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Journal of Tropical Crop Science
ISSN : 23560169     EISSN : 23560177     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture,
Journal of Tropical Crop Science is an international journal publishing research related to tropical crops. Articles in the journal focus on in-vivo and in-vitro production and production environment, breeding, seed technology, physiology, postharvest, pest and pathology of cereals, vegetables, fruits, ornamentals, medicinal and plantation crops; soil, landscape, turf and agro ecology management under tropical conditions.
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Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 7 No 01 (2020): Journal of Tropical Crop Science" : 8 Documents clear
CHARACTERIZATION OF A DROUGHT INDUCIBLE DEHYDRIN PROMOTER FROM SUGARCANE IN TOBACCO (NICOTIANA TABACUM L.) Iskandar, Hayati Minarsih; Suhandono, Sonny; Pambudi, Jembar; Kristianti, Tati; Putranto, Riza Arief; Mose, Windi; Sustiprijatno, Sustiprijatno
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 7 No 01 (2020): Journal of Tropical Crop Science
Publisher : Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, IPB University

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Abstract

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ORGANIC FERTILIZER TITONIA PLUS AND MICRO NUTRIENTS IMPROVED RICE (ORYZA SATIVA L.) PRODUCTION IN KOTO PANJANG AND KOTO TINGGA, PADANG CITY, WEST SUMATERA, INDONESIA Rozen, Nalwida; Gusnidar, Gusnidar; Hakim, Nurhajati
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 7 No 01 (2020): Journal of Tropical Crop Science
Publisher : Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, IPB University

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Abstract

A series of on-farm fi eld experiments were conducted in two locations in Padang, Koto Panjang and Koto Tingga, West Sumatera, Indonesia in 2015. The purpose of the experiment was to establish the formula of organic fertilizer derived from Tithonia supplied with micro nutrients, Zn and Mn, on rice. The experiments were conducted using completely-randomized block design with six treatments and three replications. The treatments were P = Tithonia Organic Fertilizer Plus (TOFP) + 3.0 kg Mn.ha-1, Q = TOFP + 3.0 kg Mn.ha-1+ 3.0 kg Zn.ha-1, R = TOFP + 4.5 kg Mn.ha-1 + 6 kg Zn.ha-1, S= TOFP + 4.5 kg Mn.ha-1+ 9 kg Zn.ha-1, T = TOFP only, U = 100% chemical fertilizer only. Treatment with micro nutrients as addition to TOFP (TOFP+ 3.0 kg Mn.ha-1 and TOFP+ 3.0 kg Mn.ha-1+3.0 kg Zn.ha-1) increased rice grain yield by 80 g per clump.
ASSESSMENT OF MORPHOLOGICAL ATTRIBUTES OF SAGO PALM ACCESSIONS OF AIMAS, SORONG, WEST PAPUA, INDONESIA Fathnoer, Veronica; Bintoro, Mochamad Hasjim; Lubis, Iskandar
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 7 No 01 (2020): Journal of Tropical Crop Science
Publisher : Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, IPB University

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Abstract

Sago palm has the highest starch content compared to the other source of carbohydrate crops such as cereal and tuberous crops. Sago palm can produce about 200-400 kg per trunk after 7 to 10 years. This research aimed to characterize several sago palm accessions in Aimas, Sorong District, West Papua Province, Indonesia. Eight sago palm accessions were studied, Waruwo, Wasulagi, Wasenan, Wayuluk, Wagelik, Wanegles, Wawun and Wafabala. Among these accessions, there were many diff erences based on trunk morphological characteristics which includes trunk height, diameter, circumference, and bark thickness, leaf number, length of rachis, length of petiole, and spine. Five accessions with potential yield of more than 200 kg dry starch per sago trunk are Waruwo, Wasulagi, Wasenan, Wayuluk and Wagelik. Stem morphological characters aff ect palm sago production, because the starch is located in the pith of the stem.
APPLICATION OF CYTOKININ AND MYCORRHIZA TO INCREASE PRODUCTION AND QUALITY OF PINEAPPLE SEEDLINGS FROM CROWN LEAF BUD CUTTINGS Putri, Dirgahani; Suhartanto, M. Rahmad; Widajati, Eny
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 7 No 01 (2020): Journal of Tropical Crop Science
Publisher : Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, IPB University

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Abstract

The pineapple vegetative propagation method using crown leaf bud cuttings has potential to produce seedlings of greater uniformity and in larger quantities than other methods. This study, aimed to explore the potential eff ects of concentration and frequency of Benzylaminopurine (BAP) application for increasing the production and quality of pineapple seedlings from crown leaf bud cutting propagation. The experiment used a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with two factors. The fi rst factor was the concentration of BAP (0, 200, 400, 600, 800 ppm) and the second factor was the frequency of BAP application (1, 2, 3 times). Furthermore, this study investigated the eff ects of applying mycorrhizae to accelerate seedling growth and improve seedling quality during production from crown leaf bud cutting propagation. The experiment used a RCBD with one factor (dose of mycorrhiza: 0, 50, 100, 150, 200 spores). The results indicated that the eff ects of concentration and frequency of BAP application and their interaction increased seed production as determined by sprout cuttings at 5 weeks after planting by applying 600 ppm 2 times. Generally, with increasing concentration and frequency of BAP application, leaf chlorophyll content was reduced. However, the application mycorrhiza positively infl uenced the production of seedlings from pineapple crown bud cuttings and improved seedling quality as measured by root dry weight, chlorophyll content, root infection, and phosphatase enzyme activity.
OPTIMIZING SAGO LAND UTILIZATION BY INTERCROPPING WITH EGGPLANTS, A STUDY AT TANJUNG PERANAP VILLAGE, MERANTI ISLAND, RIAU, INDONESIA Zuhro, Fatimatus; Zuhro, Fatimatus; Djoefrie, M.H. Bintoro
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 7 No 01 (2020): Journal of Tropical Crop Science
Publisher : Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, IPB University

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Abstract

 Sago palms are the main food crops in eastern part  of Indonesia. Sago productivity can reach 20 to 40 per ha per year, and the trees can be harvested when they are 10 years of age. Due to long duration before harvesting it is important that sago growers could grow annual food crops. The objective of study is to determine the growth of sago palm intercropped with eggplants, and how intercropping aff ects each crop grown as monoculture. The study was carried out from March to July 2018 at Tanjung Peranap Village, Meranti Island District, Riau Province, Indonesia. The experiment was organized in a completely randomized block design with two replications, with sago palm and eggplant as monoculture and as inter cropping. The results demonstrated that young sago palm did not suppress eggplant growth and vice versa. Therefore, eggplants can be planted between young sago palms.
IN VITRO POLYPLOIDY INDUCTION OF PATCHOULI (POGOSTEMON CABLIN BENTH.) BY COLCHICINE Nurlaili Afifah, Ulil Azmi; Armini Wiendi, Ni Made; Maharijaya, Awang
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 7 No 01 (2020): Journal of Tropical Crop Science
Publisher : Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, IPB University

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Abstract

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CHARACTERIZATION OF A DROUGHT-INDUCIBLE DEHYDRIN PROMOTER FROM SUGARCANE (SACCHARUM OFFICINARUM L.) IN TOBACCO (NICOTIANA TABACUM L.) Iskandar, Hayati Minarsih; Suhandono, Sonny; Pambudi, Jembar; Kristianti, Tati; Putranto, Riza Arief; Mose, Windi; Sustiprijatno, Sustiprijatno
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 7 No 01 (2020): Journal of Tropical Crop Science
Publisher : Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (910.185 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jtcs.7.01.28-36

Abstract

Dehydrin (DHN) is known to play an important role in plant response and adaptation to abiotic stresses (drought, high salinity, cold, heat, etc.). Previous research reported the increased expression of DHN in sugarcane stems exposed to drought stress for 15 days which may be controlled by its corresponding stress inducible promoter. The DHN promoter was succesfully isolated from sugarcane variety PSJT 941 (Pr-1DHNSo) and was cloned to pBI121 expression vector fused to a ?-glucuronidase (GUS) reporter gene.  The aim of this research was the functional testing of the Pr-1DHNSo promoter through transformation into tobacco plant treated with in vitro drought stress. Genetic transformation of Pr-1DHNSo construct was conducted by Agrobacterium tumefaciens. The transformed tobacco was then subjected to drought stress treatment using 40% PEG 6000  for five sequential incubations (0, 12, 24, 48 and 72 hours). The GUS assay reveal that the transformed tobacco treated with drought stress showed a blue color denoting GUS activity in leaf, stem and root tissues and this expression increased along with the length of the drought treatment. The analysis of gusA gene using real time-qPCR normalized to the L25 reference gene also showed that the expression increased in line with the length of time of drought stress.  The results presented in this study indicated that the Pr-1DHNSo promoter from sugarcane was expressed and induced by drought stress treatment in tobacco.
IN VITRO POLYPLOIDY INDUCTION OF PATCHOULI (POGOSTEMON CABLIN BENTH.) BY COLCHICINE Afifah, Ulil Azmi Nurlaili; Wiendi, Ni Made Armini; Maharijaya, Awang
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 7 No 01 (2020): Journal of Tropical Crop Science
Publisher : Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (515.055 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jtcs.7.01.37-44

Abstract

Patchouli (Pogostemon cablin Benth.; 2n = 32) is an aromatic herbaceous plant commonly cultivated for use in the the fragrance industry. As patchouli is propagated by cuttings polyploidization induction by colchicine treatment was conducted to obtain a new genotype with high patchouli alcohol content. This research aimed to increase patchouli genetic diversity with colchicine treatment by the formation of a polyploid plant. Axillary buds from single node cutting of aseptic plantlets were used as the explants. The experiment was arranged using a factorial completely randomized design with two factors, namely the concentration of colchicine and the immersion duration. Genetic diversity of patchouli was successfully enhanced by adjusting the colchicine concentration and immersion treatment. lethal concentration (LC) of 50% in patchouli was 0.132% and the LC 50% for soaking time was 60.16 hours. The number of chloroplasts, stomatal length and chromosome number increased with increasing ploidy, whereas stomatal density and the number of trichomes decreased. The chromosome number of 16 patchouli mutants in generation 4 was still unstable, and a chimera was found with mixoploidy between 20-80. A hierarchical dendogram clustered 16 patchouli mutants into four different groups.

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