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JURNAL AGRONIDA
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JURNAL AGRONIDA
ISSN : 24079111     EISSN : 25793225     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture,
Merupakan jurnal yang berisi tentang hasil-hasil penelitian yang berkaitan bidang teknologi budidaya pertanian yang ramah lingkungan. khususnya dalam bidang produksi dan pengelolaan benih, produksi dan pengelolaan agen hayati, pengelolaan Organisme Pengganggu Tanaman , nutrisi tanaman dan pasca panen tanaman hortikultura.
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Articles 108 Documents
RESPON TANAMAN JAGUNG MANIS (Zea mays saccharata L.) TERHADAP PEMBERIAN PUPUK HAYATI MAJEMUK CAIR DAN PUPUK BUATAN N, P DAN K Rahayu, Arifah; Rochman, Nur; Lestari, Nurfitri Dwi; Agustina, Karlin
JURNAL AGRONIDA Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Djuanda Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (19.733 KB) | DOI: 10.30997/jag.v4i1.1557

Abstract

This study was aimed at assessing the response of sweetcorn plant on various dosages ofbiofertilizer and synthetic (N, P and K) fertilizer. The study was done in May to September 2014 atthe Agrotechnology Trial Farm of Djuanda University. A factorial completely randomized designwas used. The first and second factor were biofertilizer and synthetic fertilizer dosage (0%, 50 %,100% and 150% R/Recommendation). Results showed that adding biofertilizer and syntheticfertilizer until 100% R increased leaf area, length and weight of ear, root and biomass weight andTSS (total soluble solids) content. At various level of biofertilizer, increasing synthetic fertilizerdosages until 100% R could improve plant height, leaves and root number, stem girth, ear lengthand accelerate growing of staminate and pistillate. Meanwhile at various degree of syntheticfertilizer dosage, raising bofertilizer dosage until 150% R tend to higher plant height, and until100% R caused stem girth and root length greater, but delayed staminate and pistillate growth.Application of biofertlizer and synthetic fertilizer tend to increasing pH and cation exchangecapacity of growth medium.Keywords: weight of ear, pH, cation enxchange capacity
PENINGKATAN PRODUKSI DAN KUALITAS TOMAT CERI (Solanum lycopersicum var. cerasiforme) DENGAN PENGGUNAAN BERBAGAI KOMPOSISI MEDIA TANAM DAN DOSIS PUPUK SP-36 Ramdani, Hisworo; Rahayu, Arifah; Setiawan, Haris
JURNAL AGRONIDA Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Djuanda Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (19.733 KB) | DOI: 10.30997/jag.v4i1.1556

Abstract

This study was aimed at assessing the response of cherry tomato to planting mediacomposition and SP-36 fertilizer rates. A factorial completely randomized design with two factorswas used. The first factor was planting media compositions, namely 100% soil, soil + rice huskcharcoal (1:1), soil + manure (1:1), rice husk charcoal + manure (1:1) and soil + rice huskcharcoal + manure (1:1:1). The second factor was SP-36 fertilizer rates, namely no fertilizer (0%R); 155.5 kg/ha (50% R); 311 kg/ha (100% R) and 466.5 kg/ha (150% R). The recommended rate(R) was 311 kg/ha. Results showed that cherry tomato plants grown in planting medium of soil +manure significantly had higher plant height, number of leaves, number of fruits and total solublesolid content than plants grown in the other planting media. Administration of SP-36 fertilizer indifferent rates was not found to significantly affect the growth, production and fruit quality of cherrytomatoes. Cherry tomato grown in planting medium of soil + rice husk charcoal + manure andfertilized with recommended rate of SP-36 fertilizer (100% R) produced the highest fruit/plantweight and saleable fruit weight.Keywords: cherry tomato, total soluble solid, saleable fruit, rice husk charcoal, manure
STUDI FENOLOGI DAN PENENTUAN MASAK FISIOLOGIS BENIH PURWOCENG Rusmin, Devi; Darwati, Ireng
JURNAL AGRONIDA Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Djuanda Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (19.733 KB) | DOI: 10.30997/jag.v4i1.1560

Abstract

The experiment was conducted at Gunung Putri Experimental Station and PlantPhysiology Laboratory of Indonesian Medicinal and Aromatic Crops Research Institute(IMACRI), from November 2008 to July 2009. The aim of the experiment was to determinephysiological maturity of Pimpinella pruatjan seed and to study its morphological structures.Observation and sampling using one hundred plants with four replications. Results of theexperiment showed that the physiological seed maturity on the first and third umbell of P.Pruatjan was achieved at 7 weeks after anthesis, and physiological seed maturity on thesecond umbell was achieved at 8 weeks after anthesis. Seed dry weight on the physiologicalseed maturity on first, second and third umbells were 166,87; 158,20, and 141,35 mg/100pericarp, respectively. Germination percentage and germination speed on the first, secondand third umbells were 5,75 % and 0,22 %/etmal; 22,75 % and 0,94 %/etmal; 10,50 % and0,38 %/etmal, respectively.Keywords: flowering, pruatjan, seed quality, morphology
PERTUMBUHAN SETEK BERBAGAI KULTIVAR KRISAN (Chrysanthemum morifolium R.) PADA PEMBERIAN JENIS AUKSIN BERBEDA Rahman, Agus; Setyono, Setyono; Winarto, Budi
JURNAL AGRONIDA Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Djuanda Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (19.733 KB) | DOI: 10.30997/jag.v4i1.1555

Abstract

This study aims to obtain qualified seedlings, and speed up the rooting of some varieties of chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum morifolium R.) cuttings use synthetic and naturally plant growth regulator (auxin).  Research results are expected to be an alternative method of application effective and environmentally friendly plant growth regulator. The research was conducted from March to April 2013 at the Research Institute of Ornamental Plants (Balai Penelitian Tanaman Hias). The experimental design used is completely randomized design (CRD) factorial. The first factor is the type of auxin which consists of four levels ie control, indole acetic acid (IAA), naphthalene acetic acid (NAA), pregnant cow urine, and not pregnant cow urine. The second factor is the type of chrysanthemum varieties which consists of four levels ie spray type of Puspita Pelangi, spray type of Puspita Nusantara, standard type of Sakuntala, and standard type of Pasopati. The results showed that type of chrysanthemum cultivars and type of auxin not affected the percentage of live cuttings, percentage of rooted cuttings and percentage of sprouted cuttings. The cuttings root of plant that given by pregnant cow urine is better than other treatments. Cuttings root length, and number of primary root of Pasopati is better than other cultivars. The interaction influence between the type of auxin and chrysanthemum cultivars found only in the number of secondary roots, diameter of root and length of the shoot cuttings at 12 DAP.Keywords: Chrysanthemum morifolium R., cow urine, NAA, spray type
PENGARUH KERAPATAN TANAM DAN KONSENTRASI PUPUK NPK PADA KRISAN POT (Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat) Ramadhan, Feby Steviani; Setyono, Setyono; Nugroho, Evi Dwi Sulistya
JURNAL AGRONIDA Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Djuanda Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (19.733 KB) | DOI: 10.30997/jag.v4i1.1558

Abstract

Chrysanthemum is an ornamental plant that people likes, grows the whole year, and has high economic value.  This study was aimed at assessing the effects of planting density and  concentration ofNPK fertilizer on the growth of potted chrysanthemum.  The study was conducted in a plastic house at the Indonesian Ornamental Crops Research Institute (IOCRI), Cipanas, Cianjur, West Java from March to June 2017.  Shoot cuttings of ±7 cm of potted chrysanthemum of Avanthe Agrihorti cultivar were used.  A completely randomized design in a factorial pattern with factors was used.  The first factor was planting density and the second factor was concentrationof NPK (16:16:16) fertilizer.  The planting density consisted of 5, 6, and 7 shoot cuttings and concentrationof NPK fertilizer were 150, 200, 250, and 300 ppm.  Results showed that planting density significantly affected stem diameter, number of buds, and width of canopy.  No effect concentrationof fertilizer was found on all variables. Keywords: potted chrysanthemum, planting density, NPK fertilizer
PENGARUH PERLAKUAN PENYIMPANAN TERHADAP VIABILITAS RIMPANG JAHE PUTIH KECIL Melati, Melati; Rusmin, Devi
JURNAL AGRONIDA Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Djuanda Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (19.733 KB) | DOI: 10.30997/jag.v4i1.1559

Abstract

One problem for developing small white ginger (Zingiber officinale var.  amarum) is the availability of high quality rhizome seeds in right  quantity and time. Seed rhizome will sprout quickly, and its quality will decreased in immature seed rhizome and in not good storage conditions. The main objective of the experiment was to study the best storage room conditions for storage rhizome seeds of small white ginger.  The experiment was conducted in seed laboratory and storage room of Research Institute for Medicinal and Aromatic Crops Bogor. The experiment  was conducted by randomized complete design with nine different storage, 3 replication and 25 samples each treatment.  The treatments are 1) rhizome seeds  storage in room temperature (control),(2) rhizome seeds storage in AC room (16–240C),(3) rhizome seed  soaked in paclobutrazol 1000 ppm for 4 hours then seeds storage  in room temperature ( 4) put rhizome seeds in rack and cover by straw, storage in   room temperature (5) rhizome seed storage on straws in the greenhouse ( 6) rhizome seed storage in the greenhouse without straw ( 7) rhizome seed soaked in water during 1 hour every  month then dried naturally in 300C and storage  in AC room (8) rhizome seed soaked in paclobutrazol 1000 ppm for 4 hour then storage  in AC room ( 9) put rhizome  in wood box and cover by rice straw and husk. Variables observed include moisture contents of ginger seed, lost weight of seed and germination percentage of rhizome seeds at the end of storage period. The result of experiment indicated that  the moisture content and weight rhizome seeds decrease after 2 months. After four months storage period, moisture content was still high  above 80 %, except rhizome seeds in under ground.  The rhizome seeds that store in AC room showed the best performance and thus, this treatment can be recommended for storage of small white ginger rhizome seeds for 4 months. The low moisture content  (< 80%) of rhizome small white ginger seeds will decreased  its viability.   Keywords: Zingiber officinale, seed, storage, viability
Pertumbuhan dan produksi stroberi (Fragaria vesca L.) pada volume media tanam dan frekuensi pemberian pupuk NPK berbeda Astuti, Debi Puzi; Rahayu, Arifah; Ramdani, Hisworo
JURNAL AGRONIDA Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Djuanda Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (359.658 KB) | DOI: 10.30997/jag.v1i1.138

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperoleh volume media tanam dan frekuensi pemberian pupuk NPK yang optimum untuk pertumbuhan dan produksi stroberi di dataran menengah (+600 m di atas permukaan laut). Penelitian dilaksanakan pada tanggal 04 Maret sampai 28 September 2013 di Kebun Percobaan SDN Kebon Kawung, Desa Nanggerang, Kecamatan Cicurug - Sukabumi, sedangkan untuk analisis laboratorium di Laboratorium Pusat Kajian Hortikultura Tropika Institut Pertanian Bogor (PKHT – IPB) - Bogor. Rancangan yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) dengan dua faktor yaitu volume media tanam dan frekuensi pemberian pupuk. Media tanam yang digunakan adalah campuran tanah, pupuk kandang dan arang sekam (3:1:1) yang terdiri atas tiga volume yaitu 3 liter, 5 liter dan 7 liter. Pupuk yang digunakan merupakan pupuk majemuk yaitu NPK (16:16:16) dengan frekuensi pemberian dua kali, tiga kali dan empat kali. Dosis pupuk NPK (16:16:16) yang digunakan adalah 12g/ tanaman. Penggunaan media tanam dengan volume 7 liter menghasilkan jumlah stolon lebih banyak dan lebih panjang dibandingkan media tanam bervolume 3 liter. Frekuensi pemupukan dengan empat kali menghasilkan tajuk lebih tinggi dibandingkan dua kali pemupukan. Volume media tanam dan frekuensi pemberian pupuk berbeda, tidak mempengaruhi peubah tinggi crown, jumlah daun, luas daun, jumlah bunga, jumlah buah dan persentase fruitset. Stroberi yang dihasilkan mengandung PTT (padatan terlarut total) sekitar 6-11o Brix, ATT (asam terlarut total) sekitar 0,032 - 0,052 ml/10 g dan kandungan provitamin C berkisar antara 0,026-0,040 ml/10g.
REPELLENT ABILITY OF LERAK (Sapindus rarak DC) FRUIT EXTRACT AND KIRINYUH (Chromolaena odorata L.) LEAF EXTRACT ON Callosobruchus maculatus F WAREHOUSE PESTS Suryaningsih, Siti; Rochman, Nur; Adi, Setyono
JURNAL AGRONIDA Vol 3, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Djuanda Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1152.179 KB) | DOI: 10.30997/jag.v3i1.1012

Abstract

The aim of this research is to know the repellent ability of lerak fruit extract (Sapindus rarak DC.) and kirinyuh leaf extract (Chromolaena odorata) against Callosobruchus maculatus warehouse pests. The research activity was conducted in October - December 2016 at Entomology Laboratory, SEAMEO BIOTROP Bogor. This research used two experiments that were using lerak fruit extract and kirinyuh leaf extract. The experimental design used was Completely Randomized Design with three replications for each concentration level of extract material. The extract concentrations used for the preliminary test were 1.0%; 2.0%; 3.0%; 4.0% and 5.0%. In the main test the concentration refers to the results of the preliminary test. The concentration of lerak fruit  extract used for the main test were 1.5%; 3.0%; 4.5%; 6.0% and 7.5% (v / v), the concentration of kirinyuh leaf extract were 0.0%; 2.5%; 5.0%; 7.5% and 10.0% (v / v). The effectiveness of repellent ability be classified well if repellent ≥80%, good enough if 60% ≤ repellent <80% and less good if repellent <60%. The highest repellent content of lerak fruit extract on 72  hours after treatment (JSP) was 77.9% occurring at 4.5% extract concentration and highest repellent of kirinyuh leaf extract on 72 JSP was 82.73% occurring at 10.0% extract concentration. Repellent ability of kirinyuh leaf extract is better than repellent ability of lerak fruit extract. Keywords: repellent power, vegetable extract, extract concentration, pest controlling
PENGARUH KEMIRINGAN PIPA PADA HIDROPONIK SISTEM NFT TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKSI SELADA (Lactuca sativa L.) Maulido, Rizky Nurrizal; Tobing, Octavianus Lumban; Adimihardja, Sjarif Avitidjadi
JURNAL AGRONIDA Vol 2, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Djuanda Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (769.192 KB) | DOI: 10.30997/jag.v2i2.939

Abstract

Effect of Pipe Slope on Growth and Production of Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) in NFT Hydroponic SystemABSTRACT            This research was aimed to study the effects of pipe slope on the  growth and production of three lettuce variety in NFT (nutrient film technique) system. A split plot completely randomized design was used with pipe slope levels, namely 6%, 9 %, and 12% as the main plot and cultivar (New Red Fire, Express  and Kribo) as the sub plot. Results showed that pipe slope levels were not affected all of the variables.  Meanwhile lettuce cultivar New Red Fire showed growth and production (number of leaf, leaf area, root lenght, shoot wet and dry weight crown,  root wet and dry weight,  biomass total dry wet) better than ‘Express’ and ‘Kribo’.Key words:  split plot, number of leaves, biomass total, NFT                                                              ABSTRAK             Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh tingkat kemiringan pipa pada sistem hidroponik NFTterhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi tiga varietas selada. Penelitian dilakukan dengan Rancangan acak lengkap pola Split Plot. Petak utama adalah tingkat kemiringan pipa (6 %, 9 %, dan 12 %), sedangkan anak petak adalah kultivar (New Red Fire,  Express dan Kribo). Hasil penelitian menujukkan bahwa tingkat kemiringan pipa tidak berpengaruh nyata terhadap semua peubah yang diamati. Sementara itu, selada kultivar New Red Fire menunjukkan pertumbuhan dan produksi (jumlah daun, luas daun, panjang akar, bobot basah pucuk, bobot basah akar, bobot basah total, bobot basah dan kering pucuk, bobot basah dan kering akar dan bobot kering brangkasan total lebih baik dibandingkan dengan kultivar Express dan Kribo.   Kata kunci: split plot, jumlah daun, NFT, brangkasan total
Efektivitas pupuk kalium organik cair dan tahapan pemupukan kalium terhadap pertumbuhan, produksi, dan daya simpan kacang panjang (Vigna sesquipedalis (L.) Fruhw.) kultivar KP-1 Kurdianingsih, Selvia; Rahayu, Arifah; Setyono, Setyono
JURNAL AGRONIDA Vol 1, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Djuanda Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (846.415 KB) | DOI: 10.30997/jag.v1i2.177

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui pengaruh komposisi pupuk kalium dan tahapan pemupukan kalium serta interaksi antara keduanya terhadap pertumbuhan, produksi, dan daya simpan kacang panjang (Vigna sesquipedalis (L.) Fruwh.) Kultivar KP-1. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada bulan Mei sampai Agustus 2009, bertempat di kebun percobaan Jurusan Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Djuanda Bogor.Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap pola faktorial dengan dua faktor. Faktor pertama berupa komposisi pupuk kalium (A) yang terdiri atas lima taraf, yaitu 2,4 g KCl + 0 ml kalium organik cair/tanaman (A0), 1,8 g KCl + 1,7 ml kalium organik cair/tanaman (A1), 1,2 g KCl + 3,4 ml kalium organik cair/ tanaman (A2), 0,6 g KCl + 5,2ml kalium organik cair/tanaman (A3), dan 0 g KCl + 6,9 kalium organik/tanaman (A4). Faktor kedua berupa tahapan pemberian pupuk kalium yang terdiri dari tiga taraf, yaitu B1 dengan 1x pemberian pada 1 minggu setelah tanam (MST), B2 dengan 2x pemberian pada 1MST dan 5MST; dan B3 dengan 4x pemberian pada 1, 3, 5, dan 7MST.Perlakuan komposisi pupuk kalium hanya berpengaruh terhadap banyak buah pada panen ke-5, perlakuan tahapan pemupukan kalium berpengaruh terhadap panjang buah (panen ke-12), bobot buah (panen ke-11), dan penyusutan bobot buah (4 HSS), serta interaksi antara keduanya berpengaruh terhadap banyak daun (9, 11, 12 MST) dan banyak kuncup bunga (10 MST). Tinggi tanaman, banyak buah tanaman, banyak kuncup bunga,dan banyak bunga mekar tidak dipengaruhi oleh komposisi pupuk kalium, tahapan pemupukan kalium, dan interaksi antara keduanya.

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