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Kawalu: Journal of Local Culture
ISSN : 23391065     EISSN : 24604313     DOI : -
Kawalu: Journal of Local Culture is an interdisciplinary journal that explores the history, politics, economics, linguistics, sociology and anthropology of world’s local culture. The journal brings together original and innovative articles which deploy interdisciplinary and comparative research methods add also welcomes progress reports on research projects, fieldwork notes, book reviews, and notes on conferences. Kawalu: Journal of Local Culture is published by Laboratorium Bantenologi, State Islamic University (UIN) Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten in June and December each year. The journal accepts articles in English and Indonesia.
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Search results for , issue " Vol 2 No 2 (2015): July - December 2015" : 5 Documents clear
Notes on Conference Bantenologi, Laboratorium
Kawalu: Journal of Local Culture Vol 2 No 2 (2015): July - December 2015
Publisher : Laboratorium Bantenologi UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten

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Abstract

Kamus Basa Sunda Pertama dari Banten: Sejarah Kamus Basa Sunda Abad ke-19
Past and Present: Momentous Events that Shape the Indigenous Moroneno of Bombana District, Indonesia Pidani, Omar
Kawalu: Journal of Local Culture Vol 2 No 2 (2015): July - December 2015
Publisher : Laboratorium Bantenologi UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten

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This research paper aims at providing a review of the literature and media coverage on the ethno-history of the Indigenous Moronene community. Thus far, there are less than a handful of sources on the ethno-linguistic identity and society that spread across the Rumbia Plain, Polea or Poleangcoastal regionand Kabaena Island in the District of Bombana, Indonesia. The review consists of the major events, which introduced external shocks to different parts of the Moronene society.  It begins with the history of the ethnic settlement on the mainland of Southeast Celebes, locus of its ethno-linguistic relations with other ethnicgroups in Celebes and important ethnical structures and attributes. Furthermore, it continues with a description of the time line of major events that affect the society from the moment the country gained its independency in 1945 until the present time. We argue that ethnic and linguistic characteristics as well as these major events shape not only people’s collective actions and memory, but also their current identity, structure and patterns of social and environmental relationships.  Linking this information into discussion of current  social and development issues in the region is therefore a necessity.Keywords: Ethno-Linguistics, Indigenous,  Moronene, Southeast Celebes
Ritual Daur Hidup di Kampung Naga, Desa Neglasari, Kec. Salawu Kab. Tasikmalaya Jawa Barat Prawiro, Abdurrahman Misno Bambang
Kawalu: Journal of Local Culture Vol 2 No 2 (2015): July - December 2015
Publisher : Laboratorium Bantenologi UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten

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Jawa Barat adalah salah satu dari provinsi di Indonesia yang memiliki kekayaan budaya yang sangat beragam. Kekayaan budaya di Tatar Sunda (Jawa Barat) terpusat pada beberapa wilayah yang menjadi konsentrasi komunitas adat, dari mulai wilayah timur Ciamis, hingga ke Sukabumi. Masing-masing wilayah memiliki kekhasan budaya yang berbeda antara yang satu dengan yang lainnya. Salah satu dari kebudayaan yang hingga ini masih ada dan dipertahankan adalah Kampung Naga, ia adalah sebuah kampung adat yang memegang teguh tradisi leluhur (karuhun) yang mereka warisi dari generasi ke generasi. Salah satu yang menarik dari komunitas Kampung Naga adalah ritual daur hidup (life cyrcle) yang mereka laksanakan tanpa dipengaruhi oleh budaya luar. Artikel ini memaparkan ritual daur hidup yang dilaksanakan oleh komunitas adat Kampung Naga. Pendekatan yang digunakan adalah dengan metode etnografi, dimana penulis terlibat langsung dalam proses ritual yang mereka laksanakan. Observasi, wawancara mendalam dan partisipasi dalam setiap kegiatan adalah tekhnik yang digunakan untuk mendapatkan data yang dapat dipertanggunghjawabkan.  Penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa ritual daru hidup yang dilaksanakan oleh komunitas adat Kampung Naga meliputi ritual, ibu mengandung, kelahiran anak, khitanan, gusaran, perkawinan, dan selamatan bagi orang yang telah meninggal dunia. Ritual yang dilaksanakan oleh komunitas ini berasal dari kepercayaan lama Sunda dengan dikombinasikan dengan budaya Islam yang masuk belakangan.   Keywords: Ritual Daur Hidup, Kampung Naga, Komunitas Adat, Tatar Sunda
Travel of Bonpo Gods from the Eurasian Borderlands to the Tibetan Culture Area and the Borderlands of North-east India Rajesh, M.N.
Kawalu: Journal of Local Culture Vol 2 No 2 (2015): July - December 2015
Publisher : Laboratorium Bantenologi UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten

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Popular writing has brought about an image of Hindu deities that are seen as a part of Hinduism only and Hinduism is also seen as a religion of the Indian subcontinent. While this may be largely true in many cases, it forces us to look at Hinduism in very Semitic terms as a closed religion. On the contrary we see that there was a considerable travel of gods and goddesses from other religions into Hinduism and vice versa. And thus negates the idea of Hinduism as a closed system. This therefore brings us to the problem of defining Hinduism which is by no means an easy task as there is no agreement on any singular definition. Pre-modern India had more contacts with her neighbours and thus central Asia and south East Asia emerge as some of the main regions where Indian influence is seen in many aspects of life. Even to a casual observer of both central Asia and South East Asia we see that there striking Indian influences in culture, religion and other aspects of life. All of them are not part of the textual literature that has become very nationalistic in the recent past and this tends to also dismiss the earlier writings as western Eurocentric. It is true that there is a great element of eurocentricism in the earlier writings but one point that needs to be highlighted is that these earlier writings also faithfully portrayed many aspects like iconography etc. in a very descriptive manner that focused on the measurements, likeness, colour and other associated characteristics of the statues. Such trends are clearly visible in the writings of Jas Burgess,E.B Havell etc. who were influenced by the dominant paradigm in contemporary Europe of the 1850’s where the duty of the historian was to just record. Such an approach was informed by the writings of the German philosopher Leopold Von Ranke. Though there are certain value judgments at the end of the chapter, the main narrative is a dry as dust and it is easy to decipher the characteristics or reconstruct the iconographic programme in any shrine and by extension the religious practices. In the modern period , where the dominant forms of anti-colonial struggles led to a writing of nationalist history succeeded by Marxist influenced social histories in many parts of Asia, the identification of the national boundaries and national cultures also extended to religions and many aspects were either muted or totally obliterated in history writing to present a homogenous picture. Thus, we have a picture of Hinduism and Buddhism that fits in with the national narratives. Such a collapse of categories is there in the borderland of India where the cultural boundaries are not clearly marked as also h religious boundaries. One single example that illustrates this assertion is the portrayal of Sri Lanka as a Sinhala Buddhist region with the Tamil regions of Sri Lanka marked off as separate entity and both being largely exclusive. In the Buddhist temples of Sri Lanka, one finds firstly the statue of Ganesha and later the images of Karthikeya and also the god Shani or Saturn. This image of a Buddhist monastery sharply contrasts with the highly buddhistic space of a Sinhala Buddhist temple where non-Buddhist elements are not found. Keywords: Bonpo Gods, Tibetam Culture, Eurasian Borderlands, Hindu.
Magic and the Communist Revolt of 1926 in Banten: Ulumi, Helmy Faizi Bahrul
Kawalu: Journal of Local Culture Vol 2 No 2 (2015): July - December 2015
Publisher : Laboratorium Bantenologi UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten

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Studies on magic in civil revolts in Indonesia are remarkably scarce. The use of magic in Bantenese revolts are presented in the works of Kartodirdjo (1966) and Williams (1982,1990). This article explains several aspects of magic such as the form, the ritual, and thesources related to magic sourced from the Script of K.H. Muqri Labuan, one of the important figures in the communist revolt of 1926 in Banten, by using philological and historical approaches. The Script was written byK.H. Muqri during his escapee from Surabaya to Mecca when the Dutch colonial could defeat his rebellion in Labuan. His script is 17,5x21 cm consisted of 540pages written in Jawiand Arabic.  It mostly contains the magical formula and wird of severaltariqa. It also comprises his genealogy, the magical licence (ijâzah)he obtained, his journey notes to Mecca, his activities during living in Mecca, and the list of his disciples. Keywords: Banten, Magic, Tariqa, Social Revolution, Communism

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