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Journal of Public Administration Studies
Published by Universitas Brawijaya
ISSN : 2548902X     EISSN : 25416979     DOI : -
Journal of Public Administration Studies (JPAS), with registered ISSN number 2548-902X (print) and 2541-6979 (online) is a scientific journal dedicated to dissiminate the development of theory and practices of public administration globally. JPAS published two times a year in February and November.
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Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 2, No 1 (2017)" : 7 Documents clear
Evaluation of Community-based Settlement Reconstruction Program (Case Study in Post-Disaster Recovery of 2010 Merapi Volcano Eruption in Cangkringan District, Sleman Regency, Yogyakarta Special Region) Dwi Samekto, Christ Bangun
Journal of Public Administration Studies Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : FIA UB

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Abstract

Merapi eruption in 2010 destroyed 3,083 houses in Sleman Regency. After passed through emergency phase, Government of Indonesia conducted resettlement reconstruction program for 2,083 houses in Sleman Regency.. This study aims to evaluate the settlement reconstruction program after Merapi 2010 eruption in Cangkringan District, Sleman Regency Yogyakarta province by factors abstracted from previous researches. Field survey held with the household questionnaires distributed to communities to evaluate the program by factors abstracted before. This study found out that community empowerment and community oriented, transparency and accountability, coordination of stakeholders are the supporting factors for Merapi 2010 eruption resettlement program. Meanwhile, Social condition of beneficiaries and miss-perception about Community-Based Settlement Reconstruction identified as constraining factors in this program.
Why decentralization in Indonesia is not good for reducing women fertility? Results from National Socio Economic Survey 2002-2014 and a case study Abrianty, Tria; Sujarwoto, Sujarwoto
Journal of Public Administration Studies Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : FIA UB

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Abstract

This study examines the relationship between decentralization and women fertility in Indonesia. Mixed methods combining multilevel analyses of National Survey Data (Susenas) 2002-2014 and a case study of Empat Lawang district were used to examine the relationship and to elaborate why fiscal, administrative and political decentralization do not contribute for reducing women fertility in the country. The findings show that decentralization in Indonesia do not contribute for reducing women fertility. It reveals that lack of district fiscal capacity, lack of competencies of street level bureaucrats, and lack of district mayor political commitment in family planning challenges the promises of decentralization for reducing women fertility. The findings conclude that decentralization in the country may not an effective way for reducing and controlling women fertility. The government may revitalize decentralized family planning and population control programs by addressing those three challenges.
Why decentralization works and does not works? A systematic literature review Sujarwoto, Sujarwoto
Journal of Public Administration Studies Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : FIA UB

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Abstract

This systematic literature review is purposed to elaborate why decentralization works and does not works? The results show that decentralization will increase public services at sub national level or local government when certain conditions exist. Empirical findings across developing countries in last decades show that decentralization will benefit for improving local public services when competitive and fair local election, transparency, checks and balance, citizen participation and community social capital exists. Capacity of public servants and availability of basic infrastructures is also key conditions for effective decentralization across developing countries.
Why does fiscal decentralization negatively affect student dropout rates? Results from Indonesia’s National Socioeconomic Survey 2002-2014 and two case studies Pujiastuti, Reni Tri; Sujarwoto, Sujarwoto
Journal of Public Administration Studies Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : FIA UB

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Abstract

The consequences of fiscal decentralization on basic education outcomes are always debatable. Yet, its consequences on student dropout rates remain questionable. In this paper, we examine why fiscal decentralization in Indonesia has not effectively reduced student dropout. Mixed method analyses combining the Indonesian National Socioeconomic Survey (Susenas) 2002-2014 and two case studies in the districts of Sleman and Yogyakarta are used to explore the reasons for which fiscal decentralization has not reduced student dropout in Indonesia. Instead of reducing student dropout, we found that fiscal decentralization increases the risk of student dropout at the elementary school, transitional and junior secondary school levels. We found lack of fiscal capacity, inefficiency of educational budget allocation, and technical inefficiency in program implementation to be the main challenges that prevent district governments from effectively reducing student dropout.
Can Decentralization Affect Public Service Delivery? A Preliminay Study of Local Government’s Innovation and Responsiveness in Indonesia. Hidayati, Firda
Journal of Public Administration Studies Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : FIA UB

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Abstract

Decentralization has helped to increase quality of public service to be more responsive and accountable to its local people, but many still question its effectiveness especially in developing coutries. Since 1998, Indonesia has applied decentralization to manage the government, the drastic shift from strong centralization to decentralization has brought question on its effectiveness. This paper presents normative and empirical evidence on decentralization to public service delivery in Indonesia. It analyzes of curent theories and application that support the scheme on how decentralization may reduce ineficiency and ineffeciveness in public service provision. Drawing from articles, the researcher found that efficiency can be increased by providing institutional change to improve accountablity of public service provision. It is recommended that local government should assign specific local bureaucrats to hold reponsible for certain public service that will lead to strong involvement of society and bureaucrats in improving public service provision. The quick bureaucrat response and proper innovation should create strong public service demand on better public service provision and therefore, put high pressure on elite and bureacrats to be more responsive and accountable in managing this service.
Does decentralization good for reducing communal conflict? A multilevel analysis of communal conflict at Indonesia’s villages 2008-2014 Rusyiana, Aris; Sujarwoto, Sujarwoto
Journal of Public Administration Studies Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : FIA UB

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Abstract

Whether decentralization is good for reducing communal conflict is still debatable. This study examines the linkage between three types of decentralization and communal conflict in Indonesia. Data come from the Village National Census (Podes) 2008-2014 (N=234,717).  Results of multilevel logit regression shows that only administrative decentralization that significantly associated with reducing communal conflict, while fiscal and political decentralization are not. The findings suggest that decentralization work for reducing communal conflict through better capacity of local bureaucrats.
Infrastructural development and poverty reduction in Java, Indonesia 2002-2012 Prawesti, Puspita Ayuningtyas
Journal of Public Administration Studies Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : FIA UB

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Abstract

Research on the linkage between the infrastructural development and poverty reduction has not expanded as the studies on the impact of infrastructural development towards economic growth yet Indonesian government takes the infrastructural construction as one of main policies to eradicate poverty. Therefore, this paper attempts to examine whether the infrastructural development is an effective policy to reduce the poverty incidence in Java Island, Indonesia, the homes of the most number of poor people in within the nation compared to other major islands. Panel data regression was performed by using the macroeconomic data in Java Island from 2002-2012 to answer such question. The statistical results proves that household access to basic infrastructures more significantly contribute to poverty alleviation than the government expenditures for specific allocation that in some parts used for the enhancement of infrastructure. Surprisingly, the government expenditure for infrastructure increases the poverty prevalence within the island. The policy recommendation that can be proposed from this research is that the government should formulate more effective mechanism to make the government expenditure an effective tool to alleviate poverty and increase the percentage of budget sharing to sub-national level within the framework of fiscal decentralization.

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