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Kawalu: Journal of Local Culture
ISSN : 23391065     EISSN : 24604313     DOI : -
Kawalu: Journal of Local Culture is an interdisciplinary journal that explores the history, politics, economics, linguistics, sociology and anthropology of world’s local culture. The journal brings together original and innovative articles which deploy interdisciplinary and comparative research methods add also welcomes progress reports on research projects, fieldwork notes, book reviews, and notes on conferences. Kawalu: Journal of Local Culture is published by Laboratorium Bantenologi, State Islamic University (UIN) Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten in June and December each year. The journal accepts articles in English and Indonesia.
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Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 3 No 2 (2016): July - December 2016" : 6 Documents clear
Sundanese Sufi and Religious Diversity in the Archipelago: The Pluralistic Vision of Haji Hasan Mustapa (1852-1930) Rohmana, Jajang A
Kawalu: Journal of Local Culture Vol 3 No 2 (2016): July - December 2016
Publisher : Laboratorium Bantenologi UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten

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The paper aims to analyze moderate understanding of Haji Hasan Mustapa on religious diversity in the archipelago. He is a greatest Sundanese poet who has studied in Mecca and served as Hoofd Penghulu of Kotaraja Aceh and Bandung in the colonial era. This study is focused on sufism and religious diversity, Mustapa’s scholarship, and on his pluralistic vision, using intertextual studies and semantic analysis. This research argues that Mustapa has tolerance and moderate understanding similarly with Ibn ‘Arabi’s thought. He uses kernel and husk as symbolic images which expressed using natural richness of Sundanese culture for demonstrating his religious conviction that rasa is the kernel of all religions. This study is significant for strengthening the discourse of religious pluralism from sufi perspective in the archipelago which cannot be separated from the chain of Islamic intellectual network. This research has also a significant impact on Chittick’s assumption about the depth of sufi poetry which mostly reveal their tolerance views on religious diversity living in harmony. Keywords: poetry, sufism, Sunda, religious diversity
Wetu Telu in Bayan Lombok: Zuhdi, Muhammad Harfin
Kawalu: Journal of Local Culture Vol 3 No 2 (2016): July - December 2016
Publisher : Laboratorium Bantenologi UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten

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Islam reached Lombok Island in the sixteenth century, approximately in 1545, which was brought by SunanGiri, the son of SunanPrapen, one of the prominent Islamic preachers known as Wali Songo, through an expedition from Java. Prior to its arrival in the Island, according to some historians, the indigenous Sasak (the indigenous people of Lombok) embraced a traditional belief known as Boda. Historically, since its establishment, Islam has perpetually been expanding despite facing some distinct and contradictory values of local tradition and culture, which leads to a kind of dialectical process and turns in what is known as local Islam such as Islam WetuTelu in Bayan, West Lombok. This article is aimed at revealing the historical root of religious identity of Sasak community. The historical sketch of its religious identity produces a combination of traditional, cultural and religious values of the comers with those of the indigenous people in the past, WetuTelu religion. Present Muslims in Lombok assume that the existence of traditional Islam is due to an incomplete process of Islamization in the Island. Keywords: Boda, Agama, Local culture, WetuTelu, Waktu Lima
Local Marriage System of Boti Community Depicted through its Speech Ritual Iswanto, Iswanto
Kawalu: Journal of Local Culture Vol 3 No 2 (2016): July - December 2016
Publisher : Laboratorium Bantenologi UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten

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Marriage system in the indigenous trust describes the relationship of supernatural effect on family kinshipinthe community. Such the relevance is the primary identifier and the identity of the diversity of the Indonesian nation. It is inevitable that a cultureas a pillar of diversity is a buffer for entering the era of multicultural and globalization. Values of Humanist is the power of social relation among individuals in the community groups. This paper describes the characteristic of marriage in society of Boti in East Nusa Tenggara who hold the original trust Halaika.The results shows behaviors that indicate homage to supernatural of Uis Pah (Lord of the Earth), Uis Oe (Lordof Water) and Uis Neno (Lord of Heaven) in a series of marriages that is rich of value and meaning. Keywords: Halaika, Boti, Local Marriage
Seeking for Berkah: the Celebration of Kiai Slamet Imamah, Fardan Mahmudatul
Kawalu: Journal of Local Culture Vol 3 No 2 (2016): July - December 2016
Publisher : Laboratorium Bantenologi UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten

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Abstract One of many annual traditional Javanese ceremony for celebrating the new year is Kirab Kiai Slamet. This ceremony was held in Surakarta, Central Java by one of greatest Javanese Kingdom, Keraton Surakarta Hadiningrat. A thousand visitors who have come from all over of java just to see this ceremony bring various motives. This paper will elaborate how the perspective of Javanese people interprets their attendance on Kirab Kiai Slamet? One of their motives is berkah, then how they perceive this concept of ‘ngalap berkah’? While berkah is one of the most prevalent religious practices in Indonesia, there are various meaning on it from a diverse group. In an effort to reveal the various interpretation of the concept of ‘berkah’, this paper offers an alternative perspective of the study of religion. Because the study of religion is more dominated by world religion paradigm that rigidly defines ‘religion’ as the structured form of religious tradition, an alternative perspective will be needed. After elaborating the experiment of Kirab Kiai Slamet and framed by some theories of religions, this paper will show how ‘indigenous religion paradigm’ have a positive contribution to the enriching of theories of religions in contemporary issues. Keywords: berkah (blessing), Kiai Slamet, world religion paradigm, indigenous worldview. 
Reconsidering the Cultural Geographies of State and Non State Spaces Kadir, Hatib r Abdul
Kawalu: Journal of Local Culture Vol 3 No 2 (2016): July - December 2016
Publisher : Laboratorium Bantenologi UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten

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Abstract In Indonesia, the societies have a long history as a runaway society and fugitive from the state-making projects. Many historical accounts prove that people escape from the state projects, such as corvee labor, wars, diseases and epidemics, conscriptions, slavery, taxes, violence, warfare, diseases, and poverty. In general, this paper describes the state-society relations and examines the meaning of the non-governed society. This paper questions what distinguishes between govern and non-governed society, what kind of social economy and cultural life of non-governed society that distinguishes from a governed state? To answer these questions, this paper explores the distinction of the governed and the non-governed society, which live in the different geographical areas. This paper explains the distinctions and frictions between lowland and highland society in Indonesia, in terms of social economy, kinship, political organization, and religion. In the last reflection, the author argues that non governed society is not only people who live in the upland and far from the centralized bureaucracy, rather they also live in the middle of dense population of a town and even under a most centralized and autocratic regime. Keywords: Geography of the Highland and Lowland, non Governed Society, Resistance, Anarchism. 
Spatial Arrangement and the Making of Cosmos in Huaulu Society Damm, Muhammad
Kawalu: Journal of Local Culture Vol 3 No 2 (2016): July - December 2016
Publisher : Laboratorium Bantenologi UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten

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Abstract This is a study about spatial arrangement and cosmological order of Huaulu society in Seram Island,Eastern Indonesia. Research and data collection had been conducted by ethnography. The problem is derived from Valerio Valeri’s works on Huaulu spatial arrangement that is considered unfinished. In Huaulu, there are four basic directions recognizable to its people, namely rai, lau, roe, and ria—they can be translated respectively to South, North, East, and West. However, among several meanings associated to them, there is also association with the direction to the interior or mountain, the direction to the sea, the direction to the forest or “outside world”, and the direction to the village or “inside world”, respectively. By positing Huaulu village as point of reference, we can clearly see that the island interior is always situated in the South, whereas the sea is always situated in the North; hence, the translation forrai and lau is South and North. But, in respect of roe and ria, their translations are more problematic, since their connotations as “outside” and “inside” donot imply direct relation to East and West. Valeri left this problem unanswered by leaving us a question: why does in some context at Huaulu “outside” stand to “inside” as “East” stand to “West”? By answering this question, this article aims to complete the reconstruction of Huaulu spatial arrangement and cosmological order that had been started—and left unfinished—by Valeri more than three decades ago. The result is a basic geometrical order that underlies Huaulu cosmology. Keywords: Dual Organization, Earth and Heaven, Forest and Village, Gender Distinction, Huaulu, Kitchen and Verandah 

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