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Contact Name
Dr. Ismadi, SP.,M.Si
Contact Email
ismadi@unimal.ac.id
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Journal Mail Official
editor@jthort.org
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Location
Kota banda aceh,
Aceh
INDONESIA
Journal of Tropical Horticulture
ISSN : 26228432     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Journal of Tropical Horticulture (JTHort) ISSN 2622-8432 (online) is a peer-reviewed open-access international journal contains primary articles of research and review in horticulture such as fruits, vegetable, and ornamental plants also tropical biopharmaca plants. This journal is under the management of Indonesian Society for Horticulture (Perhorti) Aceh Commissariat. Journal of Tropical Horticulture was first published in October 2018. This journal publishes its articles twice, April and October annually and receives articles from various countries within the scope of tropical plants
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 31 Documents
Identification of Zingiberaceae as medicinal plants in Gunung Cut Village, Aceh Barat Daya, Indonesia Zahara, Meutia; Hasanah, Mauizah; Zalianda, Rahma
Journal of Tropical Horticulture Vol 1, No 1 (2018): October 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture (Perhimpunan Hortikultura Indonesia Komisariat Aceh)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1386.477 KB) | DOI: 10.33089/jthort.v1i1.9

Abstract

Zingiberaceae is well known as gingers family with abundant numbers of spices widely used in Southeast Asia, because of their unique flavors, ornamental and also the medicinal values. The extracts of Zingiberaceae rhizome contain many essentials oils, including terpenes, alcohols, ketones, flavonoids and phytoestrogens that use as medicine. Zingiberaceae grow vigorously in a wide range of habitats ranging from riverine to the limestone area, from lowland to the upper mountain regions. They often grow in shady area but some of the native species are able to tolerate to the sun exposure. The cultivation of this family was developed widely. Gunung Cut Village is one the villages in Aceh Barat Daya district which cultivated four species of this family: Zingiber officinale, Curcuma domestica, Alpina galanga and Kaempferia galanga. They mainly use for medicinal purposes as it can cure many diseases traditionally.
The Study of Early Selection Method through Vigor and Viability Parameter in Citrus amblycarpa (Hassk) under Salinity and Drought Stress Condition Nindita, Anggi; Umam, Choirul; Fatimah, Siti; Suwarno, Faiza
Journal of Tropical Horticulture Vol 1, No 1 (2018): October 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture (Perhimpunan Hortikultura Indonesia Komisariat Aceh)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1505.466 KB) | DOI: 10.33089/jthort.v1i1.4

Abstract

The study was aimed to obtain information regarding the early selection method of Limau lime under saline and drought condition including the proper method for seed extraction, observation period in germination testing, and type of germination media. The experiment was conducted from March 2015 to January 2016 at the Laboratory of Seed Science and Technology, Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Bogor Agricultural University. It consisted of four main experiments. The first experiment was the extraction method on Limaulime seed using distilled water, ash from the husk, talcum powder, and HCl 1%. The second experiment was germination testing of lime seed using three media i.e. sand, the combination of sand: soil (1:1) (v:v), and towel tissue. The third experiment has tested the vigor of Limau lime seeds in different saline conditions by using NaCl, i.e. 1500 ppm, 3000 ppm, and 4500 ppm. The fourth experiment, tested the vigor of Limau lime seeds in drought stress condition using PEG 6000, i.e. 0, - 0.75 bar, -1.5 bar, and -2.25 bar. The result of the first experiment showed that the treatments had no significantly different effect on all variables observed except for the seed moisture content. The second experiment revealed that the best germination media was elucidated from sand treatment and sand: soil (1:1) with the first and the second count at 20th and 29th day respectively. The result of the third and four experiment elucidated that the higher concentration of NaCl (Salinity stress condition) or PEG 6000 (drought stress condition), the smaller the germination percentage of Limau Lime’s seeds.
The Determination of Phosphor Status in Leaf Tissues to Make a Fertilizer Recommendation and Predict Mangosteen Yield Kurniadinata, Odit F.; Poerwanto, Roedhy; Susila, Anas D.
Journal of Tropical Horticulture Vol 1, No 1 (2018): October 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture (Perhimpunan Hortikultura Indonesia Komisariat Aceh)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1435.41 KB) | DOI: 10.33089/jthort.v1i1.5

Abstract

Mangosteen (GarciniamangostanaL.) knows as one of the most delicious fruit in the word, it’s call as “Queen of fruits”. The problems in mangosteen culture are low productivity and low fruit quality due to less developed technical culture, especially on fertilizer. There is a little information available on mangosteen fertilizer recommendation standards based on scientific experiment.Phosphor fertilizer increased growth especially in the generative stage of mangosteen. Phosphor increases the number of flowers and fruits set. It also decreases the number of flowers and fruits drop, with a linear response. It indicates mangosteen trees absorb phosphor to increase the vegetative growth and support production. Fertilizers increase phosphor concentrations in leaf tissues. Leaf tissues analyses showed the status of phosphor status, This status has a correlation to the yield. The higher the nutrients concentration in the leaf tissues, the higher the mangosteens yield in the next harvest
Potential Changes in Watermelon (Citrullus lannatus) Ploidy Treated By Colchicine Handayani, Rd. Selvy; Yusuf, Muhamad; Akmal, Ajmir
Journal of Tropical Horticulture Vol 1, No 1 (2018): October 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture (Perhimpunan Hortikultura Indonesia Komisariat Aceh)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1406.163 KB) | DOI: 10.33089/jthort.v1i1.6

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of colchicine on changes in ploidy watermelon. The research was conducted in Agroecotechnology laboratory Universitas Malikussaleh, Microtechnique laboratory Agronomy and Horticulture Departement, Bogor Agricultural University, and Beuringen, Murah Mulia subdistrict, North Aceh. This research used Completely Randomized Design (CRD) two factors. The first factor was watermelon seed soaking time in colchicines 0,02% ie.0, 24,36, and 48 hours. The second factor was the concentration of the colchicine solution on the sprout growth point i.e. 0, 0,1, and 0,2 %. The results showed that plants were given colchicine became to shorter and fewer number of leaves than plants without any treatment. Colchicine could increase the size of the stomata, but it did not change the shape of stomata. Plants that were given colchicine had the potential to ploidy multiplication.
The Relationship between Transpiration and Calcium Fertilization on Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) Seedlings Akmal, Ajmir; Santosa, Edi; Poerwanto, Roedhy; Yunus, Ismadi; Handayani, Rd. Selvy
Journal of Tropical Horticulture Vol 1, No 1 (2018): October 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture (Perhimpunan Hortikultura Indonesia Komisariat Aceh)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1559.113 KB) | DOI: 10.33089/jthort.v1i1.7

Abstract

The availability of nutrients in plants depends on the ability of plants to absorb nutrients from the soil. One of the processes absorbed by plants is by the presence of the transpiration process.  Good transpiration will provide enough nutrients for plants which increase the productivity and quality of mangosteen. One of the quality standards of mangosteen fruit for export quality is the free from yellow sap contamination. It can be possible that transpiration can improve the quality of mangosteen fruit by applying fertilization. In this study Ca fertilization was carried out on mangosteen seeds, where this study aims to investigate the effectiveness of Ca uptake by mangosteen plants with the level of water loss by transpiration. This research was conducted in November 2016-March 2017 at the Leuwikopo Experimental Garden, Bogor Agricultural University. Morphological observations were carried out in its Experimental Garden and the Postharvest Laboratory whileanalysis of calcium content of plant tissue was done at the Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Bogor Agricultural University. Data obtained then were analyzed using ANOVA test. If the results were significant, Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) was then tested at 0.05 probability level. The results revealed that the transpiration rate of mangosteen plants from several treatments showed a significant difference, the transpiration rate was higher, especially in fertilized plants. The size of the 12th leaf, plants treated with fertilizer have a larger size than the treatment without fertilization. Fertilizing and providing enough water can maintain the growth of the plants.
Characterization of Pamelo Leaves (Citrus maxima (Burm) Merr) Aceh, Indonesia Yunus, Ismadi; Putri, Intan Yatima; Hafifah, Hafifah
Journal of Tropical Horticulture Vol 1, No 1 (2018): October 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture (Perhimpunan Hortikultura Indonesia Komisariat Aceh)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1318.283 KB) | DOI: 10.33089/jthort.v1i1.8

Abstract

Pamelo (Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr) is one type of orange that is prospectively cultivated in Indonesia. Pamelo in Indonesia is very diverse, as the skin of the fruit is green to red, some are  with seed and seedless. Pamelo plants have diverse leaves, both in shape, size, lamina and thickness. The various leaf shapes between plants which show below the genetic resources of pamelo plants are numerous and varied. Information about pamelo aceh plants, especially about the character of leaves is still very limited. This information can be used to determine the characteristics of pamelo aceh so that later it will be very useful in classifying and grouping plants. The purpose of this study was to determine the character of the Pamelo Giri Matang leaf in Aceh, Indonesia. The study aims to see the level of diversity of pamelo in the village of Pante Lhong. The study was conducted in the village of Pante Lhong, Peusangan District, Bireuen,  District, Aceh, Indonesia and at the Laboratory of Agroecotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Malikussaleh, from September to November 2017. The sample plants used were 15, aged between 10 and 25 years. The research was conducted using descriptive method with sampling by purposive sampling method. Observations were carried out quantitatively and qualitatively based on Descriptors for Citrus (PGRI). The results showed that Pamelo Giri Matang Aceh Indonesia was an evergreen plant with an intensity of green to dark leaf color. The average leaf lamina has a length of 14.62 cm and a width of 7.04 cm with an average area of 59.74 cm2. The most commonly found leaf wings are obovate.
Application of Leaf Fertilizer Using Nano Technology To Read Vegetative Growth of Vanda sp. Zulfita, Dwi; Maulidi, Maulidi; Hariyanti, Agus
Journal of Tropical Horticulture Vol 2, No 1 (2019): April 2019
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture (Perhimpunan Hortikultura Indonesia Komisariat Aceh)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1292.48 KB) | DOI: 10.33089/jthort.v2i1.16

Abstract

This study aims to find the best fertilizer concentration of Growmore leaves to stimulate vegetative growth of Orchid Vanda sp. The study was conducted at the Tanjungpura University Faculty of Agriculture's experimental garden screen house and took place from March 5 2018 to July 12, 2018. The research design used was a Completely Randomized Design with one treatment factor namely Growmore Leaf Fertilizer concentration (D) with 5 levels of treatment namely Concentration 1 g/liter of water (d1), 2 g/liter of water (d2), 3 g/liter of water (d3), 4 g/ liter of water (d4) and 5 g/liter of water (d5). Each treatment was repeated 5 times. The variables observed were the increase of number of leaves (strands), the increase of leaf length (cm), the increase of number of roots (strands) and the increase of root length (cm). The results shows that the application of Growmore fertilizer in the amount of a concentration of 1 g/ liter of water, 2 g /liter of water, 3 g/liter of water and 4 g /liter of water show an increase in the number and length of leaves of Vanda sp. which is just as good. The Growmore fertilizer concentration is the best for the number of roots and the length of the roots of Vanda sp. Orchid seeds in the amount of 3 g/liter of water.
Characterization of morphology and potential of pineapple genetic resources in peatland of Jambi Province Hernita, Desi; Salvia, Eva; Bobihoe, Julistia
Journal of Tropical Horticulture Vol 2, No 1 (2019): April 2019
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture (Perhimpunan Hortikultura Indonesia Komisariat Aceh)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1545.836 KB) | DOI: 10.33089/jthort.v2i1.17

Abstract

Jambi Province has large peatlands (621,089 ha). Utilization of that land in agricultural sector will contribute in economic development of surrounding society. Tangkit and Paun Pineapple are plant genetic resource (PGR) that must be maintained and secured from extinction and erosion of genetic potential. This is because the real PGR continues to be utilized for the survival and welfare of the community. The research purpose was to know the morphological of PGR pineapple that have potential to grow, produce and adapt in peatland of Jambi Province. Survey method was used in this research and conducted in Tangkit Baru Village, Sungai Gelam District, Muaro Jambi Regency and Sungai Baung Village, Pengabuan District of Tanjung Jabung Barat Regency, Jambi Province in 2016 and 2017. The results showed that significant different were occurred between Tangkit and Paun pineapple in leaf morphology, flowers, fruit, harvesting age and production/ha. Production of Tangkit and Paun pineapple were 13.5 ton/ha and 9.1 - 13 ton/ha respectively. The leaves of Tangkit pineapple were prickly, meanwhile, Paun pineapple was not thorny; Fruit of Tangkit pineapple was round oval, and Paun pineapple cones-like with 3-4 times bigger in size than Tangkit pineapple (3.5 - 5 kg). Paun Pineapple can only grow in peatland with 3 m depth while on shallow peat fruit production is not optimal. Tangkit Pineapple grow and produce well on peatland with pH ≤ 5.0. Paun Pineapple also well adapted to low peatlands with elevation 0 - 30 m asl and soil pH 4.5 - 6.5.
The potential of BASF NPK fertilizers associated with Trichoderma viride fertilizer on the growth and production of shallots (Allium ascalonicum L.) Savitri, Savitri; Usnawiyah, Usnawiyah
Journal of Tropical Horticulture Vol 2, No 1 (2019): April 2019
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture (Perhimpunan Hortikultura Indonesia Komisariat Aceh)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1383.212 KB) | DOI: 10.33089/jthort.v2i1.18

Abstract

This research was carried out on the Experimental Garden, Faculty of Agriculture, Abulyatama University, Aceh Besar. This research was conducted from September 26th to December 2nd, 2017. This research was assigned in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) factorial with 3 replications. There were 12 combinations of treatments and 36 units of experiments. The first factor was Trichoderma viride Fertilizer (T) which consists of 4 levels: T0 = 0 gram/polybag, T1=50 g/polybag, T2=100 g/polybag, T3=150 g/polybag. The second factor was BASF NPK Fertilizers (N) consists of 3 levels: N = 0 g/polybag, N1=3 g/polybag, N2=6 g/polybag. The parameters observed in this study were plant height, bulb diameter, wet weight and dry weight of bulbs. The results revealed that various doses of T. viride fertilizer increased the plant height respectively at 20 and 40 days after planting. Surprisingly, there was no significant difference in plant height at 60 days after planting. The best results for the application of T. viride fertilizer were found in T1 (50 g/polybag). This fertilizer also exhibited insignificant results in bulb diameter, wet weight and dry weight of bulbs at all observed ages. The application of BASF NPK fertilizers did not significantly affect all observed parameters (plant height, bulb diameter, wet weight and dry weight of onion bulbs). There were no interactions due to application of T. viride fertilizer and BASF NPK fertilizers to all observed parameters.
Induced Resistance against Fusarium Wilt Disease caused by Fusarium oxysporum in Local Red Peppers (Capsicum annum L.) in Aceh using Rhizobacteria Isolates Hafsah, Siti; Rahayu, Anita; Syamsuddin, Syamsuddin; Firdaus, Firdaus
Journal of Tropical Horticulture Vol 2, No 1 (2019): April 2019
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture (Perhimpunan Hortikultura Indonesia Komisariat Aceh)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1368.442 KB) | DOI: 10.33089/jthort.v2i1.13

Abstract

The ability to develop resistance has been demonstrated by Rhizobacteria in several plant species in order to providing protection against plant pathogen attacks. The use of Rhizobacteria is expected to suppress the attack of Fusarium pathogen in local pepper plants in Aceh. This study is aimed at obtaining information about the important role of Rhizobacterium in inducing the resistance of local pepper plants in Aceh to the attack of Fusarium oxysporum. The research was conducted from March to September 2018 at Seed Science Laboratory and Experimental Garden of the Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University. The study used Completely Randomized Design (CRD) Factorial with 2 factors. The first factor was the local peppers (Odeng, Lamando Lapaben, Super Lamando 002 and Lanyoe SS). The second factor was Rhizobacteria isolates (HWI 5 (4) and HWI 8 (6)) which were obtained from the collection of Seed Science Laboratory. The parameters observed: pathogen incubation period, plant height, stem diameter and number of productive branches. The results revealed that the incubation period of F. oxysporum varied in each genotype and type of Rhizobacteria. The application of Rhizobacteria is slowing down the incubation period to 1-3 days in all tested genotypes. Rhizobacteria increased the plants growth especially in HWI 8 (6), characterized by taller plants and larger trunks. The highest interaction between the local genotype of pepper plants and the type of Rhizobacteria was found in the genotypes of Lamando Lapaben and HWI 5 (4) for its number of productive branches.

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