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Ilmu Pertanian (Agricultural Science)
ISSN : 01264214     EISSN : 25277162     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture,
Ilmu Pertanian (Agricultural Science) with registered number ISSN 0126-4214 (print) ISSN 2527-7162 (online) is a scientific open access journal published by Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI (Perhimpunan Sarjana Pertanian Indonesia). Ilmu Pertanian (Agricultural Science) provides a forum for the publication of scientific articles in the scope of agricultural sciences with priority on science and plant technology (plantation, horticulture, and forestry), including aspects of postharvest and socioeconomic. Ilmu Pertanian (Agricultural Science) is published three times annually, April, August, and December.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 156 Documents
NPK UPTAKE AND GROWTH OF MAIZE ON OMBROGENOUS PEAT AS AFFECTED BY THE APPLICATION OF MYCORRHIZAL FUNGAL MULTI-SPORES AND COMPOUND FERTILIZERS Sahfitra, Angga Ade; Hanudin, Eko; Wulandari, Cahyo; Utami, Sri Nuryani Hidayah
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 5, No 2 (2020): August (In Press)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.47535

Abstract

This study investigated the effectiveness of mycorrhizal fungal multi-spores and inorganic fertilizers in increasing NPK uptake and growth of maize on ombrogenous peat soils in Riau. The experiment, which was carried out in a plastic house, was arranged in a completely randomized design (CRD) with two factors, consisting of five replications. The first factor was the application of mycorrhizal fungal multi-spores, consisting of two levels (with and without application). The second factor was the application of inorganic fertilizer, consisting of three levels (P0: without fertilizer, PM-1: mixture of 225 kg Urea + 100 kg SP-36 + 75 kg KCl + 1000 kg Dolomite, and PM-2: mixture of 450 kg Urea + 200 kg SP-36 + 150 kg KCl +2000 kg Dolomite). Observed data consisted of agronomic observations, soil observations, and mycorrhiza observations. Agronomic observations consisted of plant height, root dry weight, shoot dry weight, and N, P, K nutrient uptake, and soil observations consisted of total and available N, P, K nutrients in the soil. Meanwhile, mycorrhiza observations consisted of infected roots and spore populations. The data obtained were then analyzed using DMRT to see the significant effect of the treatments. There was no interaction effect of mycorrhiza and compound fertilizer on the variables of shoot and root dry weight, but the interaction effect was observed on the variables of of shoot N, P, K uptake and root P and K uptake.  
EFFECTS OF WATER FLOW RATE AND SURFACE COVER PLANT DENSITY ON THE GROWTH OF DUCKWEED (LEMNA MINOR L.) Hutabarat, Renata Caprina Samantha Mahadewi; Indradewa, Didik
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 5, No 2 (2020): August (In Press)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.46517

Abstract

Globally, agriculture sector is facing unprecedented challenges in producing fertilizers and increasing the amount of fertilizer production without having negative impact on the environment. Thus, the organic fertilizers are needed to be produced as they do not give any damages to the environment. Duckweed plant has a lot of potentials that can be used in the agriculture sector. This plant can breed in approximately 16-48 hours by splitting. The water needs and its breeding speed ability are the basis for conducting this research. The research objective was to determine the effect of water flow rate and surface cover plant density on the growth and yield of duckweed plants. This research was conducted in November?December 2018 in Cangkringan District, Sleman, Special Region of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The experiment was arranged in a split plot design. The main plot was irrigation water flow rate, consisting of two levels, namely large water flow rate (0.336 L.second-1) and small water flow rate (0.085 L.second-1). The subplot was the density of the duckweed plant surface cover, consisting of 10%, 20%, 40% and 60%. The results of this study indicated there was no effect of water flow rate on the plant growth, yield, and yield quality of duckweed plants. The C/N ratio of the duckweed plants fulfilled the requirement to be used as green manure.
EVALUATION OF DROUGHT-TOLERANCE IN SOME TROPICAL WHEAT GENOTYPES (TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.) AT DIFFERENT OSMOTIC-STRESS LEVEL Kadir, Muhammad; Kaimuddin, Kaimuddin; Musa, Yunus; Badaruddin, Muh Farid; Nur, Amin
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 5, No 2 (2020): August (In Press)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.46435

Abstract

Abiotic factors, such as temperature and drought, are the main factors limiting the cultivation under the tropical condition. Two-stage experiments were conducted to examine the drought-tolerant potential of some wheat genotypes against the osmotic stress under the tropical condition at the Laboratory and Greenhouse of Hasanuddin University and Indonesian Cereal Research Institute. The experiments were arranged in a randomized block design with the split-plot pattern and respectively provided with four and three replications. The main plot was potential osmotic stress (0, -0. 33 , and -0.67 MPa) and the sub-plot was selected wheat genotypes (17 genotypes). The results indicates that based on the germination percentage, shoot/root ratio, proline content, stomatal behavior, and relative water content, the wheat lines of O/HP-78-A22-3-7, WBLL*2KURUKU, O/HP-6-A8-2-10, and O/HP-22-A27-1-10 are identified to have better drought-tolerance than the others genotypes based on the analysis of responses to parameters observed. The positively adaptive response of some tropical wheat genotypes to drought stress may be used as a potential donor for further development of drought-tolerant wheat varieties under the tropical climate in Indonesia. 
THE INFLUENCE OF UREASE AND NITRIFICATION INHIBITOR ON LOSS OF N AND OIL PALM HARVEST IN PEAT Riyadi, Aldy Slamet; Putra, Eka Tarwaca Susila; Hanudin, Eko
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 5, No 2 (2020): August (In Press)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.36823

Abstract

Oil palm is one of intensively planted in Indonesia, large-managed for industrial oil palm. This study aimed to know the influences of urease and nitrification inhibitor on loss of N and oil palm harvest in peat. The research was conducted at Sukamandang Village Coconut Plantation, Seruyan Tengah District, Seruyan Regency, Central Kalimantan Province. The research used a single factor of field experimental method with Randomized Completely Block Design (RCBD). Urea and ZA fertilizer were used in this study with the following treatment: N0= Without N, N1= Urea (195 kg.ha-1 N), N2= Urea + 0.12% NBPT-NPPT (195 kg.ha-1 N), N3= Urea (156 kg.ha-1 N), N4= Urea + 0.12% NBPT-NPPT (156 kg.ha-1 N), N5= Ammonium Sulfate (427 kg.ha-1 N), N6= Ammonium Sulfate + 0.8% DMPP (427 kg.ha-1 N), N7= Ammonium Sulfate (324 kg.ha-1 N), N8= Ammonium Sulfate + 0.8% DMPP (324 kg.ha-1 N). The research result indicated that the use of NBPT and DMPP inhibitors did not affect N levels in the leaves and the free fatty acids. Urea + NBPT treatment had no N loss for about 30%?50% which was lower than urea without N, whereas ammonium sulfate + DMPP had smaller N loss than all treatments without N fertilization. Fertilization using urea + NBPT and ammonium sulfate + DMPP increased the production of FFB and yield of oil palm.
Menunda kerusakan buah sawo (Manilkara zapota (L.) van Royen) dengan berbagai lama penyinaran UV-C dan penyimpanan pada suhu rendah Trisnowati, Suyadi, Patmi Sera Wahyuni, dan Nur Adhayati, Sri
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 15, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1039.031 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.2519

Abstract

ABSTRACTSapodilla (Manilkara zapota (L.) van Royen) is a perishable fruit that exhibits rapid deterioration after harvesting. Low temperature storage has been extensively used to extend the storage life of many fresh commodities, however it is still rarely used for sapodilla. UV-C radiation has been studied for its capability to inhibit fruit ripening and senescence, and hence prolonging the period of fruit salability. This UV-C radiation might be a pre treatment for sapodilla before storage at low temperature. The objective of this research was to extend the storage life of sapodilla fruits by retarding ripening process through UV-C radiation and low temperature storage. Sapodilla fruits were exposed to four levels of UV-C exposure time i.e. 0 (no radiation), 5, 10, and 15 minutes, then stored at room temperature (27,13–28,11oC) and low temperature (16,70–18,13oC). Observations were taken on fruit respiration and ripening, and other related variables. The results showed that there was no interaction between UV-C radiation and storage temperature. The UV-C radiation did not significantly inhibit fruit ripening, thus did not inhibit the fruit senescence and deterioration. Keeping the fruit at low temperature inhibit fruit ripening and prolong its shelf life 6 days longer than those stored at room temperature. Key words : Sapodilla, UV-C radiation, low temperature storage, ripening, deterioration.
Pengaruh Cekaman Kekeringan Terhadap Akumulasi Prolin Tanaman Nilam (Pogostemon cablin Benth.) Tohari, dan Dja’far Siddieq, Setiawan,
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 15, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (533.229 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.2518

Abstract

INTISARIPenelitian respon fisiologi tanaman nilam terhadap cekaman air digunakan untuk mengetahui mekanisme tanaman toleran terhadap kekeringan. Penelitian dilaksanakan dirumah kaca di Bogor pada tahun 2012. Evaluasi pengaruh cekaman kekeringan dilakukan terhadap potensian airdaun dan kadar  prolin  tanaman. Penelitian menggunakan RAK faktorial dengan tiga ulangan. Faktor pertama,varietas nilam (V) yaitu Sidikalang, Lokseumawe, Tapaktuan, dan Bio-4. Faktor kedua, interval penyiraman (W) yaitu1, 3, 6, dan 9 hari sekali. Data dianalisis dengan Anova (uji F) dan dilanjutkan dengan uji DMRT pada taraf 5%. Hasil menunjukkan kadar prolin tertinggi pada interval 9 hari sekali pada varietas Sidikalang dan Lokseumawe.Kata kunci:Nilam, interval penyiraman, kekeringan.
Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tiga Varietas Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) dengan Perlakuan Tiga Macam Rhizobium pada Media Tanam Regosol Asal Banguntapan Subantor, Prapto Yudono, dan Bambang Suwignyo, Renan
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 15, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (677.153 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.2517

Abstract

ABSTRACTDifferent alfalfa varieties type of Rhizobium (a side of Rhizobium meliloti) affect to root nodule formation that will have an influence on the growth and yield quality of alfalfa. The rare presence of Rhizobium meliloti so it need to look for other potential rhizobium  expected  to  form  root  nodules  of  alfalfa.  The purpose  of  this research is to study  the interaction of  the three varieties of  alfalfa inoculated with different type of rhizobium on growth and quality of alfalfa yield of the first cut.The experiment was conducted using a completely randomized design with factorial experiment in March to June 2012 in the Green House Laboratory of Forage and Pasture Feed Faculty of Animal Husbandry Gadjah Mada University. Data measurements and observations were done on growth parameters and the quality of the results and were analyzed by analysis of variance with a completely randomized design, and followed by Duncan's multiple range test level 5%. Regression correlation analysis performed to determine the relationship between two variables to determine the effect of growth and quality of alfalfa yield.The results showed that various rhizobium inoculated on Multiking 1, Vernal and Common failed and the unable to form viable root nodules. Several physiological   parameters such as growth and photosynthetic rate, net assimilation rate and relative growth rate, showed significant differences between the combination treatment. Generally indicates that all combinations of treatments have relatively high levels of khlorofil, value between 1 to 3.3. Quality nutrients such as crude protein, crude fat, crude fiber, ash content and energy digestibility Variety Multiking 1, Vernal and Common are not significantly different. Nutritional quality and in vitro digestibility of Multiking1, Vernaland Common are not significantly different.Keywords: alfalfa varieties, type of rhizobium, growth, quality of yield, and in vitro digestibility
Pengaruh Perbedaan Jenis Lahan dan Terapan Budidaya Terhadap Produksi Jambu Air Merah Delima Djoko Prajitno, dan Dja’far Shiddieq, Miranti Dian Pertiwi,
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 15, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (345.304 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.2516

Abstract

ABSTRACTMerah Delimais considered as superior native variety of water apple in Demak. The fruitis wellknown as the high quality water apple  in theregions. Suitable environment of climate,topography and soil physic chemical properties in Demak make it possible for the fruit to produce more than twice per year with attractive physical appearance of the fruit as redand shiny color, large, sweet, crispy and high economic value. However, researches of Merah Delima water apple were still limited compared to other fruit superior commodities. Therefore, the survey as assessment method of water apple was conducted to identify and study the differences of cultivation, growth and production of the fruits which were cultivated in dryland and paddy fields as specific conditions of Demak regency. The assessmentseries included pre-survey in October 2011 – January 2012 and plant’s observation in March –June 2012 which was a peak season for the fruits. The site locations were chosen purposively ,i.e. in Wonosalam, Demak and Bonang Sub Districts. Inthatcase, water apple tree’s population differences were being the criteria of sites selection. Inpresurvey, as many as 50 farmers were interviewed as respondents with the proportion of consecutive 28 : 14 : and 8 farmers for each Sub District. The plant’s observation included 54 trees which were chosen purposively. ‘Nested design’ was used (3 subdistrict x 2 land types x 3 plants). Basically the cultivation results were compared to Water Apple Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) issued by Demak Agriculture Services. Parameters observed in the survey involved physical and chemical properties of soil, microclimate, growth, production and quality of water apple. The results showed that water apple cultivation applied statuses in dry and paddy field were only in low and medium, based on Water Apple Standard Operating Procedures (SOP). Infact, there were significant interaction effect between land types and cultivation applied as well as between the land types and cultivation applied in Merah Delima Water Apple production. Water Apple cultivation in surjan system or integrated with fish – farming system were less suitable since most of the time the roots were under anaerobic condition. Water apple cultivationis more suitable in flat land within termittent irrigation system since soil moisture was not relatively high. In Grumosol soi ltype, available soil moisture is considered as one of soil physical properties that has negative significant effect for Merah Delima water apple production, both in dry land and paddy field. In that case, the higher available soil moisture the lower water apple Merah Delima production.Key words: Merah Delima Water apple, cultivation, dry land, paddy field, Demak SubDistrict
Pengaruh Perbedaan Benih Asal Pertanian Organik dan Konvensional Terhadap Sifat Fisiologis dan Hasil Padi Organik Kultivar Lokal dan Unggul Didik Indradewa, dan Prapto Yudono, Mildaerizanti,
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 15, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (436.467 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.2515

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe farmers involved in Organic farming have many problems, particularly in agriculture, in terms of the provisions dealing with the cultivation of organic food which refers to SNI 6729 in 2010 in which the seed used must come from organic farming itself. In addition to the seed, organic farming requires a suitable varieties for organic conditions, suspected nutrient deficiencies, while special varieties are produced  to organic land  is  not  yet  available.  Research  done “The Effect  of differences seed origin in organic and conventional farming on the physiological and yield organic rice of local cultivars (Mentik Wangi Susu) and superior (IR-64)". The research conducted at greenhouse K.P.   Tridharma Faculty of Agriculture. University of Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta from March to August 2012. The research aimed (1) to  study the effect of seed to the physiological properties, and yield of organic rice on local varieties and superior (2) to determining a good seed for rice varieties organically grown. Research design by randomized block consist two factors with 5 replications, the first factor is the cultivar i.e. local cultivars (Mentik Wangi Susu (M)) and superior cultivars (IR 64 (I)), the second is the seed used i.e. the seeds of organic farming (O) and seeds of conventional (K).  Data  were  analyzed,  if  there  is  a  significant  difference  continued  with Duncant multiple range test at 5% level. The results showed that there was no differences between organic and  conventional   seeds to the physiological properties and yield of organic rice on local cultivars (Mentik Wangi Susu) and superior (IR 64). Local cultivars (Mentik Wangi Susu) has higher grain yield per hill than superior (IR-64).Key  words   :   organic   rice,   local   cultivar,   superior   cultivar,   physiological properties, yield
The Dynamics of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Growth Type Firmansyah, Firmansyah; Taryono, Taryono; Yudono, Prapto
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 15, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (591.37 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.2514

Abstract

(Sesamum indicumL.) is one of important vegetableoil cropsin theworld. Indonesian local sesame cultivars in use today still have indeterminate growth types that cause simultaneous harvest, narrow adaptability and lower yield. Stage of the research is to see dynamics growth type of sesame due to environmental change and to find morphological and biochemical selection criteria of determinate growth cultivar. This study uses a factorial completely randomized design consisting of three replications. The first factor is six cultivars of sesame, two types of determinate growth type cultivar introduced from Turkey III Det 23, III Det 36 and four indeterminate growth type cultivars Sbr 3, Sbr 4, white local and black local. The second factor is six environments that combine various combinations of temperature and several concentrations of NaCl as salinity stress. The results showed that the environment combined heat stress temperature and salinity affect growth type of sesame. Heat stress makes longer vegetative phase and salinity stress causes black local genotype changed to determinate growth type. III det 23 and III det 36 were considered as stable determinate cultivar and best used as a parent crossing in sesame breeding program. 

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