cover
Contact Name
Dr. Erina Yatmasari, dr.,M.Kes.
Contact Email
erina.yatmasari@gmail.com
Phone
-
Journal Mail Official
biomedicina@hangtuah.ac.id
Editorial Address
-
Location
Kota surabaya,
Jawa timur
INDONESIA
Oceana Biomedicina Journal
ISSN : -     EISSN : 26140519     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Hyperbaric medicine, marine medicine other than hyperbaric, on ships, boats and harbor health, maritime and coastal health, medicolegal aspects and medicolegal related to ships, ports and districts / maritime / coastal communities and fishermen, epidemiological aspects of diseases, disabilities and disorders both major and minor occurs of ships and boat workers, ports and maritime zones, coastal areas, fishermen communities and their families, including pharmacological and non-pharmacological prevention and treatment management policies.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 5 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 2, No 1 (2019): Oceana Biomedicina Journal" : 5 Documents clear
Prospek Pemanfaatan Biji Pepaya sebagai Biomaterial Pengendali Populasi Tikus Liar melalui Mekanisme Antifertilitas Aritonang, Erfan Andrianto
Oceana Biomedicina Journal Vol 2, No 1 (2019): Oceana Biomedicina Journal
Publisher : Universitas Hang Tuah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (153.359 KB) | DOI: 10.30649/obj.v2i1.19

Abstract

Tikus liar merupakan satwa liar yang paling sering bersosialisasi dengan masyarakat dan merupakan salah satu vektor serta penyebar penyakit yang beberapa diantaranya bersifat zoonosis. Pengendalian tikus liar sangat penting dilakukan guna mengurangi terjadinya penyakit zoonosis yang diakibatkan oleh hewan tersebut. Metode yang efektif digunakan sebagai pengendali populasi tikus liar adalah melalui mekanisme antifertilitas. Salah satu bahan yang memiliki mekanisme antifertilitas adalah biji pepaya. Kandungan saponin, flavonoid, alkaloid, dan papain pada biji pepaya terbukti memberikan efek infertil pada mencit dan tikus putih, dimana mencit dan tikus putih merupakan hewan yang semarga dengan tikus liar. Hewan yang semarga memiliki susunan anatomi dan fisiologis yang serupa, sehingga pengaruh antifertilitas tersebut menjadi sebuah prospek untuk mengembangkan biji pepaya sebagai biomaterial pengendali populasi tikus liar. Populasi tikus liar yang dihambat akan berdampak pada penurunan angka kejadian zoonosis dalam masyarakat.
Detection of genes encoding ompW and ctxA of Vibrio cholerae isolated from shrimp and shellfish at Kedonganan fish market, Bali-Indonesia Kusuma Praja, Rian Arinta; Sukrama, I Dewa Made; Fatmawati, Ni Nengah Dwi
Oceana Biomedicina Journal Vol 2, No 1 (2019): Oceana Biomedicina Journal
Publisher : Universitas Hang Tuah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (251.1 KB) | DOI: 10.30649/obj.v2i1.23

Abstract

Contamination of pathogenic bacteria in food can lead to the emergence of foodborne disease. One of foodborne disease which often occurs in some developing countries such as Africa, Southeast Asia, and Latin America is cholera which is caused by Vibrio cholerae. The disease is transmitted through beverages and food, especially contaminated seafood. V. cholerae has several virulence factors including the outer membrane protein W (ompW) and cholerae toxin (ctx).The ompW acts as a protective barrier and can also be used as a marker specific species of V. cholerae and cholerae toxin is an enterotoxin responsible for the incidence of diarrhea in a cholera outbreak produced by pathogenic V. cholerae. This study was an observational study to determine the level of contamination of V. cholerae by detecting the outer membrane protein W (ompW) and cholerae toxin subunit A (ctxA) gene of V. cholerae in shrimp and shellfish sold at Kedonganan fish market. Samples were taken using total sampling technique and obtained 24 samples consisting of 14 shrimp samples and 10 shellfish samples. Samples were examined using culture methods and biochemical tests, and then further tested using Duplex Polymerase Chain Reaction (dPCR) to detect ompW and ctxA gene. The dPCR assay results showed 8 out of 14 (57.1%) samples from shrimp and 1 out of 10 (10%) samples from the shellfish positive carried ompW gene, and found no positive samples carrying the ctxA gene in samples derived from shrimp and shellfish. Chi square test analysis results indicated contamination of V. cholerae in shrimp was higher than shellfish based on ompW gene (p<0.05). It can be concluded that the shrimp and shellfish at Kedonganan fish market are contaminated by V. cholerae. Further research is needed to detect the virulence factors besides ompW and ctxA of V. cholerae in seafood. Keywords: Foodborne disease, Vibrio cholerae, ompW gene, ctxA gene, and Duplex Polymerase Chain Reaction (dPCR).
Manalagi Apple Vinegar (Malus sylvestris Mill) as Anti Diabetic to Alloxan Induced Wistar White Male Rat Purnomo, Valentina Verrel; Tjandra, Agustinus Sareh Arjono; Risma, Risma
Oceana Biomedicina Journal Vol 2, No 1 (2019): Oceana Biomedicina Journal
Publisher : Universitas Hang Tuah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (445.884 KB) | DOI: 10.30649/obj.v2i1.22

Abstract

Apple vinegar is estimated to be able to cure diabetes. Vinegar is able to control the increase of glicemic index. Apple has antioxidant substance such as quercetin and chlorogenic acid. Manalagi apple could be found easily in Indonesia.            This research aims to reveal the effect of Manalagi apple vinegar (Malus sylvestris Mill) towards blood glucose level of alloxan induced Wistar white male rats (Rattus norvegicus).            This research is experimental laboratory using Experimental methods. The samples are 30 white rats divided into three groups for 31 days, 1) group which only given standard diet; 2) group that induced by 120mg/dL alloxan; 3) group that induced by 120mg/dL alloxan and Manalagi apple vinegar 0.27ml/100gram weight for 14 days. The measurement of blood serum glucose level is done on day twenty four using homogenous colorimetric enzymatic test method for all groups.            Blood glucose average in group with only given standard diet as negative control group (182.33 mg/dL), group which induced by 120mg/dL alloxan as positive control group (205.2 mg/dL), group which induced by 120mg/dL alloxan and Manalagi apple vinegar as treatment group (212.25 mg/dL). The result of One-Way Anova significance is 0.229.            The conclusion of this research is that Manalagi apple vinegar treatment doesn’t able to decrease the blood glucose level of white Wistar male rats significantly. Keywords : Malus sylvestris Mill, Blood glucose, Alloxan.
The Difference of Positive or Negative Views on Patients of Soul Disorders Between Students of Faculty of Medicine Hang Tuah University Surabaya Semester 5 with Semester 7 Pangestika, Fifin Yulia Candra; Wendra, Sadya; Simon, Edward Imanuel
Oceana Biomedicina Journal Vol 2, No 1 (2019): Oceana Biomedicina Journal
Publisher : Universitas Hang Tuah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (445.884 KB) | DOI: 10.30649/obj.v2i1.21

Abstract

Background: Most people in Indonesia still negatively regard mental patients as someone who is dangerous and the disease cannot be cured. This happens because people do not understand well the causes and methods of care for patients with mental disorders. Negative views that exist in the community cause mental patients to get less appropriate and humane treatment in the community even in their own families, such as being installed, ignored, insulted, and alienating family members who experience mental disorders.Objectif: This study aims to determine the differences in positive or negative views of mental patients between students of the Faculty of Medicine, Hang Tuah Surabaya, 5th semester with 7th semester.Methods: The population in this study were students of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Hang Tuah Surabaya in semester 5 with semester 7. with a large sample taken as many as 136 people. The independent variables in this study were positive or negative views about mental patients while the dependent variables in this study were students of semester 5 and semester 7 students. Analysis of the data of this study using Chi Square statistical tests.Results: Obtained results of respondents from semester 5 with a positive outlook that is 38 people (55.9%) and negative views namely 30 people (44.1%), then the results of respondents from 7th semester with a positive outlook that is 53 people (77.9%) and negative view of 15 people (22.1%). Where the total number of all respondents who answered a positive view was 91 people (66.9%) and all respondents who answered negative views were 45 people (33.1%). And based on gender, male respondents who looked positively about mental patients were 51 people (66.2%) and those who viewed negativity were 26 people (33.8%). Whereas female respondents who viewed positively regarding mental patients were 40 people (67.8%) and those who viewed negatively were 19 people (32.2%).Conclusions: The results showed a significant difference regarding the differences in positive or negative views of mental patients between semester 5 students and 7th semester students, as evidenced by the acquisition of the Sig. = 0.006 (<0.05).Keywords: Differences in Positive or Negative Views, Mental Disorders
Comparison of Anxiety Level on Medical Skill Examination Between Students of Medical Faculty of Hang Tuah University Surabaya in 1st Semester Who Have Received Mental Health Tests During The Entrance Test with 3rd Semester Who Have Not Martua, Edwin Timotius; Wendra, Sadya; Simon, Edward Imanuel
Oceana Biomedicina Journal Vol 2, No 1 (2019): Oceana Biomedicina Journal
Publisher : Universitas Hang Tuah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (184.546 KB) | DOI: 10.30649/obj.v2i1.20

Abstract

Anxiety is an unpleasant feeling of insecure tension and fear that arises because it feels something will happen that is disappointing but the source is largely unaware by the person concerned. Various studies have shown a high frequency of anxiety symptoms in medical students.The aim of this study is knowing the comparison of the level of anxiety to the medical skills test between students of Medical Faculty of Hang Tuah University Surabaya in 1ST semester who have received mental health tests during the entrance test with 3RD semester who have not received a mental health test during the entrance test.This study was an observational analytic study with a cross-sectional study design. The sampling technique used in this study is stratified random sampling. The population in this study were the first and third semester students of the Medical Faculty of Hang Tuah University Surabaya in the 2017/2018 school year, while the samples taken were 374 students meeting the inclusion criteria, Assessment of anxiety levels was carried out using the Hamilton Rate Scale for Anxiety (HRSA) questionnaire.Mild anxiety levels are more numerous in first-semester students (75%) compared to third-semester students (50%), while moderate-to-severe anxiety levels are more numerous in third-semester students (40%) compared to first-semester students (12.5%) who have received mental health tests during the entrance test.This study concluded there is a difference of ansiety level on medical skill examination between students of medical faculty of Hang Tuah University Surabaya in 1st semester who have received mental health tests during the entrance test with 3rd semester who have not received a mental health test during the entrance test. Keywords: Anxiety level, medical skills test, mental health test

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