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Journal of Tropical Crop Science
ISSN : 23560169     EISSN : 23560177     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture,
Journal of Tropical Crop Science is an international journal publishing research related to tropical crops. Articles in the journal focus on in-vivo and in-vitro production and production environment, breeding, seed technology, physiology, postharvest, pest and pathology of cereals, vegetables, fruits, ornamentals, medicinal and plantation crops; soil, landscape, turf and agro ecology management under tropical conditions.
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Articles 114 Documents
Correlations Between Leaf N, P, K, Ca and Fe Levels and The Production of Metabolites in Torbangun (Coleus amboinicus Lour.) Mulyana, Erik; Aziz, Sandra A; Aisyah, Syarifah Iis; Damanik, M. Rizal Martua
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 2 No 2 (2015): Journal of Tropical Crop Science
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Crop Science

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Abstract

Torbangun (Coleus amboinicus Lour) is a tropical plant from the Lamiaceae family. Torbangun leaves have a distinct aroma. Torbangun leaves have been traditionally used as a medicinal plant in North Sumatra, Indonesia. Bataknese lactating women in North Sumatra consumed torbangun leaves after giving birth with beliefs that it could increase their breast milk production (lactagogue), and that the leaves can function as anti-fungal and/or anti-bacterial, analgesic, to reduce blood cholesterol, and clean the human uterus. However, scientific evidence on this traditional herb is limited. This research was conducted to: (1) determine the leaf N, P, K, Ca and Fe in different position along the plant and the leaf age as to diagnose the secondary metabolites content of torbangun leaves, and (2) determine the relationship between N, P, K, Ca and Fe leaf concentrations with their metabolite production. The results of the study showed that: (1) the best leaf position and age to determine of the need of N, P, K, Ca and Fe nutrients are on the 3rd leaf position of 5 months-old plant (2) There was a positive correlation between leaf K concentrations with shoot dry weight, Ca with PAL activity, and Fe with total saponins on the 3rd leaf position of 5 months-old plant.Keywords: Coleus amboinicus Lour, torbangun, nutrient, correlation test, secondary metabolites.
Status of Rice Biochemical Composition under Lodging Treatment Dulbari, Dulbari; Santosa, Edi; Koesmaryono, Yonny; Sulistyono, Eko
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 4 No 3 (2017): Journal of Tropical Crop Science - available online January 2018
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Crop Science

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Abstract

Extreme weather conditions due to strong wind and high rainfall cause rice lodging. Lodged plants have lower photosynthetic rate and nutrient transport capacity which resulting in lower rice quality. However, physiological process of rice plant under lodging condition is rarely reported. Therefore the objective of this research was to evaluate the biochemical compounds of two rice varieties under artificial lodging treatment. IR64 and HIPA8 varieties were planted at the Experimental Farm in Leuwikopo, Bogor Agricultural University (IPB) in November 2016 to June 2017. At grain filling stage, rice hills were enforced to lodge using manual force until culm break. Analysis of untargeted biochemical compounds was conducted at Research and Development Institute, Laboratory of Regional Health, DKI Jakarta where rice culms from upper and below breaking position were compared. Results showed that rice culms had different biochemical compounds after lodging, especially in fatty acid, terpene, alkane, and steroid group. Lodging culms had a total of 22 to 25 compounds compared to 15 to 17 of the normal plants. It means that lodging stimulated different physiological process in rice plants. A decrease in fatty acid and an increase in the steroid level of lodged plants indicated an increase in oxidative stress of lodging condition. It is possible that low rice grain quality under lodging condition was caused by the changes in the plant physiological processes in response to the environmental stress.Keywords: extreme weather, metabolomics, oxidative stress, rice culm, rice lodging
Nodulation and Nitrogen Fixation of Pongamia pinnata Calica, Phoebe N.
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 4, No 1 (2017): Journal of Tropical Crop Science
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Crop Science

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Abstract

Nitrogen is one of the most important nutrients required by plants as a major component of all nucleic acids and proteins such as enzymes which control and enable their growth and reproduction. While much research has been conducted on the legume tree Pongamia (a candidate source for renewable biofuel), there is only a handful of studies on the mechanisms and regulation of nitrogen fixation, which is considered as one of the most important domestication traits that needs to be investigated.  Steps to optimize the symbiotic nitrogen fixation of Pongamia is, firstly, to select the best rhizobial isolates as inoculum among the naturally-occurring pool of bacteria in soils across Queensland. There have been reports on rhizobia nodulating Pongamia isolated from Western Australia and India but not in Queensland, Australia. This study is the first to report such rhizobia isolates that nodulated Pongamia.  Secondly, is to establish efficient nodulation by studying the factors such as nitrate and salinity. The published literature has provided extensive details on the effects of these factors in nodulation and their mechanisms in various legumes. However, only one preliminary study was published from our laboratory; the present study is the in-depth continuation of that effort. Lastly, nitrogen fixation in Pongamia must be assessed to determine if fixed nitrogen is sufficient to support its growth and reproduction. Acetylene reduction assay is the simplest and most common method of assessing fixed nitrogen but in this research, different methods were explored in order to compare both qualitative and quantitative results. This review summarises the current knowledge related to Pongamia, rhizobia, nodulation and nitrogen fixation.
The Physiological Dormancy and Germination Responses of Brunonia australis and Rhodanthe floribunda to Gibberellic Acid Treatment Ha, Tuan Minh
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 1 No 2 (2014): Journal of Tropical Crop Science
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Crop Science

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Abstract

Brunonia australis (Goodeniaceae) and Rhodanthefloribunda (Asteraceae) are two potential Australiannative ower species desired by oricultural markets.However, the species are difcult to propagate. Thisstudy examined internal factors that constraint seedgermination, seed viability and physiological dormancy.The study was conducted during April to May 2009 at theGatton nursery, The University of Queensland GattonCampus to identify the underlying reasons for poorgermination and to provide recommendations forimproving propagation effectiveness. Seeds of B.australis collected in 2003 germinated readilyirrespective of germination media, whereas seedscollected in 2007 and 2008 with high proportion of viableseeds could only germinate with the presence of GA3(100 mg.L ) in germination media though with relatively -1low rates (8.75% and 10.00% respectively) of seedgermination. Seeds of R. floribunda collected in 2003showed a signicant improvement in germination inagar media supplemented with 100 mg.L GA (67.5%) -13 compared to control treatment (10.0%). The resultssuggest that physiological dormancy occurs in bothspecies. The use of GA is recommended for improving 3germination rates of the two species. Further studies onthe effects of different GA concentrations to improve 3seed germination should be conducted.Keywords: Dormancy, germination, gibberellic acid, TZ,viability.
Study on Medicinal Plants Used by the Ethnic Mamuju in West Sulawesi, Indonesia Syamsiah, Syamsiah; Hiola, Siti Fatmah; Mu’nisa, Andi; Jumadi, Oslan
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 3 No 2 (2016): Journal of Tropical Crop Science
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Crop Science

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Abstract

Indonesia is known as a country with very high biodiversity, within which are potential medicinal plants that have not been fully explored or utilized. The potential of this natural biodiversity for the health and welfare of  the Indonesian  community  is regarded as high, if it is properly utilized. An example of the potential benefits of these plants is reflected in the types of traditional medicinal plants used by the Mamuju ethnic in West Sulawesi. This research aims to describe the types of plants used as traditional medicines by the Mamuju ethnic group. The study is based on descriptive approach that used a combination of observations, interviews and taxonomy.  The results of the study revealed that there are 31 species of medicinal plants used as sources of traditional medicine by the Mamuju ethnic group, of which there are 33 medical herbs used for the treatment of 31 kinds of diseases. The health issues that are addressed through the use of medicinal plants include the treatment of some types of internal diseases, including cysts, cancer, tumors, high blood pressure, ulcers and diabetes; disease symptoms such as itching, swelling, myopic, new injuries and infections. Some traditional medicines are used in relation to onset of menstruation, and postpartum treatment. The plant components that are used for medicinal purposes include roots, stems, stem bark, leaves, flowers, fruit, seeds, rhizomes and tubers. However, the predominant plant component used for medicinal purposes is plant leaves.
Irrigation Volume Based on Pan Evaporation and Their Effects on Water Use Efficiency and Yield of Hydroponically Grown Chilli Sulistyono, Eko; Juliana, Abe Eiko
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 1 No 1 (2014): Journal of Tropical Crop Science
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Crop Science

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Abstract

This study was conducted to determine irrigation volume based on pan evaporation and their effects  on growth, yield, irrigation water use efficency (IWUE) of chilli grown in sandponic system in the greenhouse. The amount of water used was based on pan evaporation. Irrigation treatments consisted of four coefficients, i.e. 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2 Epan. Plants were watered daily until soil reached field capacity during the first week. Irrigation treatments were applied on the second week until four months later. Total irrigation quantities varied from 9.4 to 37.8 L. plant-1. Chilli fruit yield varied from 3.98 to 90.51 g.plant-1. The highest total fruit yield and IWUE was obtained from 2 Epan treatment. Irrigation treatment had significant effects (P<0.01) on yield and there were positive linear relations between the yield and the amount of irrigation water applied. Irrigation volume significantly increased plant height, number of lateral branches, and number of leaves (P<0.01).Keywords: plant height, lateral branches, fruit
Proliferation of Protocorm-Like Bodies of Dendrobium mannii and Dendrobium mirbelianum in Chitosan-containing Media In Vitro Rahmah, Syifaur; Wiendi, Ni Made Armini; Suwarno, Willy B.; Krisantini, Krisantini
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 2 No 3 (2015): Journal of Tropical Crop Science
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Crop Science

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Abstract

Dendrobium mannii and Dendrobium mirbelianum were rare and endangered orchid species. In vitro micro propagation could be used to conserve and proliferate these species. The aims of this study were to determine the effects of chitosan on proliferation of the protocorm-like-bodies (PLBs) of in vitro grown Dendrobium mannii and D. mirbelianum. Chitosan has been reported as an important component to promote orchid growth in vitro. In this study chitosan was included in the in-vitro media at the concentrations of 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 mg.L-1. The highest PLBs formation, clump diameter, and fresh weight on D. mannii were obtained from explants cultured on medium supplemented with 1 mg.L-1 chitosan. After 14 weeks of culture, fresh weight, clump diameter and average number of PLBs of D.mannii were 29.52 %, 33.00 % and 35.88% greater at chitosan (1 mg.L-1) compared to control media.  D. mirbelianum treated with low chitosan concentrations (1 and 2 mg.L-1) had 65.71% more leaves than those without chitosan treatment. Chitosan, however, had an adverse effects on growth of both species at  4 mg.L-1. Medium contain 4 mg.L-1 chitosan induced PLBs proliferation of D.mannii, but inhibited PLBs proliferation of D.mirbelianum.  These results suggested that chitosan had important roles in PLB proliferation and could be used for the propagation of D. mannii PLBs in vitro. Keywords: rare orchid species, in-vitro
Increasing Cauliflower Yields through Fertigation Sofian, Majesta Esa; Susila, Anas Dinurrohman
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 5, No 1 (2018): Journal of Tropical Crop Science - available online July 2018
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Abstract

Cauliflower is one the important vegetable crop in the tropics; the curd contains high fibres, potassium, carotene and vitamin C. However, the production and productivity of cauliflower in Indonesia has been low and cannot meet the demand, resulting in high importation of cauliflowers into Indonesia. Bogor Agricultural University has developed potential lowland cauliflower genotypes, BOB017 and BOB020, with higher productivity. In this study, we evaluated three fertigation methods on the growth, yield and economic returns of the two lowland cauliflower genotypes.  The experiment was arranged in a split-plot design with four replications. The main plot contained two cauliflower genotypes, BOB017 and BOB020. The subplot was three fertilizer application methods: through drip irrigation, soil drench, and drilled. The results showed that BOB020 had an earlier harvest time (60 days) compared to BOB017 (71 days). The soil drench fertigation method showed the highest curd weight (351.64 g), curd diameter (14.65 cm) and yield (12.39 t.ha-1) compared to the other two fertigation methods. The BOB017 genotype fertilized with soil drench method resulted in the highest B/C ratio (3.32). The study concluded that growing cauliflower using the soil drench method resulted in the optimum growth of cauliflower, high yield and net income.
Can We Produce True Seed of Shallot (TSS) from Small Size Shallot Sets? Palupi, Endah R.; Manik, Fatiani; Suhartanto, M Rahmad
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 4 No 1 (2017): Journal of Tropical Crop Science
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Crop Science

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Abstract

The Indonesian government has been promoting the use of true seed of shallot (TSS) for shallot production due to its higher productivity potentials and greatly reduced risk of disease transfer. This research was conducted at Leuwikopo experimental station, Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Bogor Agricultural University, West Java, Indonesia, in 2015. The aim of the research was to study TSS production from small size shallot sets “Bima Brebes”, an easy to flower shallot cultivar.  The trial was arranged in a completely randomized block design with two factors; BAP concentration i.e. 50, 100 150, 200 ppm as the first factor and the sizes of mother bulbs, i.e. small (3-4 g) and medium (5-10 g), as the second factor. The results showed that the vegetative growth of plants from the two bulb sizes were similar. TSS production and TSS quality from small size (3-4 g) bulbs was also comparable to that of medium size shallot set, except for 1000 seeds weight in which medium size mother bulb produced heavier 1000-seeds weight than that of small size shallot set. Therefore small size shallot set can potentially be useful for TSS production. 
Correlations between Leaf Nutrient Content and the Production of Metabolites in Orange Jessamine (Murraya paniculata L. Jack) Fertilized with Chicken Manure Karimuna, Siti Rahmah; Aziz, Sandra Arifin; Melati, Maya
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 2, No 1 (2015): Journal of Tropical Crop Science
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Crop Science

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Abstract

Plant secondary metabolites are unique sources for pharmaceuticals and food additives. Orange jessamine (Murraya paniculata) contains secondary metabolite that is beneficial to human health including lowering blood cholesterol levels, anti-obesity, and has the antioxidant capacity. Leaves of orange jessamine have several chemical constituents including L-cadinene, methyl-anthranilate, bisabolene, β-caryophyllene, geraniol, Carene, 5-guaiazulene, osthole, paniculatin, tannins, eugenol, citronelled, coumurrayin and coumarin derivatives. This study aimed to determine the correlation between leaf concentrations of N, P and K with leaf bioactive compounds following chicken manure application to the plants. The experiment was conducted at IPB Experimental Station at Cikarawang, Bogor (6o30 - 6o45 S, 106o30-106o45 E) from March to November 2014 (250 m above sea level). The study used a randomized block design (RBD) with rates of chicken manure as a treatment, i.e. 0, 2.5, 5 and 7.5 kg per plant. Chicken manure was applied at 30 months after planting (MAP). Leaves were harvested by pruning the plants to a height of 75 cm above the soil surface. The results showed that the optimum rates of chicken manure to produce maximum fresh and dry leaf weight were 3.1 kg and 6.5 kg per plant, respectively. This rate was sufficient for leaf production at the first harvest (34 MAP) but was insufficient for the second harvest (38 MAP). K concentration of the leaves from different positions within the plant and leaf age positively correlated with leaf dry weight (P <0.01), but negatively correlated with total flavonoid content (P <0.01). Leaf P concentration was negatively correlated with dry weight of the 5th young leaves, or mature leaves from all positions. Leaf K concentration was categorized very high (3.59-4.10%), whereas leaf P concentration was high (0.28-0.29%) to very high (0.33-0.35%). The 5th mature leaves determined plant K requirements.Keywords: antioxidant, bioactive compounds, leaf position, organic, NPK leaf concentrations

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