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ALQALAM
ISSN : 14103222     EISSN : 2620598X     DOI : -
ALQALAM (e-ISSN: 2620-598X; p-ISSN: 1410-3222) is a journal published by the Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-INDONESIA. ALQALAM is an academic journal published twice a year (every six months). ALQALAM had been accreditated by Ministry of Education and Culture No. 80/DIKTI/Kep./2012, 13 Desember 2012. This journal focuses on specific themes of Islamic Studies.
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Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 31 No 2 (2014): July - December 2014" : 8 Documents clear
TINJAUAN KRITIS ATAS TARIKH AL-UMAM WA AL-MULUK KARYA IBN JARIR AL-TABARI Adnan, Adnan
ALQALAM Vol 31 No 2 (2014): July - December 2014
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v31i2.1402

Abstract

Tarikh al-Umam wa al-Muluk (history of nations and kings) by Abu Ja'far Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabiiri, is by common consent the most important universal history produced in the world of Islam. This monumental work explores the history of the ancient nations, the prophets, the rise of Islam and the history of  the Islamic World down to the year 302 A.H./915 AD. His work, chronicled the History of Islam year by year; an attempt to categorize history from creation till the year 302 A.H/915 A.D. By the time he had finished his work, he had gathered all the historical traditions of the Arabs in his voluminous work. The Muslim world was not slow in showing its appreciation, and this work became famous as Islamic Traditional Historiography. However, much to criticize by western scholars (orientalist or lslamicist) sphere in writting   style  of Thabari  work not systematically and interp retatively. In fact, no discovered logical argumen and rational parallel with historical ideas manifesting. The impact of uncommon muslim scholars to become a reference for Islamic historical Studies. A central theme of this paper will be invate of Muslim intellectuals/scholars to be Tarikh Thabari as prominent reference in the Islamic historical studies. Moreover, I will argue that Tarikh al-Umam wa al-muluk by al-Tabari is the most important reference on Islamic history than the other references.
PAHAM KENABIAN DALAM TASAWUF FALSAFI IBN 'ARABI DAN RELEVANSINYA TERHADAP PAHAM KEAGAMAAN HAJAM, HAJAM
ALQALAM Vol 31 No 2 (2014): July - December 2014
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v31i2.1401

Abstract

In the books of the view that prophecy is considered final, prophetic door was closed, prophecy is God's choice without the intervention of the human mind and human living must  believe. This opini shows that the understanding of religious texts (Al­ Qur'an and Hadis) by not playing with textual understanding will result in a universal understanding and holistic, as prophetic discourse. But in the books stating that the prophecy does not just stop at the region shariah doctrine, but the prophecy is still going on to lead every race religion and culture. To dissect this research study can be used approach is to use a hermeneutic approach as a method of contextual interpretation is patterned.
KEPRIBADIAN EKSTROVERT-INTROVERT DAN PEMEROLEHAN BAHASA KEDUA PERSPEKTIF PSIKOLINGUISTIK PADA SANTRI PONDOK MODERN Syahid, Ahmad Habibi
ALQALAM Vol 31 No 2 (2014): July - December 2014
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v31i2.568

Abstract

Personality as one of the factors of language acquisition in modern cottage students. Open personality (extrovert) or closed personality (introvert) has keberpengaruhan on language acquisition. Both of these personalities, extrovert and introvert has a way, the model, as well as their own style in acquiring language. Language acquisition means the ability to use language that is obtained, especially in the four language skills, such as listening skills (listening abilities), speech (speaking ability), literacy (reading ability), and writing skills (writing abilities). Language acquisition is based on a process that is not conscious (subconscious). Therefore, extrovert or introvert personality has a different way of language acquisition. This is caused by differences in personality- type. Extroverts tend to be more open, while introverts tend to be closed. This study refers to Noam Chomsky thought with his theory in his book Transforming Generative entitled "Language and Mind" which says that humans have an innate trait in acquiring a language that is inborn. Extrovert and introvert personality characteristic of the human personality. Personality is a factor that affects language acquisition. This study used, a qualitative method with descriptive analysis approach to describe the findings of extrovert and introvert personality behavior in acquiring language. This study revealed that extrovert and introvert personality has a certain way and in acquiring language models. However, there are differences in the tendency towards acquiring the four language skills. Key Words: Personality, Extrovert-Introvert, Second Language Acquisition, Pshycolinguistic, Student of Boarding School
MODEL KERUKUNAN UMAT BERAGAMA DI DUSUN SUSURU Wahab, Abdul Jamil
ALQALAM Vol 31 No 2 (2014): July - December 2014
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v31i2.566

Abstract

Being harmony in social and religious life has not perfectly built in lndoensia. The social relationship between religions or even etnics haven't shape yet in very proper form, the conflict potencially appear betwen them that become a basic reason and an interesting motive to study about Dusun Susuru as an exception; Dusun Susuru is a remote village and well known as multi religious, people can live hand in hand and harmony there. Some religious social activities are also carried out together. This study prefer to use qualitative method and from that kind of method we found that the religious groups there such as Islam, Katolik, Kritsten, and Penghayat lived in one village, one worship place, and they live also closely as neighbour. Some social and religious activities done togetherly, for example: establishing house of worship, tahlilan, accepting equal rights inheritance and so on. All things that has been mentioned above is a portrait of the social interaction that have described as a mutual pattern between each religions and each etnic which is beyond the tolerance concept in common. This religious harmony in portrait could be a best practice for managing inter religious harmony in another places. Keywords: Dusun Susuru, multireligious, Penghayat.
KONTEKSTUALITAS TAFSIR AL-MIZAN FI TAFSIR AL-QUR'AN KARYA SAYYID MUHAMMAD HUSAIN TABATABA'I Iman, Fauzul
ALQALAM Vol 31 No 2 (2014): July - December 2014
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v31i2.1404

Abstract

Mizan exegesis is a set of book explained many different aspects such as worship, legal social, history, philosophy, and political leadership. Each of this topic described based on contextual approach and methodology. The author of this book attempted to respond the social phenomenon that developed from materialism of western scholarship. Within this problem, this essay will answer the following main questions: to what extent does Al­ Mizan has a contextual legal implication toward usury?. How does Al-Mizan contextualize the marriage verses, slavery, and politics (siyasah Syar'iyyah)? This research is library research that is qualitative, and to analyze the data there are methods that will be employed such as ijmali, tahlili, muwarran (comparative), and maudhui.The conclusion notified that the usury prohibition implied social problem among people, the one who gets benefits and the other doesn't get any, this problem arise a social enry, therefore usury is prohibited. The verses related to marriage lies on the problem of polygamy, those verses contextualized that it is allowed yet must be founded by fairness. Third, the author's of Al-Mizan explained that slavery verses goes along with the prohibition of human slavery, because all human being must treated equally, and the last the politics contextualized with the obligation of obeying the leader in many ways.Keywords: exegesis, contextuality, Tabatabia'i
METODE QIYAS SEBAGAI LANDASAN EPISTEMOLOGI NAHWU Jumhana, Nana
ALQALAM Vol 31 No 2 (2014): July - December 2014
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v31i2.565

Abstract

Qiyas (analogy) is one of several methods which had been used by Arabic linguist since the first generation until those who lived in the second century of Hijriyah in formulating Arabic grammars next to Sama' (orally transmitted material). The formulation of the grammars was aimed at conservating Arabic from any kinds of inference, considering that it was not only a mere treasure of the Arab, but also language of Islam after the revelation of Alqur'an. As an ephistemological basis of Arabic synthax, Qiyas serves as an analogy to some eloquent saying of the ancient Arabs. In so doing, Qiyas consists of four components: 1) maqis 'alaih (the source to which one thing is comparred), 2) maqis (the respected object to be comparred), 3) 'illah (the similar aspectls the both share), and 4) hukm (the verdict in search). In terms of it's kind, linguists devide it into three kinds: 1) qiyas al' illah, 2) qiyas at-tard, and qiyas as-syibhi. Even though some linguists argue against the using of Qiyas in formulating grammars, particularly for it is not in line with sima', also for it is considered to be built on subjective rationalisation, Qiyas is of great significance in language theorizing. The significance of Qiyas is not limited to the products demonstrated by traditional linguists. It also applies to our time too, particularly in developing Arabic language in all of it's aspects. Keyword: Qiyas, Method, Taq id al-Nahwi, Mazhab Basrah, Mazhab Kufah
MAKHRAJ PENGUCAPAN HURUF HIJAIYAH DALAM BENTUK SIMULASI MODEL TABUNG VOCAL TRACT DARI ALAT UCAP MANUSIA Subali, Muhammad; Djasri, Djasiodi; Alawiyah, Neneng
ALQALAM Vol 31 No 2 (2014): July - December 2014
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v31i2.1403

Abstract

When reading the Qur'an, each letter should be pronounced according to its proper articulation (Makhraj). Mistake in pronunciation of a letter or makhraj can change the meaning of that letter. Elements of sound in Arabic is very important to learn in order to the pronunciation of the Arabic language accordance with the rules of the Arabic language that have been assigned. The purpose of this research is to analyze the pattern of frequencies called formant for each pronunciation hijaiyah which express the proper pronunciation. Data is obtained by recording the expert qori and qoriah, then processed with software ''Praat" to get the formant frequencies and analyzed. Furthermore, the data is processed in the form of Graphical User Interface (GUI) using MatLab, thus obtained the pattern pronunciation for each letter pronounced in the form of a tube resonator models which express the the pattern of articulation tool.Keywords: makhraj, resonator, formant, fonem
PIETY ON CONTESTATION Ansor, Muhammad; Amri, Yaser; Arrauf, Ismail Fahami
ALQALAM Vol 31 No 2 (2014): July - December 2014
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v31i2.567

Abstract

This article studied the phenomenon of contestation between orang Sunnah and orang Yasin in Sidodadi, Aceh Tamiang, to gain the recognition of being the most pious Muslim adherent. The research zoomed in on exploring the shape of the contestation and the socio-religious changes that may occur due to the existence of the mentioned contest. The researchers interviewed a dozens of informant, observed their religious practices and the strategy that they launch to propagate their belief and recruit new members. The study showed that the contestation between the two community take place in almost all religious practices. Some of the worth mentions are ritual practices, broadening and enhancing the religiosity of respective community members, or the approach they used in approaching Islam. Apart from that, the contestation between these two groups also triggered the negotiation and reconciliation of Islamic practices of both groups. The reconciliation of religious practice is in accordance with the "culture in between " theory as proposed by Homi K Bhabha in which he believes that truly there are always no clear boundaries between two groups of different credentials. In Sidodadi, the credentials difference of each group to actualize the ideal of Islam in managing the house of God for instance, triggers the struggle of both groups for the control of the mosques and mushollas in one hand, and in other hand it brings out the empathy of each community to revive the religious activities in worship places, though adapted with the credential feature of their respective groups. Keywords: Piety, Orang Sunnah, Orang Yasin, Aceh Tamiang

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