manure application. Total branch number, LAI, leaf fresh and  dry weight were higher with 15 t.ha-1 chicken manure or 5 t.ha-1 cow manure application. Leaf analysis showed that pigment concentration responded negatively to increasing manure application and the highest pigment concentration was found on the plants without manure application.
Potassium Sources and Rates for Drip Irrigated Polyethylene Mulched Chilli Pepper Hamdani, Kiki Kusyaeri; Susila, Anas Dinurrohman; Purwono, Purwono; Suketi, Ketty
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 6 No 02 (2019): Journal of Tropical Crop Science
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Crop Science

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Abstract

Fertigation with drip irrigation is one of the technologies to solve fertilization and irrigation problems in chilli pepper production using polyethylene mulch. Potassium (K) is one of the important macro nutrients that affect plant growth and development due to its roles in the biochemical and the biophysical processes in plants. The objective of this study was to determine the best sources and the optimum rates of potassium for drip irrigated polyethylene mulched chilli pepper field production. The study was conducted in January until July 2018 at Tajur Experimental Farm, Center for Tropical Horticulture Study, Bogor Agricultural University. The experimental design was a split plot with the K sources (KCl, ZK, NPK) as main plots and K rates that consisted of five levels (0, 68, 136, 204, 272 kg K2O.  ha-1) as sub-plots. The results showed that the best optimum rate of K to produce fruit is 101.11 kg K2O.ha-1 with a maximum yield of 2.26 t.ha-1. Chilli crops fertilized with NPK and KCl had the greatest fruit weight per plant, fruit weight per plot, and fruit weight per hectare.
The Effect of Population Density and Intercropping with Tomato on the Growth and Yield of Winged Bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus) Maure, Gerson Hans; Chozin, Muhammad Achmad; Santosa, Edi
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 6 No 02 (2019): Journal of Tropical Crop Science
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Crop Science

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Abstract

Winged bean (Fabaceae) is a tropical crop that has high nutrient content, and almost all parts of the plant are edible. The research aimed to evaluate the growth and production of winged bean in an intercropping system with tomato. The study was conducted at the Cikabayan Experimental Field of Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, Indonesia, in a randomized block design with three replications during the rainy season of December 2017 to June 2018. Winged beans were planted in high and low population densities and intercropped with three tomato genotypes, “Tora”, F70030081-12-16-3 and “Apel Belgia”. Monoculture winged bean was assigned as control. Tomatoes were planted between the rows of the winged beans in the intercropping treatment. The results showed that the growth of winged bean in monoculture and intercropping systems was not significantly different. The photosynthetic activity of winged bean at three to five weeks after planting remained high, indicating that the vegetative growth was optimal in both systems. Intercropping increased the winged bean number of pods per plant by 12.66-19.52% compared to monoculture, irrespective of population density. Therefore, winged bean could be considered as suitable to grow in intercropping systems.
A Report on Gamma Radiation Induced Variation in Seed Characters of Cicer arietinum L. Koche, Deepak; Saha, Archana Joshi
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 6 No 02 (2019): Journal of Tropical Crop Science
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Crop Science

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Abstract

Cicer arietinum L. (chickpea) is one of most popular and cheap source of plant protein and minerals worldwide. The present study was directed to induce variations in seed characters of chickpea “Vijay”, especially with reference to increase in its protein and mineral content using gamma radiations as mutagenic agent. M2 population of Cicer arietinum L. “Vijay” after post-harvest analysis revealed that 300 Gy dose of gamma radiations induced significant variations in seed characters including seed size, surface texture and seed coat color. Total nine mutants were identified differing from control in seed coat colors and categorized into four groups on the basis of seed size as normal, small, bold and extra bold; two groups on the basis of surface texture and wrinkled or smooth surface. The seed yield of all mutants was noted as 100-seed weight, which was corresponding with seed size. The biochemical analysis of the seed mutants in the form of protein, iron and zinc content indicates that, seeds with dark colored seed coat have higher level of protein and minerals as compare to control.
Morphological Traits of Maluku Native Forest Clove (Syzygium aromaticum L. Merr & Perry) Mahulette, Asri Subkhan; Hariyadi, Hariyadi; Yahya, Sudirman; Wachjar, Ade; Alfian, Anggra
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 6 No 02 (2019): Journal of Tropical Crop Science
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Crop Science

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Abstract

A study was conducted to study the morphology of the forest cloves groups based on their sizes of their leaves, flowers, fruits and seeds, and to determine their potential yield and optimize their production system. The research was conducted for six months from January until June 2018 in Ambon, Maluku Province, Indonesia. The research used a random sampling technique to > 15-year-old trees  in productive clove forest maintained by the local farmer in Ambon. The observation and recording was conducted at several stages of clover growth, namely bud sprouting, flower bud, blooming, perianths and anthers senescence, unripe green and ripe fruits. Different size groups of forest cloves have significant differences in the duration of flower and fruit formation. Forest cloves with large leaves, flowers, fruits and seeds had quicker ripening process than the othersize groups, but their fruits were longer to ripen. Flower from the medium size group had the shortest duration to develop its flower and form its fruit, whereas the smallest type took the longest time in fruit formation process but the duration of fruit ripening was similar to those from large morphology. Among the three different sizes of forest cloves in Maluku, the trees with large leaves, flowers, fruits and seeds group are the best to be commercially developed due to its earliest time to harvest and large flower sizes. Forest cloves are best harvested when the flowers are fully matured, indicated by one or two flower buds from one inflorescence have bloomed.
Nitrogen Sources and Rate for Drip Irrigated Polyethylene Mulched Chilli Pepper Deli, Syekh Zulfadli Arofah; Susila, Anas Dinurrohman; Purwono, Purwono; Suketi, Ketty
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 6 No 02 (2019): Journal of Tropical Crop Science
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Crop Science

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Abstract

Chilli pepper is the one of most important vegetable crops in Indonesia, and nitrogen is an essential macronutrient ‎to support plant growth. This study was conducted to determine the best source of nitrogen (N) and its optimum rate ‎for drip irrigated polyethylene mulched chilli pepper at. The study site is located at ‎‎ Tajur II ‎Experimental Field of Center for Tropical Horticulture Studies Bogor Agricultural University, West Java, Indonesia, 250 m above the sea level (-6.6364580S, 106.8231460E) from January to August 2018. The experiments were organized in a factorial split-plot with sources of‎ N fertilizer as the main plots (Urea, ‎NPK, and ZA) and rates of N as a sub-plots (0, 115, 230, 345, and 460 kg.ha-‎‎1). The ‎results showed that NPK fertilizer had the best source of N compared to ‎other sources. The maximum yield of 9.01 kg per plot, or equivalent to ‎10.46 t.ha-1, was obtained with N fertilization at 265 to 295 kg.ha-1.‎
Determination of the Optimum Rate of N Fertilizers with Addition of Goat Manure for Production of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata [L.] Walp) Liana, Devi; Purnamawati, Heni; Melati, Maya; Wahyu, Yudiwanti
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 6 No 02 (2019): Journal of Tropical Crop Science
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Crop Science

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Abstract

Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) is one of the potential substitutes of soybean due to its similar nutritional content. This study aims to determine the optimum rate of N fertilizer for the production of cowpea, and to determine the effects of the interaction between N fertilizer rates and goat manure application on cowpea production. The experiment was organized in a split-plot with a complete randomized block design with three replications. The main plot was goat manure, i.e. 0 and 5 tons.ha-1; the sub-plot was nitrogen fertilizer with five rates (0, 50, 100, 150, and 200% of the recommended rate), i.e. 0, 22.5, 45, 67.5, and 90 kg N.ha-1. Application of N fertilizer reduced the 100-seed weight and slightly reduced cowpea yield and yield components. Application of goat manure increased seed dry weight per plant, number of pods per plant, dry pod weight per plant, seed dry weight per m2, productivity, 100-seed weight, and the harvest index. There was no significant interaction between goat manure and different rates of nitrogen in affecting cowpea growth.
Growth and Yield of Kalimantan Landrace Rice and “IPB 8G” as Affected by Dose and Time of Application of Nitrogen Fertilizer Faisal, Faisal; Lubis, Iskandar; Junaedi, Ahmad; Sugiyanta, Sugiyanta
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 6 No 02 (2019): Journal of Tropical Crop Science
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Abstract

The study aimed to determine the effect of nitrogen fertilizer dose and the frequency of application on the growth and production of landrace rice Kalimantan and a new rice cultivar "IPB 8G". The study was conducted in December 2017 until June 2018 at the Sawah Baru Experimental Field, Bogor Agricultural University, West Java, Indonesia. The experimental design was a split-split plot consisting of three treatment factors, i.e. rice cultivars (main plots), fertilization time (sub-plots) and fertilizing doses (sub-plots). The three rice cultivars used in this trial were local cultivars "Mayas" and "Samarinda", and a newly developed rice cultivar "IPB 8G".  The application rates of Nitrogen were 0, 75, and 150 kg N.ha-1 applied at different phases of rice growth: 50% N dose was applied at planting, 25% N dose at the vegetative phase, and 25% at the primordial phase.  The different rates of N fertilizer were applied four times, 40% at planting, 20% during the vegetative phase, 20% at the primordial phase, and 20% at heading. Each treatment consisted of three replications totalling 54 experimental units. The N fertilizer application gave a significant effect on all growth parameters except for the harvest index. Time of fertilization significantly affected rice panicle number per hill and harvest index. There were significant differences in the growth of the three rice cultivars, except for the number of tillers. Rice crops fertilized three times with a dose of 75 kg N.ha-1 had the highest number of tillers at 5 week after planting, but it was not significantly different from N at 150 kg.ha-1. The highest grain yield of 2.9 t.ha-1 was obtained from "IPB 8G" cultivar fertilized with 75 kg.ha-1 of nitrogen.
Production, Post-Harvest and Marketing of Kaffir Lime (Citrus hystrix DC) In Tulungagung, Indonesia Budiarto, Rahmat; Poerwanto, Roedhy; Santosa, Edi; Efendi, Darda; Agusta, Andria
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 6 No 02 (2019): Journal of Tropical Crop Science
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Abstract

Kaffir lime (Citrus hystrix DC) is one of the Citrus species that is popular as food spices in Indonesia. This study was aimed at describing the production system, post-harvest handling, marketing and evaluating the product variation of kaffir lime cultivated in the Tulungagung district, East Java Province, Indonesia. Data was collected through a survey by interviewing kaffir lime farmers, distributors and customers in June 2018. Kaffir lime is cultivated by local farmers using traditional and conventional agriculture practices. The farmer used good quality seedlings as planting materials and applies animal manure or compost to the trees. Kaffir lime is grown on rain-fed land; fertilizers and pesticides are applied sparingly. The kaffir lime leaves could be harvested twice a year in different seasons. Better leaf quality can be obtained during the rainy seasons. The leaf production per tree is estimated at about 100 gram per plant per season. Post-harvest handling involved sorting, packing and marketing without any cooling treatment. The standard gate price of kaffir lime leaf in June 2019 was IDR 6,000-7,000, IDR 9,000-10,000 at the collector level, IDR 11,000-12,000 at wholesaler, and IDR 14,000-16,000 at small retailers. Leaves were distributed to traditional market in Tulungagung, neighbouring districts such as Kediri, Trenggalek and Blitar, and also to capital cities such Jakarta. The main product of kaffir lime is the fresh leaf for food seasoning and as a raw material to produce essential oil and dry leaf powder. The stems have been used for fuel in home industries. The fruits of kaffir lime are rarely found in the market and have great potentials for essential oil production and recently, a promising commodity for export.

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