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Nation State: Journal of International Studies (NSJIS)
ISSN : 2620391X     EISSN : 2621735X     DOI : -
Nation State: Journal of International Studies (NSJIS) is a scientific publication under management of International Relations Department, Faculty of Economics and Social Science, Universitas AMIKOM Yogyakarta in collaboration with Asosiasi Ilmu Hubungan Internasional Indonesia (AIHII). The journal aims to facilitate the exchange and deployment of ideas and research in the field of International Relations. The scope of this journal consist of: 1. Global Political Economy; 2. Diplomacy and Foreign Policy; 3. Globalization and Global Civil Society; 4. Global Governance; 5. Regional and International Security; or 6. The other topic which is relevant with international studies.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 30 Documents
Diplomasi Indonesia dalam Menyelesaikan Krisis Pengungsi Rohingya Tahun 2017 Albayumi, Fuat; Hadi, Nourma Meysita; Susilo, Djoko
Nation State: Journal of International Studies (NSJIS) Vol 1, No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : Universitas AMIKOM Yogyakarta

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Abstract

The armed conflict in Rakhine in 2017 caused a humanitarian crisis for the Rohingyas. This crisis resulted in the emergence of criticism towards Myanmar government for its refusal to offer humanitarian assistance to the victims of conflict. In spite of that, the Myanmar government has closed access for foreigners, including humanitarian aid. However, Indonesia have accepted to discuss the settlement of the case. This research will examine how Indonesia's diplomacy to resolve the crisis due to the conflict in Rakhine in 2017. This research uses research literature method to collect secondary data coming from reliable source. This research is using qualitative descriptive technique and analyzed to described or interpreted to obtain a complete picture of the answer to the problem under study. The results show that in resolving the crisis for Rohingya ethnic in 2017, Indonesia conducts humanitarian diplomacy, which includes communicating with the Myanmar and Bangladesh governments and foreign parties, acting as a liaison between the Myanmar government and the international community, and negotiating with Myanmar and Bangladesh governments regarding the settlement of the Rohingya refugee crisis.Keywords: Myanmar, refugees, Rohingya, Indonesian diplomacy.
Ideologi: Faktor Konflik dan Kegagalan Timur Tengah Muttaqin, Muhammad Zainal
Nation State: Journal of International Studies (NSJIS) Vol 1, No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : Universitas AMIKOM Yogyakarta

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Abstract

The following article explains how Western ideologies become major factor of conflicts and failures in the Middle East. In this paper the author looks from the perspective of ideological hegemony. Ideology undermines the political and economic systems that cause social inequality and accelerate the outbreak of conflict in the Middle East. The author raised Syria and Libya as examples to prove the factors that led to the conflict. The author argues that the main cause of the Middle East conflict is the influence of Western ideology that cannot be accepted by government in power or even the people, so that it triggers conflicts and even war. Democracy which is an accepted model in various countries cannot be applied in the Middle East. The author also criticized the failure of democracy implementation and liberal economies in the Middle East.Keywords: ideology, modernism, imperialism, capitalism, democracy, Middle East
The Universality of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: Does it merely express Western Values? Anam, Syaiful
Nation State: Journal of International Studies (NSJIS) Vol 1, No 1 (2018): Juni
Publisher : Universitas AMIKOM Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Perdebatan mengenai universalitas Deklarasi Universal tentang Hak Asasi Manusia masih terus tetap berlangsung. Terlepas dari fakta bahwa deklarasi tersebut masih populer dan telah didorong oleh banyak negara di seluruh dunia, perdebatan tersebut berkisar pada nilai dan perbedaan budaya di antara negara-negara yang mengklaim bahwa nilai-nilai Barat mendominasi isi deklarasi itu sendiri. Esai ini berargumen bahwa perdebatan terhadap universalitas Deklarasi Universal Hak Asasi Manusia membentuk standar dan nilai yang kuat dari hak asasi manusia yang diakui secara internasional selama ada dorongan untuk dibahas secara lintas budaya dan filosofis.
Nasionalisme Tenaga Kerja Indonesia (TKI) di Malaysia Dalam Narasi Media Sosial Maksum, Ali; Surwandono, Surwandono
Nation State: Journal of International Studies (NSJIS) Vol 1, No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : Universitas AMIKOM Yogyakarta

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Abstract

This article discusses the nationalism sentiment among Indonesian migrant workers in Malaysia from the social media narratives. The aims of this article are (1) to examine the framing of nationalism among Indonesian migrant workers in Malaysia; (2) to understand the typology of nationalism among Indonesian migrant workers in Malaysia; and (3) to examine the influences factors behind the nasionalism among Indonesian migrant workers in Malaysia. This is qualitative analysis sumplemented by structured interview as well as focus group discussion (FGD). The systematic content analysis on some particular documents is also applied in this study.Keywords: Indonesian migrant workers, Indonesia, nasionalisme, media, Malaysia
The US Foreign Policy under Trump Administration to Recognize Jerusalem as The State Capital of Israel Aswar, Hasbi
Nation State: Journal of International Studies (NSJIS) Vol 1, No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : Universitas AMIKOM Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Sebuah pernyataan kontroversial dari Presiden Amerika Serikat, Donald Trump, yang secara tegas menyatakan Jerusalem sebagai ibukota dari Israel memancing perdebatan yang mengancam harmoni di Timur Tengah. Sangkalan keras banyak bermunculan mulai dari negara-negara Asia Tenggara hingga Eropa atas pernyataan Trump yang kemudian merepresentasikan kebijakan luar negeri Amerika Serikat. Pertanyaan keras dari Trump dianggap memperkeruh keadaaan dari perselisihan antara Israel dan Palestina daripada menurunkan tensi konflik. Esai ini berargumen bahwa pernyataan yang keluar dari Trump untuk mengakui Jerusalem sebagai ibukota resmi dari Israel, dipengaruhi oleh keadaan dari politik domestik Amerika Serikat, guna melunasi janji kampanyenya dari Partai Republik yang mayoritas basis pemilih berasal dari Kristen Evangelist.Keywords: foreign policy, domestic politics, Middle East
Female Masculinity and Power Relation in Patriarchic System: Case Study Tomboyism of Bacha Posh in Afghanistan Padmi, Made Fitri Maya
Nation State: Journal of International Studies (NSJIS) Vol 1, No 1 (2018): Juni
Publisher : Universitas AMIKOM Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Konsepsi biologis/esensialis mengenai gender menyatakan bahwa jenis kelamin biologis manusia menentukan pola perilaku manusia, dan peran laki-laki yang dikaitkan dengan maskulinitas dan perempuan dengan femininitas. Akan tetapi, terdapat perdebatan mengenai apakah gender adalah sesuatu yang berkaitan dengan aspek biologis manusia atau merupakan hasil dari konstruksi sosial budaya. Kritik dari kaum feminis mengenai hubungan kekuasaan antara maskulinitas dan femininitas adalah dominasi hak khusus bagi kaum laki-laki dan sifat maskulin, dan pengakuan atas posisi perempuan dan sifat feminin yang lebih rendah dari laki-laki. Perempuan dengan sifat maskulin atau female masculinity dilihat sebagai bentuk perlawanan terhadap norma gender yang ada di masyarakat dimana perempuan harus mengadopsi dan bersikap berdasarkan sifat-sifat feminin sebagai jalan hidu Tulisan ini bermaksud menganalisis posisi perempuan yang bersifat maskulin atau yang biasa disebut female masculinity yang dibedakan dari bentuk maskulinitas lainnya dalam sistem patriarki. Tulisan ini juga menganalisis tahap awal dari female masculinity yakni tomboyisme yang dialami oleh anak-anak perempuan di Afghanistan yang disebut Bacha Posh. Fenomena ini mengindikasikan kekuasaan yang dimiliki sifat maskulin dalam membentuk identitas gender di masyarakat, dimana female masculinity diposisikan di luar dari sistem maskulinitas dalam hal kekuasaan, legitimasi dan peran dalam masyarakat.
Upaya China menjadi Kekuatan Maritim dalam Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) Qodarsasi, Umi; Rachmawati, Tety
Nation State: Journal of International Studies (NSJIS) Vol 1, No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : Universitas AMIKOM Yogyakarta

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Abstract

After the economic reform in 1978, Cina experienced a rapid economic growth. The open door policy strategy adopted on economic reforms succeeded in attracting many foreign investors in the sector of manufacture. Along with its status as a new power of the world economy, Cina is also ambitious to become the largest maritime power in the world. The Indian Ocean is a strategic area to strengthen Cina's steps to support economic needs and become a maritime power. To achieve strategic interests in the Indian Ocean Region, Cina joins as an IORA partner. Cina’s effort to dominate at the IORA is not only to recruiting rival countries, but also to built strategic partnerships with the countries in the Indian Ocean region. Besides Pakistan and Myanmar, Cina has also established strategic partnerships with Iran, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. For strategic partner countries, Cina is seen as an alliance in strengthening politics in their country and is a supplier of military weapons and technology at affordable prices. This paper will explain the Cina's interests in the IORA and Cina's position compared to other IORA member countries, and also Cina's maritime strategy in the IORA. The results obtained are in the form of data showing that Cina has the potential to become a maritime power at the IORA.Keywords: emerging economy, IORA, maritime power.
Narcoterrorism dan Perdagangan Senjata Ilegal sebagai Penghubung Jaringan Terorisme Internasional Karjaya, Lalu Puttrawandi; Sood, Mohammad; Safitri, Purnami
Nation State: Journal of International Studies (NSJIS) Vol 1, No 1 (2018): Juni
Publisher : Universitas AMIKOM Yogyakarta

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Abstract

The international terrorism usually has intercourse with the illegal trade to available funds them that group can survive. Various terrorist network generally has a very different ways with the others, so it was hard to figure relation between one and the other. Nevertheless, in a manner funding had then we can see how a terrorist network was in a continent can be connected with terrorists in other continents through this funding. Terrorist financing itself obtained from illegal trade like as drug trafficking and illegal weapons. Drug trafficking by terrorists is then called narcoterrorism where business assisted by user in the world. The user uses the links between terrorist networks on the continents.
Menilai Potensi Perang Dibalik Kepemilikan Nuklir India dan Pakistan Fajria, Rayhana
Nation State: Journal of International Studies (NSJIS) Vol 1, No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : Universitas AMIKOM Yogyakarta

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Abstract

India and Pakistan are two nuclear ownership countries that flank Kashmir. Claims against Kashmir territory and their history sparked long debate for the two countries. The conflict became one of the main roots of why India and Pakistan still continue to increase military power including developing nuclear ownership. Conflict continues to heat up creating such an arms race which makes both of them consider the existence of a potential big threat and at times can threaten the sovereignty of each country. Previously in April 2012 India had carried out long-range missile experiments, and not long ago was followed by Pakistan which launched a nuclear explosive ballistic missile. Along with this, many political experts began to question the possibility of war between the two. In analyzing the issue, the writer will raise the use of the deterrence theory, where this theory says there are several factors that are important conditions in seeing the possibility of nuclear war. Some of these factors are like; rational state as a condition of the nuclear launch command system, the two countries’ abilities to develop second strike, and the India-Pakistan history of direct involvement in armed conflict. Therefore, these are going to be used as the reference to see the small possibility of a nuclear war between the two within this paper.Keywords: India, Pakistan, Deterrence, Nuclear, military power, second strike, Kashmir conflict, possibility of war.
Batik Sebagai Warisan Budaya Bangsa dan Nation Brand Indonesia Hakim, Lutfi Maulana
Nation State: Journal of International Studies (NSJIS) Vol 1, No 1 (2018): Juni
Publisher : Universitas AMIKOM Yogyakarta

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Abstract

This research was aimed to analyze Indonesian government effort in building Indonesian cultural heritage as a nation brand. This research explains how Indonesian government process and batik artist, cultural and entrepreneur in establishing identity and brand nation of Indonesia. Utilization of batik as a nation brand is an innovation and a new tool in building the identity of the Indonesian nation. There are four steps of the nation brand development process that is training, identification, implementation, evaluation successfully applied by the government. The success of the nation-building brand built with the artists batik artists, cultural and businessmen is the entry of batik as world cultural heritage. This development process is also expected to regenerate the young generation of Indonesia to directly promote and preserve batik.

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