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PAROLE - Journal of Linguistics and Education
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
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Articles 123 Documents
ANALYTIC CAUSATIVES IN JAVANESE: A LEXICAL- FUNCTIONAL APPROACH Subiyanto, Agus
PAROLE: Journal of Linguistics and Education Volume 3 Nomor 2 Oktober 2013
Publisher : Master Program in Linguistics, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (328.175 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/parole.v3i2 Okt.20-28

Abstract

Analytic  causatives  are  the  type  of  causatives  formed  by  separate predicates  expressing the cause and the effect, that is, the causing notion  is  realized  by  a  word  separate  from  the  word  denoting  the caused activity. This paper aims to discuss the forms and syntactic structure  of  analytic  causatives  in  Javanese.  To  discuss  the syntactic structure, the theory of lexical functional grammar (LFG) is  employed.  The  data  used  in  this  study  is  the  ?ngoko?  level  of Javanese of the Surakarta dialect. By using a negation marker and modals  as  the  syntactic  operators to test mono-  or bi-clausality  of analytic  causatives,  the  writer  found  that  analytic  causatives  in Javanese form biclausal constructions. These constructions have an X-COMP  structure,  in  that  the  SUBJ  of  the  second  verb  is controlled  by  the  OBJ  of  the  causative  verb  (N)gawe  ?make?.  In terms  of  the  constituent  structure,  analytic  causatives  have  two kinds of structures, which are V-cause OBJ X-COMP and V-cause X-COMP OBJ. Kausatif  analitik  adalah  tipe  kausatif  yang  dibentuk  oleh  dua predikat  atau  dua  kata  terpisah  untuk  mengungkapkan  makna sebab dan akibat, yakni makna sebab direalisasikan oleh kata yang berbeda  dengan  kata  yang  menyatakan  makna  akibat.  Tulisan  ini membahas  bentuk  dan  struktur  sintaksis  kausatif  analitik  dalam bahasa Jawa. Untuk menjelaskan struktur sintaksis digunakan teori Tata  Bahasa  Leksikal  Fungsional.  Data  yang  digunakan  dalam penelitian  ini  adalah  bahasa  Jawa  dialek  Surakarta  ragam  ngoko. Dengan  menggunakan  alat  uji  pemarkah  negasi  dan  penggunaaan modalitas,  penulis  menemukan  bahwa  kausatif  analitik  dalam bahasa Jawa membentuk struktur biklausa. Konstruksi ini memiliki struktur  X-KOMP,  yakni  SUBJ  dari  verba  kedua  dilesapkan  dan dikendalikan  oleh  OBJ  dari  verba  kausatif  (N)gawe  ?membuat?. Dalam  struktur  konstituen,  analitik  kausatif  memiliki  dua  macam bentuk, yakni  V-kuasatif OBJ X-COMP and V-kausatif X-COMP OBJ.
EVIDENCE IN PRIMARY CORRESPONDENCE OF COGNATE IN INDONESIAN AND MADURESE LANGUAGE Sofyan, Akhmad; Setyari, Agustina Dewi; Angelina, Dewi
PAROLE: Journal of Linguistics and Education Volume 9 Number 2 October 2019
Publisher : Master Program in Linguistics, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (900.048 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/parole.v9i2.124-134

Abstract

Cognate languages will have similarities and resemblances in sound systems that are manifested in the form of phonological correspondence. Indonesian language formed from Malay has a kinship relationship with the Madurese language. Relationships of these languages will certainly present many similarities. The method used to analyze the data in this paper is a comparative method, that is comparing the BI sound system and the BM sound system. The primary correspondence between the sound system of the Indonesian language and the Madurese language includes: (1) [i]/[I]>[?], (2) [u]>[?], (3) [a]>[â], (4) [w]>[b], (5) [t#]>[?], dan (6) [h]>[?].
INTERRUPTIONS AND SILENCES IN CONVERSATIONS: A TURN-TAKING ANALYSIS Lestary, Agustina; Krismanti, Ninuk; Hermaniar, Yulieda
PAROLE: Journal of Linguistics and Education Volume 7 Number 2 October 2017
Publisher : Master Program in Linguistics, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (634.186 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/parole.v7i2.64

Abstract

This study is set to investigate the purposes behind interruptions and the meanings of silences in conversations. The data are taken from three casual conversations among friends. To analyze the data, the recorded conversations are first transcribed based on Jefferson?s the Glossary of Transcript Symbols (Jefferson, 2004). The transcribed conversations are analyzed using turn-taking approach in Conversation Analysis. To interpret the results of analysis, inferential method is applied. As the findings, the writers find that speakers interrupt for two purposes: to complete turns and to cut them. To go deeper, speakers interrupt when they have shared knowledge and/or similar perspective on something. In terms of silence, the meanings behind it are highly dependent on what are uttered prior to or after the occurrence of silence. Silences can indicate topic switch, speaker?s wish to continue the same topic, and disagreement. In a conversation, silences lead to awkward situations among speakers and show troubles in conversation flows.
KEARIFAN LOKAL DALAM LEKSIKON RITUAL-KESENIAN OGOH-OGOH DI PURA KERTHABUMI DUSUN BONGSO WETAN DESA PENGALANGAN KECAMATAN MENGANTI KABUPATEN GRESIK-JAWA TIMUR RACHMAWATI, DIAN KARINA
PAROLE: Journal of Linguistics and Education Volume 5 Number 2 October 2015
Publisher : Master Program in Linguistics, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (742.783 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/parole.v5i2.144

Abstract

The objective of this research is to provide an understanding of language acquisition children aged 1.4 years in bilingual families in terms of morphology and phonology. The researcher used a qualitative approach by using case study method. Data collection technique used is documentation and observation. Data were analyzed using inductive models, with the steps: observation of data, insights into the structure of the data, the formulation of hypotheses, testing hypotheses. The results of this research indicate that the language acquisition of children aged 1.4 years on average amounted to 40 words that structure largely intact as a word yet, but it is understood its meaning. Language acquisition obtained from the two languages simultaneously (simultaneous bilingual) language is Indonesian and Bengkulu. The children are able to pronounce vowels a, i, u, e, and o in forming words. Then, the boy also has been able to say 13 consonants, namely b, c, d, h, j, k, m, n, p, s, t, w and y. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menjelaskan aspek fonologis dan morfologis pemerolehan bahasa anak berusia 1,4 tahun dalam keluarga bilingual. Penelitian adalah studi kasus menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif. Pengumpulan data dengan metode dokumentasi dan observasi. Data dianalisis dengan model induktif dengan beberapa langkah, yaitu pengamatan terhadap objek yang diteliti, pemahaman terhadap struktur data, penyusunan hipotesis, dan pengujian hipotesis. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pemerolehan bahasa anak 1,4 tahun rata-rata memiliki 40 kata dengan memahami maknanya. Pemerolehan bahasa yang dilakukan dapat dikategorikan sebagai dwibahasawan simultan, yaitu Indonesia dan Bengkulu. Anak itu mampu menghasilkan bunyi vokal a, i, u, e, dan o dalam membentuk kata. Selain itu, anak tersebut dapat menghasilkan 13 konsonan, yaitu b, c, d, h, j, k, m, n, p, s, t, w dan y.
MATH TEACHERS’ STRATEGIES IN DEVELOPING CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES: A CASE STUDY OF BILINGUAL PROGRAM AT JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL IN YOGYAKARTA Robiasih, Rr. Hasti
PAROLE: Journal of Linguistics and Education Volume 4 Number 1 April 2014
Publisher : Master Program in Linguistics, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (526.104 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/parole.v4i1 April.54-62

Abstract

The practice of bilingual program in educational system in Indonesia is to improve the quality of education in secondary school. The achievement of such objective could be observed from teacher-student classroom interaction. The present paper addresses the math teachers? strategies and interaction types in structuring classroom activities and type of interaction using English in teaching Math at bilingual class on a private and public junior high school in Yogyakarta. Research findings show that due to mediocre level of English they employed several strategies such as maximizing the use of textbooks or students? worksheet, maximizing individual work, using demonstration in presenting the topics, and performing translation. The interaction types are mostly in the form of telling and instructing.   Pelaksanaan program bilingual dalam system pendidikan di Indonesia adalah untuk meningkatakan kualitas pendidikan di tingkat sekolah menengah. Pencapaian tujuan tersebut dapat diamati dari interaksi guru dan siswa di kelas. Paper ini mengungkap strategi yang digunakan guru matematika dalam mengembangkan aktivitas pembelajaran dengan bahasa Inggris sebagai pengantar pada program bilingual di salah satu sekolah menengah pertama swasta dan negeri di Yogyakarta. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa para guru matematika menggunakan beberapa strategi dalam berinteraksi dengan siswa, seperti memaksimalkan penggunaan buku teks atau lembar kerja siswa, memaksimalkan tugas individu, mendemonstrasikan materi yang diajarkan, dan menterjemahkan. Sebagai kompensasi atas keterbatasan penguasaan bahasa Inggris mereka, jenis interaksi yang digunakan adalah memberi instruksi dan informasi
MUATAN SOSIAL-BUDAYA DALAM BUKU TEKS PELAJARAN BAHASA ASING Purwoko, Herudjati
PAROLE: Journal of Linguistics and Education Volume 1 Nomor 1 Oktober 2010
Publisher : Master Program in Linguistics, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (374.077 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/parole.v1i0.97-118

Abstract

This article is on the social and cultural contents of textbooks for foreign language learners. Some textbooks, published for foreign learners in various languages, are selected in random way before being observed carefully. The basic assumption is that most (or even all) textbooks will introduce to the prospective learners some socio-cultural information embedded in the target language which, inevitably, the learners will have to deal with. The sociolinguistics has it that no language can be separated from the socio-cultural issues. The fact enables any language to survive and linger on. Therefore, all good textbooks must contain the socio-cultural issues relevant to the current language usage in daily interactions
ANALYSIS OF STUDENTS’ NEEDS RELATED TO THEIR LEARNING PREFERENCES Nisrawati, Wa Ode
PAROLE: Journal of Linguistics and Education Volume 8 Number 1 April 2018
Publisher : Master Program in Linguistics, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (686.218 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/parole.v8i1.38-45

Abstract

The objective of this research was to find out the Islamic Economy students? needs and wants in learning English at State Islamic University of Pekalongan. The researcher used questionnaire to investigate and elicit opinion related to the needs, demands for English skills and preference of English learning activities, difficulties and barriers encountered by the students in learning English. The result reveals that most students show high demand on the speaking skill and want to develop it more. Besides, this research reveals that the students are facing difficulties and problems in communication because of the lacks of vocabulary, speaking skill, and grammar. Considering this result, it is suggested that the instructor/lecturer need to give more input of vocabularies especially vocabularies related to students? major and occupational purposes.
BACK MATTER VOLUME 4 NUMBER 1 APRIL 2014 Purwoko, Herudjati
PAROLE: Journal of Linguistics and Education Volume 4 Number 1 April 2014
Publisher : Master Program in Linguistics, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (560.274 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/parole.v4i1 April.%p

Abstract

TOPONIMI KABUPATEN LAMONGAN (KAJIAN ANTROPOLOGI LINGUISTIK) Camalia, Mahabbatul
PAROLE: Journal of Linguistics and Education Volume 5 Number 1 April 2015
Publisher : Master Program in Linguistics, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (440.53 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/parole.v5i1.74-83

Abstract

Place naming is a form of linkage of language, culture and thought. This study examines the process of Lamongan City naming by finding naming patterns which reflects the values ??and beliefs. In addition, this study also seeks the structure of the mark in naming formation of Lamongan and finds acceptance of Sapir-Worf hypothesis in the process of toponymy of Lamongan. Qualitative descriptive approach and informal data presentation methods was used to process and present expected data. Toponymy of Lamongan is associated with a figure named Hadi, Sunan Giri?s student assigned to guide and lead the Lamongan community. Penamaan suatu tempat merupakan bentuk keterkaitan antara bahasa, budaya, dan pikiran. Penelitian ini berusaha mengkaji proses penamaan Kota Lamongan dengan menemukan pola pemberian nama yang merefleksikan nilai dan keyakinan yang direfeksikan pada nama tempat tersebut. Selain itu, penelitian ini juga berusaha untuk menemukan struktur tanda dalam pembentukan penamaan Kabupaten Lamongan dan menemukan keberterimaan hipotesis Sapir-Worf dalam proses toponimi Kabupaten Lamongan. Pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif dan metode penyajian data informal digunakan untuk mengolah dan menyajikan data yang diharapkan. Toponimi Lamongan sangat berkaitan dengan sosok yang bernama Hadi, murid Sunan Giri yang ditugaskan untuk membimbing dan memimpin masyarakat Lamongan.
INTERPERSONAL METADISCOURSE PADA TAGLINE IKLAN POSTER WORLD WILDLIFE FUND (WWF) Sukma, Bayu Permana
PAROLE: Journal of Linguistics and Education Volume 3 Nomor 1 April 2013
Publisher : Master Program in Linguistics, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (235.096 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/parole.v3i1 April.1-8

Abstract

This article describes types and functions of interpersonal metadiscourse in printed advertisement tagline. The three types, i.e. person marker, hedges, and emphatics have various roles in interpreting properly tagline meaning. The writer uses Hyland?s metadiscourse theory, Fuertes-Olivera et al?s interpersonal discourse in slogans, and Halliday?s functional grammar to analyze the data. The data were collected from printed advertisements by World Wildlife Fund (WWF). The result shows that each of the interpersonal metadiscourse features has different functions. Person marker is used to show the writer?s position in a text, hedges is used to imply the writer?s opinion, while emphatics serves as a device to convince the readers that the messages given in the text are true.   Artikel ini mendeskripsikan jenis dan fungsi ?interpersonal metadiscourse? yang tercetak di ?tagline? iklan. Ketiga jenis, yaitu penanda orang, pemagaran, dan penegasan mempunyai berbagai peranan untuk menafsirkan makna tagline secara tepat. Penulis menggunakan teori ?metadiscourse? (Hyland), ?interpersonal discourse? dalam slogan (Fuertes-Olivera dkk.), dan ?functional grammar? (Halliday) untuk menganalisis data. Data dikumpulkan dari beberapa iklan cetak ?World Wild Fund? (WWF). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa setiap jenis memiliki fungsi yang berbeda. Penanda orang digunakan untuk menunjukkan posisi penulis dalam sebuah teks, pemagaran digunakan untuk menyatakan secara tidak langsung pendapat penulis, sementara penegasan berfungsi sebagai alat untuk meyakinkan pembaca bahwa pesan yang diberikan dalam teks benar.

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